6P9B

HIV-1 Protease multiple drug resistant mutant PRS5B with Amprenavir


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Highly drug-resistant HIV-1 protease reveals decreased intra-subunit interactions due to clusters of mutations.

Kneller, D.W.Agniswamy, J.Harrison, R.W.Weber, I.T.

(2020) FEBS J 287: 3235-3254

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.15207
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6P9B, 6P9A

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Drug-resistance is a serious problem for treatment of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Potent clinical inhibitors of HIV-1 protease show several orders of magnitude worse inhibition of highly drug-resistant variants. Hence, the structure and enzyme activities ...

    Drug-resistance is a serious problem for treatment of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Potent clinical inhibitors of HIV-1 protease show several orders of magnitude worse inhibition of highly drug-resistant variants. Hence, the structure and enzyme activities were analyzed for HIV protease mutant HIV-1 protease (EC 3.4.23.16) (PR) with 22 mutations (PRS5B) from a clinical isolate that was selected by machine learning to represent high-level drug-resistance. PRS5B has 22 mutations including only one (I84V) in the inhibitor binding site; however, clinical inhibitors had poor inhibition of PRS5B activity with kinetic inhibition value (K i ) values of 4-1000 nm or 18- to 8000-fold worse than for wild-type PR. High-resolution crystal structures of PRS5B complexes with the best inhibitors, amprenavir (APV) and darunavir (DRV) (K i ~ 4 nm), revealed only minor changes in protease-inhibitor interactions. Instead, two distinct clusters of mutations in distal regions induce coordinated conformational changes that decrease favorable internal interactions across the entire protein subunit. The largest structural rearrangements are described and compared to other characterized resistant mutants. In the protease hinge region, the N83D mutation eliminates a hydrogen bond connecting the hinge and core of the protease and increases disorder compared to highly resistant mutants PR with 17 mutations and PR with 20 mutations with similar hinge mutations. In a distal β-sheet, mutations G73T and A71V coordinate with accessory mutations to bring about shifts that propagate throughout the subunit. Molecular dynamics simulations of ligand-free dimers show differences consistent with loss of interactions in mutant compared to wild-type PR. Clusters of mutations exhibit both coordinated and antagonistic effects, suggesting PRS5B may represent an intermediate stage in the evolution of more highly resistant variants. DATABASES: Structural data are available in Protein Data Bank under the accession codes 6P9A and 6P9B for PRS5B/DRV and PRS5B/APV, respectively.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HIV-1 proteaseAB99Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (BRU ISOLATE)Mutation(s): 24 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03367 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BRU/LAI))
Explore P03367 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03367
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
478
Query on 478

Download CCD File 
A
{3-[(4-AMINO-BENZENESULFONYL)-ISOBUTYL-AMINO]-1-BENZYL-2-HYDROXY-PROPYL}-CARBAMIC ACID TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-3-YL ESTER
C25 H35 N3 O6 S
YMARZQAQMVYCKC-OEMFJLHTSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 73.663α = 90
b = 73.663β = 90
c = 94.332γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesGM62920

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2020-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-08-19
    Changes: Database references