Synergistic recruitment of UbcH7~Ub and phosphorylated Ubl domain triggers parkin activation.Condos, T.E., Dunkerley, K.M., Freeman, E.A., Barber, K.R., Aguirre, J.D., Chaugule, V.K., Xiao, Y., Konermann, L., Walden, H., Shaw, G.S.
(2018) EMBO J 37
- PubMed: 30446597
- DOI: 10.15252/embj.2018100014
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Parkin-phosphoubiquitin complex reveals cryptic ubiquitin-binding site required for RBR ligase activity.
Kumar, A., Chaugule, V.K., Condos, T.E.C., Barber, K.R., Johnson, C., Toth, R., Sundaramoorthy, R., Knebel, A., Shaw, G.S., Walden, H.
(2017) Nat Struct Mol Biol 24: 475
The E3 ligase parkin ubiquitinates outer mitochondrial membrane proteins during oxidative stress and is linked to early-onset Parkinson's disease. Parkin is autoinhibited but is activated by the kinase PINK1 that phosphorylates ubiquitin leading to p ...
The E3 ligase parkin ubiquitinates outer mitochondrial membrane proteins during oxidative stress and is linked to early-onset Parkinson's disease. Parkin is autoinhibited but is activated by the kinase PINK1 that phosphorylates ubiquitin leading to parkin recruitment, and stimulates phosphorylation of parkin's N-terminal ubiquitin-like (pUbl) domain. How these events alter the structure of parkin to allow recruitment of an E2~Ub conjugate and enhanced ubiquitination is an unresolved question. We present a model of an E2~Ub conjugate bound to the phospho-ubiquitin-loaded C-terminus of parkin, derived from NMR chemical shift perturbation experiments. We show the UbcH7~Ub conjugate binds in the open state whereby conjugated ubiquitin binds to the RING1/IBR interface. Further, NMR and mass spectrometry experiments indicate the RING0/RING2 interface is re-modelled, remote from the E2 binding site, and this alters the reactivity of the RING2(Rcat) catalytic cysteine, needed for ubiquitin transfer. Our experiments provide evidence that parkin phosphorylation and E2~Ub recruitment act synergistically to enhance a weak interaction of the pUbl domain with the RING0 domain and rearrange the location of the RING2(Rcat) domain to drive parkin activity.
Department of Biochemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada email@example.com.