6PAY

Structure of HsICDH1:Mg(II):ICT:NADPH(50%) complex reveals structural basis for observation of half-sites reactivity


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.199 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


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Literature

Transient-State Analysis of Human Isocitrate Dehydrogenase I: Accounting for the Interconversion of Active and Non-Active Conformational States.

Roman, J.V.Melkonian, T.R.Silvaggi, N.R.Moran, G.R.

(2019) Biochemistry 58: 5366-5380

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.9b00518

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (HsICDH1) is a cytoplasmic homodimeric Mg(II)-dependent enzyme that converts d-isocitrate (D-ICT) and NADP <sup>+ </sup> to α-ketoglutarate (AKG), CO <sub>2 </sub>, and NADPH. The active sites are formed at the subuni ...

    Human isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (HsICDH1) is a cytoplasmic homodimeric Mg(II)-dependent enzyme that converts d-isocitrate (D-ICT) and NADP + to α-ketoglutarate (AKG), CO 2 , and NADPH. The active sites are formed at the subunit interface and incorporate residues from both protomers. The turnover number titrates hyperbolically from 17.5 s -1 to a minimum of 7 s -1 with an increasing enzyme concentration. As isolated, the enzyme adopts an inactive open conformation and binds NADPH tightly. The open conformation displaces three of the eight residues that bind D-ICT and Mg(II). Enzyme activation occurs with the addition of Mg(II) or D-ICT with a rate constant of 0.12 s -1 . The addition of both Mg(II) and D-ICT activates the enzyme with a rate constant of 0.6 s -1 and displaces half of the bound NADPH. This indicates that HsICDH1 may have a half-site mechanism in which the active sites alternate in catalysis. The X-ray crystal structure of the half-site activated complex reveals asymmetry in the homodimer with a single NADPH bound. The structure also indicates a pseudotetramer interface that impedes the egress of NADPH consistent with the suppression of the turnover number at high enzyme concentrations. When the half-site activated form of the enzyme is reacted with NADP + , NADPH forms with a rate constant of 204 s -1 followed by a shift in the NADPH absorption spectrum with a rate constant of 28 s -1 . These data indicate the accumulation of two intermediate states. Once D-ICT is exhausted, HsICDH1 relaxes to the inactive open state with a rate constant of ∼3 s -1 .


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Loyola University Chicago , Flanner Hall, 1068 West Sheridan Road , Chicago , Illinois 60660 , United States.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee , 3210 North Cramer Street , Milwaukee , Wisconsin 53211-3209 , United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Isocitrate dehydrogenase [NADP] cytoplasmic
A, B, C, D
414Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: IDH1 (PICD)
EC: 1.1.1.42
Find proteins for O75874 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: IDH1
Go to UniProtKB:  O75874
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMT
Query on FMT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, D
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ICT
Query on ICT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ISOCITRIC ACID
C6 H8 O7
ODBLHEXUDAPZAU-ZAFYKAAXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NDP
Query on NDP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NADPH DIHYDRO-NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
C21 H30 N7 O17 P3
ACFIXJIJDZMPPO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.199 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 94.600α = 90.00
b = 74.600β = 95.20
c = 142.900γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-09-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-01-08
    Type: Database references