6MFQ

Crystal structure of a PMS2 variant

  • Classification: HYDROLASE
  • Organism(s): Homo sapiens
  • Expression System: Escherichia coli
  • Mutation(s): Yes 

  • Deposited: 2018-09-11 Released: 2019-02-06 
  • Deposition Author(s): D'Arcy, B.M., Prakash, A.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIH/NIEHS)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.231 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Biochemical and structural characterization of two variants of uncertain significance in the PMS2 gene.

D'Arcy, B.M.Blount, J.Prakash, A.

(2019) Hum Mutat 40: 458-471

  • DOI: 10.1002/humu.23708
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6MFQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lynch syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder that is associated with an increased predisposition to certain cancers caused by loss-of-function mutations in one of four DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2). The di ...

    Lynch syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder that is associated with an increased predisposition to certain cancers caused by loss-of-function mutations in one of four DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2). The diagnosis of LS is often challenged by the identification of missense mutations where the functional effects are not known. These are termed variants of uncertain significance (VUSs) and account for 20%-30% of noncoding and missense mutations. VUSs cause ambiguity during clinical diagnosis and hinder implementation of appropriate medical management. In the current study, we focus on the functional and biological consequences of two nonsynonymous VUSs in PMS2. These variants, c.620G>A and c.123_131delGTTAGTAGA, result in the alteration of glycine 207 to glutamate (p.Gly207Glu) and the deletion of amino acid residues 42-44 (p.Leu42_Glu44del), respectively. While the PMS2 p.Gly207Glu variant retains in vitro MMR and ATPase activities, PMS2 p.Leu42_Glu44del appears to lack such capabilities. Structural and biophysical characterization using circular dichroism, small-angle X-ray scattering, and X-ray crystallography of the N-terminal domain of the PMS2 variants indicate that the p.Gly207Glu variant is properly folded similar to the wild-type enzyme, whereas p.Leu42_Glu44del is disordered and prone to aggregation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Mitchell Cancer Institute, The University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mismatch repair endonuclease PMS2 AB369Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: PMS2PMSL2
EC: 3.1
Find proteins for P54278 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P54278 
Go to UniProtKB:  P54278
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P54278
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.231 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.989α = 90
b = 74.962β = 90
c = 134.399γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SAINTdata reduction
SADABSdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIH/NIEHS)United StatesR00ES024417-04

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-02-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-12-18
    Changes: Author supporting evidence