6HX1

IRE1 ALPHA IN COMPLEX WITH imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazin-8-amine compound 2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.14 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Binding to an Unusual Inactive Kinase Conformation by Highly Selective Inhibitors of Inositol-Requiring Enzyme 1 alpha Kinase-Endoribonuclease.

Colombano, G.Caldwell, J.J.Matthews, T.P.Bhatia, C.Joshi, A.McHardy, T.Mok, N.Y.Newbatt, Y.Pickard, L.Strover, J.Hedayat, S.Walton, M.I.Myers, S.M.Jones, A.M.Saville, H.McAndrew, C.Burke, R.Eccles, S.A.Davies, F.E.Bayliss, R.Collins, I.

(2019) J.Med.Chem. 62: 2447-2465

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b01721
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A series of imidazo[1,2- b]pyridazin-8-amine kinase inhibitors were discovered to allosterically inhibit the endoribonuclease function of the dual kinase-endoribonuclease inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α), a key component of the unfolded protein r ...

    A series of imidazo[1,2- b]pyridazin-8-amine kinase inhibitors were discovered to allosterically inhibit the endoribonuclease function of the dual kinase-endoribonuclease inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α), a key component of the unfolded protein response in mammalian cells and a potential drug target in multiple human diseases. Inhibitor optimization gave compounds with high kinome selectivity that prevented endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced IRE1α oligomerization and phosphorylation, and inhibited endoribonuclease activity in human cells. X-ray crystallography showed the inhibitors to bind to a previously unreported and unusually disordered conformation of the IRE1α kinase domain that would be incompatible with back-to-back dimerization of the IRE1α protein and activation of the endoribonuclease function. These findings increase the repertoire of known IRE1α protein conformations and can guide the discovery of highly selective ligands for the IRE1α kinase site that allosterically inhibit the endoribonuclease.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. lingzhu@ibp.ac.cn.,Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics Program, The Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.,Laboratoire de Biochimie Métabolomique et Protéomique, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris 75015, France.,Division of Pharmaceutical Biology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: wolfgang.kreis@fau.de.,Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR des Sciences Fondamentales et Biomédicales, UMR-S 1124, Centre Interdisciplinaire Chimie Biologie-Paris, 45, rue des Saints Pères, Paris 75006, France; INSERM, UMR-S 1124, Paris 75006, France; Laboratoire de Biochimie Métabolomique et Protéomique, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris 75015, France.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China.,Center for Biological Imaging, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. xzzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Institut de Biologie Intégrative de la Cellule (I2BC), IBITECS, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Department of Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max-Planck-Ring 5, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.,IBG-1: Biotechnology , Forschungszentrum Jülich , D-52425 Jülich , Germany.,Institute for Structural Biology, Drug Discovery and Development, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23219.,Department of Applied Biological Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Ikenobe 2393, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa, 761-0795, Japan.,Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5324.,iBET , Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica , Apartado 12 , 2781-901 Oeiras , Portugal.,Creative Research Initiatives, Center for Molecular Biology of Translation, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Korea.,Division of Pharmaceutical Biology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia.,Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute , National Institutes of Health , Bethesda , Maryland 20892 , United States.,Peptide Chemistry Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto 1-12-4, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan; Department of Parasitology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Abeno-ku, Asahimachi 1-4-3, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.,Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK.,Plant Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology & Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Research Campus, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA.,From the Disease Target Structure Research Center and.,Department of Organismic Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, 27710, NC, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.,Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA) (UMR 5075), F-38054, Grenoble, France; Institut Laue Langevin, 71, avenue des Martyrs - CS 20156, 38042, Grenoble cedex 9, France.,KWS SAAT SE, Einbeck, Germany.,Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Dr. Bohr-Gasse 9, 1030 Vienna, Austria.,Discovery and Developmental Therapeutics, Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH Zürich, 8093, Zürich, Switzerland.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, England.,Biotechnology Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup, 56212, Republic of Korea; Department of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Interdisciplinary Program for Bioenergy and Biomaterials, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Science Research Center, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China.,The University of Texas - RGV, Edinburg, Texas 78541.,Department of Diagnostic Medicine & Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Kansas.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100, Rehovot, Israel.,Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR des Sciences Fondamentales et Biomédicales, UMR-S 1124, Centre Interdisciplinaire Chimie Biologie-Paris, 45, rue des Saints Pères, Paris 75006, France; INSERM, UMR-S 1124, Paris 75006, France; Université Paris Descartes, Structural and Molecular Analysis Platform, Paris 75006, France. Electronic address: pierre.nioche@gmail.com.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.,Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.,Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78245, USA.,Department of Immunology, Genetics, and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, SE-751 85, Sweden.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, 610041, China. ouyangliang@scu.edu.cn.,Witebsky Center for Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunology, The Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.,Matsutani Chemical Industry Co. Ltd, 5-3 Kita-Itami, Itami, Hyogo 664-8508, Japan.,Medical Research Institute , Tokyo Medical and Dental University , Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510 , Japan.,Section on Biological Chemistry, NIDCR, National Institutes of Health, 30 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD, 20892-4370, USA.,Multidiscipline Research Center, Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Bayreuth , 95447 Bayreuth , Germany.,Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.,IGF, University of Montpellier, CNRS, INSERM, Montpellier, 34094, France.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences , University of Science and Technology of China , 96 Jinzhai Road , Hefei , Anhui 230026 , China.,g Indian Institute of Science Education and Research , Berhampur , Odisha , India.,CBS, University of Montpellier, CNRS, INSERM, Montpellier, 34090, France.,Department of Structural Biology, School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University, Yahaba, Iwate 028-3694, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53110 Siena, Italy; Magnetic Resonance Center CERM, University of Florence, via Luigi Sacconi, 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. Electronic address: stefano.mangani@unisi.it.,Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.,a Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , USA.,College of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, Seattle, WA 98109.,R&D Division, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., 1-2-58 Hiromachi, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 140-8710, Japan.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Hongo 7-3-1, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,From the Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1QW, United Kingdom.,the Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, and.,Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, School of Chemistry, and Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester , Manchester, U.K.,CNR Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: luciana.esposito@cnr.it.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Molecular Interaction Analysis Shared Resource, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular biology, Vilnius University Joint Life Sciences Center, Vilnius, Lithuania.,Philipps-University Marburg, Center for Synthetic Microbiology (SYNMIKRO) and Department of Chemistry, Marburg, Germany.,School of Chemical, Materials and Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 30602, USA. yajunyan@uga.edu.,From the Departments of Biological Sciences and jfh21@columbia.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: carette@stanford.edu.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Quantitative Biosciences Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; J. David Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: nevan.krogan@ucsf.edu.,Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Munich, Germany.,Laboratory of Applied Structural Biology, Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.,Biotechnology Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup, 56212, Republic of Korea; Department of Radiation Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea.,Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63104, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Oral Infection, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, 852-8588, Japan.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Computational Science, Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, 1-1, Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.,Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics, Center for Synchrotron Biosciences, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH, 44106-4988, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max-Planck-Ring 5, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: eugene.valkov@tuebingen.mpg.de.,From the Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada.,NEUROFARBA, University of Florence, v.le Pieraccini, 50, 50134 Firenze, Italy.,State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China.,UCIBIO, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal.,School of Systems Biomedical Science, Soongsil University, Seoul 06978, Republic of Korea; cukim@unist.ac.kr psy@ssu.ac.kr rmckenna@ufl.edu.,Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana. buchananse@lilly.com.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Guangzhou Henovcom Biosciences Inc., Guangzhou 510530, China.,Frontier Institute for Biomolecular Engineering Research (FIBER), Konan University, 7-1-20 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.,SUSTech Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, 518055, China. dyli@pkusz.edu.cn.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia. Electronic address: adams@wehi.edu.au.,Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Microbiology of Human Pathogens Unit, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras, Portugal. lencash@mail.rockefeller.edu.,Apoptosis and Proliferation Control Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK. nic.tapon@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology , University of Otago , Otago 9016 , New Zealand.,the State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510530, China.,Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544; jtgroves@princeton.edu.,6Present Address: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, 1000 Bangladesh.,Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.,Division of Immune Regulation, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI), 9420 Athena Circle, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto 1-12-4, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan; Department of Host-Defense Biochemistry, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), Nagasaki University, Sakamoto 1-12-4, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan; Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Hongo 7-3-1, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: danielken@nagasaki-u.ac.jp.,Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0146.,Chromosome Dynamics Laboratory, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan.,Medical Research Center, The People's Hospital of Longhua, Shenzhen, 518109, China.,Diamond Light Source, Didcot, United Kingdom.,Schulich Faculty of Chemistry, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel.,Developmental Glycobiology Section, NIDCR, National Institutes of Health, 30 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD, 20892-4370, USA. Kelly.Tenhagen@nih.gov.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK.,California Nano Systems Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. hong.zhou@ucla.edu.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: payandeh.jian@gene.com.,IGF, University of Montpellier, CNRS, INSERM, Montpellier, 34094, France. cedric.leyrat@igf.cnrs.fr.,Structural Genomics Consortium & Target Discovery Institute, University of Oxford, NDMRB, Old Road Campus, Oxford, OX3 7DQ &, OX3 7FZ, UK.,Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address: timothy.haystead@duke.edu.,Department of Bioscience, School of Agriculture, Tokai University, 9-1-1 Toroku, Higashi-ku, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, 862-8652, Japan. kyoneda@agri.u-tokai.ac.jp.,From the School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China.,Department of Chemistry, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0B8, Canada; clarkn@uthscsa.edu fitzpatrickp@uthscsa.edu masad.damha@mcgill.ca pjh@biochem.uthscsa.edu.,From the State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,Immuno-oncology Biology, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., Princeton, NJ 08543.,Merck & Co., Inc., 33 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States.,Department of Biochemistry , Virginia Tech , Blacksburg , Virginia 24061 , United States.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. meili@ibp.ac.cn.,the Metabolic Regulation Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea.,From the Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 and saad@uab.edu.,the KRIBB School of Bioscience, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea.,Diabetes Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Minnesota NMR Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.,Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.,PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Japan.,Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, 310051, China. yjzhang@cdc.zj.cn.,Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.,IMCA-CAT, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, APS Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois.,Laboratory of Chemistry and Cell Biology , The Rockefeller University , New York , New York 10065 , United States.,West China Hospital Emergency Department (WCHED), State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.,Biotechnology Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup, 56212, Republic of Korea; Department of Radiation Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: saylim@kaeri.re.kr.,Division of Structural Biology, The Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology & Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: dominique.soldati-favre@unige.ch.,GlaxoSmithKline, Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, United Kingdom.,A. B. Hancock Jr. Memorial Laboratory for Cancer Research, Departments of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0146 larry.marnett@vanderbilt.edu.,a Center for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research , Gopanpally , Hyderabad , India.,Department of Veterans Affairs, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX 78229.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: li.tianbo@gene.com.,Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Bioscience, School of Agriculture, Tokai University, 9-1-1 Toroku, Higashi-ku, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, 862-8652, Japan.,International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Cape Town, South Africa.,Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0146.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. jaf18@uw.edu dabaker@uw.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, 610041, China. zhanglanx_9@126.com.,Institute of Biotechnology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. sscchang@medigen.com.tw.,Lab of Computational Chemistry and Drug Design, Laboratory of Chemical Genomics, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen, 518055, China.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: eortlun@emory.edu.,Microbial Physiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747AG Groningen, The Netherlands.,From the Department of Chemistry, California State University, Fresno, California 93740.,The Microbiology Group, Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 35, 223 62 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: claes.von_wachenfeldt@biol.lu.se.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China.,Institute of Protein Biochemistry, Ulm University, 89081, Ulm, Germany. matthias.schmidt@uni-ulm.de.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard University, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Faculty of Life Sciences, Toyo University, Itakura, Gunma, Japan.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Freiburg, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.,Institute of Molecular Physiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany. paulsen@uni-mainz.de.,Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Cellular and Molecular Microbiology, Department of Molecular Biology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Gosselies, Belgium. agarciap@ulb.ac.be.,Systems and Structural Biology Center, RIKEN, Tsurumi, Suehiro 1-7-22, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0045, Japan.,From the State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.,Department of Medical Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy , Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg , 06120 Halle/Saale , Germany.,Sinovac Biotech Co., Ltd, Beijing, 100085, China.,Tri-Institutional PhD Training Program in Chemical Biology, Weill Cornell Medicine, Rockefeller University, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,d CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory , Pune , India.,Drug Discovery Unit, Wellcome Centre for Anti-Infectives Research, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, United Kingdom; k.read@dundee.ac.uk maria.m.marco@gsk.com p.g.wyatt@dundee.ac.uk.,CNR Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Science Research Center, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: jinwei.zhu@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, SE-75123, Uppsala, Sweden.,From the Departments of Biological Sciences and.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.,Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, Derio, Spain.,School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310024, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Molecular Discovery Technologies, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., Princeton, NJ 08543.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry, University Medical Center, Hamburg, Germany.,Cryo-Electron Microscopy Structural Biology Laboratory, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503; cnathan@med.cornell.edu Huilin.Li@vai.org.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. Electronic address: cbasler@gsu.edu.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298; jf2192@cumc.columbia.edu wah2@cumc.columbia.edu yguo4@vcu.edu.,School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences , University of Leeds , Leeds LS2 9JT , U.K.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 30602, USA.,Cancer Research, Saskatchewan Cancer Agency, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E5, Canada.,Science for Life Laboratory, Stockholm University, Solna, Sweden.,Oxford Protein Production Facility, Research Complex at Harwell, Didcot, United Kingdom.,Department of Optoelectronic Information, School of Science, Qilu University of Technology, Jinan, China.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Qld, 4072, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 1819 E 101st Street, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. pdk7@case.edu.,b Departments of Neuroscience & Physiology, & Psychiatry , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , USA.,Apoptosis and Proliferation Control Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Department of Biomedical Sciences , Nihon University School of Medicine , Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610 , Japan.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, UK.,Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, 455 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.,Department of Science and Innovation, Medigen Biotech Corporation, Taipei, Taiwan.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, 720 Cumberland Street, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.,Dipartimento di Farmacia-Scienze del Farmaco, Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", via Edoardo Orabona 4, 70125, Bari, Italy.,Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; Department of Physics, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea; cukim@unist.ac.kr psy@ssu.ac.kr rmckenna@ufl.edu.,Chemistry, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027.,Core Facility for Protein Production and X-ray Structural Analysis, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. ahjwang@gate.sinica.edu.tw.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, SE1 9RT London, United Kingdom.,Cellular and Molecular Microbiology, Department of Molecular Biology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Gosselies, Belgium.,Institute of Protein Biochemistry, Ulm University, 89081, Ulm, Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY 10021; cnathan@med.cornell.edu Huilin.Li@vai.org.,the Department of Chemistry, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 5290002, Israel.,Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, University of Arizona, 1041 E. Lowell Street, Biosciences West, 517, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA.,Department of Science and Innovation, Medigen Biotech Corporation, Taipei, Taiwan. sscchang@medigen.com.tw.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany. mhartl@biochem.mpg.de.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. julian.vivian@monash.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, 92037, CA, USA. glander@scripps.edu.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.,Diamond Light Source, Didcot, UK. dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Istituto Tumori IRCCS Giovanni Paolo II, via le Orazio Flacco 65, 70124, Bari, Italy.,Departamento de Química Orgánica, Laboratorio de Investigación Ignacio Ribas , Universidad de Santiago de Compostela , 15782 Santiago de Compostela , Spain.,Materials and Structural Analysis, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.,Institute for Biological and Medical Engineering, Schools of Engineering, Medicine, and Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6, Canada.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA.,Department of Discovery Chemistry, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., Princeton, NJ 08543.,Institute for Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Buchmann Institute for Life Sciences, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, 852-8588, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden. julia.griese@icm.uu.se.,Alba Synchrotron, carrer de la Llum 2-26, 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. juanhuix@cells.es.,Graduate School of Medicine , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , NSW 2522 , Australia.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Eli Lilly and Company, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois.,California Nano Systems Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.,the State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510530, China, liu_jinsong@gibh.ac.cn.,UCIBIO, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,WELBIO, Brussels, Belgium. agarciap@ulb.ac.be.,UCIBIO, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal. tsss@fct.unl.pt.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Dectris Ltd. Täfernweg 1, 5405 Baden-Dättwil, Switzerland.,VIB Inflammation Research Center, UGent-VIB Research Building FSVM, Technologiepark 927, 9052, Zwijnaarde (Ghent), Belgium.,Chemical Biology and Molecular Biophysics Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. yancy@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.,Macromolecular Crystallography, Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen PSI, Switzerland.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) Heidelberg, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.,BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.,Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, SIGMA Clermont, ICCF, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA bnolen@uoregon.edu.,From the RNA Therapeutics Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605 andrei.korostelev@umassmed.edu.,Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, UK; Institute for Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Neuroscience, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032; jf2192@cumc.columbia.edu wah2@cumc.columbia.edu yguo4@vcu.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, Koyamacho-Minami 4, Tottori 680-8552, Japan.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: dueber.erin@gene.com.,Institut für Physikalische Biologie , Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf , D-40225 Düsseldorf , Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: rrock@uchicago.edu.,the State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Centre of Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China, and.,The Philips Institute for Oral Health Research, School of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.,Alba Synchrotron, carrer de la Llum 2-26, 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Center for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Gopanpally, Hyderabad 500107, India.,Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.,Center for Cellular Imaging and NanoAnalytics (C-CINA), Biozentrum, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, 751 24, Uppsala, Sweden. julia.griese@icm.uu.se.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. xzzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,the School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Martin-Luther-University, 06120, Halle (Saale), Germany.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: rohou.alexis@gene.com.,Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.,Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Hongo 7-3-1, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,National Joint Biomedical Engineering Research Centre on Photodynamic Technologies , Fuzhou University , Fujian 350116 , China.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, della Vita, della Sostenibilità Ambientale, Università Di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, 43124 Parma, Italy.,GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville Road, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 19426, United States.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, 100029, China.,Eli Lilly and Company, Alexandria Center for Life Sciences, New York, New York.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Program in Molecular Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK.,Department of Neuroscience, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Magnetic Resonance Center CERM, University of Florence, via Luigi Sacconi, 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy; Department of Chemistry, Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Florence, via della Lastruccia 2, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. Electronic address: turano@cerm.unifi.it.,Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama, Japan.,Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA 91010-92697, USA.,Aix-Marseille Université, AFMB UMR 7257, 13288 Marseille, France.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.,Département de Biologie Structurale Intégrative, Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, INSERM, 67404, Illkirch Cedex, France.,Institute for Biological and Medical Engineering, Schools of Engineering, Medicine, and Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: cesar.ramirez@uc.cl.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, 100029, China. yuanqp@mail.buct.edu.cn.,Cancer Proteomics Mass Spectrometry, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Science for Life Laboratory, Karolinska Institutet, Box 1031, 171 21, Solna, Sweden.,Department of Chemistry , Vanderbilt University , Nashville , Tennessee 37232-0146 , United States.,Division of Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Care and Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298; larisa.litovchick@vcuhealth.org srubin@ucsc.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA fwb4@cdc.gov.,Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Plateforme de Criblage KISSf (Kinase Inhibitor Specialized Screening Facility), Protein Phosphorylation and Human Diseases Unit, Station Biologique, Place Georges Teissier, F-29688, Roscoff, France.,Collaboration for joint PhD degree between EMBL and Heidelberg University, Faculty of Biosciences.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel.,Eli Lilly and Company, Discovery Chemistry Research and Technologies, Lilly Biotechnology Center, San Diego, California.,Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida, 33458, USA.,Medical Research Center, Beijing Key Laboratory of Cardiopulmonary Cerebral Resuscitation, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.,Department of Chemistry and Physics, Universidad de Almería, 04120, Almería, Spain.,Calico Life Sciences LLC, South San Francisco, 94080, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.,Disaster Medicine Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.,Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027.,Laboratory for Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmaceutics (FFW), Ghent University, Ottergemsesteenweg 460, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.,Institute of Medical Microbiology, Virology and Hygiene, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Hamburg, Germany.,Integrated Program in Cellular, Molecular, and Biomedical Studies, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,New York Structural Biology Center, New York, NY 10027.,the Department of Biochemistry, McGill Centre for Structural Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 0B1, Canada.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,National Institute for Basic Biology, Aichi, Japan.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, 08010 Barcelona, Spain.,Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR des Sciences Fondamentales et Biomédicales, UMR-S 1124, Centre Interdisciplinaire Chimie Biologie-Paris, 45, rue des Saints Pères, Paris 75006, France; INSERM, UMR-S 1124, Paris 75006, France; Université Paris Descartes, Structural and Molecular Analysis Platform, Paris 75006, France.,State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Institute for chemistry, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Brook-Taylor-Str. 2, 12489, Berlin, Germany.,CNRS, AFMB UMR 7257, 13288 Marseille, France.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: mackinn@rockefeller.edu.,Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC.,Australian Synchrotron, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton 3168, Australia.,Division of Immunology, School of Pathology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.,Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,c Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology (IBB), Savitribai Phule Pune University , Pune , India.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.,Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences , UiT The Arctic University of Norway , N-9037 Tromsø , Norway.,School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England.,From the Department of Chemistry, California State University, Fresno, California 93740 cbrooks@csufresno.edu.,Department of Chemistry & Physics, University of South Carolina Aiken, Aiken, SC 29811.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. xzzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Functional Bioscience, Infection Biology, Fukuoka Dental College, Matsudo, Tamura, Sawara, Fukuoka, 814-0913, Japan.,Joint Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centre for Genomic Regulation-Institute for Research in Biomedicine Research Program in Computational Biology, Barcelona Supercomputing Center, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Interdisciplinary Program for Bioenergy and Biomaterials, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84112; wes@biochem.utah.edu juan.martin_serrano@kcl.ac.uk.,Sanofi R&D, Translational Science Unit, Chilly-Mazarin 91385, France.,Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. raozh@xtal.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. hong.zhou@ucla.edu.,Dipartimento di Chimica "Ugo Schiff", University of Florence, via della Lastruccia, 3-13 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.,Université de Bordeaux, Institut de Biochimie et Génétique Cellulaires, CNRS UMR 5095, Bordeaux Cedex 33077, France.,Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science , Rikkyo University , Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8501 , Japan.,Lab of Computational Chemistry and Drug Design, Laboratory of Chemical Genomics, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen, 518055, China. wuyd@pkusz.edu.cn.,Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, SIGMA Clermont, ICCF, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Electronic address: francis.giraud@uca.fr.,Institute of Molecular Physiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany. ejaenick@uni-mainz.de.,Skaggs Graduate School of Chemical and Biological Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, 92037, CA, USA.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. ahjwang@gate.sinica.edu.tw.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England.,Institute of Molecular Physiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany.,School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto 1-12-4, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan; Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Hongo 7-3-1, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan; Department of Host-Defense Biochemistry, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), Nagasaki University, Sakamoto 1-12-4, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan.,Department of Physical Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan.,Department of Virology and Immunology, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78245, USA.,Center for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Gopanpally, Hyderabad 500107, India; Department of Chemical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005, India; Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Berhampur, Odisha 760010, India. Electronic address: chary@tifr.res.in.,Department of Biochemistry, The Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.,High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, China.,Protein Structure Laboratory, The University of Kansas, Kansas.,College of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: zhouwh@nankai.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610; cukim@unist.ac.kr psy@ssu.ac.kr rmckenna@ufl.edu.,Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC.,Life Science Research Center and Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan.,Chemical Biology Program , Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center , New York , New York 10065 , United States.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, 1102 Natural Sciences II, Irvine, CA 92697-2025, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA.,Carthage University, Laboratory of Organic and Analytical Chemistry (ISEFC), Tunis, Tunisia.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Matsudo, Chiba, 271-8587, Japan.,Alzheimer's Research (UK) Oxford Drug Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, NDM Research Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7FZ, UK.,Beijing Productivity Center, Major Project Department, Beijing, 100088, China.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand.,National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.,Institute of Physical Science and Information Technology, Institute of Health Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei, 230601, China.,CeSI-MeT, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.,Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Chemical Biology, Roche Innovation Center Basel, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Genetics, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, 94305, CA, USA.,Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama, Japan. gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Daiichi Sankyo RD Novare Co., Ltd., 1-16-13, Kitakasai, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 134-8630, Japan.,From the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada and.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy.,College of Life Sciences, College of Pharmacy, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.,Department of Integrated Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida, 33458, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University, Yahaba, Iwate 028-3694, Japan ykezuka@iwate-med.ac.jp.,Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5324.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 30602, USA. jprose@uga.edu.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan.,R&D Division, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., 1-2-58 Hiromachi, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 140-8710, Japan. Electronic address: shinozuka.tsuyoshi.s5@daiichisankyo.co.jp.,College of Physics and Information Science, Synergetic Innovation Center for Quantum Effects and Applications, Key Laboratory of Low-dimensional Quantum Structures, and Quantum Control of the Ministry of Education, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China.,Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,Institut für Biochemie, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Strasse 4, 17487, Greifswald, Germany.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), INSERM U964, CNRS UMR7104, Université de Strasbourg, 67404 Illkirch, France.,From the Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1QW, United Kingdom mw240@cam.ac.uk.,Structural Genomics Consortium & Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK.,Belfer Center for Applied Cancer Science, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.,the Department of Biochemistry, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, Germany.,Sanofi R&D, Translational Science Unit, Chilly-Mazarin 91385, France. Electronic address: franck.auge@sanofi.com.,School of Chemical, Materials and Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 30602, USA.,Philipps-University Marburg, Center for Synthetic Microbiology (SYNMIKRO) and Department of Chemistry, Marburg, Germany. gert.bange@synmikro.uni-marburg.de.,Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Via Belmeloro 6, I-40126, Bologna, Italy.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,X-ray Crystallography Core Laboratory, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229.,Department of Pathology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5324.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. Electronic address: kehu@indiana.edu.,Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana.,Department of Biomolecular Science, Faculty of Science, Toho University, Funabashi, Chiba, Japan.,f Department of Chemical Sciences , Tata Institute of Fundamental Research , Colaba , Mumbai , India.,National Synchrotron Light Source-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973, USA.,CNR Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: luigi.vitagliano@unina.it.,ITQB NOVA, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier , Universidade Nova de Lisboa , Av. da República , 2780-157 Oeiras , Portugal.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Institute of Molecular Medicine and Bioengineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC.,The Microbiology Group, Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 35, 223 62 Lund, Sweden; Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, 12316 Cairo, Egypt.,Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSA Rouen, CNRS, COBRA (UMR 6014), 76000, Rouen, France. Electronic address: pierre-yves.renard@univ-rouen.fr.,IGF, University of Montpellier, CNRS, INSERM, Montpellier, 34094, France. sebastien.granier@igf.cnrs.fr.,Department of Applied Biology, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Matsugasaki, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan. Electronic address: tshiba@kit.ac.jp.,3Department of Functional Bioscience, Section of Infection Biology, Fukuoka Dental College, Fukuoka, 814-0175 Japan.,Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, United States.,Department of Enzymology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology , Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg , 06120 Halle/Saale , Germany.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.,Lab of Computational Chemistry and Drug Design, Laboratory of Chemical Genomics, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen, 518055, China. dyli@pkusz.edu.cn.,Pancreatic Research Group, South Western Sydney Clinical School , University of New South Wales, and Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research , Liverpool , NSW 2170 , Australia.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Quantitative Biosciences Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; J. David Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,The Norwegian Structural Biology Centre, Department of Chemistry , UiT The Arctic University of Norway , N-9037 Tromsø , Norway.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.,Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63105, USA.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53110 Siena, Italy. Electronic address: flavio.dipisa@unisi.it.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Science Research Center, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: rgzhang@sibcb.ac.cn.,Key Laboratory of Structural Biology , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Hefei , Anhui 230026 , China.,Cryo-Electron Microscopy Structural Biology Laboratory, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503.,Protein Crystallography, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747AG Groningen, The Netherlands.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK.,Department of Applied Biology, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Matsugasaki, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan; Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Hongo 7-3-1, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan; Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2222, Nigeria.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: koth.christopher@gene.com.,2Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School, Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8581 Japan.,Department of Physical Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan khara@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp hiranot@riken.jp.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712.,Laboratory of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Rockefeller University, New York, USA. lencash@mail.rockefeller.edu.,Departments of Structural Biology and Microbiology & Immunology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, 94305, CA, USA.,Microbial Sciences Institute, Yale University, West Haven, CT 06516, USA.,Astbury Centre for Structural and Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England.,Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation, San Diego, California 92121, USA.,Institute of Molecular Enzyme Technology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf , Forschungszentrum Jülich , D-52425 Jülich , Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA.,Faculty of Biology, Philipps-University, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, 530A Steinhaus Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-3900, USA.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka, Japan.,Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, 60611, USA.,Institut de Chimie Organique et Analytique, Université d'Orléans, UMR CNRS 7311, rue de Chartres, BP 6759, 45067, Orléans Cedex 2, France.,1Division of Structural Biology, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8582 Japan.,Laboratorio de Estudios Cristalográficos, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra, CSIC-Universidad de Granada, Avenida de las Palmeras 4, 18100, Armilla, Granada, Spain.,Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, United Kingdom.,Lowe Center for Thoracic Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, 100029, China.,Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, SIGMA Clermont, ICCF, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Electronic address: pascale.moreau@uca.fr.,Institute of Pharmacy, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Wolfgang-Langenbeck-Str. 4, 06120, Halle/Saale, Germany.,Magnetic Resonance Center CERM, University of Florence, via Luigi Sacconi, 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. Electronic address: camilla.rosa@meyer.it.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.,Bavarian NMR Center at the Department of Chemistry and Institute for Advanced Study, Technical University of Munich, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747, Garching, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.,Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSA Rouen, CNRS, COBRA (UMR 6014), 76000, Rouen, France. Electronic address: ludovic.jean@univ-rouen.fr.,Division of Structural Biology, The Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. ren@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. pdk7@case.edu.,Structural Biology - Science Technology Platform, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Institute of Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC.,School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Bristol, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA. eortlun@emory.edu.,IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Neuroscience, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: hackos.david@gene.com.,Multidiscipline Research Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Photon Science, Notkestrasse 85, 22607, Hamburg, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Večna pot 113, p. p. 537, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.,Department of Natural Product Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology , Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg , 06120 Halle/Saale , Germany.,Department of Chemistry, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0B8, Canada.,Division of Immunology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa jeffrey.dorfman@uct.ac.za.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, School of Life Sciences, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA; Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. Electronic address: tudor.moldoveanu@stjude.org.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, UK.,Cancer Research Group, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E5, Canada.,Slovenian NMR Centre, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, Ljubljana, SI-1000, Slovenia.,Departments of Biological Chemistry and Chemistry and Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA-DOE Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.,Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.,Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, The Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,A. B. Hancock Jr. Memorial Laboratory for Cancer Research, Departments of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0146.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. julian.vivian@monash.edu.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA; Quantitative Biosciences Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; J. David Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Translational Photosynthesis, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.,Core Facility for Protein Production and X-ray Structural Analysis, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.,the Department of Biochemistry, McGill Centre for Structural Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 0B1, Canada kalle.gehring@mcgill.ca.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University, UK.,Structural Biology & Bio-Informatics Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, India. Electronic address: jayati@iicb.res.in.,Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.,Developmental Glycobiology Section, NIDCR, National Institutes of Health, 30 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD, 20892-4370, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. martin.ott@dbb.su.se.,Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke University and Durham VA Medical Centers, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,the Bio & Drug Discovery Division, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 34114, Republic of Korea, and suchoi@krict.re.kr.,Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 9, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences and Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC), Max-von-Laue-Str. 15, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZD, England.,Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.,Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Research Laboratories, Avenida de la Industria, Alcobendas, Spain.,Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA; Department of Discovery Chemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Biotechnology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Lund University, PO Box 124, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.,Graduate School of Frontiers of Innovative Research in Science and Technology (FIRST), Konan University, 7-1-20 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.,The Microbiology Group, Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 35, 223 62 Lund, Sweden; Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Lund University, PO Box 124, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.,Department of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Korea.,Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, United States.,Magnetic Resonance Center CERM, University of Florence, via Luigi Sacconi, 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute , Wollongong , NSW 2522 , Australia.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstrasse 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany.,From the State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, lgwu@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Korea. hksong@korea.ac.kr.,The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, UK.,Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Molecular Biology of Archaea, Institute of Biology II, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Drug Discovery Program, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Tri-Institutional PhD Program in Chemical Biology , Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center , New York , New York 10065 , United States.,Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, Laboratory of Structural Biology of Infection and Inflammation, Hamburg, Germany.,Institute of Immunology, University Medical Center, Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Institute of Technology, 5-16-1 Ohmiya, Asahi-ku, Osaka, 535-8585, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Franklin and Marshall College, PO Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604, USA.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, 92037, CA, USA.,Biomedical Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, NCBS, GKVK Campus, Bellary Road, Bangalore, Karnataka 560 065, India.,Multidiscipline Research Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address: liuqsh@ihep.ac.cn.,the Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510530, China, and.,Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, 41522, Ismailia, Egypt.,Oxford Protein Production Facility UK, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, UK.,Gregor Mendel Institute (GMI), Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Vienna, Austria.,Division of Immunology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.,From the RNA Therapeutics Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605.,Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,Sorbonne Université, CNRS USR 3151, Protein Phosphorylation & Human Diseases, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CS 90074, Roscoff Cedex, F-29688, France.,Institute of Complex Systems, ICS-6: Structural Biochemistry, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany.,Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Large Molecule Research, Roche Innovation Center Munich, Penzberg, Germany.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA; Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Biotechnology Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup, 56212, Republic of Korea; Department of Radiation Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: mkkim@kaeri.re.kr.,Departments of Biological Chemistry and Chemistry and Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA-DOE Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. david@mbi.ucla.edu.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Department of Biology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland. locher@mol.biol.ethz.ch.,Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142.,Structural Biology & Bio-Informatics Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, India.,BioMS - Swedish National Infrastructure for Biological Mass Spectrometry, Lund University, BMC D1330, 221 84 Lund, Sweden.,Microbial Physiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747AG Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: a.brandt@rug.nl.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK.,FH Campus Wien, Vienna, Austria.,Structural Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Division of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.,Program in Metabolism, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142.,The ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, 6009, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E5, Canada.,Center for Vascular and Inflammatory Diseases and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , University of Maryland School of Medicine , Baltimore , Maryland 21201 , United States.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany. stefan.raunser@mpi-dortmund.mpg.de.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. anthony.purcell@monash.edu.,Department of Biological Science, University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya.,Department of Applied Biology, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Matsugasaki, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan.,CERM, University of Florence, via L. Sacconi, 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.,Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku, Japan.,David Jack Centre for R&D, GlaxoSmithKline, Ware SG12 0DP, United Kingdom.,Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China.,Institute of High Energy Physics, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. harrison@crystal.harvard.edu.,MOE Key Laboratory of Gene Function and Regulation, State Key Laboratory for Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, The Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510006, People's Republic of China.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Quantitative Biosciences Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; J. David Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Division of Infectious Diseases, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden. hogbom@dbb.su.se.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Department of Biology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229; clarkn@uthscsa.edu fitzpatrickp@uthscsa.edu masad.damha@mcgill.ca pjh@biochem.uthscsa.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Parasitology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Bunkyo-ku, Hongo 2-1-1, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Wichita State University, Kansas.,e Department of Biophysics , Panjab University , Chandigarh , India.,Department of Microbiology & Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298.,Magnetic Resonance Center (CERM), University of Florence and Consorzio Interuniversitario Risonanze Magnetiche di, Metallo Proteine (CIRMMP), Via L. Sacconi 6, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy.,Facility for Mass Spectrometry and Proteomics, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064; larisa.litovchick@vcuhealth.org srubin@ucsc.edu.,Chromosome Dynamics Laboratory, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan khara@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp hiranot@riken.jp.,Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, 10701 East Boulevard, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. pdk7@case.edu.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Biomolecular Resources, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Leads Discovery and Optimization, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., Princeton, NJ 08543.,Graduate School of Science and Technology, Gunma University, 1-5-1 Tenjin-cho, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515, Japan.,Program in Integrated Molecular Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, Japan.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, CNR, Rome, Italy.,West China Hospital Emergency Department (WCHED), State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China. lugw@scu.edu.cn.,David Van Andel Advanced Cryo-Electron Microscopy Suite, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503.,Division of Hematology, Oncology and Palliative Care and Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298.,Departments of Biochemistry and Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.,Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSA Rouen, CNRS, COBRA (UMR 6014), 76000, Rouen, France.,From the Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 and.,Center for Cellular Imaging and NanoAnalytics (C-CINA), Biozentrum, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. henning.stahlberg@unibas.ch.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Department of Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.,Beryllium Discovery Corp, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University, West Haven, CT 06516, USA.,Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA) (UMR 5075), F-38054, Grenoble, France.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK; BioBank, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, P. R. China. Electronic address: s.j.matthews@imperial.ac.uk.,UCB Pharma Ltd, Slough, SL1 3WE, UK.,Biochemistry and Biomedicine, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QG, UK.,Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 6100, Rehovot, Israel.,Departments of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0146.,Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: yinyuxin@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,Institute of Protein Biochemistry, Ulm University, 89081, Ulm, Germany. marcus.faendrich@uni-ulm.de.,the Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794.,Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, United States.,International Institute of Rare Sugar Research and Education, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. xiangxi@ibp.ac.cn.,the Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.,Laboratory for Organic and Bioorganic Synthesis, Department of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 (S4), 9000, Ghent, Belgium.,Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Microbiology of Human Pathogens Unit, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras, Portugal.,Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UFR des Sciences Fondamentales et Biomédicales, UMR-S 1124, Centre Interdisciplinaire Chimie Biologie-Paris, 45, rue des Saints Pères, Paris 75006, France; INSERM, UMR-S 1124, Paris 75006, France.,Center for Genomic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114.,Multidiscipline Research Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address: shezhun@ihep.ac.cn.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: tpsingh.aiims@gmail.com.,NanoTemper Technologies GmbH, Floessergasse 4, Munich, 81369, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Colorado State University , 1870 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1870, United States.,Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, SIGMA Clermont, ICCF, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Carthage University, Laboratory of Organic and Analytical Chemistry (ISEFC), Tunis, Tunisia.,Department of Oncological Sciences, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: delia.picone@unina.it.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; Department of Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.,Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Gakushuin University, Toshima-ku, Tokyo, 171-8588, Japan.,Department of Discovery Chemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: skelton.nick@gene.com.,Department of Microbiology, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Aichi 452-8650, Japan.,Center for Integrated Protein Science, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, 27710, NC, USA.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Structural Biology - Science Technology Platform, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK. stephane.mouilleron@crick.ac.uk.,Physical Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.,Discovery and Developmental Therapeutics, Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA. eortlun@emory.edu.,Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK; BioBank, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, P. R. China.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53110 Siena, Italy. Electronic address: pozzi4@unisi.it.,Drug Discovery Unit, Wellcome Centre for Anti-Infectives Research, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, United Kingdom.,Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Estructural, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Apartado Postal 70-243, Mexico City, 04510, México.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Institute of Complex Systems, ICS-6: Structural Biochemistry , Forschungszentrum Jülich , D-52425 Jülich , Germany.,Global Health R&D, GlaxoSmithKline, Tres Cantos, 28760, Spain; k.read@dundee.ac.uk maria.m.marco@gsk.com p.g.wyatt@dundee.ac.uk.,Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. jianglin@ucla.edu.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, 20147, USA.,5Present Address: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Misr International University, Cairo, 19648 Egypt.,Electron Microscopy Research Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Chungcheongbuk-do, 28119, Korea.,Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan 420008, Russia.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1042, New Zealand.,Heinrich-Pette-Institute (HPI), Leibniz Institute for Experimental Virology, Research Group Virus Genomics, Hamburg, Germany.,EN→FIST Centre of Excellence, Trg OF 13, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610;,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address: sotomayor.8@osu.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, 94305, CA, USA.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037; wilson@scripps.edu mlaw@scripps.edu.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,College of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.,Clinical Research Center, National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center, Nagoya, Aichi 460-0001, Japan.,School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.,Department of Organismic Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany. kahmann@mpi-marburg.mpg.de.,Division of Biotechnology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany.,Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, SE1 9RT London, United Kingdom; wes@biochem.utah.edu juan.martin_serrano@kcl.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan.,Departments of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0146.,Unité de Biologie Moléculaire du Gène chez les Extrêmophiles, Département de Microbiologie, Institut Pasteur, 75014 Paris, France.,the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599.,Molecular Engineering Ph.D. Program, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,the Bio & Drug Discovery Division, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 34114, Republic of Korea, and.,Department of Rheumatology & Clinical Immunology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Plateforme ImPACcell-SFR BIOSIT UMS-CNRS3480 UMS-INSERM018, Université de Rennes1, 35043, Rennes Cedex, France.,Present Address: Microbiology and Industrial Irradiation Division, Institute of Food and Radiation Biology, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Ganakbari, Savar 1207, Dhaka, 1349 Bangladesh.,State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, 100029, China. yuanqp@mail.buct.edu.cn.,College of Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China. wuyd@pkusz.edu.cn.,Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Discovery Oncology, Roche Innovation Center Zurich, Schlieren, Switzerland.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Dr. Bohr-Gasse 9, 1030 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: gang.dong@meduniwien.ac.at.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,From the Disease Target Structure Research Center and swchi@kribb.re.kr.,Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, United States.,Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Institute of Complex Systems ICS, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Small Molecule Discovery Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94618, USA.,Institute for Molecular Engineering and Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, 60637, IL, USA.,Bioinformatics Core, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.,National Center for Protein Science, Shanghai, China.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. raozh@xtal.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 2011 Agriculture and Life Sciences Building, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, 80045​, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.,Structural Biochemistry - Department of Chemistry, Philipps University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein Strasse 4, 35032 Marburg, Germany.,Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apartado Postal 629, Irapuato, Guanajuato, CP 36821, México.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.,Synthesis and Solid State Pharmaceutical Centre (SSPC), School of Chemistry, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.,From the Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada daviesp@queensu.ca.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,Department of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Hamburg Outstation, Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka, Japan. gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Department of Radiochemistry, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., Princeton, NJ 08543.,Molecular Horizons and School of Chemistry & Molecular Bioscience , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , NSW 2522 , Australia.,b Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland , Brisbane , QLD , Australia.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. nyan@princeton.edu.,Institute for Biological and Medical Engineering, Schools of Engineering, Medicine, and Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Department of Chemical and Bioprocesses Engineering, School of Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: lparraa@ing.puc.cl.,Global Health R&D, GlaxoSmithKline, Tres Cantos, 28760, Spain.,School of Molecular Sciences, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, 6009, Australia.,Laboratorio de Investigación Bioquímica, Programa Institucional en Biomedicina Molecular ENMyH-Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Guillermo Massieu Helguera No. 239, La Escalera Ticoman, D.F, Mexico City, 07320, Mexico.,Schulich Faculty of Chemistry, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel. Electronic address: noam@ch.technion.ac.il.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY 10021.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037; wilson@scripps.edu mlaw@scripps.edu.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310024, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Physics, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence (ceiA3) and CIAMBITAL, University of Almería, Carretera de Sacramento, 04120 Almeria, Spain.,School of Systems Biomedical Science, Soongsil University, Seoul 06978, Republic of Korea;,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology , University of Leicester , Leicester LE1 7RH , U.K.,University of Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1019-UMR 8204-CIIL-Centre d'Infection et d'Immunité de Lille, 59000, Lille, France.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan. gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Serine/threonine-protein kinase/endoribonuclease IRE1
A
403Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ERN1 (IRE1)
Find proteins for O75460 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ERN1
Go to UniProtKB:  O75460
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GXK
Query on GXK

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
6-chloranyl-~{N}-(cyclopropylmethyl)-3-(2~{H}-indazol-5-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazin-8-amine
C17 H15 Cl N6
FLFMYUGDCXTOQI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.14 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 144.408α = 90.00
b = 47.074β = 112.14
c = 86.369γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Cancer Research UKUnited KingdomC309/A11566

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-27
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-09-25
    Type: Data collection
  • Version 1.3: 2019-10-30
    Type: Data collection, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary