6MRW

14-meric ClyA pore complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.30 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

High-resolution cryo-EM structures of the E. coli hemolysin ClyA oligomers.

Peng, W.de Souza Santos, M.Li, Y.Tomchick, D.R.Orth, K.

(2019) PLoS One 14: e0213423-e0213423

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213423
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6MRT, 6MRU, 6MRW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Pore-forming proteins (PFPs) represent a functionally important protein family, that are found in organisms from viruses to humans. As a major branch of PFPs, bacteria pore-forming toxins (PFTs) permeabilize membranes and usually cause the death of target cells ...

    Pore-forming proteins (PFPs) represent a functionally important protein family, that are found in organisms from viruses to humans. As a major branch of PFPs, bacteria pore-forming toxins (PFTs) permeabilize membranes and usually cause the death of target cells. E. coli hemolysin ClyA is the first member with the pore complex structure solved among α-PFTs, employing α-helices as transmembrane elements. ClyA is proposed to form pores composed of various numbers of protomers. With high-resolution cryo-EM structures, we observe that ClyA pore complexes can exist as newly confirmed oligomers of a tridecamer and a tetradecamer, at estimated resolutions of 3.2 Å and 4.3 Å, respectively. The 2.8 Å cryo-EM structure of a dodecamer dramatically improves the existing structural model. Structural analysis indicates that protomers from distinct oligomers resemble each other and neighboring protomers adopt a conserved interaction mode. We also show a stabilized intermediate state of ClyA during the transition process from soluble monomers to pore complexes. Unexpectedly, even without the formation of mature pore complexes, ClyA can permeabilize membranes and allow leakage of particles less than ~400 Daltons. In addition, we are the first to show that ClyA forms pore complexes in the presence of cholesterol within artificial liposomes. These findings provide new mechanistic insights into the dynamic process of pore assembly for the prototypical α-PFT ClyA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States of America.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hemolysin E, chromosomal
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N
324Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: hlyEclyAhprsheAycgDb1182JW5181
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for P77335 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P77335 
Go to UniProtKB:  P77335
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.30 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-05-15
    Type: Initial release