Homotypic CARD-CARD interaction is critical for the activation of NLRP1 inflammasome.Xu, Z., Zhou, Y., Liu, M., Ma, H., Sun, L., Zahid, A., Chen, Y., Zhou, R., Cao, M., Wu, D., Zhao, W., Li, B., Jin, T.
(2021) Cell Death Dis 12: 57-57
- PubMed: 33431827
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-020-03342-8
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Cytosolic inflammasomes are supramolecular complexes that are formed in response to intracellular pathogens and danger signals. However, as to date, the detailed description of a homotypic caspase recruitment domain (CARD) interaction between NLRP1 and ASC has not been presented. We found the CARD-CARD interaction between purified NLRP1 CARD and ASC CARD experimentally and the filamentous supramolecular complex formation in an in vitro proteins solution. Moreover, we determined a high-resolution crystal structure of the death domain fold of the human ASC CARD . Mutational and structural analysis revealed three conserved interfaces of the death domain superfamily (Type I, II, and III), which mediate the assembly of the NLRP1 CARD /ASC CARD complex. In addition, we validated the role of the three major interfaces of CARDs in assembly and activation of NLRP1 inflammasome in vitro. Our findings suggest a Mosaic model of homotypic CARD interactions for the activation of NLRP1 inflammasome. The Mosaic model provides insights into the mechanisms of inflammasome assembly and signal transduction amplification.
CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai, 200031, China. email@example.com.