6E1U

Crystal structure of a class I PreQ1 riboswitch complexed with a synthetic compound 2: 2-[(dibenzo[b,d]furan-2-yl)oxy]-N,N-dimethylethan-1-amine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Synthetic ligands for PreQ1riboswitches provide structural and mechanistic insights into targeting RNA tertiary structure.

Connelly, C.M.Numata, T.Boer, R.E.Moon, M.H.Sinniah, R.S.Barchi, J.J.Ferre-D'Amare, A.R.Schneekloth Jr., J.S.

(2019) Nat Commun 10: 1501-1501

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09493-3
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Riboswitches are naturally occurring RNA aptamers that regulate gene expression by binding to specific small molecules. Riboswitches control the expression of essential bacterial genes and are important models for RNA-small molecule recognition. Here ...

    Riboswitches are naturally occurring RNA aptamers that regulate gene expression by binding to specific small molecules. Riboswitches control the expression of essential bacterial genes and are important models for RNA-small molecule recognition. Here, we report the discovery of a class of synthetic small molecules that bind to PreQ 1 riboswitch aptamers. These molecules bind specifically and reversibly to the aptamers with high affinity and induce a conformational change. Furthermore, the ligands modulate riboswitch activity through transcriptional termination despite no obvious chemical similarity to the cognate ligand. X-ray crystallographic studies reveal that the ligands share a binding site with the cognate ligand but make different contacts. Finally, alteration of the chemical structure of the ligand causes changes in the mode of RNA binding and affects regulatory function. Thus, target- and structure-based approaches can be used to identify and understand the mechanism of synthetic ligands that bind to and regulate complex, folded RNAs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine , University of Florida , Box 100245, Gainesville , Florida 32610 , United States.,New York Structural Biology Center, New York, United States.,Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. volodymyr.korkhov@psi.ch.,Institute of Molecular Medicine and Cell Research, University of Freiburg, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.,Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.,Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design and Discovery of Ministry of Education, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China. weip1993@163.com.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, United States.,Synchrotron SOLEIL, l'Orme des Merisiers, 91410 Saint Aubin, France.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology , Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" (IQFR-CSIC) , Madrid E-28006 , Spain.,Department of Chemistry - BMC, Uppsala University, Box 576, Uppsala, S-751 23, Sweden. lynn.kamerlin@kemi.uu.se.,School of Chemistry, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland.,JEM Utilization Center, Human Spaceflight Technology Directorate , Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) , 2-1-1 Sengen , Tsukuba-shi , Ibaraki 305-8505 , Japan.,Institute of Computing Science, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland.,Faculty of Agriculture, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia.,Department of Biomedical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory , Grenoble Outstation , 71 avenue des Martyrs , CS 90181 F-38042 Grenoble , France.,Center for Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Departments of Pharmacological Sciences and Oncological Sciences, Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York, New York 10029, United States.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Living Systems Institute, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China.,Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 1-1-1, Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan. nyasui@okayama-u.ac.jp.,Calico Life Sciences, South San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.,From the Drug Discovery Unit, Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery and.,Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Molecular and Integrative Bioscience Research Programme, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.,Institute of Biology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48 Vassileos Constantinou Avenue, 11635 Athens, Greece. sez@eie.gr.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences, BioTechMed Graz, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: liux@nankai.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto , Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Host-Defense Biochemistry, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.,Center for Life Sciences , Skolkov Institute of Science and Technology , 3 Nobel str. , 143026 Moscow , Russia.,Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 and.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, 89081 Ulm University, Ulm, Germany. dierk.niessing@uni-ulm.de.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Osaka, Japan.,Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.,Department of Chemistry and The RNA Institute, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222, USA.,Pfizer Inc, United States.,Department of Biology, Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago, IL, USA.,a Molecular Cancer Research Group, Department of Medical Biology , University of Tromsø -The Arctic University of Norway , Tromsø , Norway.,Department of Pharmacy, Dongguk University, Goyang 10326, Korea.,College of Food Science and Technology , Henan Agricultural University , 450002 Zhengzhou , People's Republic of China.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.,Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, OX1 3TA Oxford, United Kingdom.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. bxiong@simm.ac.cn.,Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, PRC.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Detection Technology for Animal-Derived Food Safety, Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety , Beijing Municipal Education Commission , 100193 Beijing , People's Republic of China.,Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science & Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045.,Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, S.S. 14 Km 163.5 in Area Science Park, Basovizza, Trieste 34149, Italy. nicola.demitri@elettra.eu.,Cell and Developmental Biology, and.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tulane University Health Science Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.,Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. baorui@scu.edu.cn.,Departments of Molecular Biosciences and Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208, IL, USA. amyr@northwestern.edu.,Structure and Function of Proteins , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research , Inhoffenstraße 7 , 38124 , Braunschweig , Germany.,Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, MRC Molecular Haematology Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, OX3 9DS Oxford, United Kingdom; terence.rabbitts@imm.ox.ac.uk.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,Centre for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 143026 Moscow, Russia; Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 119334 Moscow, Russia; Waksman Institute for Microbiology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. Electronic address: severik@waksman.rutgers.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. ddleonidas@bio.uth.gr.,Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases, School of Life Science, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, P.R. China.,Developmental Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, 69117, Heidelberg, Germany.,Institute for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Chemistry - BMC, Uppsala University, Box 576, Uppsala, S-751 23, Sweden.,Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark.,Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth 6009, Australia.,Discovery Division, Merrimack Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA 02139; araue@merrimack.com gavin.macbeath@gmail.com.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Pharmacology , The Ohio State University , Columbus , Ohio 43210 , United States.,From the Departments of Pharmacology.,Department of Physiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Organic Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.,Russian Research Center of Molecular Diagnostics and Therapy, Simpheropolsky Blvd. 8, 113149, Moscow, Russia.,Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, 1030, Vienna, Austria.,CNRS, Aix Marseille Univ, AFMB, Marseille, France. florence.vincent@afmb.univ-mrs.fr.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. Electronic address: lalmeida@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,TU Dortmund University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Dortmund, Germany.,Center for Women's Infectious Disease Research, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.,College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Department of Life Sciences and the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.,Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.,Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA. pdkwong@nih.gov.,Department of Biology, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana, USA xjuan@iqfr.csic.es winklerm@indiana.edu giedroc@indiana.edu.,Department of Life Sciences National Cheng Kung University Tainan Taiwan.,Texas Therapeutics Institute, Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA.,Department of Chemistry & Frontier Research Center on Fundamental and Applied Sciences of Matters National Tsing Hua University Hsinchu 30013 Taiwan.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Utrecht University, Utrecht, 3584 CH, The Netherlands.,Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, MRC Molecular Haematology Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, OX3 9DS Oxford, United Kingdom.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology , Stanford University , Stanford , California 94305 , United States.,Focal Area Structural Biology and Biophysics, Biozentrum , University of Basel , Basel 4056 , Switzerland.,Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases (CSGID), University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.,Division of Medicinal Safety Science, National Institute of Health Sciences, Kanagawa, Japan.,Department of Life Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Shobara, Hiroshima, Japan.,Isogenica Ltd., Chesterford Research Park, CB10 1XL, Little Chesterford, Essex, UK.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; RIKEN Cluster for Science, Technology and Innovation Hub, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: yokoyama@riken.jp.,Department of Microbiology, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. zhangyanqing15@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Tetrad Graduate Program, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Waksman Institute for Microbiology , 190 Frelinghuysen Road , Piscataway , New Jersey , USA . Email: severik@waksman.rutgers.edu.,College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Department of Informatics, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto Química-Física Rocasolano, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain xjuan@iqfr.csic.es winklerm@indiana.edu giedroc@indiana.edu.,Helsinki Institute of Life Sciences, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.,Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Arizona State University, 85287 Tempe, AZ, USA.,Neutron Sciences Directorate , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee 37831 , United States.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, United States.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste 34127, Italy. rdezorzi@units.it.,Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States.,School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, 100083, China.,Departments of Discovery Chemistry and Molecular Technologies, Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA.,Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. yuluot@scu.edu.cn.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.,Structural Biology & Protein Sciences, Pfizer, Inc., United States.,Physik-Department, Lehrstuhl für Biophysik E22 , Technische Universität München , D-85748 Garching , Germany.,Medical Research Council Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, United Kingdom and.,College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.,NRC Institute of Immunology FMBA of Russia, Moscow, Russia.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, United States.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. b_liggri@windowslive.com.,Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), Department of Chemistry, and the Centre for Nanoscale BioPhotonics, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia.,Computational and Data Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.,CAS Key Laboratory of Computational Biology, CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institute of Nutrition and Health, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,NHC Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, PRC.,Institute of Molecular Biology Academia Sinica Taipei Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark. Electronic address: leila@chem.ku.dk.,Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, United States.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 8, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.,School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.,Cellular Enzymology, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Konzern-Hauptsitz, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070, Basel, Switzerland.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche della Vita e della Sostenibilità Ambientale, Università di Parma and INSTM UdR Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, 43124, Parma, Italy.,Oncode Institute and Department of Cell Biology, Center for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Department of Picobiology, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan; Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology(CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan; SPring-8 Center, RIKEN, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan. Electronic address: hig@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University, 1510 Clifton Rd., Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,Department of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Murcia , Murcia 30100, Spain.,College of Pharmacy, Nanchang University, 461 Bayi Avenue, Nanchang 330006, China. aljiang@jding.dhs.org.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. houk@chem.ucla.edu.,Institute of Chemistry, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. david@mbi.ucla.edu.,From the Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom and.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030; korzhniev@uchc.edu.,University of Copenhagen, Department of Biology, Universitetsparken 13, DK-2100, Copenhagen OE, Denmark.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth 6009, Australia.,National Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.,Institute for Cancer Research, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. natalia.jura@ucsf.edu.,Division of Structural Biology, Henry Wellcome Building for Genomic Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK; Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0DE, UK. Electronic address: jonathan@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,the Center for Structural Biology, and.,Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.,Laboratory of Structural Microbiology, Regional Centre for Biotechnology, NCR Biotech Science Cluster, Faridabad, 121001 India.,Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, OX11 0FA Didcot, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , The Ohio State University , Columbus , Ohio 43210 , United States.,Henan Animal Health Supervision Institute , 450008 Zhengzhou , People's Republic of China.,Crescendo Biologics Ltd, Meditrina Building 260, Babraham Research Campus, Cambridge, CB22 3AT, UK.,Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, P.O. Box 486, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Instituto de Engenharia, Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, 39440-000 Janaúba, MG, Brazil.,Universidade de Lisboa, Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003, Lisbon, Portugal.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, IBS , Metalloproteins Unit , F-38000 Grenoble , France.,State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for TCM Quality and Efficacy, School of Life Sciences and Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China. rxtan@nju.edu.cn.,California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, OX1 3QU Oxford, United Kingdom.,Chemical Biology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD, 21701, USA.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: erica@scripps.edu.,Complex Carbohydrate Research Center , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia 30602 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.,Collaboration for joint PhD degree, European Molecular Biology Laboratory and Heidelberg University, Faculty of Biosciences, Heidelberg, Germany.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. wangtingliang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK. rwb1002@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry (DCCI), University of Pisa, Via Moruzzi, 13, 56124 Pisa, Italy; Laboratory of Metals in Medicine (MetMed), Department of Chemistry "U. Schiff", University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy.,Cell Therapy Institute, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314; and.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Center for Advanced Imaging, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Neuroscience Drug Discovery Unit, Research, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Japan.,Department of Biology, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.,Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Science , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94158 , United States.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, terunaga.nakagawa@vanderbilt.edu.,Faculty of Biology and Centre for Biological Signalling Studies (BIOSS), University of Freiburg, Germany.,Janssen Infectious Diseases and Vaccines, Janssen Research & Discovery, Turnhoutseweg 30, Beerse, Belgium.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology and School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences , University of Leeds , Leeds LS2 9JT , U.K.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste 34127, Italy. folajuyi@futa.edu.ng.,Institute of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003, India.,Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, P.O. Box 486, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: jmr@ufmg.br.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8066, USA; Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8066, USA. Electronic address: karen.anderson@yale.edu.,Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.,Division of Anti-Tumor Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of MateriaMedica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. aljiang@jding.dhs.org.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany. dierk.niessing@uni-ulm.de.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; t.lonhienne@uq.edu.au luke.guddat@uq.edu.au.,IMCA-CAT, Hauptman Woodward Medical Research Institute, Argonne, IL, USA.,Department of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,Medicinal Sciences, Pfizer Worldwide R&D, Eastern Point Road, Groton, CT, 06340, USA.,Biology and Soft Matter Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.,b Department of Biotechnology , College of Life Sciences, Ritsumeikan University , Kusatsu, Shiga , Japan.,Department of Structural Biology at the Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee , Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States.,CERM - Magnetic Resonance Center, University of Florence, Via Luigi Sacconi 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.,Laboratory of Peptide Sciences, Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology, Japan.,Unité de Microbiologie Structurale, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR 3528, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France. Electronic address: stephanie.petrella@pasteur.fr.,Medicinal Sciences, Pfizer Worldwide R&D, Eastern Point Road, Groton, CT, 06340, USA. Xiayang.Qiu@pfizer.com.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China. yanjh@im.ac.cn.,Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology, Petersgasse 14, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Key Laboratory of Human Diseases Comparative Medicine, Ministry of Health, Institute of Medical Laboratory Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.,Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular del Cáncer, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - University of Salamanca, Campus Unamuno, 37007 Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address: pereda@usal.es.,Instituto de Química Médica (IQM-CSIC) , Madrid E-28006 , Spain.,Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.,Biochemical Institute, Christian-Albrechts University Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, D-24098, Kiel, Germany.,Department of Biology, Molecular Basis of Disease , Georgia State University , Atlanta , Georgia 30303 , United States.,Biogen, 225 Binney St., Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA.,Department of Biosciences Università di Milano Via Celoria 26 I-20133 Milano Italy.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. weip1993@163.com.,Department of Biological Chemistry, John Innes Centre, NR4 7UH Norwich, UK.,Summer Undergraduate Research Fellows (SURF) program, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre , 101 College Street, MaRS South Tower, Suite 707, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Department of Chemistry , Dalhousie University , Halifax , NS , Canada B3H 4R2 . Email: david.jakeman@dal.ca.,Core Research Laboratory , Istituto Toscano Tumori , 50139 Florence , Italy.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA 92093-0378, USA.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Center for Marine Environmental Studies (CMES), Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan.,Drug Design and Discovery Center, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. ycxu@simm.ac.cn.,Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, U.S.A.,Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland xiad@mail.nih.gov.,Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Umeå University, Umeå, SE-90187, Sweden.,Structural and Biophysical Chemistry Group, Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, 5300 Chiron Way, Emeryville, California 94608, United States.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.,Center for Drug Discovery, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Allergy Department, 2nd Pediatric Clinic, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.,Office of the Dean, College of Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA ddaines@odu.edu.,School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, 2, Ireland.,Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,UCLA-DOE Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. david@mbi.ucla.edu.,Division of Anti-Tumor Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of MateriaMedica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. jding@simm.ac.cn.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Division of Biology and Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory , Stanford University , Menlo Park , California 94025 United States.,Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.,StarWise Therapeutics LLC, 505 South Rosa Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, United States.,Science for Life Laboratory, Stockholm University, Solna, Sweden.,University of Pavia, Department of Molecular Medicine, Human Physiology Unit, Via Forlanini 6, I-27100, Pavia, Italy.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Infectious Disease Group, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, 5300 Chiron Way, Emeryville, California 94608, United States.,School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Centre for Biological Sciences and Institute of Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.,IAdChem (Institute for Advanced Research in Chemical Science) and Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049, Spain.,Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Molecular and Integrative Bioscience Research Programme, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland ausra.domanska@helsinki.fi sarah.butcher@helsinki.fi.,Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Medical School, Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana, USA xjuan@iqfr.csic.es winklerm@indiana.edu giedroc@indiana.edu.,Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, U.S.A. adha@ufl.edu.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.,Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Medical Surgical Feto-Neonatal Department , "A. Meyer" University Children's Hospital , Viale G. Pieraccini 24 , 50139 Florence , Italy.,School of Chemistry, University of East Anglia , Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, U.K.,State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metal Chemistry and Resources Utilization of Gansu Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University , Lanzhou 730000, China.,Laboratoire de Biologie Physico-Chimique des Protéines Membranaires, Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, CNRS UMR7099 and Université Paris Didérot, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France.,4Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30043 Taiwan.,Laboratory of Metals in Medicine (MetMed), Department of Chemistry "U. Schiff", University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy.,New York Structural Biology Center, New York, NY, USA.,Genetics and Biochemistry Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.,Department of NEUROFARBA-Pharmacology and Toxicology Section , University of Florence , Viale G. Pieraccini n. 6 , 50019 Florence , Italy.,Department of Clinical Immunology and Microbiology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, 6997801, Israel.,CNC - Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, 3004-517 Coimbra, Portugal.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Center for Phage Technology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843; junjiez@tamu.edu.,Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.,3Department of Biotechnology and Bioindustry Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701 Taiwan.,University of Copenhagen, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nørre Allé 14, DK-2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark. pontus@sund.ku.dk.,Department of Chemistry, Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA.,Magnetic Resonance Center (CERM), University of Florence and Consorzio Interuniversitario Risonanze Magnetiche di Metalloproteine, Via L. Sacconi 6, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy.,Center for Molecular Biology of RNA, Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.,Biochemistry.,Department of Chemistry, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200F box 2404, Leuven 3001, Belgium.,Schrödinger , New York , New York 10036 , United States.,The Medical Research Council Mitochondrial Biology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom.,School of Life Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biochemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, United States.,Protein Structure Section, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Product Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Shanghai 200032, China.,Departments of Infectious Diseases and Hematology , Kumamoto University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences , Kumamoto 860-8556 , Japan.,Max Planck Institut für Biochemie, D-82152 Martinsried, Germany; huber@biochem.mpg.de julia.lorenzo@uab.cat David.Reverter@uab.cat.,Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226; jjkim@mcw.edu.,Sorbonne Université, Centre d'Immunologie et des Maladies Infectieuses-Paris, Cimi-Paris, INSERM U1135, National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Laboratoire de Bactériologie-Hygiène, AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière - Charles Foix, 75013 Paris, France.,Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology Academia Sinica Taipei Taiwan.,Magnetic Resonance Center (CERM), University of Florence and Consorzio Interuniversitario Risonanze Magnetiche di Metalloproteine, Via L. Sacconi 6, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. calderone@cerm.unifi.it.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Functional Biomolecules, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China. hmge@nju.edu.cn.,Instrumental Analysis Section, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Kunigami, Okinawa, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia.,Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Center of Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Einsiedlerstrasse 31, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. thomas.fischer@zhaw.ch.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD 20815, USA.,Department of Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany.,Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Japan; Structural Biology Research Center, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Japan. Electronic address: matsuura.yoshiyuki@d.mbox.nagoya-u.ac.jp.,Medical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, the Netherlands; adnane.achour@ki.se T.van_Hall@lumc.nl.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Scientific Activities Division, European Spallation Source, 22100 Lund, Sweden.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China. Electronic address: wmxing@sibs.ac.cn.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang, 37673, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Center for Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, The University of Montana, Missoula, United States.,From the Institute for Organic Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Centre for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance (BMRZ), Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 7, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Discovery Division, Merrimack Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, MA 02139.,The Institute for Brain Research, Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.,Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, 39100-000 Diamantina, MG, Brazil.,Division of Anti-Tumor Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of MateriaMedica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. daiyang@simm.ac.cn.,Research Center for Drug Discovery , School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou 510006 , China . Email: zhuihao@mail.sysu.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, New Mexico State University , Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, United States.,Division of Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea. structures@korea.ac.kr.,Pepscan Therapeutics, 8243 RC, Lelystad, The Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry, School of Sciences, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure 340252, Ondo State, Nigeria. folajuyi@futa.edu.ng.,School of Life Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, 100 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, P.R. China.,Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics Research Laboratories, Research, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Japan.,Biochemistry and Medicine, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom.,Department of Picobiology, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Proteomics and Mass Spectrometry Core Facility , Life Sciences Research Institute , Dalhousie University , Halifax , NS , Canada B3H 4R2.,Centre for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 143026 Moscow, Russia; Department of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia.,Technical University of Denmark, Department of Environmental Engineering, Bygningstorvet Building 115, DK-2800 Kgs, Lyngby, Denmark.,Laboratory for Immunopathology, Department of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.,Program in Biophysics, University of Michigan, 930 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055, USA.,Division of Immunopathology, Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Osaka, Japan. eiki@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Division of Anti-Tumor Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of MateriaMedica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. jai@simm.ac.cn.,Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Center of Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Einsiedlerstrasse 31, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. rainer.riedl@zhaw.ch.,Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Av. Esperança, s/n, Campus Samambaia, 74690-900 Goiânia, GO, Brazil.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and ‡Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic , Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Macromolecule and Vaccine Stabilization Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.,From the Section of Microbiology, MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ and.,National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing, China.,Institute of Microbiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 14220 Prague 4, Czech Republic.,Metabolomics Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, Parque Tecnologico de Bizkaia, Derio, Spain.,Department of Chemistry "Ugo Schiff", University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. calderone@cerm.unifi.it.,Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. natalia.jura@ucsf.edu.,German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, United States.,the Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232.,Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK.,The Scripps Research Institute Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA, 10550, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.,EMD Serono Research & Development Institute, 45A Middlesex Turnpike, Billerica, MA, 01821, USA.,Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA Hong.Zhou@UCLA.edu.,Molecular Cryo-Electron Microscopy Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Kunigami, Okinawa, Japan matthias.wolf@oist.jp.,Intercollegiate Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Gdańsk and Medical University of Gdańsk, Abrahama 58, 80-307 Gdańsk, Poland.,Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology, Petersgasse 14, 8010, Graz, Austria. birgit.wiltschi@acib.at.,University of Perugia, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Italy.,Department of Biology, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI 49104.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Straße 4, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.,Department of Life Sciences National Chung Hsing University Taichung Taiwan.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Zentrum für Medizinische Biotechnologie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, D-45117 Essen, Germany.,Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.,Oncology Structural Biology, Pfizer Inc., United States.,Centre for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 143026 Moscow, Russia; Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 119334 Moscow, Russia; Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, 30-387 Cracow, Poland.,Protein Analysis Group, Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark.,Metabolic Engineering Group, Departamento de Microbiología y Genética, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Functional Biomolecules, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China. rxtan@nju.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmaceutical Science, General and Organic Chemistry Section, University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy.,Klinische Forschergruppe der Frauenklinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar der TU München, 81675, München, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA; Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.,College of Pharmacy, Nanchang University, 461 Bayi Avenue, Nanchang 330006, China. jding@simm.ac.cn.,Skaggs Graduate School of Chemical and Biological Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands a.m.w.h.thunnissen@rug.nl ritabern@mx.uni-saarland.de.,Department of Bioscience, Graduate School of Agriculture, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan.,Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research (China), Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park , Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201203, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Indiana University School of Medicine , Indianapolis , Indiana 46202 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Illinois , USA . Email: snair@illinois.edu.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK.,Department of Biological Chemistry, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Pawińskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland; NanoBioMedical Center, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 85, 61-614 Poznań, Poland.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, NY 10027, USA.,Plateforme de Biophysique Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR 3528, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.,From the Departments of Pharmacology, tina.iverson@vanderbilt.edu.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States.,Unité de Microbiologie Structurale, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR 3528, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. wangxin@simm.ac.cn.,School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto , Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, Shanghai 201210, China.,Oxford Glycobiology Institute, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. yanjh@im.ac.cn.,Savaid Medical School, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Institute of Biochemistry , University of Muenster , Wilhelm-Klemm-Str. 2 , 48149 Münster , Germany . Email: Henning.Mootz@uni-muenster.de.,Univ Lyon, Institut de Chimie et Biochimie Moléculaires et Supramoléculaires, CNRS, Université Lyon 1, INSA Lyon, CPE Lyon, ICBMS, UMR 5246, Université Claude Bernard, Bâtiment Lederer, 1 Rue Victor Grignard, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France. Yves.queneau@insa-lyon.fr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Electron Imaging Center for Nanomachines, California Nano Systems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Anhui Key Laboratory for Cellular Dynamics & Chemical Biology, Hefei National Research Center for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, University of Science & Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex , Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, U.K.,Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida , Orlando, Florida 32827, United States.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.,Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,Centre for Molecular and Structural Biochemistry, School of Chemistry, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom; n.le-brun@uea.ac.uk.,College of Allopathic Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33328.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA , INAC-SyMMES , 38000 Grenoble , France.,Laboratory of Ultrastructural Virology, Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.,Department of Materials Science and Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang, 37673, Republic of Korea.,Joint Center for Structural Genomics, La Jolla CA, 92037, USA ; Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park CA, 94025, USA.,Tianjin International Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin 300457, China.,1Life Science Group, Scientific Research Division, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu, 30076 Taiwan.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148 Hyogo, Japan.,Institut Pasteur of Shanghai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Department of Biological Sciences, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.,Structural Biology Brussels , Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) , Brussels 1050 , Belgium.,Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.,Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.,Protein Structure Section, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD, USA.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,LISM, IMM, Aix-Marseille Univ and CNRS, Marseille, 13402, France.,Department of Chemistry and Ralph Adams Institute for Bioanalytical Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Linnaeus University, Smålandsgatan-24, 392 34, Kalmar, Sweden.,Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea. structures@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Center for Phage Technology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843.,Institute of Biochemistry, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.,Janssen Prevention Center, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, Archimedesweg 6, Leiden, Netherlands.,Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115, Taiwan.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, United States.,Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.,Aix-Marseille Université, AFMB UMR 7257, 13288 Marseilles, France.,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 63, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland.,Centre for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 143026 Moscow, Russia; Institute of Gene Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 119334 Moscow, Russia.,Center for Molecular Recognition, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, United States.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Materials Science Engineering , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Département de Microbiologie-Infectiologie et d'Immunologie, Université Laval, Quebec, Quebec, Canada.,Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. wangzhenling@scu.edu.cn.,Office of the Dean, College of Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.,Cluster of Excellence Macromolecular Complexes, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.,Center for Women's Infectious Disease Research, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA. Hultgren@wustl.edu.,Henry Wellcome Building for Biocatalysis, Biosciences, University of Exeter, UK.,Department of Chemistry , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Department of Crystallography, Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit , European Molecular Biology Laboratory , Meyerhofstrasse 1 , 69117 Heidelberg , Germany.,Pfizer Inc., United States.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section of MCL, National Cancer Institute, S Cass Ave 9700, Argonne, IL, U.S.A. milosz.ruszkowski@nih.gov.,Department of Life Science, POSTECH, Pohang, 37673, Republic of Korea.,School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, 100083, China. liu-lab@vip.163.com.,CAS Key Laboratory of Microbial Physiological and Metabolic Engineering, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. yanjh@im.ac.cn.,From the Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom and alan.cartmell2@newcastle.ac.uk.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant'Angelo, via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy.,Department of Chemistry "Ugo Schiff", University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy.,The Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Indiana University Bloomington, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.,CAS Key Laboratory of Microbial Physiological and Metabolic Engineering, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry "Ugo Schiff", University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. claudioluchinat@cerm.unifi.it.,the Department of Biochemistry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering , Chuo University , 1-13-27 Kasuga , Bunkyo-ku , Tokyo 112-8551 , Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia.,Departments of Molecular Biosciences and Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208, IL, USA.,Laboratory of Bacteriology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Molecular Cryo-Electron Microscopy Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Okinawa, Japan.,Center for Molecular Biology of RNA, Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 harry@nuvolari.ucsc.edu.,Department of Biomedical Engineering , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518055, China. Electronic address: pateld@mskcc.org.,Centre for Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 143026 Moscow, Russia; A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow, Russia.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: pabeal@ucdavis.edu.,Biochemistry and Biophysics Center, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Tübingen, Germany.,Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. Electronic address: mko2@cdc.gov.,Graz University of Technology, Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, Petersgasse 14, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Biomedical Center Munich, Department of Cell Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 82152, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.,California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.,Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. zhangyanqing15@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,College of Veterinary Medicine , Qingdao Agricultural University , 266109 Qingdao , People's Republic of China.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia; St Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Center of Infectious Disease, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.,Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK.,Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand brian.monk@otago.ac.nz.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. vskamnaki@bio.uth.gr.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and.,U.S. Military HIV Research Program, WRAIR, Silver Spring, MD, USA; Henry Jackson Foundation, Bethesda, MD, USA.,CNRS, Aix Marseille Univ, AFMB, Marseille, France.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, PRC.,Aquaporin A/S, Nymøllevej 78, DK-2800, Lyngby, Denmark.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.,LIX, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, Inria , Université Paris-Saclay , 91128 Palaiseau , France.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, PRC; Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, PRC.,Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA. mvandon@its.jnj.com wilson@scripps.edu.,Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Molecular Engineering of Education Ministry, Institute of Molecular Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, 030006, China.,Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, Maryland, USA.,University of Perugia, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Italy. Electronic address: desirex85@hotmail.it.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama, Japan.,Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. wangtingliang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, 17165 Stockholm, Sweden.,Oncode Institute and Department of Cell Biology, Center for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands. M.M.Maurice@umcutrecht.nl.,Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, U.S.A.,University of Tsukuba Life Science Center for Survival Dynamics, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, 305-8577, Ibaraki, Japan.,tisch cancer institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, United States.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Scripps Research, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. Electronic address: hmm@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Mechanical Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang, 37673, Republic of Korea.,Janssen Infectious Diseases and Vaccines, Janssen Research & Development, Archimedesweg 4-6, Leiden, Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics - DANDRITE, Gustav Wieds Vej 10 , Aarhus University , DK-8000 Aarhus C , Denmark.,Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.,Drug Safety Research and Evaluation, Research, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Japan.,Department of Plant Pathology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Crop Diseases and Pests (Ministry of Education), Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address: wangyc@njau.edu.cn.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA. bjorkman@caltech.edu.,Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics.,College of Life Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. yanjh@im.ac.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, PRC. Electronic address: gaon@pku.edu.cn.,Marshall Centre for Infectious Disease Research and Training, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth 6009, Australia.,Structural Biology Group, Groningen Institute of Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.,Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.,Nucleic Acids Structure Research Group, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom.,Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics , Karolinska Institutet , Scheeles väg 2 , SE-17177 Stockholm , Sweden.,Laboratory of Metals in Medicine (MetMed), Department of Chemistry "U. Schiff", University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy. Electronic address: luigi.messori@unifi.it.,The Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA vprasad@bcm.edu.,Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, CB10 1SA, UK ; European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute,Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, CB10 1SD, UK.,Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Translational Research and Therapy for Neuro-Psycho-Diseases and Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Soochow University , Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China.,Division of Pre-Clinical Innovation, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, USA.,Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences , UCSF , San Francisco , California 94158 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Graduate Group, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.,From the Section of Microbiology, MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ and t.thurston@imperial.ac.uk.,Pôle d'Expertise Biotechnologie, Chimie, Biologie, Institut de Recherches SERVIER, 78290 Croissy-sur-Seine, France.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: aihar001@umn.edu.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; RIKEN Cluster for Science, Technology and Innovation Hub, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Centre for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry , The University of South Carolina , Columbia , South Carolina 29208 , United States.,Sandford-Burnham Institute, La Jolla CA, 92037, USA.,NHC Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, PRC. Electronic address: jinqi@ipbcams.ac.cn.,Fakultät für Chemie, Technische Universität München, D-85747 Garching, Germany.,College of Pharmacy , Dalhousie University , Halifax , NS , Canada B3H 4R2.,Discovery Sciences, Janssen Research & Development, Turnhoutseweg 30, Beerse, Belgium.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, 89081 Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.,Department of Allergology, Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: pdkwong@nih.gov.,Department of Chemical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,c Molecular Cell Biology of Autophagy Laboratory , The Francis Crick Institute , London , UK.,School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei 230026, China.,Prozomix Ltd., Station Court, Haltwhistle, Northumberland NE49 9HN, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry , The University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , Alabama 35487 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA. Electronic address: aihar001@umn.edu.,Attana AB, SE-11419, Stockholm, Sweden.,a Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology , Fukui Prefectural University , Fukui , Japan.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: glenn.king@imb.uq.edu.au.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and weissma@iu.edu.,Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, 5020, Salzburg, Austria. peter.goettig@sbg.ac.at.,Lund University, Department of Experimental Medical Science, Sölvegatan 19, SE-221 84, Lund, Sweden. pontus@sund.ku.dk.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK; Division of Structural Biology, Henry Wellcome Building for Genomic Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK.,College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, 06974, Republic of Korea.,Institute of Physical Science and Information, Anhui University, Hefei, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. sym.koulas@gmail.com.,Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China.,Department of Chemistry, Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA. reichow@pdx.edu.,6Noyes Laboratory 127-72, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, 91125 CA USA.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Computer Assisted Drug Design, Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, Wallingford, CT, 06492, USA.,Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Center for Biocrystallographic Research, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.,School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; Laboratory of Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Ave. 33, 119071, Moscow, Russia.,SARomics Biostructures AB, Medicon Village, SE-223 81 Lund, Sweden.,Structural and Biophysical Chemistry Group, Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, 5300 Chiron Way, Emeryville, California 94608, United States dirksen.bussiere@novartis.com.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste 34127, Italy. sgeremia@units.it.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, United States.,Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, United States.,Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Agricultural Biotechnology Center National Chung Hsing University Taichung Taiwan.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1 West Beichen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Am Klopferspitz 18, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, D-82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste 34127, Italy. nicola.demitri@elettra.eu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,Biomedical Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8566, Japan.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8107, USA.,Centro Universitario de la Defensa, Ctra. Huesca s/n, 50090 Zaragoza, Spain.,Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China; School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China.,UCIBIO-Requimte, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Caparica, 2829-516, Portugal.,Department of Pathology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.,Molecular Cryo-Electron Microscopy Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Kunigami, Okinawa, Japan.,Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, Department of Technical Biochemistry, University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, 70569, Stuttgart, Germany.,X-Lab for Transmembrane Signaling Research, Department of Biomedical Engineering and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. liu-lab@vip.163.com.,Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Proteinase Research Group, 82152, Martinsried, Germany.,Vanderbilt Brain Institute, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232.,Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA. Hultgren@wustl.edu.,Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198, Japan.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. dbarford@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.,Division of Structural Biology, Henry Wellcome Building for Genomic Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK.,Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. zhangyanqing15@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Saarland University, Campus B2.2, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany a.m.w.h.thunnissen@rug.nl ritabern@mx.uni-saarland.de.,From the Department of Physiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163 and.,BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, University of Freiburg, 79104, Freiburg, Germany.,Research Network of Immunity and Health (RNIH), Beijing Institutes of Life Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,The Medical Research Council Mitochondrial Biology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom; walker@mrc-mbu.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA.,Institute of Molecular Genetics, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 14220 Prague 4, Czech Republic.,Genome Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Chemistry , University of California, Davis , Davis , California 95695 , United States.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, North Carolina State University , Raleigh North Carolina 27607, United States.,Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Biology, Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands.,Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung City, 402, Taiwan.,DiscoveRx Corporation , Fremont, California 94538, United States.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. liu-lab@vip.163.com.,Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.,2Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871 Japan.,TU Dortmund University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Dortmund, Germany. Electronic address: daniel.rauh@tu-dortmund.de.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. rfwang1992@126.com.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biochemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: iwogabri@pg.edu.pl.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8066, USA; Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8066, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Emory University, 1515 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA, 30322. USA, Nephron Pharmaceuticals Corp., 4500 12 Street, West Columbia, SC 29172.,School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. wangtingliang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Guangzhou 510530, China.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry , Russian Academy of Sciences , Moscow 117997 , Russian Federation.,Drug Design and Discovery Center, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. lauraove2012@simm.ac.cn.,Department of Physics, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, 974, Taiwan.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,University of Copenhagen, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nørre Allé 14, DK-2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark.,The David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Department of Biochemistry, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada. hling4@uwo.ca.,Faculty of Biosciences, Collaboration for Joint PhD Degree between EMBL and Heidelberg University, Germany.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Instituto Química-Física Rocasolano, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain.,Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RE, UK. Electronic address: ervin.fodor@path.ox.ac.uk.,the Molecular Structure of Cell Signalling Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London NW1 1AT, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. stravodimos@windowslive.com.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB) , DESY and European Molecular Biology Laboratory Hamburg , Notkestrasse 85 , D-22607 Hamburg , Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Health for Research on Quality and Standardization of Biotech Products, National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing, China.,Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,Department of Special Pathogens, International Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Vector-Borne Diseases Laboratories, Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.,Center for Biophysics and Quantitative Biology , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Illinois , USA.,Neuroscience Research Unit, Pfizer Worldwide R&D, 610 Main Street, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, United Kingdom.,Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 239 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201204, China.,X-Lab for Transmembrane Signaling Research, Department of Biomedical Engineering and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Experimental Retrovirology Section, HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch , National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda , Maryland 20892 , United States.,Macromolecular Science and Engineering , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Research Centre for Infectious Diseases, School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom thomas.bowden@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.,Department of Biology , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics , Technische Universität Braunschweig , Spielmannstraße 7 , 38106 Braunschweig , Germany.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt, Germany.,Research Network of Immunity and Health (RNIH), Beijing Institutes of Life Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,IAdChem (Institute for Advanced Research in Chemical Science) and Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049, Spain. Electronic address: adoracion.gomez@uam.es.,Center for Structural Biology, and.,Departamento de Biología de Sistemas , Universidad de Alcalá , Alcalá de Henares, Madrid E-28805 , Spain.,School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Biology Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, 17165 Stockholm, Sweden; adnane.achour@ki.se T.van_Hall@lumc.nl.,Structural Biology, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Flemingovo nám. 2, 16610 Prague 6, Czech Republic.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030.,Department of Applied Biology, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto, Japan.,Laboratory of Physiologic Studies, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Savaid Medical School, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Laboratory of Membrane Biophysics and Biology, The Rockefeller University, New York, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Functional Biomolecules, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, India.,Molecular Enzymology Group, Groningen Institute of Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.,Centre for Computational Chemistry, School of Chemistry , University of Bristol , Cantock's Close , Bristol BS8 1TS , U.K.,3Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: liuzhj@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, 112, Taiwan.,Department of Biological Chemistry, John Innes Centre, NR4 7UH Norwich, UK. Electronic address: david.lawson@jic.ac.uk.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Ashburn VA, 20147, USA.,Centre for Evolution and Cancer, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom.,Laboratório de Cristalografia de Proteínas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto , Universidade de São Paulo , São Paulo 14040-903 , Brazil.,Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, P.O. Box 486, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.,Medicinal Sciences, Pfizer Worldwide R&D, Eastern Point Road, Groton, CT, 06340, USA. Shenping.liu@pfizer.com.,Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.,Skirball Institute, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016.,Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21218, USA.,Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Industrial Macromolecular Crystallography Association-Collaborative Access Team, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Argonne, IL 60439.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom.,Institute of Gene Biology , Russian Academy of Science , 34/5 Vavilo str. , 11934 Moscow , Russia.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, Institute of Biotechnology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prumyslova 595, 252 50 Vestec, Czech Republic.,International Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Tropical Disease Agents, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.,From the Department of Physiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163 and jcordero@uthsc.edu.,The Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 0QH, United Kingdom.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA. ntoor@ucsd.edu.,Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, PRC.,MTA-SE Ion Channel Research Group, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.,Provincial University Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Response and Metabolic Regulation, College of Life Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China.,UCLA-DOE Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA. yuanp@wustl.edu.,Protein Analysis Group, Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark. Electronic address: kasper.rand@sund.ku.dk.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Humboldtstraße 50, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Department of Nephrology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, China.,CNR-IBF Via Celoria 26 I-20133 Milano Italy.,Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich at Chair of Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, Department Chemistry, Technische Universität München, 85747, Garching, Germany.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Plant & Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720; view@berkeley.edu monica.balsera@csic.es.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China, 102402.,d Peptide Chemistry Science Technology Platform , The Francis Crick Institute , London , UK.,Discovery Sciences, Janssen Research & Development, 1400 McKean Rd., Spring House, PA, USA.,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 63, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: s.rodziewicz-motowidlo@ug.edu.pl.,Department of NEUROFARBA, Section of Pharmaceutical and Nutraceutical Sciences , University of Florence, Polo Scientifico , Via U. Schiff 6 , 50019 Sesto Fiorentino , Firenze Italy.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: linlin.ma@flinders.edu.au.,Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: karim-jean.armache@nyulangone.org.,Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. gaof@im.ac.cn.,Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. david@mbi.ucla.edu.,The National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.,Institute of Biology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48 Vassileos Constantinou Avenue, 11635 Athens, Greece. b_liggri@windowslive.com.,Novozymes A/S, Krogshøjvej 36, Bagsværd 2880, Denmark.,Department of Chemistry, School of Physical Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK.,Chemical Biology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD, 21701, USA. schneeklothjs@mail.nih.gov.,Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Université de Neuchâtel, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland.,Department of Biology, Technische Universität Darmstadt, D64287 Darmstadt, Germany.,Faculty of Medicine, Anatomy, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.,Skirball Institute, Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016 stokes@nyu.edu.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States.,Hamburg Centre of Ultrafast Imaging and Institute for Nanostructure and Solid State Physics , Universität Hamburg , D-22761 Hamburg , Germany.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA.,Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Eulji University, Daejeon, South Korea.,Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.,Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, P.O. Box 486, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.,Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. kyriakis.ef@gmail.com.,Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Gottfried Schatz Research Center for Cell Signaling, Metabolism and Aging, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Medical University of Graz, 8010, Graz, Austria.,Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular del Cáncer, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - University of Salamanca, Campus Unamuno, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.,Department of Animal, Plant and Soil Sciences, School of Life Sciences & ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, AgriBio, The Centre for AgriBioscience, La Trobe University, Bundoora 3086, VIC, Australia.,Department of Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, Korea University, Sejong, South Korea.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy ; University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,5Institute of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, 11529 Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry and Department of Medicinal Chemistry , Purdue University , 560 Oval Drive , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, 1150 West Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5606, USA.,Duke University School of Medicine and Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology - Immunogen Discovery, Durham, NC, USA.,Institute of Biological Chemistry Academia Sinica Taipei Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, NE-CAT, Argonne, United States.,Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Umeå University, Umeå, SE-90187, Sweden. erik.tm.johansson@umu.se.,Department of Life Sciences and Coimbra Chemistry Center, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.,Mycology Reference Laboratory, National Centre for Microbiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.,Clinical Research Center for Allergology and Rheumatology, National Hospital Organization, Sagamihara National Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.,State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for TCM Quality and Efficacy, School of Life Sciences and Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.,Department of Plant Pathology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Crop Diseases and Pests (Ministry of Education), Nanjing 210095, China.,Chromatin Structure and Mobile DNA, The Francis Crick Institute, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Division of Structural and Synthetic Biology, RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; Laboratory for Nonnatural Amino Acid Technology, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,Molecular Cryo-Electron Microscopy Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Okinawa, Japan. matthias.wolf@oist.jp.,Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, United States.,Division of Molecular Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, United States.,UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, Texas, USA.,Graduate School of Medical Science and Engineering, College of Life Science and Bioengineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, South Korea.,Department of Biochemistry, Saarland University, Campus B2.2, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.,U.S. Military HIV Research Program, WRAIR, Silver Spring, MD, USA.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: yanght@tju.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.,Pôle d'Expertise Biotechnologie, Chimie, Biologie, Institut de Recherches SERVIER, 78290 Croissy-sur-Seine, France jean.boutin@servier.com.,Janssen Prevention Center, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, Archimedesweg 6, Leiden, Netherlands. mvandon@its.jnj.com wilson@scripps.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,Área de Farmacología, Departamento de Ciencias Biomédicas, Unidad Asociada al IQM-CSIC , Universidad de Alcalá , Alcalá de Henares, Madrid E-28805 , Spain.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Guangzhou 510530, China.,Nanoscience Center, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, United States.,Molecular Horizons and School of Chemistry and Molecular Bioscience, University of Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia.,Department of Chemistry , East Carolina University , Greenville , North Carolina 27858 , United States.,The University of Western Australia, School of Molecular Sciences, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth 6009, Australia.,Paratopix Ltd., Bishop's Stortford, CM23 5JD, UK.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. zhangyanqing15@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,From the Institute for Organic Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Centre for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance (BMRZ), Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 7, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany schwalbe@nmr.uni-frankfurt.de.,Neuroscience Drug Discovery Unit, Research, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Japan. haruhide.kimura@takeda.com.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Salamanca, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 37008 Salamanca, Spain view@berkeley.edu monica.balsera@csic.es.,b Structural Biology , The Francis Crick Institute , London , UK.,Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, St-Mary's Campus, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK.,Sorbonne Université, Centre d'Immunologie et des Maladies Infectieuses-Paris, Cimi-Paris, INSERM U1135, National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Laboratoire de Bactériologie-Hygiène, AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière - Charles Foix, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address: alexandra.aubry@sorbonne-universite.fr.,School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, OX1 3QU Oxford, United Kingdom simon.newstead@bioch.ox.ac.uk.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Veterinary Medicine , China Agricultural University , 100193 Beijing , People's Republic of China.,School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, United States.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA.,Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA, 94025, USA.,8Present Address: Life Science Center for Survival Dynamics, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8577 Japan.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, United States.,School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Drug Discovery Program, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States.,Institute for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain; huber@biochem.mpg.de julia.lorenzo@uab.cat David.Reverter@uab.cat.,School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China; The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address: gcdu@jiangnan.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, 48201, MI, USA.,Department of Dermatology, Southwest Medical University, affiliated hospital, Luzhou, China.,Institute of Physical Science and Information, Anhui University, Hefei, China. yanjh@im.ac.cn.,Department of Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshidakonoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.,Laboratory of Advanced Protein Characterization, Research Center for State-of-the-Art Functional Protein Analysis, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: nicole.doriarose@nih.gov.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Research Campus, Ashburn, VA, USA.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.,Institute of Structural Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. jkshen@simm.ac.cn.,Constellation Pharmaceuticals, 215 First Street, Suite 200, Cambridge, MA, 02142, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045; tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China; Department of Biological Sciences, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.,School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 44919, Korea.,Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kobe Gakuin University, Japan.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China. ychma@simm.ac.cn.,Medical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, the Netherlands.,Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular del Cáncer, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.,Centre for Molecular and Structural Biochemistry, School of Chemistry, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.,Campus Chemical Instrument Center , The Ohio State University , Columbus , Ohio 43210 , United States.,Department of Organic Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Duesbergweg 10-14, D-55099 Mainz, Germany.,Magnetic Resonance Center (CERM), University of Florence and Consorzio Interuniversitario Risonanze Magnetiche di Metalloproteine, Via L. Sacconi 6, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy. claudioluchinat@cerm.unifi.it.,7Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30043 Taiwan.,Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design and Discovery of Ministry of Education, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China. rfwang1992@126.com.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. wangtingliang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Committee on Microbiology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 1-1-1, Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan.,Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt, Germany.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University, Seoul, South Korea.,Bio-Molecular Research Laboratories, Research, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Fujisawa, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. anastasiatsagk@hotmail.com.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, United States.,Biology and Soft Matter Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee 37831 , United States.,LISM, IMM, Aix-Marseille Univ and CNRS, Marseille, 13402, France. bordi@imm.cnrs.fr.,Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.,Umeå Center for Microbial Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.,Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, Fred & Pamela Buffett Cancer Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198, USA.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA; Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518055, China. Electronic address: jian@mskcc.org.,Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular and Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology , VIB , Brussels 1050 , Belgium.,Carl Woese Institute for Genomic Biology , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Illinois , USA.,NE-CAT and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. david@mbi.ucla.edu.,University of Copenhagen, Department of Biology, Universitetsparken 13, DK-2100, Copenhagen OE, Denmark. papedersen@bio.ku.dk.,Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Noskowskiego 12-14, 61-704 Poznań, Poland.,NovAliX, Illkirch, 67400, France.,Department of Chemistry , University of Basel , Mattenstrasse 24a , Basel 4002 , Switzerland.,Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, San Diego, CA 92093-0404, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Organic Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China. yongliang@nju.edu.cn.,Protein Structure Laboratory, Del Shankel Structural Biology Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.,Center for Multi-disciplinary Research, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B YuquanLu, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA. yuanp@wustl.edu.,Department of Refractory Viral Infections , National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute , Tokyo 162-8655 , Japan.,School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. liu-lab@vip.163.com.,2Department of Biotechnology, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka 576104 India.,National Center for Macromolecular Imaging, Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.,Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 1-1-1, Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8530, Japan. a_yama@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China, 102402. liu-lab@vip.163.com.,State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, China.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, ON, Canada.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; Laboratory for Nonnatural Amino Acid Technology, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: tatsuo.yanagisawa@riken.jp.,Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, U. S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (33-MER)A33Caldanaerobacter subterraneus subsp. tengcongensis
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HMJ
Query on HMJ

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2-[(dibenzo[b,d]furan-2-yl)oxy]-N,N-dimethylethan-1-amine
C16 H17 N O2
GQEGJXFTHBKSKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
N
Query on N
A
RNA LINKINGC5 H11 O7 P

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 63 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 115.361α = 90.00
b = 115.361β = 90.00
c = 58.463γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
DIALSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteUnited States--
National Institutes of Health/National Cancer InstituteUnited States--
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapan--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-04-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-04-17
    Type: Data collection, Database references