6HV9

S. cerevisiae CMG-Pol epsilon-DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.98 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of DNA-CMG-Pol epsilon elucidates the roles of the non-catalytic polymerase modules in the eukaryotic replisome.

Goswami, P.Abid Ali, F.Douglas, M.E.Locke, J.Purkiss, A.Janska, A.Eickhoff, P.Early, A.Nans, A.Cheung, A.M.C.Diffley, J.F.X.Costa, A.

(2018) Nat Commun 9: 5061-5061

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07417-1
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Eukaryotic origin firing depends on assembly of the Cdc45-MCM-GINS (CMG) helicase. A key step is the recruitment of GINS that requires the leading-strand polymerase Pol epsilon, composed of Pol2, Dpb2, Dpb3, Dpb4. While a truncation of the catalytic ...

    Eukaryotic origin firing depends on assembly of the Cdc45-MCM-GINS (CMG) helicase. A key step is the recruitment of GINS that requires the leading-strand polymerase Pol epsilon, composed of Pol2, Dpb2, Dpb3, Dpb4. While a truncation of the catalytic N-terminal Pol2 supports cell division, Dpb2 and C-terminal Pol2 (C-Pol2) are essential for viability. Dpb2 and C-Pol2 are non-catalytic modules, shown or predicted to be related to an exonuclease and DNA polymerase, respectively. Here, we present the cryo-EM structure of the isolated C-Pol2/Dpb2 heterodimer, revealing that C-Pol2 contains a DNA polymerase fold. We also present the structure of CMG/C-Pol2/Dpb2 on a DNA fork, and find that polymerase binding changes both the helicase structure and fork-junction engagement. Inter-subunit contacts that keep the helicase-polymerase complex together explain several cellular phenotypes. At least some of these contacts are preserved during Pol epsilon-dependent CMG assembly on path to origin firing, as observed with DNA replication reconstituted in vitro.


    Organizational Affiliation

    R&D Division , Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. , 1-2-58, Hiromachi, Shinagawa-ku , Tokyo 140-8710 , Japan.,Laboratory of Biosignaling & Therapeutics, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.,the Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, Department of Pharmacology and Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Medical School, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8577, Japan. yoshikazu.tanaka@tohoku.ac.jp.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium jlauer@mpi-cbg.de wim.versees@vub.be.,Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: stuart.conway@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Center for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.,Department of Clinical Pathology, University of Melbourne, Australia.,Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor Malaysia.,Institute of Pathological Physiology, First Faculty of Medicine , Charles University , 128 53 Prague , Czech Republic.,Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, U.K.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.,Physical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, University of Potsdam, Potsdam-Golm, Germany.,From the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 0QH, United Kingdom.,Asubio Pharma Co., Ltd., 6-4-3 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan.,Henry Wellcome Building for Molecular Physiology, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK.,Department of Biology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, 20064, USA. rao@cua.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, UiT- The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway. Electronic address: annette.bayer@uit.no.,Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche sur le Médicament de Normandie, Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, CERMN, 14000, Caen, France. Electronic address: christophe.rochais@unicaen.fr.,Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. ts@chembio.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Epigenetic Regulation of Chromatin Function Group, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QU, U.K.,Department Molecular Oncology and Immunology, B6 Plesmanlaan 121, Amsterdam, 1066CX, The Netherlands.,Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 5-1 Higashiyama, Myodaiji-cho, Okazaki, 444-8787, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Pharmacology Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: jshorter@pennmedicine.upenn.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China; huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (Japan), Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 102-0075, Japan.,Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address: goerlich@mpibpc.mpg.de.,Department of Informatics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 3, 85748 Garching, Germany.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,International Cooperative Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Modernization and Innovative Drug Development of Chinese Ministry of Education (MOE), Guangzhou City Key Laboratory of Precision Chemical Drug Development, School of Pharmacy , Jinan University , 601 Huangpu Avenue West , Guangzhou 510632 , China.,∥Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1L7.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Andrew_Kruse@hms.harvard.edu.,Department for Atomically Resolved Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100, Rehovot, Israel.,UNC-NCSU Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA. dokh@psu.edu.,Genetics and Genome Biology Program, SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Gene Technology, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China.,Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA. dokh@psu.edu.,GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA. Electronic address: robert.a.stavenger@gsk.com.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK. Electronic address: kjb69@cam.ac.uk.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB), DESY Campus, Hamburg, Germany and Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Juelich, Germany.,Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. tezcan@ucsd.edu.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. jana.pokorna@uochb.cas.cz.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Japan Science and Technology Agency, PRESTO, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8577, Japan. yoshikazu.tanaka@tohoku.ac.jp.,Department of Biological Sciences and RNA Institute, University at Albany, Albany, NY, 12222, USA. mbelfort@albany.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Hannover, Germany.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanhai Road 7, Qingdao 266071, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China. Electronic address: qma@qdio.ac.cn.,Center for Cellular Imaging and NanoAnalytics, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Mattenstrasse 26, CH-4058, Basel, Switzerland. henning.stahlberg@unibas.ch.,NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, 59 Nanyang Drive, 636921, Singapore.,Departments of Pharmacology, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033-0850, USA.,Merck & Co., Department of Biophysics, NMR & Protein Products Characterization, 2000 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA.,Japan Science and Technology Agency/Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan.,Division of Organic Chemistry, CSIR- National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,South East University-Monash Joint Institute, Institute of Life Sciences, Southeast University, 210096, Nanjing, China. James.Whisstock@monash.edu.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, Department of Pharmacology and Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Medical School, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. jmccorvy@mcw.edu.,Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Institut Pasteur, Laboratoire des Processus Infectieux à Trypanosomatidés, Département Infection et Epidémiologie, Paris, France.,Biocenter Oulu and Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hamburg Unit, Hamburg 22607, Germany. Electronic address: parret@embl-hamburg.de.,College of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.,Macromolecular Machines Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK. alessandro.costa@crick.ac.uk.,Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8577, Japan.,Institute of Crystallography, University of Aachen (RWTH), Aachen, Germany.,Department for Atomically Resolved Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg, Germany. dwayne.miller@mpsd.mpg.de.,Serviço de Proteômica e Aracnídeos - Diretoria de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, Fundação Ezequiel Dias, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS UMR 5309, INSERM U1209, Institute for Advanced Biosciences (IAB), Site Santé - Allée des Alpes, 38700 La Tronche, France; "Roumen Tsanev" Institute of Molecular Biology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria. Electronic address: stefan.dimitrov@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr.,Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. structures@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Geneva, 30 Quai E. Ansermet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.,Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, 300457, China.,Faculty of Mathematics and Physics , Charles University in Prague , Ke Karlovu 3 , 121 16 Prague 2 , Czech Republic.,Instituto Biofisika (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Universidad del País Vasco), University of Basque Country, 48940 Leioa, Spain.,Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. dutzler@bioc.uzh.ch.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Humboldtstraße 50/3, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.,School of Molecular Sciences and Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Department of Protein Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max-Planck-Ring 5, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,York Structural Biology Laboratory , Department of Chemistry , The University of York , YO10 5DD , UK.,School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol, BS8 1TS, UK. Guto.Rhys@bristol.ac.uk.,Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.,University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR, USA.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109, USA.,1Key Laboratory for Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081 China.,Cayman Chemical Company , 1180 East Ellsworth , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48108 , United States.,From the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 0QH, United Kingdom passmore@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, United States.,Department of Pathology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Institute for Cancer Genetics, Departments of Pediatrics and Genetics and Development and Irving Cancer Research Center, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Melbourne, Australia.,Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology , University of Michigan Medical School , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, CAS Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, Shandong, 266101, China. lishengying@qibebt.ac.cn.,Cancer Immunology Discovery, Pfizer Inc., 230 E. Grand Ave, South San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA. shermanmichael.chin@pfizer.com.,Department of Biochemistry, National Centre of Competence in Research Chemical Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.,Sprint Bioscience , 141 57 Huddinge , Sweden.,Center for Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacological Sciences and Department of Oncological Sciences, Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, College of Pharmacy and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Drug Research, Nankai University, 300353 Tianjin, China.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Department of Chemistry , University of Aberdeen , Meston Walk , Aberdeen AB24 3UE , Scotland, U.K.,1] Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan [2] Department of Ocean Sciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8477, Japan.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.,Université de Lyon, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS, Laboratoire de Biologie et de Modélisation de la Cellule LBMC, 46 Allée d'Italie, 69007 Lyon, France. Electronic address: dimitar.anguelov@ens-lyon.fr.,Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.,Department of Structure and Function on Neural Network, Korea Brain Research Institute, Deagu, Republic of Korea.,From the Picobiology Institute and yoshi@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,From the College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, 071000 Hebei, China, liuxiuhua_2004@163.com.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049, Beijing, China. lishengying@qibebt.ac.cn.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: uddipan.das@aiims.ac.in.,Department of Hematology and Oncology, Center for Cancer Immune Therapy, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany jochen.reinstein@mpimf-heidelberg.mpg.de.,Center for Molecular Biosciences Innsbruck (CMBI), University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria.,Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale, Biosciences and Biotechnology Institute of Grenoble, UMR5168, CNRS/CEA/INRA/UGA, 17 Rue des Martyrs, 38054, Grenoble, France.,Department of Genetic Engineering, School of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea; Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: masayo.morishita.dl@gmail.com.,Unité de Virologie, Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, BP 73, 91223, Brétigny-sur-Orge Cedex, France.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China. chenzhongzhou@cau.edu.cn.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, United Kingdom.,Life Sciences Institute, Zheijiang University, Hangzhou, China.,BrisSynBio, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, UK. D.N.Woolfson@bristol.ac.uk.,Hauptman Woodward Medical Research Institute, Suny Buffalo, NY, USA.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes , CNRS, CEA, Laboratoire de Chimie et Biologie des Métaux, BioCE , 38000 , Grenoble , France.,Faculty of Life Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan.,Proteolysis Lab, Structural Biology Unit, "María de Maeztu" Unit of Excellence, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona (CSIC), Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, c/Baldiri Reixac, 15-21, 08028, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,The Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet St., London, WC1E 7HX, UK.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 23 Innovation Walk, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia. James.Whisstock@monash.edu.,Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Flemingovo nám. 2, 166 37 Prague 6, Czech Republic.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, UK.,Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St. George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK.,Genome Damage and Stability Centre, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, United Kingdom.,Cancer Immunology Discovery, Pfizer Inc., 230 E. Grand Ave, South San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address: maria.schumacher@duke.edu.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. Electronic address: bracher@biochem.mpg.de.,Institute for Experimental Virology, Twincore Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, Hannover, Germany.,Meyer Cancer Center, Department of Medicine , Weill Cornell Medical College , New York , New York 10065 , United States.,Institute for Experimental Virology, Twincore Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, Hannover, Germany krey.thomas@mh-hannover.de christine.goffinet@twincore.de.,Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics , University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry , Rochester , New York 14642 , United States.,BioTechMed-Graz, Mozartgasse 12/II, 8010, Graz, Austria.,State Key Laboratory of Biocatalysis and Enzyme Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, 4342008, China. Electronic address: ccckate0722@gmail.com.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany; Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich at Chair of Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, Department Chemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching, Germany.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: andrew_kruse@hms.harvard.edu.,Structural Genomics Consortium , University of Oxford , Old Road Campus Research Building, Roosevelt Drive , Oxford OX3 7DQ , U.K.,Department of Biochemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Departamento de Odontologia Restauradora, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.,Laboratory of Biophysics, Department of Cell Biology, University of Brasilia, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasília, DF, 70910-900, Brazil. Electronic address: joaobarbosa@unb.br.,Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.,Antibody and Vaccine Group, Cancer Sciences Unit, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK.,Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India.,Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 120 New Scotland Ave, Albany, NY, 12208, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Department of Organic Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, 10691, Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Chemistry , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , British Columbia V5A 1S6 , Canada . Email: dvocadlo@sfu.ca.,Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.,Institute for Protein Dynamics, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Institute of Marine Microbes and Ecospheres, Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: bartlam@nankai.edu.cn.,Protein Structure Laboratory, Del Shankel Structural Biology Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 66045.,From the State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, zczhou@sibcb.ac.cn.,Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.,Institute of Molecular Genetics , The Czech Academy of Sciences , Vídeňská 1083 , 142 20 Prague , Czech Republic.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS UMR 5309, INSERM U1209, Institute for Advanced Biosciences (IAB), Site Santé - Allée des Alpes, 38700 La Tronche, France; Université de Lyon, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS, Laboratoire de Biologie et de Modélisation de la Cellule LBMC, 46 Allée d'Italie, 69007 Lyon, France.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: arun.radhakrishnan@utsouthwestern.edu.,Discovery Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , S-43183 Mölndal , Sweden.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907; mr@purdue.edu.,Chromosome Replication Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, CAS Key Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Chronic Disease, School of Life Sciences and Medical Center , University of Science & Technology of China , Hefei 230007 , China.,Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, Brazil.,Laboratory Animal Center , Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation , Daegu 41061 , South Korea.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Department of Molecular Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7015, 75007, Uppsala, Sweden.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Structural Cell Biology, Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India. pravshai@gmail.com.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, New York Structural Biology Center, 89 Convent Avenue, New York, New York 10027, USA.,Structural Biology and Bio-Computing Lab, Department of Bioinformatics, Science Block, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003, India.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes , CNRS, ICMG FR 2607, Département de Pharmacochimie Moléculaire , F-38041 , Grenoble , France.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanhai Road 7, Qingdao 266071, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia, Italy.,Bridge Institute, USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. katritch@usc.edu.,Department of Structural Biology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Botnar Research Centre, Oxford Biomedical Research Unit, Oxford OX3 7LD, U.K.,Nuffield Department of Medicine Research Building, Roosevelt Drive, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7FZ, UK. andrew.mcmichael@ndm.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Biophysics Program, Departments of Computer Science, Structural Biology, and Molecular and Cellular Physiology, and Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. ales.machara@uochb.cas.cz.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 23 Innovation Walk, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia. James.Whisstock@monash.edu.,a La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science , La Trobe University , Melbourne , Australia.,Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.,Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.,Departments of Microbiology, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, Texas, 75390.,BrisSynBio, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, UK.,the State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, Shandong, China, and.,Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-8589, Japan.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Consortium for Advanced Science and Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.,Australian Synchrotron, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria, 3168, Australia.,Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, OX3 7FZ, UK.,The Campbell Family Cancer Research Institute, Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. emil.pai@utoronto.ca.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA. dokh@psu.edu.,IMCA-CAT, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Argonne, Illinois, 60439.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P6, Canada and.,Asubio Pharma Co., Ltd., 6-4-3 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan. Electronic address: murafuji.hidenobu.bj@daiichisankyo.co.jp.,b Cell Death and Survival Group , Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute , Heidelberg , Australia.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. emil.pai@utoronto.ca.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanhai Road 7, Qingdao 266071, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK. Electronic address: bfl20@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Genetic Engineering, School of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. fm123@cumc.columbia.edu.,Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB-CSIC), Structural and Chemical Biology Dep., Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: cvega@cib.csic.es.,Institute of General, Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 82, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Genetics and Genome Biology Program, SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada; Heart & Stroke Richard Lewar Centre of Excellence in Cardiovascular Research, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), 38000 Grenoble, France.,Macromolecular Machines Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA.,Institute for Tuberculosis Research, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.,School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom.,Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA.,Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Computational Bioscience Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Hlavova 8, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic. jan.konvalinka@uochb.cas.cz.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada.,Linac Coherent Light Source, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Department of Pharmacological Sciences and Department of Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.,Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche sur le Médicament de Normandie, Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, CERMN, 14000, Caen, France. Electronic address: patrick.dallemagne@unicaen.fr.,Higuchi Biosciences Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 66047.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Univ Grenoble Alpes, IBS, F-38027, Grenoble, France; CNRS, IBS, F-38027, Grenoble, France; CEA, IBS, F-38027, Grenoble, France.,Inspiralis Ltd. Innovation Centre, Norwich NR4 7GJ, UK.,Department of Cardiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, United States.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea. jaehyun.park@postech.ac.kr.,Laboratory of Bioinorganic Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Viale G. Fanin 40, I-40127 Bologna, Italy. stefano.ciurli@unibo.it.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.,Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA. risunc@med.unc.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.,Isotope Laboratory , Institute of Experimental Botany, The Czech Academy of Sciences , Vídeňská 1083 , 142 20 Prague , Czech Republic.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232.,BioMedical Research Centre, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, United Kingdom.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. yiorgo@stanford.edu kobilka@stanford.edu.,Collaborative Research Institute for Innovative Microbiology, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0886, USA.,School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, United Kingdom.,Faculty of Life Sciences, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan tendo@cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp.,Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. dk@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR 97201, USA.,GlaxoSmithKline, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NYH, UK.,Boehringer Ingelheim RCV GmbH & Co. KG , Doktor-Boehringer-Gasse 5-11 , 1120 Vienna , Austria.,International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Trojdena 4, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland; Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: iamb@genesilico.pl.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, People's Republic of China.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, BIG-LCBM, UMR5249, 38000, Grenoble, France. sollagnier@cea.fr.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, University at Albany, Albany, NY, 12222, USA. hongmin.li@health.ny.gov.,Research Institute for Biomedical Aging Research, University of Innsbruck, Rennweg 10, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria klaus.scheffzek@i-med.ac.at klaus.liedl@uibk.ac.at pidder.jansen-duerr@uibk.ac.at.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3010, Australia.,Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.,Purdue Institute for Inflammation, Immunology and Infectious Disease, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.,Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences , 190 Kaiyuan Avenue , Guangzhou 510530 , China.,Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.,Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.,Groningen Biomolecular Sciences & Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, Groningen, 9747 AG, The Netherlands.,National Creative Research Initiatives Center for Nuclear Receptor Signals and Hormone Research Center, School of Biological Sciences and Technology , Chonnam National University , Gwangju 61186 , South Korea.,Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Ikarashi 2-8050, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.,EMBL Australia, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. James.Whisstock@monash.edu.,CAS Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200032, Shanghai, China. ylxiao@sibs.ac.cn.,Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, 300457, China. yanght@tju.edu.cn.,Laboratory for Functional Genomics of Extremophiles, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan kawarabayasi.yutaka@nifty.com.,WM Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA; Watson School of Biological Sciences, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA. Electronic address: furukawa@cshl.edu.,Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK.,Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, RNA Biochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustr. 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Biophysics Program, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Department of Chemistry, California State University Fresno, 2555 E San Ramon Ave, Fresno, CA, 93740, USA. cbrooks@csufresno.edu.,Discovery Safety, Drug Safety and Metabolism, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Waltham , Massachusetts 02451 , United States.,Laboratório de Cristalografia de Proteínas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstraße 108, 01307 Dresden, Germany jlauer@mpi-cbg.de wim.versees@vub.be.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut's University of Technology, Thonburi (KMUTT), Bang Mod, Thung Khru, Bangkok, 10140, Thailand.,Institute of Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Departments of Chemistry and Radiology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, United States.,e Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.,From the Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, bhoh@kaist.ac.kr.,Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109, USA.,The State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210023, China.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A8, Canada.,The Fifth People's Hospital of Shanghai & Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of China.,Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: vguixe@uchile.cl.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.,Division of Disease Proteomics, Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences , Tokushima University , 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho , Tokushima 770-8503 , Japan.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. j.r.hudlicky@gmail.com.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley , Berkeley, California 94720, United States.,Molecular Medicine - Structural Parasitology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, India.,VA Tennessee Valley Healthcare System , 1310 24th Avenue S. , Nashville , Tennessee 37212 , United States.,Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Natural Resources and Life Science/Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute , Pusan National University , Pusan 50463 , South Korea.,From the State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031.,WM Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA; Watson School of Biological Sciences, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.,Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 124, Lund University, 22100, Lund, Sweden.,Molecular Medicine, Scripps Research, United States.,Bridge Institute, USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.,Department of Cell Biochemistry, University of Groningen, Groningen 9747 AG, The Netherlands.,EVOTEC Center of Drug Discovery and Development, 37135 Verona, Italy.,Center for Molecular Biosciences Innsbruck (CMBI), University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria klaus.scheffzek@i-med.ac.at klaus.liedl@uibk.ac.at pidder.jansen-duerr@uibk.ac.at.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.,Bioinformatics Facility, The Francis Crick Institute, London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), Singapore.,Center for RNA Biology , University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry , Rochester , New York 14642 , United States.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China. yanght@tju.edu.cn.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA , CNRS, IBS, Metalloproteins Unit , F-38000 Grenoble , France.,CRUK Beatson Institute, Garscube Campus, Glasgow, Scotland United Kingdom.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,Institut Pasteur, Plateforme de Cristallographie, Département de Biologie Structurale et Chimie, CNRS-UMR 3528, Paris, France.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049, Beijing, China.,3College of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, 430062 China.,i Department of Medicine , University of Adelaide , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.,Department of Bioengineering, and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, James H. Clark Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. Electronic address: wahc@stanford.edu.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche , Università di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo , via Cintia 21 , 80126 Napoli , Italy.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Palo Alto, CA, USA.,School of Molecular and Cellular Biology , University of Leeds , Leeds LS2 9JT , United Kingdom.,Dunn School of Pathology , University of Oxford , Oxford OX1 3RE , United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry , University of Athens , Panepistimiopolis Zografou, 15771 Athens , Greece.,Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, Strukturbiochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustr. 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Division of Translational Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg and German Cancer Research Center, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering , North Carolina State University , Raleigh , North Carolina 27695-7905 , United States.,Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK; Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.,Department of Chemistry , Vanderbilt University , Nashville , Tennessee 37232-0146 , United States.,National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Bioproduction Research Institute, Ibaraki, Japan.,Discovery Partnerships with Academia, GlaxoSmithKline, Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, United Kingdom.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. pavlina.rezacova@uochb.cas.cz.,Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St. George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK. lfisher@sgul.ac.uk.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, University at Albany, Albany, NY, 12222, USA. mbelfort@albany.edu.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology , University of Leeds , Leeds LS2 9JT , United Kingdom.,Institute of Microbiology, University Hospital Center, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.,Immunocore LTD, Oxford, United Kingdom.,b The Centre for Cancer Biology , SA Pathology and the University of South Australia , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305.,Research Center for Materials Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8602, Japan.,Japan Science and Technology Agency/Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Milano, Italy.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. emil.pai@utoronto.ca.,Biostructural Mechanism Laboratory, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo, Japan.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, Roosevelt Drive, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK.,the Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, and.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, 6-155 Jackson Hall, 321 Church Street S.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Beichen West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address: lidefeng@moon.ibp.ac.cn.,School of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, Medical Sciences Building, University Walk, Bristol, BS8 1TD, UK.,Laboratory of Toxinology, University of Brasília, DF, Brazil.,Department of Biochemistry , Vanderbilt University School of Medicine , 2215 Garland Avenue, 607 Light Hall , Nashville , Tennessee 37232-0146 , United States.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.,the Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea.,New Drug Development Center , Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation , Daegu 41061 , South Korea.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425.,The Randall Division, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, King's College London, United Kingdom.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 3200003, Israel.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, United States.,Shanghai Universities Collaborative Innovation Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Department of Computational Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA.,Research Institute for Biomedical Aging Research, University of Innsbruck, Rennweg 10, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Trojdena 4, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: kskowronek@iimcb.gov.pl.,Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.,Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, China.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. Electronic address: uhartl@biochem.mpg.de.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, 100048, China.,Division of Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. structures@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA.,Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Biological Sciences, Birkbeck College, London, WC1E 7HX, UK.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.,Department of Oral Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, Louisville, Kentucky, 40202.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Cambridge , CB2 1GA , Cambridge , UK . Email: mh256@cam.ac.uk.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, UK; Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, UK. Electronic address: panagis.filippakopoulos@sgc.ox.ac.uk.,Global Research , Novo Nordisk A/S , Novo Nordisk Park , 2760 Måløv , Denmark.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea.,Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 120 New Scotland Ave, Albany, NY, 12208, USA. hongmin.li@health.ny.gov.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Department of Physics, Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany. dwayne.miller@mpsd.mpg.de.,Bristol-Myers Squibb, 700 Bay Rd, Redwood City, CA, 94063, USA.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, UK.,Department of Life Science, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L7, Canada.,School of Pharmacy , Second Military Medical University , Shanghai 200433 , China.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115, Taiwan.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3010, Australia. Electronic address: sleebs@wehi.edu.au.,Transcription Regulation group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067, India. Electronic address: neelsb@icgeb.res.in.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology "L. Spallanzani", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.,Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Switch Laboratory, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, PB 802, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,Institute of Molecular Virology, Ulm University Medical Center, Ulm, Germany.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus, Basel, Switzerland. jean.quancard@novartis.com.,Nuffield Department of Medicine Research Building, Roosevelt Drive, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7FZ, UK. geraldine.gillespie@ndm.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. tezcan@ucsd.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 66047.,Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Frankfurt - Medical Faculty, University Hospital, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ivan.dikic@biochem2.de.,Department of Material and Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, 66506.,Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India.,Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zürich, Otto-Stern-Weg 5, CH-8093, Zürich, Switzerland.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China. Electronic address: rmxu@ibp.ac.cn.,Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute and Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, OR, 97006, USA.,Institute of Human Virology and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , University of Maryland , School of Medicine , Baltimore , MD , USA . Email: mpazgier@ihv.umaryland.edu ; Email: wlu@ihv.umaryland.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Purdue Institute of Immunology, Inflammation and Infectious Diseases and Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, PL-30-387, Kraków, Poland.,Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, UK.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, The University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Sequencing Core Facility, Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics, Ihnestraße 63-73, Berlin 14195, Germany.,College of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: zhouwh@nankai.edu.cn.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address: lefko001@receptor-biol.duke.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305.,International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Trojdena 4, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland; Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics PAS, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: mbochtler@iimcb.gov.pl.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS UMR 5309, INSERM U1209, Institute for Advanced Biosciences (IAB), Site Santé - Allée des Alpes, 38700 La Tronche, France; Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Albertov 4, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic. Electronic address: jan.bednar@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr.,Graduate School of Horticulture, Chiba University, Matsudo, Chiba, Japan.,Pharmaceutical Research Division, Shionogi & Co., Ltd., 1-1, Futaba-cho 3-chome, Toyonaka, Osaka 561-0825, Japan. Electronic address: yoshikazu.sasaki@shionogi.co.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA. risunc@med.unc.edu.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, Department of Pharmacology and Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Medical School, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA. taosheng.chen@stjude.org.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114; vamsi@hms.harvard.edu grabarek@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu.,Neuroscience, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Cambridge CB21 6GH , U.K.,g Department of Medical Biophysics , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China; Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, 300308, China; State Key Laboratory of Biocatalysis and Enzyme Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, 4342008, China. Electronic address: guoreyting@gmail.com.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Pharmacology Graduate Group, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3G 0B1, Canada.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Bacterial Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, ul. Miecznikowa 1, 02-096, Warszawa, Poland.,Protein Stability and Inherited Disease Laboratory, Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences CIC bioGUNE, 48170 Derio, Spain; alvaro.villarroel@csic.es omillet@cicbiogune.es.,The Gut Health and Food Safety Programme, Quadram Bioscience Institute, NR4 7UA Norwich, United Kingdom.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.,CEA, Institut des Sciences du Vivant Frédéric Joliot, Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO) , Université Paris-Saclay , Gif-sur-Yvette 91190 , France.,School of Basic Medical Sciences, Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platform, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience , The University of Queensland , Brisbane , Queensland 4072 , Australia.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8602, Japan.,From the State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, jiaoshi@sibcb.ac.cn.,Polgenix Inc., Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,The Gut Health and Food Safety Programme, Quadram Bioscience Institute, NR4 7UA Norwich, United Kingdom; c.dong@uea.ac.uk nathalie.juge@quadram.ac.uk.,Department of Pathology & Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.,Brigham and Women's Hospital, Division of Hematology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Departments of Biophysics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, Texas, 75390.,Lehrstuhl für Mikrobielle Ökologie, Technische Universität München, Weihenstephaner Berg 3, 85354, Freising, Germany.,College of Life Sciences, College of Pharmacy, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.,Molecular Medicine - Structural Parasitology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, India. Electronic address: myogavel@gmail.com.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,From the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 0QH, United Kingdom smvf@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA. mr@purdue.edu.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 23 Innovation Walk, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Structural Biology and Bio-Computing Lab, Department of Bioinformatics, Science Block, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003, India. Electronic address: jjkanthan@gmail.com.,the Infection and Immunity Research Laboratory, Metabolic Regulation Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 34141, and mhk8n@kribb.re.kr.,Institute for Cancer Genetics, Departments of Pediatrics and Genetics and Development and Irving Cancer Research Center, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: zz2401@cumc.columbia.edu.,Departments of Pharmacology, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033-0850, USA. dokh@psu.edu.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.,Structural MitoLab, Structural Biology Unit, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, CSIC, Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, c/Baldiri Reixac, 15-21, E-08028, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA. Xuelian.Luo@utsouthwestern.edu.,Pharmaceutical Research Division, Shionogi & Co., Ltd., 1-1, Futaba-cho 3-chome, Toyonaka, Osaka 561-0825, Japan.,CRUK/MRC Oxford Institute for Radiation Oncology, Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus Research Building, Oxford OX3 7DQ, United Kingdom.,Structure Biology, Shanghai Medicilon Inc., Shanghai, 201299, China.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, 71 Avenue des Martyrs, 38042, Grenoble, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.,School of Chemistry and Biochemistry , The University of Western Australia (M313) , 35 Stirling Highway , Crawley , WA 6009 , Australia.,Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China.,Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging & Institute for Nanostructure and Solid State Physics, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.,Novozymes A/S, Krogshoejvej 36, 2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark.,a St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research , Australian Cancer Research Foundation Rational Drug Discovery Centre , Fitzroy , Victoria , Australia.,the Department of Hematology and Institute of Clinical Science, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.,Institute of Virology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany krey.thomas@mh-hannover.de christine.goffinet@twincore.de.,Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSA Rouen, CNRS, COBRA, 76000 Rouen, France. helene.lavanant@univ-rouen.fr.,Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.,Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 26, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. davidhs@umich.edu.,Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, 4058 Basel, Switzerland.,Platform Technologies and Science, GlaxoSmithKline, and.,Department of Chemistry, California State University Fresno, 2555 E San Ramon Ave, Fresno, CA, 93740, USA.,TB Discovery Research, Infectious Disease Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: laub@mit.edu.,Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Cornell University, Advanced Photon Source, Lemont, Illinois, 60439, USA.,Département de Toxicologie et Risques Chimiques, Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, 91220, Brétigny-sur-Orge, France.,Department of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Asubio Pharma Co., Ltd., 6-4-3 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan. Electronic address: muto.tsuyoshi.zu@daiichisankyo.co.jp.,Beijing Key Laboratory for Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases in Livestock and Poultry, Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, People's Republic of China.,Department of Oral Biological and Medical Science, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.,Department of Gynecology, University of Zurich, Wagistrasse 14, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland.,Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina and Departament de Bioquímica i de Biologia Molecular , Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona , Spain.,From the Picobiology Institute and tsuki@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,WM Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, United States.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Photon Science, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. Electronic address: yiorgo@stanford.edu.,Chemical Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory , Berkeley, California 94720, United States.,BioTechMed-Graz, Mozartgasse 12/II, 8010, Graz, Austria. m.oberer@uni-graz.at.,d The Biomedical Research Centre , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada.,Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, The Bioactives Lab, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. katritch@usc.edu.,Departments of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033-0850, USA. dokh@psu.edu.,Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India.,Bridge Institute, USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada; Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address: gingras@lunenfeld.ca.,Department of Oral Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, 501 South Preston Street, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA.,NanoTemper Technologies, Bangalore, India.,The Norwegian Structural Biology Centre (NorStruct), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway. Electronic address: hanna-kirsti.leiros@uit.no.,Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, The Bioactives Lab, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia salim.babili@kaust.edu.sa stefan.arold@kaust.edu.sa.,Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York, USA.,†Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.,Institute of Transplant Immunology, Integrated Research and Treatment Center Transplantation, IFB.Tx, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.,University of Florence, NEUROFARBA Department, Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy. claudiu.supuran@unifi.it.,Laboratory of Biophysics, Department of Cell Biology, University of Brasilia, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasília, DF, 70910-900, Brazil. Electronic address: nina@unb.br.,Division of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Computational Bioscience Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia salim.babili@kaust.edu.sa stefan.arold@kaust.edu.sa.,Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Oncology, Boston, MA 02215, USA.,Antibody and Vaccine Group, Cancer Sciences Unit, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK; Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), 38000 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: carlo.petosa@ibs.fr.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hamburg Unit, Hamburg 22607, Germany.,Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, 30 Quai E. Ansermet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.,Centre for Immune Regulation, Department of Immunology, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, N-0424 Oslo, Norway.,Protein Core Facility, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK.,School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol, BS8 1TS, UK. D.N.Woolfson@bristol.ac.uk.,Department of Surgery and the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA.,Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. emil.pai@utoronto.ca.,Scripps Research, United States.,Department of Biochemistry & Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 23 Innovation Walk, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia. Michelle.Dunstone@monash.edu.,Department of Biophysics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.,Lehrstuhl für Biologische Chemie, Technische Universität München, Emil-Erlenmeyer-Forum 5, 85354, Freising, Germany.,Research &Development Group, QOL Division, Kaneka Corporation, 1-8 Miyamae, Takasago, Hyogo 676-8688, Japan.,Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Flemingovo nám. 2, 166 37 Prague 6, Czech Republic.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,National Facility for Protein Science in Shanghai, Zhangjiang Laboratory, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Immunobiology, King's College London, United Kingdom.,Centre for Computational Chemistry, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol, BS8 1TS, UK.,Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences , University of Dundee , James Black Centre, Dow Street , Dundee DD1 5EH , Scotland, U.K.,Proteolysis Laboratory, Structural Biology Unit, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, CSIC, Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, c/Baldiri Reixac, 15-21, E-08028, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.,Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. see3@cornell.edu bmh@northwestern.edu hl379@cornell.edu.,Center for Computational Mass Spectrometry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,BioMedical Research Centre, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, United Kingdom; c.dong@uea.ac.uk nathalie.juge@quadram.ac.uk.,Laboratory for Functional Genomics of Extremophiles, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.,BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.,Laboratory of Biophysics, Department of Cell Biology, University of Brasilia, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasília, DF, 70910-900, Brazil.,Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA. jmccorvy@mcw.edu.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Humboldtstraße 50/3, 8010, Graz, Austria. m.oberer@uni-graz.at.,f Department of Biochemistry , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.,Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, 300308, China; School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Anhui, 230026, China.,⊥Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United States.,UNC-NCSU Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Washington, Box 357720, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.,Core Labs, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK.,California Institute for Biomedical Research , 11119 North Torrey Pines Road , La Jolla , California 92037 , United States.,Brazilian National Laboratory for Biosciences, Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, São Paulo 13084-971, Brazil.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.,Research Centre for Molecular Cancer Prevention, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.,Institute for Nanostructure and Solid State Physics , Universität Hamburg , Hamburg D-22761 , Germany.,Scientific Support Unit Machine Physics, Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Italy.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, 71 Avenue des Martyrs, 38042, Grenoble, France. pascal.fender@ibs.fr.,Department of Chemistry , University of Cambridge , CB2 1EW , Cambridge , UK . Email: spring@ch.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC, H3G 0B1, Canada. bhushan.nagar@mcgill.ca.,d Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute , The University of Melbourne , Parkville , Australia.,Institute of Organic Chemistry, Graz University of Technology, Stremayrgasse 9, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Fujian Collaborative Innovation Center for Exploitation and Utilization of Marine Biological Resources , Xiamen , Fujian 361100 , China.,Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.,UCLA-DOE Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. jan.konvalinka@uochb.cas.cz.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. karlukova@email.cz.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.,Center for Cellular Imaging and NanoAnalytics, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Mattenstrasse 26, CH-4058, Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Food Science, National (Taiwan) Ocean University, Keelung, 202, Taiwan.,Université de Lille, CHU Lille, Inserm, UMR-S 1172 - JPArc - Centre de Recherche Jean-Pierre AUBERT Neurosciences et Cancer, Lille, France.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China; Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, 300308, China.,Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus Research Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 3TA, United Kingdom.,the Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan.,Human Longevity Inc., San Diego, California, USA.,Center for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. chris.overall@ubc.ca.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,2National Engineering Laboratory of Industrial Enzymes, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, 300308 China.,School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China. Electronic address: tangrp99@iccas.ac.cn.,Brazilian National Laboratory for Biosciences, Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, São Paulo 13084-971, Brazil; Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13081-970, Brazil. Electronic address: kleber.franchini@lnbio.cnpem.br.,c School of Cancer Medicine , La Trobe University , Melbourne , Australia.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sojo University, 4-22-1 Ikeda, Nishi-ku, Kumamoto, 860-0082, Japan.,Department of Oral Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, 501 South Preston Street, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA. jan.potempa@icloud.com.,Graduate Division of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.,CSIRO Agriculture and Food , 306 Carmody Road , St. Lucia , Queensland 4067 , Australia.,Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100, Rehovot, Israel.,Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.,Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7A, PL-30-387, Kraków, Poland.,Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, China. chengwei669@scu.edu.cn.,Institute of Molecular and Clinical Immunology, Medical Faculty, Otto-von-Guericke University, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, People's Republic of China.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: yangyangliu@nankai.edu.cn.,Computational Science and Engineering Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee 37830 , United States.,Department of Chemistry , The Scripps Research Institute , 10550 North Torrey Pines Road , La Jolla , California 92037 , United States.,c Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute , University of Melbourne , Parkville , Victoria , Australia.,Department of Polar Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Incheon, Republic of Korea.,From the Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 and.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543, Singapore.,SAXS/WAXS, Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, Australia.,Department of Informatics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 3, 85748 Garching, Germany. Institute for Advanced Study (TUM-IAS), Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 3, 85748 Garching, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and the Harper Cancer Research Institute, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.,the School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, and.,CAS Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200032, Shanghai, China.,Department of Chemistry , University of Rochester , Rochester , New York 14627 , United States.,Division of Genetic Epidemiology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Schöpfstrasse 41, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria.,Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry , The Czech Academy of Sciences , Flemingovo nám. 2 , 166 10 Prague 6 , Czech Republic.,Division of Biological Chemistry, Biocenter, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria klaus.scheffzek@i-med.ac.at klaus.liedl@uibk.ac.at pidder.jansen-duerr@uibk.ac.at.,Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori, Akoh, Hyogo 678-1297, muramoto@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung City, 402, Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom; Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA. Hongtao.Yu@utsouthwestern.edu.,Research Center for Materials Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.,RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.,Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads building 224, Kgs Lyngby, 2800, Denmark.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Electronic address: jaehyuncho@tamu.edu.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Athens, GA 30602, USA.,Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB-CSIC), Structural and Chemical Biology Dep., Madrid, Spain.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.,Department of Chemistry, University at Albany, Albany, NY, 12222, USA.,Integral Molecular Inc., Philadelphia, PA 19104.,Department of Biochemistry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,the Infection and Immunity Research Laboratory, Metabolic Regulation Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 34141, and.,Centre for Immune Regulation, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, N-0371 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada. Electronic address: boraston@uvic.ca.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,Department of Biology, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, 20064, USA.,Department of Structural and Molecular Biology, Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, University College London, London, UK.,National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India.,Oulu Center for Cell-Matrix Research, Biocenter Oulu and Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Headington, OX3 7DQ, U.K.,Department of Genetic Engineering, School of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea; School of Food Science and Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Broad Institute, Cambridge, MA 02142.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114.,Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.,Faculty of Science, Nara Women's University, Nara, Japan.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Organization, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Molecular Mechanisms in Neurodegenerative Diseases, MMDN Laboratory, University of Montpellier, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Institut National de la Recherche et de la Santé Médicale, UMR-S1198, 34095, Montpellier, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. chris.overall@ubc.ca.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Scripps Florida, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Department of Pharmacy, Graduate School, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology, CAS Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, Shandong, 266101, China.,Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Macromolecular Crystallography, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany.,Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes-CEA-CNRS, Grenoble, France.,Institute of Crystallography, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), 70126 Bari, Italy.,Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Hlavova 8, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic. ales.machara@uochb.cas.cz.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea.,Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Hlavova 8, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic. j.r.hudlicky@gmail.com.,Division of Pharmacoengineering and Molecular Pharmaceutics, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. milan.kozisek@uochb.cas.cz.,Molecular Discovery Technologies, Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, PO Box 4000, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000, USA.,School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol, BS8 1TS, UK.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. jakub.hejdanek@uochb.cas.cz.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Division of Polar Life Sciences, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea.,Department of Radiation Oncology, Perlmutter Cancer Center , NYU Langone Medical Center , New York , New York 10016 , United States.,Randall Centre for Cell and Molecular Biophysics, 3rd Floor New Hunt's House, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, SE1 1UL, UK. mark.sanderson@kcl.ac.uk.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Program in Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305.,Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan.,Institute of Virology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.,From the Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 and christine.m.dunham@emory.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Straße 38, Vienna A-1090, Austria.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudniy, Russia.,Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, 112, Taiwan.,Consorzio Interuniversitario di Reattività Chimica e Catalisi (CIRCC) , via Celso Ulpiani 27 , 70126 Bari , Italy.,Grenoble Outstation, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, 71 Avenue des Martyrs, CS 90181, Grenoble 38042, France.,Nuffield Department of Medicine Research Building, Roosevelt Drive, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7FZ, UK.,Merck & Co., Department of Biochemical Engineering & Structure, 2000 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA. Xuelian.Luo@utsouthwestern.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.,Department of Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry, and Center for Structural Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA. Electronic address: kkorotkov@uky.edu.,Division of Biological Chemistry, Biocenter, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria.,e Structural Biology Division , The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research , Parkville , Australia.,Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, Australia.,Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.,h Department of Molecular Genetics , University of Toronto , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus, Basel, Switzerland. frederic.bornancin@novartis.com.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 23 Innovation Walk, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Antibody and Vaccine Group, Cancer Sciences Unit, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK. Electronic address: ann.white@ucb.com.,Shanghai ChemPartner Co. Ltd., 998 Halei Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201203, China.,Laboratorium für Organische Chemie, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.,Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Institut Pasteur, Unité de Bioinformatique Structurale, Département de Biologie Structurale et Chimie, CNRS-UMR 3528, Paris, France.,State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , 141 57 Huddinge , Sweden.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Photon Science, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA.,Division of Biochemical Sciences, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany; Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich at Chair of Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, Department Chemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching, Germany. Electronic address: grzegorz.popowicz@helmholtz-muenchen.de.,Henry Wellcome Building for Molecular Physiology, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LD, U.K.,Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.,Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, MSME UMR 8208 CNRS, Université Paris-Est, Marne-la-Vallée, France.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Achtseweg Noord 5, Building, 5651 GG, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Laboratory of Growth Regulators , Palacký University and Institute of Experimental Botany, The Czech Academy of Sciences , Šlechtitelů 27 , 783 71 Olomouc , Czech Republic.,Drug Discovery Unit, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences , University of Dundee , James Black Centre, Dow Street , Dundee DD1 5EH , Scotland, U.K.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: kobilka@stanford.edu.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanhai Road 7, Qingdao 266071, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China. Electronic address: jiangpeng@qdio.ac.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Biocatalysis and Enzyme Engineering, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, 4342008, China.,Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, 4058 Basel, Switzerland. benajmin_ebert@dfci.harvard.edu nicolas.thoma@fmi.ch.,Biotechnology Development Laboratories, Kaneka Corporation, 1-8 Miyamae, Takasago, Hyogo 676-8688, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Laboratory of Basic Science on Healthy Longevity, Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan. amtanok@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche sur le Médicament de Normandie, Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, CERMN, 14000, Caen, France.,School of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, Medical Sciences Building, University Walk, Bristol, BS8 1TD, UK. D.N.Woolfson@bristol.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Sciences and RNA Institute, University at Albany, Albany, NY, 12222, USA.,Department of Biointeractions and Crop Protection, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, UK.,Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30-387, Kraków, Poland. jan.potempa@icloud.com.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Harima Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.,Department of Oral Biological and Medical Science, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. chris.overall@ubc.ca.,Instituto Biofisika (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Universidad del País Vasco), University of Basque Country, 48940 Leioa, Spain alvaro.villarroel@csic.es omillet@cicbiogune.es.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA. Hongtao.Yu@utsouthwestern.edu.,Medicines Discovery Institute , Cardiff University , Main Building, Park Place , Cardiff CF10 3AT , United Kingdom.,AG Proteinkristallographie , Fakultät für Biologie und Biotechnologie , Ruhr-Universität Bochum , Universitätsstraße 150 , 44801 Bochum , Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory of Human Microenvironment and Precision Medicine of Anhui Higher Education Institutes, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China. Electronic address: zhmin07@ahu.edu.cn.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Lyngby, Denmark.,The Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Shandong Institute of Parasitic Disease, Jining, China.,Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, UiT- The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.,MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Garscube Campus, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.,Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.,Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Washington, Box 357720, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA. lieber00@u.washington.edu.,Université de Rennes 1, Equipe Chimie organique et interfaces (CORINT), UMR 6226 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Rennes, France.,Transcription Regulation group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067, India.,Departments of Chemistry and Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. dwayne.miller@mpsd.mpg.de.,Department of Radiation Oncology, Division of Radiation and Cancer Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94304, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.,UK Dementia Research Institute at King's College London, UK.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address: dcwang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. katritch@usc.edu.,Department of Computational Biology and Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan.,Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, San Francisco, United States.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Industrial Microbiology, Hubei Provincial Cooperative Innovation Center of Industrial Fermentation, Key Laboratory of Fermentation Engineering (Ministry of Education), Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, 430068, China. yajietang@QQ.com.,Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, 50 Northern Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02210, United States.,Department of Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry, and Center for Structural Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.,School of Chemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.,Epigenetics Discovery Performance Unit, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Stevenage Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, United Kingdom.,Aniscien Co., Ltd., Jeonju, Republic of Korea.,Department of Protein Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max-Planck-Ring 5, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: birte.hernandez@tuebingen.mpg.de.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany; Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich at Chair of Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, Department Chemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching, Germany. Electronic address: sattler@helmholtz-muenchen.de.,Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049, Beijing, China. ylxiao@sibs.ac.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and the Harper Cancer Research Institute, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA. Electronic address: brian-baker@nd.edu.,From the College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, 071000 Hebei, China.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Genetics and Genome Biology Program, SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine , Kyungpook National University , Daegu 41944 , South Korea.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic. petr.pachl@uochb.cas.cz.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, United States.,Department of Animal Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. see3@cornell.edu bmh@northwestern.edu hl379@cornell.edu.,Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ivan.dikic@biochem2.de.,§Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.,Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114.,Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.,School of Chemistry & Biochemistry , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta , Georgia 30332-0400 , United States.,T-Cell Modulation Group, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, United Kingdom.,Institute of Apicultural Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100093, China.,Oncology Chemistry, IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Cambridge CB4 0WG , U.K.,Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science , Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok 10330 , Thailand.,Infectious Diseases Discovery , GlaxoSmithKline , 1250 South Collegeville Road , Collegeville , Pennsylvania 19426 , United States.,International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Trojdena 4, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland.,British Heart Foundation Centre of Excellence, The Rayne Institute, St. Thomas' Hospital, and.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Industrial Microbiology, Hubei Provincial Cooperative Innovation Center of Industrial Fermentation, Key Laboratory of Fermentation Engineering (Ministry of Education), Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, 430068, China.,VIB Switch Laboratory, VIB, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,Department of Bioengineering, and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, James H. Clark Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, University at Albany, Albany, NY, 12222, USA.,Division of Structural Studies, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Department of Computational Biology and Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425 olsensk@musc.edu.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes , CNRS, CEA, Laboratoire de Chimie et Biologie des Métaux, BioCat , 38000 , Grenoble , France.,the Department of Chemistry, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Hlavova 8, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic. jakub.hejdanek@uochb.cas.cz.,Randall Centre for Cell and Molecular Biophysics, 3rd Floor New Hunt's House, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, SE1 1UL, UK.,Nancy B. and Jake L. Hamon Centre for Therapeutic Oncology Research, Departments of Surgery and Pharmacology , University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas , 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard , Dallas , Texas 75390 , United States.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 38043 Grenoble, France.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Science, Sookmyung Woman's University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305; kcgarcia@stanford.edu.,The Wohl Institute, King's College London, UK.,Charnwood Molecular , Loughborough LE11 5DA , U.K.,Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom.,U.S. Military HIV Research Program, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Silver Spring, MD, 20910, USA.,Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Frankfurt - Medical Faculty, University Hospital, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Zhangjiang Lab, Shanghai, China.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Consortium for Advanced Science and Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,BrisSynBio, Life Sciences Building , University of Bristol , Bristol BS8 1TQ , United Kingdom.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Consortium for Advanced Science and Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Electronic address: andrzejj@anl.gov.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P6, Canada and boraston@uvic.ca.,Bioscience Division, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Molecular Genetics, Vídeňská 1083, 140 00 Prague 4, Czech Republic. pavlina.rezacova@uochb.cas.cz.,The Randall Centre for Cell & Molecular Biophysics, King's College London, UK.,School of Science , Edith Cowan University , 270 Joondalup Drive , Joondalup , WA 6027 , Australia.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.,School of Chemistry , University of Leeds , Leeds LS2 9JT , United Kingdom.,Laboratory of Protein Crystallography , Institute for Protein Research , Osaka University , Suita , Osaka 565-0871 , Japan . Email: gkurisu@protein.Osaka-u.ac.,Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30-387, Kraków, Poland.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.,College of Food and Biological Engineering , Jimei University , Xiamen , Fujian 361021 , China.,the Infection and Immunity Research Laboratory, Metabolic Regulation Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 34141, and jwhwang@kribb.re.kr.,Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada.,From the Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.,College of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , British Columbia V5A 1S6 , Canada.,College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China. jimin_z@bnu.edu.cn hongwei.tan@bnu.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.,UCL School of Pharmacy , University College London , London WC1N 1AX , United Kingdom.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. Electronic address: rebeccapage@email.arizona.edu.,New York Consortium on Membrane Protein Structure, New York Structural Biology Center, 89 Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA.,School of Mathematics , University of Bristol , Bristol BS8 1TW , United Kingdom.,School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory of Human Microenvironment and Precision Medicine of Anhui Higher Education Institutes, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China.,Mycobacteria Research Laboratories, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.,Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,‡Department of Molecular Carcinogenesis, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Smithville, Texas, United States.,Changhai Hospital , Second Military Medical University , Shanghai 200433 , China . Email: drsujiacan@163.com.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, 3052, Australia.,From the Picobiology Institute and.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: hwm@tamu.edu.,Jilin Province Key Laboratory for Chemistry and Biology of Natural Drugs in Changbai Mountain, The School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.,Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic. karlukova@email.cz.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Systems Immunity Research Institute, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, United Kingdom.,Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. benajmin_ebert@dfci.harvard.edu nicolas.thoma@fmi.ch.,Thermo Fisher Scientific, San Jose, CA, USA.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus, Basel, Switzerland.,AbbVie Biotherapeutics, Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA.,Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany; Institute of Organic Chemistry, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Schneiderberg 1b, 30167 Hannover, Germany.,Cancer Immunology Discovery, Pfizer Inc., 230 E. Grand Ave, South San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA. javier.chaparro-riggers@pfizer.com.,AG Photobiotechnologie , Fakultät für Biologie und Biotechnologie , Ruhr-Universität Bochum , Universitätsstraße 150 , 44801 Bochum , Germany . Email: thomas.happe@rub.de.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, 3-1 Tanabe-dori, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, 467-8603, Japan.,Proteolysis Lab, Structural Biology Unit, "María de Maeztu" Unit of Excellence, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona (CSIC), Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, c/Baldiri Reixac, 15-21, 08028, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. fxgr@ibmb.csic.es.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 23 Innovation Walk, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia. Michelle.Dunstone@monash.edu.,the Department of Cancer Genetics and Epigenetics, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California 91010.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine , Irvine, California 92697, United States.,Structure Biophysics & FBLG , Discovery Sciences , IMED Biotech Unit , AstraZeneca , Cambridge , UK.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 66045.,Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055, United States; Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2216, United States; Program in Chemical Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2216, United States.,GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA.,Lehrstuhl für Anorganische Chemie I-Bioanorganische Chemie , Fakultät für Chemie und Biochemie , Ruhr-Universität Bochum , Universitätsstraße 150 , 44801 Bochum , Germany . Email: ulf.apfel@rub.de.,Department of Genetic Engineering, School of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: eric.diluccio@gmail.com.,Department of Systems Biology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02215 , United States.,Institute of Complex Systems (ICS), ICS-6: Structural Biochemistry, Research Centre Juelich, Juelich, Germany.,Center for Integrated Protein Sciences Munich, Munich, Germany.,Cancer Research UK DNA Repair Enzymes Group, Genome Damage and Stability Centre, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, United Kingdom.,Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Protein Stability and Inherited Disease Laboratory, Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences CIC bioGUNE, 48170 Derio, Spain.,Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, and Rogel Cancer Center , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,The Norwegian Structural Biology Centre (NorStruct), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-Organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200032, Shanghai, China.,Département de Génomique Fonctionnelle et Cancer, Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, INSERM, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, France. Electronic address: hamiche@igbmc.fr.,National Synchrotron Light Source-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.,Exploratory Research Center on Life and Living Systems (ExCELLS), National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 5-1 Higashiyama, Myodaiji-cho, Okazaki, 444-8787, Japan.,The State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.,CSIRO Health and Biosecurity, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.,School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory of Human Microenvironment and Precision Medicine of Anhui Higher Education Institutes, Anhui University, 111 Jiulong Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Department of Biological and Food Engineering, Bozhou University, 2266 Tangwang Road, Bozhou, Anhui, China.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication licensing factor MCM3
3
971Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MCM3
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for P24279 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: MCM3
Go to UniProtKB:  P24279
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication licensing factor MCM4
4
933Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MCM4 (CDC54, HCD21)
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for P30665 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: MCM4
Go to UniProtKB:  P30665
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Minichromosome maintenance protein 5
5
775Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MCM5 (CDC46)
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for P29496 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: MCM5
Go to UniProtKB:  P29496
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication licensing factor MCM6
6
1017Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MCM6
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for P53091 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: MCM6
Go to UniProtKB:  P53091
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication licensing factor MCM2
2
868Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MCM2
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for P29469 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: MCM2
Go to UniProtKB:  P29469
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication licensing factor MCM7
7
845Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MCM7 (CDC47)
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for P38132 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: MCM7
Go to UniProtKB:  P38132
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication complex GINS protein PSF1
C
208Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PSF1
Find proteins for Q12488 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q12488
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication complex GINS protein PSF2
D
213Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PSF2
Find proteins for P40359 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P40359
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication complex GINS protein PSF3
E
194Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PSF3
Find proteins for Q12146 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q12146
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA replication complex GINS protein SLD5
F
294Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SLD5
Find proteins for Q03406 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q03406
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cell division control protein 45
G
650Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CDC45 (SLD4)
Find proteins for Q08032 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: CDC45
Go to UniProtKB:  Q08032
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA polymerase epsilon subunit B
B
689Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DPB2
EC: 2.7.7.7
Find proteins for P24482 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P24482
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA polymerase epsilon catalytic subunit A
A
914Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: POL2 (DUN2)
EC: 2.7.7.7
Find proteins for P21951 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P21951
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA/RNA (5'-R(*GP*CP*AP*GP*CP*CP*AP*CP*GP*C)-D(P*T)-R(P*GP*GP*CP*CP*G)-D(P*TP*TP*TP*T)-R(P*A)-3')X21Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA/RNA (5'-D(P*T)-R(P*AP*AP*AP*AP*CP*GP*GP*CP*CP*AP*GP*CP*G)-D(P*T)-R(P*GP*GP*C)-D(P*T)-R(P*GP*C)-3')Y21Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(P*TP*TP*TP*TP*TP*TP*T)-3')J7Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AGS
Query on AGS

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
5
PHOSPHOTHIOPHOSPHORIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
ATP-GAMMA-S; ADENOSINE 5'-(3-THIOTRIPHOSPHATE); ADENOSINE 5'-(GAMMA-THIOTRIPHOSPHATE); ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE MONOTHIOPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O12 P3 S
NLTUCYMLOPLUHL-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.98 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Wellcome TrustUnited Kingdom--
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United Kingdom--
Cancer Research UKUnited Kingdom--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-12-12
    Type: Initial release