6N6L

Crystal Structure of ATPase delta 1-79 Spa47 R189A R191A mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Interfacial amino acids support Spa47 oligomerization and shigella type three secretion system activation.

Demler, H.J.Case, H.B.Morales, Y.Bernard, A.R.Johnson, S.J.Dickenson, N.E.

(2019) Proteins 87: 931-942

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.25754
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6N6Z, 6N70, 6N72, 6N71, 6N74, 6N73, 6N76, 6N75, 6N6M, 6N6L

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Like many Gram-negative pathogens, Shigella rely on a type three secretion system (T3SS) for injection of effector proteins directly into eukaryotic host cells to initiate and sustain infection. Protein secretion through the needle-like type three secretion apparatus (T3SA) requires ATP hydrolysis by the T3SS ATPase Spa47, making it a likely target for in vivo regulation of T3SS activity and an attractive target for small molecule therapeutics against shigellosis ...

    Like many Gram-negative pathogens, Shigella rely on a type three secretion system (T3SS) for injection of effector proteins directly into eukaryotic host cells to initiate and sustain infection. Protein secretion through the needle-like type three secretion apparatus (T3SA) requires ATP hydrolysis by the T3SS ATPase Spa47, making it a likely target for in vivo regulation of T3SS activity and an attractive target for small molecule therapeutics against shigellosis. Here, we developed a model of an activated Spa47 homo-hexamer, identifying two distinct regions at each protomer interface that we hypothesized to provide intermolecular interactions supporting Spa47 oligomerization and enzymatic activation. Mutational analysis and a series of high-resolution crystal structures confirm the importance of these residues, as many of the engineered mutants are unable to form oligomers and efficiently hydrolyze ATP in vitro. Furthermore, in vivo evaluation of Shigella virulence phenotype uncovered a strong correlation between T3SS effector protein secretion, host cell membrane disruption, and cellular invasion by the tested mutant strains, suggesting that perturbation of the identified interfacial residues/interactions influences Spa47 activity through preventing oligomer formation, which in turn regulates Shigella virulence. The most impactful mutations are observed within the conserved Site 2 interface where the native residues support oligomerization and likely contribute to a complex hydrogen bonding network that organizes the active site and supports catalysis. The critical reliance on these conserved residues suggests that aspects of T3SS regulation may also be conserved, providing promise for the development of a cross-species therapeutic that broadly targets T3SS ATPase oligomerization and activation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Utah State University, Logan, Utah.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ATP synthase SpaL/MxiBA, B352Shigella flexneriMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: spaLmxiBspa47CP0149
EC: 7.1.2.2
UniProt
Find proteins for P0A1C1 (Shigella flexneri)
Explore P0A1C1 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A1C1
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth B]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 45.528α = 90
b = 152.916β = 110.9
c = 54.731γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Center for Research Resources (NIH/NCRR)United States1R15AI124108-01A1

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-06-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-06-26
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-10-23
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-04
    Changes: Author supporting evidence