Structural evidence for an intransbase selection mechanism involving Loop1 in polymerase mu at an NHEJ double-strand break junction.Loc'h, J., Gerodimos, C.A., Rosario, S., Tekpinar, M., Lieber, M.R., Delarue, M.
(2019) J Biol Chem 294: 10579-10595
- PubMed: 31138645
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA119.008739
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
6GO3, 6GO4, 6GO5, 6GO6, 6GO7
- PubMed Abstract:
Eukaryotic DNA polymerase (Pol) X family members such as Pol μ and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) are important components for the nonhomologous DNA end-joining (NHEJ) pathway. TdT participates in a specialized version of NHEJ, V(D)J recombination. It has primarily nontemplated polymerase activity but can take instructions across strands from the downstream dsDNA, and both activities are highly dependent on a structural element called Loop1. However, it is unclear whether Pol μ follows the same mechanism, because the structure of its Loop1 is disordered in available structures. Here, we used a chimeric TdT harboring Loop1 of Pol μ that recapitulated the functional properties of Pol μ in ligation experiments. We solved three crystal structures of this TdT chimera bound to several DNA substrates at 1.96-2.55 Å resolutions, including a full DNA double-strand break (DSB) synapsis. We then modeled the full Pol μ sequence in the context of one these complexes. The atomic structure of an NHEJ junction with a Pol X construct that mimics Pol μ in a reconstituted system explained the distinctive properties of Pol μ compared with TdT. The structure suggested a mechanism of base selection relying on Loop1 and taking instructions via the in trans templating base independently of the primer strand. We conclude that our atomic-level structural observations represent a paradigm shift for the mechanism of base selection in the Pol X family of DNA polymerases.
the Departments of Pathology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology and the Department of Biological Sciences, Section of Molecular and Computational Biology, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033.