6PP9

Crystal structure of BRAF:MEK1 complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.59 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.222 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Architecture of autoinhibited and active BRAF-MEK1-14-3-3 complexes.

Park, E.Rawson, S.Li, K.Kim, B.W.Ficarro, S.B.Pino, G.G.Sharif, H.Marto, J.A.Jeon, H.Eck, M.J.

(2019) Nature 575: 545-550

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1660-y
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6NYB, 6Q0T, 6Q0J, 6Q0K, 6PP9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • RAF family kinases are RAS-activated switches that initiate signalling through the MAP kinase cascade to control cellular proliferation, differentiation and survival 1-3 . RAF activity is tightly regulated and inappropriate activation is a frequent cause of cancer 4-6 ; however, the structural basis for RAF regulation is poorly understood at present ...

    RAF family kinases are RAS-activated switches that initiate signalling through the MAP kinase cascade to control cellular proliferation, differentiation and survival 1-3 . RAF activity is tightly regulated and inappropriate activation is a frequent cause of cancer 4-6 ; however, the structural basis for RAF regulation is poorly understood at present. Here we use cryo-electron microscopy to determine autoinhibited and active-state structures of full-length BRAF in complexes with MEK1 and a 14-3-3 dimer. The reconstruction reveals an inactive BRAF-MEK1 complex restrained in a cradle formed by the 14-3-3 dimer, which binds the phosphorylated S365 and S729 sites that flank the BRAF kinase domain. The BRAF cysteine-rich domain occupies a central position that stabilizes this assembly, but the adjacent RAS-binding domain is poorly ordered and peripheral. The 14-3-3 cradle maintains autoinhibition by sequestering the membrane-binding cysteine-rich domain and blocking dimerization of the BRAF kinase domain. In the active state, these inhibitory interactions are released and a single 14-3-3 dimer rearranges to bridge the C-terminal pS729 binding sites of two BRAFs, which drives the formation of an active, back-to-back BRAF dimer. Our structural snapshots provide a foundation for understanding normal RAF regulation and its mutational disruption in cancer and developmental syndromes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. eck@crystal.harvard.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf A283Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BRAFBRAF1RAFB1
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for P15056 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P15056 
Go to UniProtKB:  P15056
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P15056
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 B397Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: MAP2K1MEK1PRKMK1
EC: 2.7.12.2
Find proteins for Q02750 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q02750 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q02750
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q02750
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ANP
Query on ANP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O12 P3
PVKSNHVPLWYQGJ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LCJ
Query on LCJ

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B
5-[(2-fluoro-4-iodophenyl)amino]-N-(2-hydroxyethoxy)imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine-6-carboxamide
C16 H14 F I N4 O3
RFWVETIZUQEJEF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.59 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.222 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 116.697α = 90
b = 116.697β = 90
c = 130.944γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute (NIH/NCI)United StatesP50 CA165962
National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute (NIH/NCI)United StatesR50 CA221830

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-10-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-10-16
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-12-04
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references