(p)ppGpp Regulates a Bacterial Nucleosidase by an Allosteric Two-Domain Switch.Zhang, Y.E., Baerentsen, R.L., Fuhrer, T., Sauer, U., Gerdes, K., Brodersen, D.E.
(2019) Mol Cell 74: 1239
- PubMed: 31023582
- DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2019.03.035
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The stringent response alarmones pppGpp and ppGpp are essential for rapid adaption of bacterial physiology to changes in the environment. In Escherichia coli, the nucleosidase PpnN (YgdH) regulates purine homeostasis by cleaving nucleoside monophosph ...
The stringent response alarmones pppGpp and ppGpp are essential for rapid adaption of bacterial physiology to changes in the environment. In Escherichia coli, the nucleosidase PpnN (YgdH) regulates purine homeostasis by cleaving nucleoside monophosphates and specifically binds (p)ppGpp. Here, we show that (p)ppGpp stimulates the catalytic activity of PpnN both in vitro and in vivo causing accumulation of several types of nucleobases during stress. The structure of PpnN reveals a tetramer with allosteric (p)ppGpp binding sites located between subunits. pppGpp binding triggers a large conformational change that shifts the two terminal domains to expose the active site, providing a structural rationale for the stimulatory effect. We find that PpnN increases fitness and adjusts cellular tolerance to antibiotics and propose a model in which nucleotide levels can rapidly be adjusted during stress by simultaneous inhibition of biosynthesis and stimulation of degradation, thus achieving a balanced physiological response to constantly changing environments.
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Centre of Excellence for Bacterial Stress Response and Persistence (BASP), Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address: email@example.com.