6O3O

Structure of human DNAM-1 (CD226) bound to nectin-like protein-5 (necl-5)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

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Literature

Structural basis for the recognition of nectin-like protein-5 by the human-activating immune receptor, DNAM-1.

Deuss, F.A.Watson, G.M.Goodall, K.J.Leece, I.Chatterjee, S.Fu, Z.Thaysen-Andersen, M.Andrews, D.M.Rossjohn, J.Berry, R.

(2019) J Biol Chem 294: 12534-12546

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.009261
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6O3O

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nectin and nectin-like (Necl) adhesion molecules are broadly overexpressed in a wide range of cancers. By binding to these adhesion molecules, the immunoreceptors DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1), CD96 molecule (CD96), and T-cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains (TIGIT) play a crucial role in regulating the anticancer activities of immune effector cells ...

    Nectin and nectin-like (Necl) adhesion molecules are broadly overexpressed in a wide range of cancers. By binding to these adhesion molecules, the immunoreceptors DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1), CD96 molecule (CD96), and T-cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains (TIGIT) play a crucial role in regulating the anticancer activities of immune effector cells. However, within this axis, it remains unclear how DNAM-1 recognizes its cognate ligands. Here, we determined the structure of human DNAM-1 in complex with nectin-like protein-5 (Necl-5) at 2.8 Å resolution. Unexpectedly, we found that the two extracellular domains (D1-D2) of DNAM-1 adopt an unconventional "collapsed" arrangement that is markedly distinct from those in other immunoglobulin-based immunoreceptors. The DNAM-1/Necl-5 interaction was underpinned by conserved lock-and-key motifs located within their respective D1 domains, but also included a distinct interface derived from DNAM-1 D2. Mutation of the signature DNAM-1 "key" motif within the D1 domain attenuated Necl-5 binding and natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Altogether, our results have implications for understanding the binding mode of an immune receptor family that is emerging as a viable candidate for cancer immunotherapy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CD226 antigenA, B243Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CD226DNAM1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q15762 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q15762 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15762
PHAROS:  Q15762
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UniProt GroupQ15762
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Poliovirus receptorC, D317Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PVRPVS
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P15151 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P15151 
Go to UniProtKB:  P15151
PHAROS:  P15151
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP15151
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseE, G 4N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G32152BH
GlyCosmos:  G32152BH
GlyGen:  G32152BH
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseF 5N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42466VF
GlyCosmos:  G42466VF
GlyGen:  G42466VF
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseH 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 129.337α = 90
b = 182.269β = 90
c = 146.594γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
BUSTERrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC, Australia)AustraliaAPP1109901
Australian Research Council (ARC)AustraliaFL160100049

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-07-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-08-28
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-01-01
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Data collection
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary