6N1A

Crystal structure of an N-acetylgalactosamine deacetylase from F. plautii


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.167 
  • R-Value Work: 0.139 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.140 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

An enzymatic pathway in the human gut microbiome that converts A to universal O type blood.

Rahfeld, P.Sim, L.Moon, H.Constantinescu, I.Morgan-Lang, C.Hallam, S.J.Kizhakkedathu, J.N.Withers, S.G.

(2019) Nat Microbiol 4: 1475-1485

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41564-019-0469-7
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6N1A, 6N1B

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Access to efficient enzymes that can convert A and B type red blood cells to 'universal' donor O would greatly increase the supply of blood for transfusions. Here we report the functional metagenomic screening of the human gut microbiome for enzymes that can remove the cognate A and B type sugar antigens ...

    Access to efficient enzymes that can convert A and B type red blood cells to 'universal' donor O would greatly increase the supply of blood for transfusions. Here we report the functional metagenomic screening of the human gut microbiome for enzymes that can remove the cognate A and B type sugar antigens. Among the genes encoded in our library of 19,500 expressed fosmids bearing gut bacterial DNA, we identify an enzyme pair from the obligate anaerobe Flavonifractor plautii that work in concert to efficiently convert the A antigen to the H antigen of O type blood, via a galactosamine intermediate. The X-ray structure of the N-acetylgalactosamine deacetylase reveals the active site and mechanism of the founding member of an esterase family. The galactosaminidase expands activities within the CAZy family GH36. Their ability to completely convert A to O of the same rhesus type at very low enzyme concentrations in whole blood will simplify their incorporation into blood transfusion practice, broadening blood supply.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Life Sciences Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. withers@chem.ubc.ca.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Carbohydrate-binding proteinA503Flavonifractor plautiiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: A4U99_12080
UniProt
Find proteins for G9YSP4 (Flavonifractor plautii ATCC 29863)
Explore G9YSP4 
Go to UniProtKB:  G9YSP4
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupG9YSP4
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSD
Query on CSD
A L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O4 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.167 
  • R-Value Work: 0.139 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.140 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.584α = 90
b = 69.186β = 90
c = 104.325γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
CRANK2phasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)CanadaMOP-136940

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-06-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-07-10
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-09-04
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2020-01-08
    Changes: Author supporting evidence