6GFL

Crystal structure of the Escherichia coli nucleosidase PpnN (apo form)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.48 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

(p)ppGpp Regulates a Bacterial Nucleosidase by an Allosteric Two-Domain Switch.

Zhang, Y.E.Baerentsen, R.L.Fuhrer, T.Sauer, U.Gerdes, K.Brodersen, D.E.

(2019) Mol Cell 74: 1239

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2019.03.035
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6GFM, 6GFL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The stringent response alarmones pppGpp and ppGpp are essential for rapid adaption of bacterial physiology to changes in the environment. In Escherichia coli, the nucleosidase PpnN (YgdH) regulates purine homeostasis by cleaving nucleoside monophosph ...

    The stringent response alarmones pppGpp and ppGpp are essential for rapid adaption of bacterial physiology to changes in the environment. In Escherichia coli, the nucleosidase PpnN (YgdH) regulates purine homeostasis by cleaving nucleoside monophosphates and specifically binds (p)ppGpp. Here, we show that (p)ppGpp stimulates the catalytic activity of PpnN both in vitro and in vivo causing accumulation of several types of nucleobases during stress. The structure of PpnN reveals a tetramer with allosteric (p)ppGpp binding sites located between subunits. pppGpp binding triggers a large conformational change that shifts the two terminal domains to expose the active site, providing a structural rationale for the stimulatory effect. We find that PpnN increases fitness and adjusts cellular tolerance to antibiotics and propose a model in which nucleotide levels can rapidly be adjusted during stress by simultaneous inhibition of biosynthesis and stimulation of degradation, thus achieving a balanced physiological response to constantly changing environments.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Centre of Excellence for Bacterial Stress Response and Persistence (BASP), Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address: deb@mbg.au.dk.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Pyrimidine/purine nucleotide 5'-monophosphate nucleosidaseAB474Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ppnNygdHb2795JW2766
EC: 3.2.2 (PDB Primary Data), 3.2.2.10 (PDB Primary Data), 3.2.2.4 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for P0ADR8 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0ADR8 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0ADR8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.48 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 94.17α = 90
b = 101.08β = 90
c = 112.29γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Danish National Research FoundationDenmarkDNRF120

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-04-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-05-01
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-03
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2019-07-31
    Changes: Data collection, Database references