6ESF

Nucleosome : Class 1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.70 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Histone octamer rearranges to adapt to DNA unwrapping.

Bilokapic, S.Strauss, M.Halic, M.

(2018) Nat Struct Mol Biol 25: 101-108

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41594-017-0005-5
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6ESG, 6ESF, 6ESI, 6ESH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nucleosomes, the basic units of chromatin, package and regulate expression of eukaryotic genomes. Although the structure of the intact nucleosome is well characterized, little is known about structures of partially unwrapped, transient intermediates. ...

    Nucleosomes, the basic units of chromatin, package and regulate expression of eukaryotic genomes. Although the structure of the intact nucleosome is well characterized, little is known about structures of partially unwrapped, transient intermediates. In this study, we present nine cryo-EM structures of distinct conformations of nucleosome and subnucleosome particles. These structures show that initial DNA breathing induces conformational changes in the histone octamer, particularly in histone H3, that propagate through the nucleosome and prevent symmetrical DNA opening. Rearrangements in the H2A-H2B dimer strengthen interaction with the unwrapping DNA and promote nucleosome stability. In agreement with this, cross-linked H2A-H2B that cannot accommodate unwrapping of the DNA is not stably maintained in the nucleosome. H2A-H2B release and DNA unwrapping occur simultaneously, indicating that DNA is essential in stabilizing the dimer in the nucleosome. Our structures reveal intrinsic nucleosomal plasticity that is required for nucleosome stability and might be exploited by extrinsic protein factors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Gene Center, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany. halic@genzentrum.lmu.de.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.2AE135Xenopus laevisMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P84233 (Xenopus laevis)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P84233
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H4BF102Xenopus laevisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P62799 (Xenopus laevis)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P62799
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2ACG129Xenopus laevisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: hist1h2ajLOC494591h2ac14.Lh2ac14XELAEV_18003602mg
Find proteins for Q6AZJ8 (Xenopus laevis)
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Go to UniProtKB:  Q6AZJ8
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2B 1.1DH122Xenopus laevisMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P02281 (Xenopus laevis)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P02281
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (147-MER)I147synthetic construct
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Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (147-MER)J147synthetic construct
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.70 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
European Research CouncilERC-smallRNAhet-309584

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-12-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-12-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-24
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-10-02
    Changes: Data collection, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2019-10-23
    Changes: Data collection, Other