Cryo-EM structure of the serotonin 5-HT1Breceptor coupled to heterotrimeric Go.Garcia-Nafria, J., Nehme, R., Edwards, P.C., Tate, C.G.
(2018) Nature 558: 620-623
- PubMed: 29925951
- DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0241-9
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form the largest family of receptors encoded by the human genome (around 800 genes). They transduce signals by coupling to a small number of heterotrimeric G proteins (16 genes encoding different α-subunits). Each huma ...
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form the largest family of receptors encoded by the human genome (around 800 genes). They transduce signals by coupling to a small number of heterotrimeric G proteins (16 genes encoding different α-subunits). Each human cell contains several GPCRs and G proteins. The structural determinants of coupling of G s to four different GPCRs have been elucidated 1-4 , but the molecular details of how the other G-protein classes couple to GPCRs are unknown. Here we present the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the serotonin 5-HT 1B receptor (5-HT 1B R) bound to the agonist donitriptan and coupled to an engineered G o heterotrimer. In this complex, 5-HT 1B R is in an active state; the intracellular domain of the receptor is in a similar conformation to that observed for the β 2 -adrenoceptor (β 2 AR) 3 or the adenosine A 2A receptor (A 2A R) 1 in complex with G s . In contrast to the complexes with G s , the gap between the receptor and the Gβ-subunit in the G o -5-HT 1B R complex precludes molecular contacts, and the interface between the Gα-subunit of G o and the receptor is considerably smaller. These differences are likely to be caused by the differences in the interactions with the C terminus of the G o α-subunit. The molecular variations between the interfaces of G o and G s in complex with GPCRs may contribute substantially to both the specificity of coupling and the kinetics of signalling.
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