Crystal Structure of E447A Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase FadE5 mutant from Mycobacteria tuberculosisin complex with C18CoA

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.168 

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Structural basis for the broad substrate specificity of two acyl-CoA dehydrogenases FadE5 from mycobacteria.

Chen, X.Chen, J.Yan, B.Zhang, W.Guddat, L.W.Liu, X.Rao, Z.

(2020) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 117: 16324-16332

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2002835117
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6KPT, 6KRI, 6KS9, 6KSA, 6KSB, 6KSE, 6LPY, 6LQ0, 6LQ1, 6LQ2, 6LQ3, 6LQ4, 6LQ5, 6LQ6, 6LQ7, 6LQ8

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    FadE, an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, introduces unsaturation to carbon chains in lipid metabolism pathways. Here, we report that FadE5 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb FadE5) and Mycobacterium smegmatis ( Ms FadE5) play roles in drug resistance and exhibit broad specificity for linear acyl-CoA substrates but have a preference for those with long carbon chains. Here, the structures of Ms FadE5 and Mtb FadE5, in the presence and absence of substrates, have been determined. These reveal the molecular basis for the broad substrate specificity of these enzymes. FadE5 interacts with the CoA region of the substrate through a large number of hydrogen bonds and an unusual π-π stacking interaction, allowing these enzymes to accept both short- and long-chain substrates. Residues in the substrate binding cavity reorient their side chains to accommodate substrates of various lengths. Longer carbon-chain substrates make more numerous hydrophobic interactions with the enzyme compared with the shorter-chain substrates, resulting in a preference for this type of substrate.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Frontiers Science Center for Cell Responses, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 300071 Tianjin, China.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase FadE5
A, B
611Mycobacterium tuberculosisMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: fadE5
Find proteins for O53666 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Explore O53666 
Go to UniProtKB:  O53666
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO53666
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 62.451α = 90
b = 147.597β = 93.09
c = 66.224γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-3000data reduction

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-07-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-07-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-29
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2024-03-27
    Changes: Data collection, Database references