6F1H

C1rC1s complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.340 
  • R-Value Work: 0.303 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.305 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structure of the C1r-C1s interaction of the C1 complex of complement activation.

Almitairi, J.O.M.Venkatraman Girija, U.Furze, C.M.Simpson-Gray, X.Badakshi, F.Marshall, J.E.Schwaeble, W.J.Mitchell, D.A.Moody, P.C.E.Wallis, R.

(2018) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115: 768-773

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1718709115
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6F1D, 6F1C, 6F1H, 6F39

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The multiprotein complex C1 initiates the classical pathway of complement activation on binding to antibody-antigen complexes, pathogen surfaces, apoptotic cells, and polyanionic structures. It is formed from the recognition subcomponent C1q and a tetram ...

    The multiprotein complex C1 initiates the classical pathway of complement activation on binding to antibody-antigen complexes, pathogen surfaces, apoptotic cells, and polyanionic structures. It is formed from the recognition subcomponent C1q and a tetramer of proteases C1r 2 C1s 2 as a Ca 2+ -dependent complex. Here we have determined the structure of a complex between the CUB1-EGF-CUB2 fragments of C1r and C1s to reveal the C1r-C1s interaction that forms the core of C1. Both fragments are L-shaped and interlock to form a compact antiparallel heterodimer with a Ca 2+ from each subcomponent at the interface. Contacts, involving all three domains of each protease, are more extensive than those of C1r or C1s homodimers, explaining why heterocomplexes form preferentially. The available structural and biophysical data support a model of C1r 2 C1s 2 in which two C1r-C1s dimers are linked via the catalytic domains of C1r. They are incompatible with a recent model in which the N-terminal domains of C1r and C1s form a fixed tetramer. On binding to C1q, the proteases become more compact, with the C1r-C1s dimers at the center and the six collagenous stems of C1q arranged around the perimeter. Activation is likely driven by separation of the C1r-C1s dimer pairs when C1q binds to a surface. Considerable flexibility in C1s likely facilitates C1 complex formation, activation of C1s by C1r, and binding and activation of downstream substrates C4 and C4b-bound C2 to initiate the reaction cascade.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 9HN, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Complement C1r subcomponent AC291Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: C1R
EC: 3.4.21.41
Find proteins for P00736 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00736 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00736
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00736
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Complement C1s subcomponent BD276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: C1S
EC: 3.4.21.42
Find proteins for P09871 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09871 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09871
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P09871
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-beta-D-galactopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E
7 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-galactopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-2)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
F
7 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
G, H, I
3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LYS
Query on LYS

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C
LYSINE
C6 H15 N2 O2
KDXKERNSBIXSRK-YFKPBYRVSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C, D
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.340 
  • R-Value Work: 0.303 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.305 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.209α = 90
b = 88.34β = 90
c = 197.559γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United KingdomG1000191/1

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-01-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-01-31
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary