6OCQ

Crystal structure of RIP1 kinase in complex with a pyrrolidine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.793 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Discovery and Lead-Optimization of 4,5-Dihydropyrazoles as Mono-Kinase Selective, Orally Bioavailable and Efficacious Inhibitors of Receptor Interacting Protein 1 (RIP1) Kinase.

Harris, P.A.Faucher, N.George, N.Eidam, P.M.King, B.W.White, G.V.Anderson, N.A.Bandyopadhyay, D.Beal, A.M.Beneton, V.Berger, S.B.Campobasso, N.Campos, S.Capriotti, C.A.Cox, J.A.Daugan, A.Donche, F.Fouchet, M.H.Finger, J.N.Geddes, B.Gough, P.J.Grondin, P.Hoffman, B.L.Hoffman, S.J.Hutchinson, S.E.Jeong, J.U.Jigorel, E.Lamoureux, P.Leister, L.K.Lich, J.D.Mahajan, M.K.Meslamani, J.Mosley, J.E.Nagilla, R.Nassau, P.M.Ng, S.L.Ouellette, M.T.Pasikanti, K.K.Potvain, F.Reilly, M.A.Rivera, E.J.Sautet, S.Schaeffer, M.C.Sehon, C.A.Sun, H.Thorpe, J.H.Totoritis, R.D.Ward, P.Wellaway, N.Wisnoski, D.D.Woolven, J.M.Bertin, J.Marquis, R.W.

(2019) J.Med.Chem. 62: 5096-5110

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b00318
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • RIP1 kinase regulates necroptosis and inflammation and may play an important role in contributing to a variety of human pathologies, including inflammatory and neurological diseases. Currently, RIP1 kinase inhibitors have advanced into early clinical ...

    RIP1 kinase regulates necroptosis and inflammation and may play an important role in contributing to a variety of human pathologies, including inflammatory and neurological diseases. Currently, RIP1 kinase inhibitors have advanced into early clinical trials for evaluation in inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis and neurological diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease. In this paper, we report on the design of potent and highly selective dihydropyrazole (DHP) RIP1 kinase inhibitors starting from a high-throughput screen and the lead-optimization of this series from a lead with minimal rat oral exposure to the identification of dihydropyrazole 77 with good pharmacokinetic profiles in multiple species. Additionally, we identified a potent murine RIP1 kinase inhibitor 76 as a valuable in vivo tool molecule suitable for evaluating the role of RIP1 kinase in chronic models of disease. DHP 76 showed efficacy in mouse models of both multiple sclerosis and human retinitis pigmentosa.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Istituto Pasteur-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. beatrice.vallone@uniroma1.it.,Department of Oncology, Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No. 600, Yishan Road, 200233 Shanghai, PRC.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , 600 S. Mathews Ave. , Urbana , IL 61801 , USA.,Department of Pathology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,Janssen Vaccines and Prevention, Archimedesweg 4-6, 2333 CN, Leiden, Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A1S6, Canada.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS), University of Freiburg, 79085 Freiburg, Germany.,Bruker Biospin, 61 Daggett Dr, San Jose, CA 95134, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,Protein Structure-Function and Engineering Laboratory, Fundación Instituto Leloir and IIBBA-CONICET, Avenida Patricias Argentinas 435, C1405BWE Buenos Aires, Argentina.,Faculty of Chemistry, Biological and Chemical Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 101, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address: lyam@chem.uw.edu.pl.,Department of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200433, Shanghai, China.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Food Science & Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, Ministry of Education, 100083, Beijing, China. gzhao@cau.edu.cn.,Amgen Research, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California. phughes@amgen.com seanpomeroy@yahoo.com.,Fox Chase Chemical Diversity Center Inc., 3805 Old Easton Road, Doylestown, PA 18902, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7BN Oxford, United Kingdom.,Molecular Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, NY 10065, USA.,School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.,Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan. Electronic address: katahira@iae.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Chemistry , School of Life Sciences , University of Sussex , Brighton , BN1 9QJ , UK.,Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,EN-FIST Center of Excellence, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. janez.plavec@ki.si.,Special Centre for Molecular Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India. vijayscmmjnu@gmail.com.,College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, 610041, Chengdu, China. huang@gsu.edu.,CAS Center for Excellence in Bio macromolecules, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, People's Republic of China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, People's Republic of China.,Centre for Biomolecular Interactions Bremen (CBIB), University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.,Biomedical Department, Mitsui Knowledge Industry Co., Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,School of International Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, United States.,Laboratory of Genetics and Plant Breeding, School of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.,Max Planck Institute for Biophysics, Department of Structural Biology, Max-von-Laue-Straße 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Gerald Bronfman Department of Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, H4A 3T2, QC, Canada.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou 510006 , P.R. China.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan.,Cryo-Electron Microscopy, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics , Oregon State University , Corvallis , Oregon 97331 , United States.,Department of Biotechnology and Bioindustry Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701, Taiwan. cjchen@nsrrc.org.tw.,Medicines for Malaria Venture, 1215 Geneva 15, Switzerland.,GlaxoSmithKline , 1250 South Collegeville Road , Collegeville , Pennsylvania 19426-0989 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Oxford , Oxford OX1 3QU , United Kingdom.,Institute of Drug Metabolism and Pharmaceutical Analysis and Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Anti-cancer Drug Research, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, 310058 Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: chenshuqing@zju.edu.cn.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry, Universität Konstanz, 78464 Konstanz, Germany; andreas.marx@uni-konstanz.de.,Sussex Drug Discovery Centre, University of Sussex, Chichester II, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QJ, England.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,Department of Medicine, Division of Translational Therapeutics, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. klu@bidmc.harvard.edu.,Biosciences Division, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Drug Design Laboratory, Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,QB3/Chemistry Mass Spectrometry Facility, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Analytical Biochemistry, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: pawel.mak@uj.edu.pl.,Division of Life Science , Hong Kong University of Science & Technology , Clear Water Bay , Hong Kong , China.,Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel.,Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, 94025, CA, USA.,Astex Pharmaceuticals , 436 Cambridge Science Park , Cambridge CB4 0QA , U.K.,Microbial Sciences Institute, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06516, USA; Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.,Department of Chemistry , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , Utah 84112 , United States.,the Department of Biology, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 61005, South Korea.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden; Technologies for the advancement of sciences, Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Bengaluru, 560065, India.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China.,Institute of Drug Metabolism and Pharmaceutical Analysis and Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Anti-cancer Drug Research, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, 310058 Hangzhou, China.,Wellcome Centre for Anti-Infectives Research, Drug Discovery Unit, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, University of Dundee, DD1 5EH Dundee, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences Darmstadt, Germany. Electronic address: franz-josef.meyer-almes@h-da.de.,Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Target Discovery Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan. s.iwata@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,UCLA-U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Institute of Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Argonne National Laboratory , Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States.,Konstanz Research School Chemical Biology, Universität Konstanz, 78464 Konstanz, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, NE-CAT, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, Illinois, USA.,Department of Pathology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 114-96, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA.,Division of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine , University of California Riverside , 900 University Avenue , Riverside , California 92521 , United States.,Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158.,2The School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, 201210 China.,Department of Medical Chemistry and Cell Biology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA xiangpeng.kong@med.nyu.edu.,From the Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, jsohn@jhmi.edu.,Department of Molecular Biosciences , The University of Texas at Austin , Austin , Texas 78712 , United States.,College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Beijing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address: changwen@pku.edu.cn.,From the Department of Biotechnology and.,Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Département de Biologie Structurale Intégrative , Université de Strasbourg, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS UMR7104), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM U1258) , 1 rue Laurent Fries , 67404 Illkirch Cedex , France.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, Seattle, WA 98109.,Wellspring Biosciences, San Diego, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of California, San Francisco, 94158, CA, USA.,Decibel Therapeutics, 1325 Boylston St Suite 500, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,Oncology Research, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California.,Vironika LLC, 3624 Market Street, Ste 5E, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,National Facility for Protein Science in Shanghai, ZhangJiang Lab, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201210 Shanghai, China.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg , Albertstraße 25 , 79104 Freiburg , Germany.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Macromoleculers, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China.,Quantitative Sciences, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340 Beerse, Belgium.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.,The Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, The University of Oxford, OX3 7BN Oxford, United Kingdom.,Institute of Molecular Enzymology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, China. jiaweiwu@suda.edu.cn.,Clinical and Research Center of Infectious Diseases, The National Clinical Key Department of Infectious Disease, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.,Department of Developmental, Molecular & Chemical Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.,Department of Human Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, South Kensington, SW7 2AZ London, United Kingdom.,IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, 4050-313, Portugal.,Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali University, Rajasthan 304022, India. preet.satya@gmail.com.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Newcastle University, United Kingdom.,Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Center for Cardiovascular Research, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Biomolecular Structure and Organization, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA. fushman@umd.edu.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Core Facility, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Center for Structure and Function of Drug Targets, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, 100 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, P. R. China. Electronic address: yongchen@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: wu@crystal.harvard.edu.,Division of Microbiology and Immunology, Department of Pathology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, United States.,College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.,Heidelberg University Biochemistry Centre, Heidelberg 69120, Germany.,From the Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-000.,Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.,Nash Family Department of Neuroscience, Friedman Brain Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029; gengyong@simm.ac.cn paul.slesinger@mssm.edu qf13@cumc.columbia.edu.,Novosibirsk State University, 2 Pirogova St., Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: jurgen.brem@chem.ox.ac.uk.,1State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031 China.,NMR Research Center, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore, Karnataka 560012, India.,Department of Anatomy and Research Programs Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00290, Finland; Minerva Foundation Institute for Medical Research, Helsinki 00290, Finland.,GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Medicines Research Centre, Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, UK.,Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Don Young Road, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia.,Gene Discovery Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Wako, Saitama, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200433, Shanghai, China.,Wockhardt Research Centre , Aurangabad , India.,Newcastle Cancer Centre, Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Medical School, Newcastle University, Paul O'Gorman Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK.,PATH's Malaria Vaccine Initiative, PATH's Center for Vaccine Innovation and Access, Washington, DC 20001, USA.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. stephane.lemaire@ibpc.fr.,the Center for Genomic Integrity, Institute for Basic Science, Ulsan 44919, South Korea, and.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University , Ithaca, New York 14850, United States.,Biochemistry of Macromolecular Interactions Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-12, Nishi-6, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan, and.,Ubiquitin Signalling Division, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research and The University of Melbourne, Australia.,ITQB NOVA, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Avenida da República, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal. Electronic address: miguel@itqb.unl.pt.,Johns Hopkins University, United States.,Gene Therapy Program, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Kinetic Discovery Ltd, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford, Didcot OX11 0FA, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA. vddonk@illinois.edu.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, City College of New York, New York, NY, 10031, USA. amedee.desgeorges@asrc.cuny.edu.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.,Center for Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada.,Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. niyogi@berkeley.edu.,Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA. klu@bidmc.harvard.edu.,From the BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 and.,Université de Lorraine, Inra, IAM, F-54000 Nancy, France. nicolas.rouhier@univ-lorraine.fr.,Photon Science, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, 94025-7015, USA.,Janssen Research and Development, Spring House, PA 19002, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, United Kingdom.,Division of Hematology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States.,Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Laboratoire de Bioénergétique et Ingénierie des Protéines, Marseille, France.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California.,From the Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 chappie@cornell.edu.,The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 473 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.,i3S - Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, Porto, 4200-135, Portugal.,Janssen Research & Development, Spring House, PA, USA.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Departamento de Ingeniería Celular y Biocatálisis, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. Universidad 2001, Col. Chamilpa, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62210, Mexico.,Department of Medicine , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , Canada T6G 2H7.,Amgen Research, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California.,Department of Chemistry , University of Basel , Mattenstrasse 24a, BPR 1096 , CH-4058 Basel , Switzerland.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,IMCA-CAT , Hauptman Woodward Medical Research Institute , 9700 South Cass Avenue, Building 435A , Argonne , Illinois 60439 , United States.,Nanyang Technological University, School of Biological Sciences, Singapore, Singapore.,Department of Biological Sciences, Markey Center for Structural Biology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.,Department of Biology, School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan.,Laboratory of Biomolecular NMR, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, MOE Key Laboratory for Protein Science, Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Depto. de Farmacologia, UFMG - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.,From the Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.,The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Land and Water Flagship, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, and.,Center of Influenza Research and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.,Bio-Pharmaceutical Analysis Section (Bio-PhASe), Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Belmeloro 6, 40126 Bologna, Italy. daniele.tedesco@unibo.it.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan.,Department of Biology, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.,Global Blood Therapeutics, South San Francisco, CA 94080, United States. Electronic address: jpartridge@gbt.com.,Leicester Tuberculosis Research Group, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Biochemical Sciences "Alessandro Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. beatrice.vallone@uniroma1.it.,Departments of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Chemistry, University of California, Irvine , Irvine California 92697-3900, United States.,Department of Neurogenetics, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Göttingen, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Johannesburg , Aukland Park 2006 , South Africa.,Carlsberg Research Laboratory, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Medicinal Chemistry, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California.,Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA. s-nair@life.uiuc.edu.,CSIRO, 343 Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia.,Flexible Discovery Unit , GlaxoSmithKline , 25-27 avenue du Québec , 91951 Les Ulis Cedex , France.,Department of Clinical Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.,From the Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115-154, Iran.,ITQB NOVA, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Avenida da República, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal. Electronic address: frazao@itqb.unl.pt.,Depto. de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. marcos.fontes@unesp.br.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Fujian Key Laboratory for Translational Research in Cancer and Neurodegenerative Diseases, Institute for Translational Medicine, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350108, China.,Institute of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.,Integrated Graduate Program in Physical and Engineering Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,NB Health Laboratory Co. Ltd., Kita Ward Sapporo City, Hokkaido, Japan.,Shionogi & Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan. shinya.oomoto@shionogi.co.jp.,Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,Centre for Biodiscovery and Molecular Development of Therapeutics, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University , Cairns 4870, Queensland Australia.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200433, Shanghai, China. ganjhh@fudan.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology , Emory University School of Medicine Atlanta , Georgia 30322 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, 29425, SC, USA. olsensk@musc.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biosciences, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Center for Molecular Innovation and Drug Discovery, Center for Developmental Therapeutics, Northwestern University , 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3113, United States.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Knoebel Institute for Healthy Aging , University of Denver , Denver , Colorado 80208 , United States.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,LabMol, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Goias, 74605-170, Goiania, Brazil.,From the Departments of Molecular Structural Biology and adickma@gwdg.de.,Hubei Colorectal Cancer Clinical Research Center, Hubei Cancer Hospital, 430071 Wuhan, China.,Molecular Profiling Research Center for Drug Discovery (MOLPROF), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tokyo, Japan.,Discovery Attribute Sciences, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California.,Flexible Discovery Unit , GlaxoSmithKline , Gunnels Wood Road , Stevenage , Hertfordshire SG1 2NY , U.K.,Pediatric Dentistry and Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.,Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.,Center for Life Nano Science @ Sapienza, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, V.le Regina Elena 291, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , Canada T6G 2H7.,Biochemistry of Macromolecular Interactions Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France. Electronic address: olivera.francetic@pasteur.fr.,Biogen, 225 Binney Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA; Neurimmune AG, Wagistrasse 13, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland. Electronic address: andreas.weihofen@biogen.com.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,Cancer Research Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. xzhou@bidmc.harvard.edu.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Hamburg Unit, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Systems Biology and Division of Life Sciences, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea.,From the Department of Biochemistry, McGill Centre for Structural Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 0B1, Canada and.,Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Oe-Honmachi, Kumamoto, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T2N2, Canada. Brian.mark@umanitoba.ca.,Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada.,Department of Biochemical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. arthur1726@cgmh.org.tw.,Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.,JST, the Strategic Basic Research Program, Membrane Protein Crystallography Project, Kyoto, Japan. kobayashi.takuya.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.,From the Departments of Molecular Structural Biology and.,College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Beijing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences Darmstadt, Germany.,Microbial Sciences Institute, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06516, USA; Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.,Research Service , Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center , 10701 East Boulevard , Cleveland , Ohio 44106 , United States.,Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biology, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. landick@bact.wisc.edu patrick.cramer@mpibpc.mpg.de.,Beryllium Discovery Corp., Bainbridge Island, WA 98110.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. niyogi@berkeley.edu.,Department of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 200040, Shanghai, China. lijixi@fudan.edu.cn.,Agios Pharmaceuticals, 88 Sidney Street, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Nanjing Foreign Language School, 210046 Nanjing, China.,Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.,the Australian Cancer Research Foundation Rational Drug Discovery Centre, St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy, Victoria 3065, Australia.,From the Department of Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Kyungbook 37673, South Korea, yunje@postech.ac.kr.,Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy. mirko.zaffagnini3@unibo.it.,Department of Chemistry, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC, Canada V2N 4Z9.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy , University of Kentucky , 789 South Limestone Street , Lexington , Kentucky 40536 , United States.,Global Biotherapeutics Technologies, Pfizer R&D, Grange Castle Business Park, Dublin D22, Ireland.,the Bioanalytical Mass Spectrometry Group, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, 37077 Göttingen, Germany, and.,The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging and Department of Chemistry, Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.,Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 100730 Beijing, China.,CNC-Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.,General Microbiology, GZMB, Georg-August-University Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.,Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysiscs, Polish Academy of Science, Laboratory of Biological NMR, Pawińskiego 5A, 02-106 Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address: aejchart@ibb.waw.pl.,Basic Research Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Argonne, IL 60439, USA. Electronic address: pletnevs@nih.gov.,Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; Department of Human Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, the University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. h.rob.yang@unsw.edu.au.,Laboratory of Chemical Bioscience, Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,Medicinal Chemistry, Amgen Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Institut de Recherche en Infectiologie de Montpellier (IRIM), Université de Montpellier, CNRS UMR 9004, 34293 Montpellier, France.,Department of Biological Sciences, Mount Holyoke College, 50 College Street, South Hadley, MA 01075, USA.,Departments of Neuroscience and Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, the University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2H7.,Amgen Research, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, California.,Department of Chemistry, Institute of Organic Chemistry , University of Hamburg , Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6 , 20146 Hamburg , Germany.,Division of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States.,Department of Chemistry, King's College London, Britannia House, 7 Trinity Street, London SE1 1DB, UK.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, Duarte, 91010, CA, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) , University of Oxford , Oxford OX3 7DQ , UK.,Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Department of Physiology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands.,CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety, CAS Key Laboratory of Nuclear Radiation and Nuclear Energy Technology, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Janssen Infectious Diseases, Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340, Beerse, Belgium. wilson@scripps.edu jkolkman@its.jnj.com.,Institute of Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, NAWI Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria.,Institute of Pharmacy , Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg , Wolfgang-Langenbeck-Straße 4 , 06120 Halle/Saale , Germany.,Department of Chemistry , University of Oxford , Oxford OX1 3QR , United Kingdom.,Laboratory of Tropical Diseases Prof. Luiz Jacintho da Silva, Department of Genetics, Evolution and Bioagents, University of Campinas, 13083-864 Campinas, Brazil.,N. N. Vorozhtsov Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry SB RAS, 9 Lavrentieva Ave., Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.,IIIUC-Institute for Interdisciplinary Research, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.,Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109.,Department of Biochemistry, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, 569-8686 Osaka, Japan.,Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research , 455 Main Street , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02142 , United States.,Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, United States.,From the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University, 19-1, 8-chome Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Lund University, Sweden.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Pusan National University, Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan, 46241, Republic of Korea.,Department of Medicine, Division of Translational Therapeutics, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. xzhou@bidmc.harvard.edu.,Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd., Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Department of Biology, School of Arts & Sciences, University of Richmond , Richmond, Virginia 23173, United States.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, National Research Council, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Food Science & Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, Ministry of Education, 100083, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy. libero.gurrieri2@unibo.it.,School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Bristol, Biomedical Sciences Building, Bristol BS8 1TD, United Kingdom.,Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.,IBMC-Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal numenius@cnc.uc.pt ppereira@ibmc.up.pt.,Laboratory of Protein Synthesis and Expression, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 300071 Tianjin, China.,Departamento de Química, Centro de Investigación en Síntesis Química, Universidad de La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. martin.schmeing@mcgill.ca.,Department of Biological Chemistry , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Carlsbad, CA 92008, USA.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore, Karnataka 560012, India.,Center for Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden; Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden. jens.petersen@astrazeneca.com.,California Institute for Quantitative Biology (QB3), University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,National Leading Research Laboratory of Drug Resistance Proteomics, Department of Biological Sciences, Myongji University, 116 Myongjiro, Yongin, Gyeonggido 17058, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: sangheelee@mju.ac.kr.,Research Service , Atlanta VA Medical Center , Decatur , Georgia 30033 , United States.,Physics Department, and Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287.,Molecular Biology Department, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California. bjaiswal@gene.com sekar@gene.com.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720; jfraser@fraserlab.com enogales@lbl.gov.,Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,From the Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115-154, Iran, Sajedi_R@modares.ac.ir.,Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100086, China.,Expression Génétique Microbienne , UMR 8261, CNRS, Université Paris, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique , 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie , 75005 Paris , France.,Department of Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA. huang@gsu.edu.,Molecular Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California.,School of Life Sciences (KNU Creative BioResearch Group), KNU Institute for Microorganisms, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.,Department of Developmental, Molecular & Chemical Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA alexei.degterev@tufts.edu mads.gyrd-hansen@ludwig.ox.ac.uk.,University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, United Kingdom; Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Harwell, Oxford OX11 0FA, United Kingdom.,the Food Research Institute, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Tsukuba 305-8642, Japan.,From Global Biotherapeutics Technologies, Pfizer R&D, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02140 and.,Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.,Molecular Engineering, Amgen Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.,Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.,Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA. grewals@mail.nih.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77842.,Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.,Center for Global Infectious Disease Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98109.,From the Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Science & Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea.,From the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University, 19-1, 8-chome Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan, anarumi@fukuoka-u.ac.jp.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Biotechnology and Drug Design, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, 30302-3965.,Department of Chemistry , University of Kansas , Multidisciplinary Research Building, 2030 Becker Drive , Lawrence , Kansas 66047 , United States.,School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, 100 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, P. R. China.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, 29425, SC, USA.,Institute of Physical Science and Information Technology, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China.,Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: pateld@mskcc.org.,Department of Applied Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,Department of Analytical Biochemistry, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: benedykt.wladyka@uj.edu.pl.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026, Hefei, China.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. niyogi@berkeley.edu.,Medical Innovation Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. s.naru@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.,Center for translational Immunology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science Oxford Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.,Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece.,Laboratory of Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece.,Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,The Art of Discovery, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Basque Country, Spain.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 jclagarias@ucdavis.edu dlarsen@ucdavis.edu jbames@ucdavis.edu.,Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 100730 Beijing, China; pengcheng_shu@ibms.pumc.edu.cn cui.sheng@ipb.pumc.edu.cn pengxiaozhong@pumc.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ann Arbor, 48109-1085, MI, USA.,Biology Department, Calibr at Scripps Research, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0654, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.,School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India. preet.satya@gmail.com.,Department of Bio-Analytical Science, University of Science and Technology, 217 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, South Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Chemistry, and Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of America.,The Ferrier Research Institute , Victoria University of Wellington , 69 Gracefield Rd , Lower Hutt , 5010 , New Zealand.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry , University of Münster , Corrensstraße 48 , 48149 Münster , Germany.,Oncology Discovery, Janssen Research & Development, Beerse, Belgium.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.,Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: jaremko@gmail.com.,Centre for Translational and Chemical Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Michael Swann Building, Max Born Crescent, Edinburgh EH9 3BF, U.K. m.walkinshaw@ed.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. nyan@princeton.edu.,The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Land and Water Flagship, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, and chris.greening@monash.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom.,Computational Biology, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, DD1 5EH Dundee, United Kingdom.,Shanghai ChemPartner Co. Ltd., 998 Halei Road, 201203, Shanghai, China.,Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.,Genome British Columbia Proteomics Centre, University of Victoria, Victoria, V8Z 7X8, BC, Canada.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of Berne , Freiestrasse 3 , 3012 Berne , Switzerland . Email: jean-louis.reymond@dcb.unibe.ch.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Life Science Group, Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu, 30076, Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-12, Nishi-6, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan, and maenaka@pharm.hokudai.ac.jp.,Bioengineering and Biosystems, Institute of Functional Interfaces, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany.,Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. r.jin@uci.edu min.dong@childrens.harvard.edu.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, 92697, CA, USA. r.jin@uci.edu.,Chemistry Department, Western Washington University, 516 High St., Bellingham, WA 98225-9150, USA.,Department of Biology, Universität Konstanz, 78464 Konstanz, Germany.,National Center for Biotechnology, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan.,Department of Biochemical Sciences "Alessandro Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Inage, Chiba, Japan.,Amgen Research, Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Inc., 1120 Veterans Blvd., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China.,California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2H7. Electronic address: andrew.macmillan@ualberta.ca.,Departamento de Medicina Molecular y Bioprocesos, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. Universidad 2001, Col. Chamilpa, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62210, Mexico.,Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology , Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics , Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences , University of Oxford , Roosevelt Drive, Headington , Oxford OX3 7FY , UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.,Department of Pharmacology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032; gengyong@simm.ac.cn paul.slesinger@mssm.edu qf13@cumc.columbia.edu.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. miwai@berkeley.edu.,Université de Lille, INSERM, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1177 - Drugs and Molecules for Living Systems, 59000 Lille, France.,School of Biology, Centers for Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, 30302-3965.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Laboratory of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.,Center for Influenza Research and Early-Warning, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. shiyi@im.ac.cn.,Public Health Research Institute, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA.,Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, colin.jackson@anu.edu.au.,Department of Bioengineering and BioX Program, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Utah State University , Logan , Utah 84322 , United States.,Special Centre for Molecular Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India. skdhar2002@yahoo.co.in.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143; david.julius@ucsf.edu yifan.cheng@ucsf.edu jenny.vanderwijst@radboudumc.nl.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu jkolkman@its.jnj.com.,Unité Récepteurs-canaux, Institut Pasteur, UMR 3571, CNRS, 75015 Paris, France.,JST, the Strategic Basic Research Program, Membrane Protein Crystallography Project, Kyoto, Japan. s.iwata@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,PhD Program in Experimental Biology and Biomedicine (PDBEB), University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.,Leicester Drug Discovery and Diagnostics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, 80, Jigok-ro 127 Beon-gil, Nam-gu, Pohang-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, 37673, Republic of Korea.,Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Pathology , University Hospitals, Cleveland Medical Center , Cleveland , Ohio 44106 , United States.,The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Woking, UK.,Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. mochly@stanford.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. janez.plavec@ki.si.,Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Salud , Universidad del Valle , Calle 4B No. 36-00 Cali , Colombia.,Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The Scripps Translational Science Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458.,Biogen, 225 Binney Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,From the Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853.,Department of Cell Biology, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK.,Department of Chemistry, King's College London, Britannia House, 7 Trinity Street, London SE1 1DB, UK. Electronic address: rivka.isaacson@kcl.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.,School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Macromoleculers, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Skaggs School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA. vddonk@illinois.edu.,Drug Discovery Center for Infectious Disease, College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, 300071 Tianjin, China.,Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA; Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. Electronic address: hochbaum@uci.edu.,Department of Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, United States.,Diamond Light Source (DLS) , Harwell Science and Innovation Campus , Didcot , OX11 0DE , UK . Email: frank.von-delft@diamond.ac.uk.,The Wistar Institute, 3601 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Macromoleculers, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; Hisun Pharmaceutical (Hangzhou) Co. Ltd, 311404 Hangzhou, China; Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 266071 Qingdao, China. Electronic address: guohong.peng@biophys.mpg.de.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Université de Lorraine, Inra, IAM, F-54000 Nancy, France. flavien.zannini@univ-lorraine.fr.,University of Sussex, Arundel Building, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QJ, England.,Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Macromoleculers, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas , Universidade de São Paulo , Avenida Prof. Lineu Prestes , 1374 São Paulo , Brazil.,Molecular Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Laboratoire de Biochimie Théorique, CNRS UPR9080 , Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique , 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie , 75005 Paris , France.,Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, 569-8686 Osaka, Japan; tokajima@sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076, India.,Department of Crystallography, Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.,Department of Chemistry , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis, University of Western Australia, Perth 6009, Australia.,Division of Structural Biology, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7BN Oxford, United Kingdom dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk qianp@mail.hzau.edu.cn louzy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 114-96, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA. dcrees@caltech.edu.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address: ptontonoz@mednet.ucla.edu.,Center of Biomedical Analysis, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77842; alaganowsky@chem.tamu.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. kalle.gehring@mcgill.ca.,Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,ICBAS - Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Porto, 4050-313, Portugal.,SB RAS International Tomography Center, 3a Institutskaya St., Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.,Biomedical Omics Group, Korea Basic Science Institute, Chungcheongbuk-do 28119, South Korea.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; Center for Biological Imaging, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China. Electronic address: xzzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.,Biodiversity Research Center and Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4.,From the Departments of Molecular Biosciences and Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 and amyr@northwestern.edu.,From the Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-000, chsfarah@iq.usp.br.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. ryan.hibbs@utsouthwestern.edu.,Animal Health Diagnostic Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Newcastle Cancer Centre, Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Medical School, Newcastle University, Paul O'Gorman Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK. Electronic address: martin.noble@ncl.ac.uk.,Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070 Hubei, China.,Amgen Research, Department of Cardiometabolic Disorders, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Dr., Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA.,Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas , Universidade Estadual Paulista , Rua Cristóvão Colombo , 2265 São José do Rio Preto , Brazil.,Chemoswed, Celsiusgatan 35, 212 14, Malmö, Sweden.,Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia, and.,Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli-IRCCS, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy.,Institut für Toxikologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, 30623, Germany.,From the Department of Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Kyungbook 37673, South Korea.,From the BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 and chapman@unt.edu.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA.,the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences; MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.,From Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands b.j.c.janssen@uu.nl.,i3S-Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: raul.andino@ucsf.edu.,Genetics & Biochemistry Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Purdue Institute of Inflammation, Immunology and Infectious Disease, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.,Institute of Molecular Enzymology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, China.,New Drug Development Center, 80 Cheombok-ro, Dong-gu, Daegu-si 41061, South Korea.,Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK. alain.townsend@imm.ox.ac.uk.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Protein Structure Research Group, Korea Basic Science Institute, 162 Yeongudanji-ro, Ochang-eup, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do 28119, South Korea.,Department of Chemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , 600 S. Mathews Ave. , Urbana , IL 61801 , USA . Email: vddonk@illinois.edu ; ; Tel: +1 217 244 5360.,Cancer Research Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC H4A 3J1, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, P.O. Box 16315-1618, Tehran 15418, Iran.,Department of Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, 569-8686 Osaka, Japan.,Department of Biomolecular Science and Reaction, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, 567-0047 Osaka, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan; miki@kuchem.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori, Japan.,Cátedra de Inmunología, Facultad de Química, Instituto de Higiene, UDELAR, Uruguay.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. julien.henri@ibpc.fr.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,the Bioanalytics Group, Institute for Clinical Chemistry, University Medical Center Göttingen, 37075 Göttingen, Germany.,Celsius Therapeutics, 215 First Street, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, United Kingdom.,Picobiology Institute, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,Istituto Pasteur-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche "A. Rossi Fanelli", Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Amgen Research, Department of Cardiometabolic Disorders, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Dr., Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA. dlloyd@amgen.com.,Department of Science and Drug Technology, University of Turin, via Pietro Giuria 9, 10125, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: marco.lolli@unito.it.,Multi-discipline Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. arthur1726@cgmh.org.tw.,Amgen Research, Department of Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Dr., Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA.,Cancer Research Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. klu@bidmc.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,the Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, and.,The State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Neuroscience Center, Medical Primates Research Center and Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, 100005 Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. landick@bact.wisc.edu patrick.cramer@mpibpc.mpg.de.,Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.,Wellspring Biosciences, San Diego, CA, USA; Kura Oncology, San Diego, CA, USA. Electronic address: yi@kuraoncology.com.,Center for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109.,PhD Program in Experimental Biology and Biomedicine (PDBEB), University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal numenius@cnc.uc.pt ppereira@ibmc.up.pt.,Institute of Quantitative Biology, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Center for Synthetic and Systems Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh.,Laboratorio de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland; Małopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7a, 30-387 Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: grzegorz.dubin@uj.edu.pl.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA. r.jin@uci.edu min.dong@childrens.harvard.edu.,Protein Crystal Analysis Division, Structure Analysis Promotion Group, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo-gun, 679-5198 Hyogo, Japan.,From Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Agios Pharmaceuticals, 88 Sidney Street, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA. anil.padyana@agios.com.,Georg August University School of Science, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.,Department of Chemistry "Giacomo Ciamician", University of Bologna, via Selmi 2, 40126 Bologna, Italy. simona.fermani@unibo.it.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.,Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan. rrobinson@imcb.a-star.edu.sg.,Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, United States.,Institut Gustave Roussy, 114 Rue Edouard Vaillant, 84800 Villejuif, France.,Advanced Photon Technology Division, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-gun, 679-5148 Hyogo, Japan.,Radioisotope Center, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan.,Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Nash Family Department of Neuroscience, Friedman Brain Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. chin@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation.,State Key Laboratory of Biocatalysis and Enzyme Engineering, Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Green Transformation of Bio-resources, Environmental Microbial Technology Center of Hubei Province, Hubei Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, 430062, China.,Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease, Institute of Infection & Immunity, UHW Main Building, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry , Louisiana State University , 229A Choppin Hall , Baton Rouge , Louisiana 70803 , United States.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, Duarte, 91010, CA, USA. ychen@coh.org.,Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden.,School of Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology (VISTEC), Rayong, Thailand.,Amgen Research, Comparative Biology and Safety Sciences, Amgen Inc., 360 Binney St., Cambridge, MA 02141, USA.,From the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.,Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, 52727, Republic of Korea.,Fujian Institute of Hematology, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory on Hematology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350108, China.,National Center for Biotechnology, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan; Department of Chemistry, School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: chenzhongzhou@cau.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Pusan National University, Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan, 46241, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: 123misuk@pusan.ac.kr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.,the Department of Biological Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 44919, South Korea.,Industrial Enzymes National Engineering Laboratory, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, 300308, China.,Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri" IRCCS, via La Masa 19, 20156, Milan, IT, Italy.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.,Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109-1085, MI, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. oleg.dmitriev@usask.ca,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, 100101 Beijing, China.,School of Food Science and Technology, National Engineering Research Center of Seafood, Dalian Polytechnic University, 116034, Dalian, China. duming@dlpu.edu.cn.,School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS) at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Centre (MLZ), Research Centre Jülich GmbH, Lichtenbergstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.,School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Anhui, 230026, China.,Fujian Key Laboratory for Translational Research in Cancer and Neurodegenerative Diseases, Institute for Translational Medicine, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350108, China. klu@bidmc.harvard.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of California, San Francisco, 94158, CA, USA. daniel.southworth@ucsf.edu.,Centre for Translational and Chemical Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Michael Swann Building, Max Born Crescent, Edinburgh EH9 3BF, U.K.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China; dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk qianp@mail.hzau.edu.cn louzy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Amgen Research, Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Inc., 7990 Enterprise Street, Burnaby, BC V5A 1V7, Canada.,Department of Medical Chemistry and Cell Biology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. s.iwata@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Beijing, China.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200433, Shanghai, China. lijixi@fudan.edu.cn.,Department of Plant Physiology, Umeå Plant Science Centre, Umeå University, S-90187 Umea, Sweden. przybylajonathan@orange.fr.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.,NMR of Biomolecules Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France.,Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.,Diseases of the Developing World, Global Health, GlaxoSmithKline, 28760 Tres Cantos, Madrid, Spain.,Collaborative Research Institute for Innovative Microbiology, the University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657 and.,CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1019-UMR 8204-CIIL-Centre d'Infection et d'Immunité de Lille , Université de Lille , F-59000 Lille , France.,Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biology, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.,Dipartimento di Chimica , Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico , Universita' degli Studi di Firenze , Via della Lastruccia 3, 13, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino , Firenze , Italy.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States.,Amgen Research, Department of Cardiometabolic Disorders, Amgen Inc., 1120 Veterans Blvd., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Biochemistry , Duke University , Durham , North Carolina 27710 , United States.,Architecture et Réactivité de l'ARN, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IBMC), UPR 9004 du CNRS , Université de Strasbourg , 15 Rue René Descartes , 67084 Strasbourg Cedex , France.,Noyes Laboratory 127-72, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA.,Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Don Young Road, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia. Electronic address: s.poulsen@griffith.edu.au.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore.,Department of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: ihay@tsurumi.yokohama-cu.ac.jp.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076, India. Electronic address: pbhaumik@iitb.ac.in.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, MOE Key Laboratory for Protein Science, Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. jiaweiwu@suda.edu.cn.,Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto, Japan.,Center for Biocrystallographic Research, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.,ITQB NOVA, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Avenida da República, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China; State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China. Electronic address: ylwang@ibp.ac.cn.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143.,Advanced Science Research Center at The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 85 Saint Nicholas Terrace, New York, NY, 10031, USA. amedee.desgeorges@asrc.cuny.edu.,Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30043, Taiwan.,School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi'an, 710069, China.,From the Department of Biotechnology and asfushi@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Multidiscipline Research Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.,Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75006 Paris, France.,Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolécules Végétales , UPR5301 , CNRS and Université Grenoble Alpes , 601 rue de la Chimie , F38041 Grenoble , France.,Slovenian NMR Center, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. janez.plavec@ki.si.,Target Discovery Institute (TDI) , Nuffield Department of Medicine , University of Oxford , Oxford OX3 7FZ , UK . Email: paul.brennan@sgc.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry, Universität Konstanz, 78464 Konstanz, Germany.,Drug Safety and Metabolism, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Laboratory of Protein Synthesis and Expression, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan. takagi@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. keith.stubbs@uwa.edu.au and School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia.,Department of Molecular Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Pusan National University, Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan, 46241, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: sbjang@pusan.ac.kr.,Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology, 8010 Graz, Austria.,Turku Centre for Biotechnology, University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.,Department of Biology, NSF Center for Engineering Mechanobiology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.,Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , 600 S. Mathews Ave. , Urbana , IL 61801 , USA . Email: s-nair@life.illinois.edu ; ; Tel: +1 217 333 0641.,Department of Chemistry, School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan. Electronic address: darkhan.utepbergenov@nu.edu.kz.,Discovery Oncology Department, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California.,the Departments of Chemistry and Pharmacological Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794.,Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0DE, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA 95616; jclagarias@ucdavis.edu dlarsen@ucdavis.edu jbames@ucdavis.edu.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of America.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine and Research Center for Neglected Diseases of Poverty, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University , Washington D.C. 20037, United States.,Department of Chemistry , The University of Texas at Austin , Austin , Texas 78712 , United States.,Graduate School of Medical Science , Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine , 1-5 Shimogamohangi-Cho, Sakyo-Ku , 606-0823 Kyoto , Japan.,The State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Neuroscience Center, Medical Primates Research Center and Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, 100005 Beijing, China; pengcheng_shu@ibms.pumc.edu.cn cui.sheng@ipb.pumc.edu.cn pengxiaozhong@pumc.edu.cn.,Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Av. Antônio Carlos , 6627 Belo Horizonte , Brazil.,Structural Bioinformatics Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, C3BI, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, CNRS USR3756, Paris, France; NMR of Biomolecules Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France. Electronic address: nadia.izadi@pasteur.fr.,Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA. xzhou@bidmc.harvard.edu.,Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto, Japan.,Basic Research Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA. vddonk@illinois.edu.,Wuxi Biortus Biosciences Co. Ltd., 6 Dongsheng West Road, Jiangyin, 214437, China.,Proteomics Centre, Segal Cancer Centre, Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, H3T 1E2, QC, Canada.,From the Departments of Molecular Biosciences and Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 and.,Depto. de Farmacologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Université de Lorraine, Inra, IAM, F-54000 Nancy, France. przybylajonathan@orange.fr.,Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158.,Center for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Skolkovo 121205, Russia; Waksman Institute, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA; Institute of Molecular Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 123182, Russia.,General Microbiology, GZMB, Georg-August-University Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany, jstuelk@gwdg.de.,KSQ Therapeutics, 610 Main St, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Center for translational Immunology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science Oxford Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, UK. alain.townsend@imm.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,Institute of Infectious Diseases, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, 27157, NC, USA.,Department of Medicine, Division of Translational Therapeutics, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,Cancer Center, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, United States.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Eucaryotes, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8226 CNRS Sorbonne Université, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. christophe.marchand@ibpc.fr.,Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026, Hefei, China. lifudong@ustc.edu.cn.,NE-CAT and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Argonne National Laboratory, Cornell University, Argonne, 60439, IL, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Biomolecular Structure and Organization, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.,Cell Signalling Unit, p53 Signal Transduction Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Edinburgh EH4 2XR, U.K.,Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Complex Systems Division, Beijing Computational Science Research Center, 10 East Xibeiwang Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, China.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195; nzheng@uw.edu wcatt@uw.edu.,Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Platform for Drug Discovery, Informatics, and Structural Life Science, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.,Laboratoire de Chimie des Processus Biologiques, CNRS-UMR 8229, Collège De France , Université Pierre et Marie Curie , 11 place Marcelin Berthelot , 75231 Paris Cedex 05 , France.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore. rrobinson@imcb.a-star.edu.sg.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070 Hubei, China; dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk qianp@mail.hzau.edu.cn louzy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology, Central University of Rajasthan, Kishangarh 305801, India. vijayscmmjnu@gmail.com.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Linac Coherent Light Source, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, and.,Respiratory, Inflammation & Autoimmunity, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Neurimmune AG, Wagistrasse 13, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland.,Amgen Research, Amgen Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 13145-1384, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: a.seyedarabi@ut.ac.ir.,Department of Chemistry, King's College London, Britannia House, 7 Trinity Street, London SE1 1DB, UK; Structural Biology and Biophysics Unit, Fondazione Ri.MED, Via Bandiera, 11, 90133 Palermo, Italy.,Heidelberg University Biochemistry Centre, Heidelberg 69120, Germany. Electronic address: irmi.sinning@bzh.uni-heidelberg.de.,SB RAS Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, 8 Lavrentieva Ave., Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.,Wellcome Centre for Anti-Infectives Research, Drug Discovery Unit, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, University of Dundee, DD1 5EH Dundee, United Kingdom; i.h.gilbert@dundee.ac.uk.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Sundia MediTech Company, Ltd., 917 Halei Road, 201203, Shanghai, China.,Centre de Biologie Cellulaire de Montpellier, CNRS, University Montpellier, UMR5237, 34090 Montpellier, France.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, 212013 Zhenjiang, China.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Russ Berrie Pavilion, Columbia University Medical Center, 1150 St Nicholas Ave, New York, NY, 10032, USA.,Protein Structure Laboratory, Del Shankel Structural Biology Center , University of Kansas , 2034 Becker Drive , Lawrence , Kansas 66047 , United States.,Department of Pharmacology and Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University , 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States.,Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. amtanok@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Biology , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Beijing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address: yunfei@pku.edu.cn.,From the BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 and xiaoqiang.wang@unt.edu.,NEUROFARBA Dept., Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy.,From the Department of Biochemistry, McGill Centre for Structural Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 0B1, Canada and kalle.gehring@mcgill.ca.,Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy. jacopo.rossi13@studio.unibo.it.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.,Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LD, United Kingdom.,Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, 92697, CA, USA.,UMR8576 CNRS-USTL, Unité de Glycobiologie Structurale et Fonctionnelle, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France.,Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy. paolo.trost@unibo.it.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, and.,Amgen Research, Amgen Inc., Seattle, Washington.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, and egelman@virginia.edu.,Trace Element Analysis Lab, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.,Malaria Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, 12 201 Phnom Penh, Cambodia.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, CB2 1EW Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-12, Nishi-6, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan, and tadokorot@pharm.hokudai.ac.jp.,Diagnostics and Therapeutics, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, 30302-3965.,R&D, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH , Industriepark Höchst Building G838, D-65926 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,The Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery , The University of Auckland , Auckland , New Zealand.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China.,Université de Lorraine, Inra, IAM, F-54000 Nancy, France. thomas.roret@sb-roscoff.fr.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Department of Biology and Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan. Electronic address: nagata.takashi.6w@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.,CREST , Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) , 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi , 332-0012 Saitama , Japan.,Structural Bioinformatics Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, C3BI, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, CNRS USR3756, Paris, France.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences Darmstadt, Germany; Bioengineering and Biosystems, Institute of Functional Interfaces, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany.,Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.,From the Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Science & Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea, wlee@spin.yonsei.ac.kr.,Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.,Diagnostic Virology Laboratory, National Veterinary Services Laboratories, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, US Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa.,Department of Stomatology, Xiamen University, 361102, Xiamen, China.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble Outstation, Grenoble, France. cusack@embl.fr.,Institute of Applied Biosciences, Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece.,Malignant Haematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Service, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; and Australian Centre for Blood Diseases, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Australia.,The Wistar Institute, 3601 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. lieberman@wistar.org troymessick@gmail.com.,Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, 650118 Kunming, China.,the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia, and mparker@svi.edu.au.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom; The National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, Cairo University, Egypt.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada brumer@msl.ubc.ca.,Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.,Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.,Molecular Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Microbial Sciences Institute, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06516, USA; Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. Electronic address: nikhil.malvankar@yale.edu.,Leicester Tuberculosis Research Group, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom hmo7@le.ac.uk.,Programs in Biochemistry and Chemistry, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, NY, 10016, USA. amedee.desgeorges@asrc.cuny.edu.,Microbial Sciences Institute, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06516, USA; Department of Molecular, Cellular & Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. rrobinson@imcb.a-star.edu.sg.,Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 13145-1384, Tehran, Iran.,University of Wyoming School of Pharmacy, 1000 E. University Ave., HS 596, Laramie, WY, 82071, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan. s.naru@mfour.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, V8P 5C2, BC, Canada.,Department of Pharmacology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. Electronic address: egelman@virginia.edu.,Oncology Research, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California. phughes@amgen.com seanpomeroy@yahoo.com.,Department of Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, 30302-3965.,Verma and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, 600025, India. Electronic address: pkarthe@hotmail.com.,F. M. Kirby Neurobiology Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Pathology & Cell Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,São Carlos Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo at São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.,Multi-discipline Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. yonggong@ihep.ac.cn.,Department of Science and Drug Technology, University of Turin, via Pietro Giuria 9, 10125, Turin, Italy.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College St, Toronto, ON M5S 3E5, Canada.,Chapman University School of Pharmacy (CUSP), Harry and Diane Rinker Health Science Campus, Chapman University, Irvine, CA, 92618, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, South Korea.,Eppley Cancer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-6805.,Universität Basel, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland.,Unité Dynamique Structurale des Macromolécules, Institut Pasteur, UMR 3528, CNRS, 75015 Paris, France.,Neurimmune AG, Wagistrasse 13, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland; Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Zurich, Wagistrasse 12, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland.,From the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand, greg.cook@otago.ac.nz.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,From Global Biotherapeutics Technologies, Pfizer R&D, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02140 and joel.bard@pfizer.com.,Oncology Research, Amgen Inc., Seattle, Washington.,Istituto di Biologia e Patologia Molecolari, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, Italy.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843.,Molecular Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: s-keeney@ski.mskcc.org.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.,Depto. de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,3Department of Hematology and Institute of Clinical Science, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032 China.,Department of Biochemistry, College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences , University of California Riverside , 900 University Avenue , Riverside , California 92521 , United States.,Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305-5080, USA.,Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan. kobayashi.takuya.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. feigon@mbi.ucla.edu.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, 600025, India.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,the Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115-175, Iran.,Institute of Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstrasse 15, 85748 Garching, Germany.,Life Science Group, Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu, 30076, Taiwan. cjchen@nsrrc.org.tw.,Laboratory of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland. k.brzezinski@uwb.edu.pl.,Reagents and Assay Development, Mechanistic Biology and Profiling, and Structure and Biophysics, Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg SE-431 89, Sweden.,Newcastle Cancer Centre, Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Medical School, Newcastle University, Paul O'Gorman Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK. Electronic address: mathew.martin@ncl.ac.uk.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel.,Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.,School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. keith.stubbs@uwa.edu.au.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China. shiyi@im.ac.cn.,Molecular Biology Department, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California.,Physics, School of Science and Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, United Kingdom.,Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. ryan.hibbs@utsouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biology and Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, 5641 Medical Science Building II, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0620, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 06520.,NE-CAT and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA.,GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Medicines Research Centre, Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, UK. Electronic address: mike.d.barker@gsk.com.,Janssen Prevention Center, Archimedesweg 6, 2333 CN, Leiden, Netherlands.,Slovenian NMR Center, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. marusic.maja@ki.si.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.,Tsinghua University Affiliated High School, 100084 Beijing, China.,Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.,the Departamento de Química Orgânica, Instituto de Química, Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-970, Brazil.,Agile Biostructure Solutions Consulting, LLC, 8 Harris Ave, Wellesley, MA, 02481, USA.,Biogen, 225 Binney Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Electronic address: paul.weinreb@biogen.com.,Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Min-Sheng General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.,Molecular Engineering, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, California.,Cryo-Electron Microscopy, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands; z.zeev@uu.nl.,Department of Biotechnology and Bioindustry Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701, Taiwan.,Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109-1085, MI, USA. ujakob@umich.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1042, New Zealand.,Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada.,Medicinal Chemistry, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, California.,JST, the Strategic Basic Research Program, Membrane Protein Crystallography Project, Kyoto, Japan.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Complex Systems Division, Beijing Computational Science Research Center, 10 East Xibeiwang Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, China, hgliu@csrc.ac.cn.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble Outstation, Grenoble, France.,Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Electronic address: hartmut.michel@biophys.mpg.de.,Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK alexei.degterev@tufts.edu mads.gyrd-hansen@ludwig.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: james_chou@hms.harvard.edu.,School of Biosciences, Medicines Discovery Institute, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, Wales.,Center for Influenza Research and Early-Warning, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Global Biotherapeutics Technologies, Pfizer R&D, Grange Castle Business Park, Dublin D22, Ireland orla.cunningham@pfizer.com.,CNRS, LBI2M, Sorbonne Universités, F-29680 Roscoff, France. thomas.roret@sb-roscoff.fr.,Structural Parasitology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 110067 New Delhi, India.,College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Beijing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.,Bio-inspired Solar Energy Program, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, Canada.,Shionogi & Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA. s-nair@life.uiuc.edu.,Neuroscience Research Institute and Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara , Santa Barbara, California 93106, United States.,Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China. tianjian@caas.cn.,Genome Analysis Unit, Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California.,Medicinal Chemistry, Translational Sciences, Bioscience, and Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg SE-431 89, Sweden.,School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India. sgourinath@jnu.ac.in.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720; jfraser@fraserlab.com enogales@lbl.gov.,Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30043, Taiwan. cjchen@nsrrc.org.tw.,Wellspring Biosciences, San Diego, CA, USA; Kura Oncology, San Diego, CA, USA.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. miwai@berkeley.edu.,Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 david.julius@ucsf.edu yifan.cheng@ucsf.edu jenny.vanderwijst@radboudumc.nl.,Unité Dynamique Structurale des Macromolécules, Institut Pasteur, UMR 3528, CNRS, 75015 Paris, France; marc.delarue@pasteur.fr.,National Leading Research Laboratory of Drug Resistance Proteomics, Department of Biological Sciences, Myongji University, 116 Myongjiro, Yongin, Gyeonggido 17058, Republic of Korea.,Department of Medical Chemistry and Cell Biology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. kobayashi.takuya.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Université de Lorraine, Inra, IAM, F-54000 Nancy, France. jeremy.couturier@univ-lorraine.fr.,Amgen Research, Department of Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Dr., Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China. shiyi@im.ac.cn.,Quantum Tessera Consulting LLC, 508 Tawnyberry Lane, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Biomedical Center, PO Box 596, SE-751 24 Uppsala, Sweden.,Research Complex at Harwell , Rutherford Appleton Laboratory , Harwell, Didcot OX11 0QX , United Kingdom.,Macromolecular Crystallography, Swiss Light Source at the Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,IBMC-Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.,Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre, Parkville, Australia.,Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.,Department of Biochemistry , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , Bronx , New York 10461 , United States.,Center for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Skolkovo 121205, Russia.,Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.,MiraBiologics Inc., Tokyo, Japan.,NMR of Biomolecules Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France; Biochemistry of Macromolecular Interactions Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR3528, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, 11794, NY, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. nyan@princeton.edu.,Centre for Biomolecular Spectroscopy and Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College London, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, London SE1 1UL, UK.,Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy. francesca.sparla@unibo.it.,Conrad Prebys Center for Chemical Genomics, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute at Lake Nona, Orlando, 32827, FL, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Institute for Drug Discovery, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Université de Lorraine, Inra, IAM, F-54000 Nancy, France. tiphaine.dhalleine@univ-lorraine.fr.,Departments of Neuroscience and Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. ryan.hibbs@utsouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA champy@uab.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: christopher.schofield@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.,Global Blood Therapeutics, South San Francisco, CA 94080, United States.,Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Platform for Drug Discovery, Informatics, and Structural Life Science, Konoe-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. kobayashi.takuya.4r@kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0DE, United Kingdom; Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC), University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7DQ, UK; (e)Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa.,Istituto di Biochimica e Biochimica Clinica, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: jkanoh@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1
A, B
303Homo sapiensMutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: RIPK1 (RIP, RIP1)
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for Q13546 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RIPK1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q13546
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
M5J
Query on M5J

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Download CCD File 
A, B
1-[(2S)-2-(3-fluorophenyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropan-1-one
C15 H20 F N O
KAKAXRVKJWUSTC-ZDUSSCGKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.793 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 47.297α = 90.00
b = 95.117β = 90.00
c = 127.240γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Aimlessdata scaling
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-05-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-06-05
    Type: Data collection, Database references