6M9U

Structure of the apo-form of 20beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase from Bifidobacterium adolescentis strain L2-32


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and biochemical characterization of 20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase fromBifidobacterium adolescentisstrain L2-32.

Doden, H.L.Pollet, R.M.Mythen, S.M.Wawrzak, Z.Devendran, S.Cann, I.Koropatkin, N.M.Ridlon, J.M.

(2019) J Biol Chem 294: 12040-12053

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.009390
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6M9U, 6OW4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Anaerobic bacteria inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract have evolved various enzymes that modify host-derived steroids. The bacterial steroid-17,20-desmolase pathway cleaves the cortisol side chain, forming pro-androgens predicted to impact host physiology ...

    Anaerobic bacteria inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract have evolved various enzymes that modify host-derived steroids. The bacterial steroid-17,20-desmolase pathway cleaves the cortisol side chain, forming pro-androgens predicted to impact host physiology. Bacterial 20β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20β-HSDH) regulates cortisol side-chain cleavage by reducing the C-20 carboxyl group on cortisol, yielding 20β-dihydrocortisol. Recently, the gene encoding 20β-HSDH in Butyricicoccus desmolans ATCC 43058 was reported, and a nonredundant protein search yielded a candidate 20 β- HSDH gene in Bifidobacterium adolescentis strain L2-32. B. adolescentis 20β-HSDH could regulate cortisol side-chain cleavage by limiting pro-androgen formation in bacteria such as Clostridium scindens and 21-dehydroxylation by Eggerthella lenta Here, the putative B. adolescentis 20β-HSDH was cloned, overexpressed, and purified. 20β-HSDH activity was confirmed through whole-cell and pure enzymatic assays, and it is specific for cortisol. Next, we solved the structures of recombinant 20β-HSDH in both the apo- and holo-forms at 2.0-2.2 Å resolutions, revealing close overlap except for rearrangements near the active site. Interestingly, the structures contain a large, flexible N-terminal region that was investigated by gel-filtration chromatography and CD spectroscopy. This extended N terminus is important for protein stability because deletions of varying lengths caused structural changes and reduced enzymatic activity. A nonconserved extended N terminus was also observed in several short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family members. B. adolescentis strains capable of 20β-HSDH activity could alter glucocorticoid metabolism in the gut and thereby serve as potential probiotics for the management of androgen-dependent diseases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Microbiome Metabolic Engineering Theme, Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, Urbana, Illinois 61801; Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801; Cancer Center of Illinois, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801; Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801. Electronic address: jmridlon@illinois.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Oxidoreductase, short chain dehydrogenase/reductase family proteinA, B283Bifidobacterium adolescentis L2-32Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BIFADO_01909
UniProt
Find proteins for A7A7R9 (Bifidobacterium adolescentis L2-32)
Explore A7A7R9 
Go to UniProtKB:  A7A7R9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA7A7R9
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MES
Query on MES

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
EA [auth B]TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PGE
Query on PGE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
FA [auth B],
P [auth A]
TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL
C6 H14 O4
ZIBGPFATKBEMQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
GA [auth B],
Q [auth A],
R [auth A],
S [auth A],
T [auth A]
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IMD
Query on IMD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
IA [auth B],
JA [auth B]
IMIDAZOLE
C3 H5 N2
RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth B],
BA [auth B],
CA [auth B],
DA [auth B],
F [auth A],
AA [auth B],
BA [auth B],
CA [auth B],
DA [auth B],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
L [auth A],
M [auth A],
N [auth A],
O [auth A],
V [auth B],
W [auth B],
X [auth B],
Y [auth B],
Z [auth B]
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IPA
Query on IPA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
U [auth B]
ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
C3 H8 O
KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
HA [auth B]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: I 4 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 168.371α = 90
b = 168.371β = 90
c = 126.961γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-06-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-07-10
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-08-21
    Changes: Data collection, Database references