6CNO

Cryo-EM structure of the human SK4/calmodulin channel complex in the Ca2+ bound state II

  • Classification: MEMBRANE PROTEIN
  • Organism(s): Homo sapiens
  • Expression System: Homo sapiens

  • Deposited: 2018-03-08 Released: 2018-05-02 
  • Deposition Author(s): Lee, C.H., MacKinnon, R.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute (NIH/NHGRI); Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) 

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.7 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Activation mechanism of a human SK-calmodulin channel complex elucidated by cryo-EM structures.

Lee, C.H.MacKinnon, R.

(2018) Science 360: 508-513

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aas9466
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Small-conductance Ca <sup>2+ </sup>-activated K <sup>+ </sup> (SK) channels mediate neuron excitability and are associated with synaptic transmission and plasticity. They also regulate immune responses and the size of blood cells. Activation of SK ch ...

    Small-conductance Ca 2+ -activated K + (SK) channels mediate neuron excitability and are associated with synaptic transmission and plasticity. They also regulate immune responses and the size of blood cells. Activation of SK channels requires calmodulin (CaM), but how CaM binds and opens SK channels has been unclear. Here we report cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures of a human SK4-CaM channel complex in closed and activated states at 3.4- and 3.5-angstrom resolution, respectively. Four CaM molecules bind to one channel tetramer. Each lobe of CaM serves a distinct function: The C-lobe binds to the channel constitutively, whereas the N-lobe interacts with the S4-S5 linker in a Ca 2+ -dependent manner. The S4-S5 linker, which contains two distinct helices, undergoes conformational changes upon CaM binding to open the channel pore. These structures reveal the gating mechanism of SK channels and provide a basis for understanding SK channel pharmacology.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo, Japan.,the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune 411008, India, and.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseille, France.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, BCC206, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.,Department of Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. david.schatz@yale.edu.,Research Group Biosynthesis/NMR, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany.,Department of Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1751, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,Systems Biology & Physiology Program, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA. bryan.mackenzie@uc.edu.,Dr. T.M. Stachyra, Dr. P. Chene, Disease Area Oncology, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus CH-4002 Basel Switzerland, SWITZERLAND.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4, Canada.,Department of Applied Biological Chemistry , University of Tokyo , Bunkyo-Ku, 113 Tokyo , Japan.,Biomolecular Engineering Lab, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milano, Italy.,Enzyme and Protein Chemistry, Section for Protein Chemistry and Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. premo@dtu.dk.,Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106.,Dalian University of Technology, China.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA; NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA. Electronic address: qunliu@bnl.gov.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.,Materials and Structural Analysis, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Maria Diaz de Haro 13, 48009 Bilbao, Spain.,Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Département de Chimie , Université de Montréal , C.P. 6128, Station Centre-ville , Montréal , Québec H3C 3J7 , Canada.,Institute of Fundamental Sciences and the Riddet Institute , Massey University , Palmerston North 4442 , New Zealand.,2 Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research (China), Pudong, Shanghai, China.,Chemical Biology Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute-Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA. Electronic address: burkete@helix.nih.gov.,Department of Molecular Biology, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden.,Departamento de Química, Universidad de La Rioja, Centro de Investigación en Síntesis Química, E-26006 Logroño, Spain.,Department of Biology, Centre of Excellence for Bacterial Stress Response and Persistence (BASP), University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2022, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53100, Siena, SI, Italy.,the Department of Biology, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, New York, New York 11210.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,MOH Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.,From the Medical Research Council Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom, v.pelicic@imperial.ac.uk.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Refractory Viral Infections, National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan hiroaki.mitsuya2@nih.gov.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Biosciences Division, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA. kahne@chemistry.harvard.edu.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address: hassane.mchaourab@vanderbilt.edu.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology and Department of Chemical Physiology , The Scripps Research Institute , 10550 North Torrey Pines Road , La Jolla , CA 92037 , USA.,Section of Structural Biology, Dept. Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK. d.wigley@imperial.ac.uk.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. shaofeng@nibs.ac.cn.,Bridge Institute,USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143; YCheng@ucsf.edu stroud@msg.ucsf.edu.,Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. ray.blind@vanderbilt.edu.,Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 300, Taiwan.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. nisimasu@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Unité Microbiologie, Bioorganique et Macromoléculaire (CP206/04), département R3D, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,the Department of Biological Sciences, Center for Integrative Microbial Evolution, University of Oslo, 0371 Oslo, Norway.,Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, United States Army , Aberdeen Proving Ground, Aberdeen , Maryland 21010 , United States.,Département de Biologie Structurale Intégrative, Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, INSERM, B.P. 10142, 67404 Illkirch CEDEX, France. shaik@igbmc.fr.,School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou, 310023, PR China.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry , 82152 Martinsried , Germany.,Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University, New Haven, United States.,Department of Biology, New York University, New York, NY 10003.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS, 38000 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: cecile.morlot@ibs.fr.,Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.,University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS, Grenoble, France.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Laboratory Molecular and Cellular Signaling, Department Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Campus Gasthuisberg O/N-I Bus 802, Herestraat 49 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Genmab, Yalelaan 60, 3584 CM Utrecht, Netherlands. t.sharp@lumc.nl p.w.h.i.parren@lumc.nl p.gros@uu.nl.,Departament of Organic Chemistry II, Faculty of Science & Technology, University of the Basque Country, Leioa, 48940 Bizkaia, Spain.,From the Institute of Microbiology & Infection, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom.,INSERM U1212 CNRS 5320 Université de Bordeaux France.,Graduate Program in Physiology and Biophysics, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106.,Department of Systems Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu.,Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), 08028, Barcelona, Spain. manuel.palacin@irbbarcelona.org.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussels, Belgium.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany. karin.schmidtkunz@pharmazie.uni-freiburg.de.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. janschu@biochem.mpg.de gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp marc.m.nowaczyk@rub.de.,Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom; Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Münster, Hüfferstrasse 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Traditional Chinese Medicine Research (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Sealy Center for Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX, USA.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106.,The CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China. eric.xu@vai.org mwwang@simm.ac.cn jpv@pitt.edu zhang_yan@zju.edu.cn.,Cryo-EM Core Facility, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA.,Univ. Lille, Inserm, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1177 - Drugs and Molecules for living Systems, F-59000 Lille, France. Electronic address: Willand@univ-lille2.fr.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA mr@purdue.edu.,From the National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics and lianghh26@mail.sysu.edu.cn.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance (BMRZ), Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. woehnert@bio.uni-frankfurt.de.,Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, United States.,Institute of Neuropathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Breisacher Straße 66, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.,Institute of Chemistry, Centre of Arts, Humanities and Sciences, University of Debrecen, Hungary.,IRD, Cirad, Montpellier University, Joint Research Unit UMR 186 IPME, Montpellier, France. Electronic address: jean-louis.zeddam@cirad.fr.,Key laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Virology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.,3 Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Division of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA.,Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas (CIBERDEM), 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Plant Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany. janschu@biochem.mpg.de gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp marc.m.nowaczyk@rub.de.,Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, 14-1 Baba-cho, Tsuruoka, Yamagata 997-0035, Japan.,Rega Institute for Medical Research, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.,School of Nanoscience and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India.,Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.,the Oxford Protein Production Facility, United Kingdom Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford OX11 0FA, United Kingdom.,Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0403 yinsheng.wang@ucr.edu wei.yang@nih.gov.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431-0991, USA.,School of Molecular Sciences and Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA ming.tan@cchmc.org chenyutao@moon.ibp.ac.cn.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11793.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds vej 10C, 8000, Aarhus, Denmark.,State Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China. ren@brandeis.edu qiang_chen@scu.edu.cn xmdeng@xmu.edu.cn.,From the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, rclubb@mbi.ucla.edu.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Functional Proteomics Laboratory, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 138673, Singapore.,Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics , McGill University , Montréal , Québec H3A 1A3 , Canada.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Graduate School Materials Science in Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Staudinger Weg 9, 55128, Mainz, Germany.,Department of Structural Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. janschu@biochem.mpg.de gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp marc.m.nowaczyk@rub.de.,Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. t-2438@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA; Division of Molecular Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: mq2102@cumc.columbia.edu.,Structural Biology and NMR Laboratory and the Linderstrøm-Lang Centre for Protein Science, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark. Electronic address: kaare.teilum@bio.ku.dk.,Division of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8020, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Freiburg, Albertstraße 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany; BIOSS Centre for Biological Signaling Studies, Schänzlestraße 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 E. 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA; Faculté de Médecine, Département de Microbiologie, infectiologie et immunologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada. Electronic address: yves.brun@umontreal.ca.,the Division of Material Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research , 38124 Braunschweig , Germany.,Bioorganic Chemistry and Bio-Crystallography Laboratory (B(2)Cl), Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano, Piazza Università 5, Bolzano 39100, Italy. Electronic address: stefano.benini@unibz.it.,School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.,Department of Membrane Biochemistry, Advanced Science Research Center, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu.,Graduate Program in Biological Physics, Structure, and Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Molecular Nutrition and Biochemistry of Plants, Leibniz University Hannover, Hannover, Germany.,Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Biomolecular Engineering Lab, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milano, Italy. alfonso.gautieri@polimi.it.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands. t.sharp@lumc.nl p.w.h.i.parren@lumc.nl p.gros@uu.nl.,Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, UK.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics, The Rockefeller University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA.,GM/CA@APS, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA.,Univ Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, UMR-S 1172 - JPArc - Centre de Recherche Jean-Pierre AUBERT Neurosciences et Cancer, Lille, France.,Centre for Analysis and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, POB 124, S-22100, Lund, Sweden.,CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China. liuyz@ustc.edu.cn.,Laboratory for GPCR Biology, Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.,Architecture et Réactivité de l'ARN, Université de Strasbourg, Institut de biologie moléculaire et cellulaire du CNRS, Strasbourg, France.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica (secció de Química Orgànica) & Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.,From the Center for Women's Infectious Diseases Research, hendersonj@wustl.edu.,Dr. J. Kallen, A. Izaac, S. Chau, E. Wirth, Chemical Biology & Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus CH-4002 Basel Switzerland, SWITZERLAND.,Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. tham@wehi.edu.au.,Manufacturing, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) , Clayton , Vic 3168 , Australia.,From the Institute of Microbiology & Infection, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom k.futterer@bham.ac.uk.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, Hangzhou, China. zhouqiang@westlake.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States.,Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, 08028, Barcelona, Spain. manuel.palacin@irbbarcelona.org.,Center for Structural Biology, Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnology (VIB), B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia 30602 , United States.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. yong.xiong@yale.edu.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,Structural Biology Program, Centenary Institute, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2042, Australia. m.jormakka@centenary.org.au.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK.,Laboratoire de Chémoinformatique, UMR 7140 CNRS-Université de Strasbourg, 1 rue Blaise Pascal, Strasbourg 67000, France. Electronic address: dhorvath@unistra.fr.,Neuroscience Graduate Program, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.,Structural Biology, Zoological Institute, Kiel University, Am Botanischen Garten 1-9, 24118 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: axel.scheidig@strubio.uni-kiel.de.,Department of Biophysics , Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore , Maryland 21218 , United States.,Technical University Darmstadt , Alarich-Weiss-Straße 4 , 64287 Darmstadt , Germany.,Neutron Science and Technology Center, Comprehensive Research Organization for Science and Society, 162-1 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine , University of California, Davis , Sacramento , California 95817 , United States.,Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Institute of Biochemical Sciences , National Taiwan University , Taipei 106 , Taiwan.,School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou, 310023, PR China; Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo, 315100, PR China.,Department of Pharmacology & Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National University of Singapore, 117545 Singapore.,New York Structural Biology Center , New York , New York 10027 , United States.,Research Group Mass Spectrometry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany.,Justus Liebig Universität Giessen, Institut für Allg. Zoologie und Entwicklungsbiologie, Giessen, Germany.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China.,Structural Studies Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.,State Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China.,Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, School of Molecular Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, 6-3, Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8578, Japan.,Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery , University of Auckland , Auckland 1142 , New Zealand.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China.,Membrane Protein Lab, Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0DE, UK.,Department of Plant Sciences, School of Life Sciences , University of Hyderabad , Gachibowli, 500046 Hyderabad , India.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea arkwon@dhu.ac.kr lbj@nmr.snu.ac.kr.,Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CAS, Dalian 116023, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn ghli@dicp.ac.cn wujian@shsmu.edu.cn.,Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,the Department of Biological Sciences, Proteomics and Mass Spectrometry Unit, University of Oslo, 0371 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.,College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.,Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.,Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis & Instrumentation, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China. dhlin@xmu.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, Organic & Bioorganic Chemistry, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A-8010 Graz, Austria.,Laboratoire International Associé CNRS and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.,Division of Viral Disease, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,Dr. P. Furet, Dr. P. Holzer, Dr. F. Gessier, Dr. R. Mah, Dr. A. Schapbach, Dr. J. Schoepfer, Dr. B. Salem, S. Stutz, Dr. A. Vaupel, Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus CH-4002 Basel Switzerland, E-mail:, SWITZERLAND.,Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Freiburg, Albertstraße 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Otto-Stern-Weg 5, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland. ban@mol.biol.ethz.ch.,Veterinary Medicine Research & Development (VMRD) , Zoetis, 333 Portage Street , Kalamazoo , Michigan 49007 , United States.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 1, 27100, Pavia, Italy.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.,Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. simonasm@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,From the Molecular Medicine-Structural Parasitology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi 110067, India, myogavel@gmail.com.,Department DiBEST (Biologia, Ecologia, Scienze della Terra) Unit of Biochemistry and Molecular Biotechnology, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci 4C, 87036, Arcavacata di Rende, Italy.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.,Membrane Protein Lab, Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0DE, UK. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,From the Department of Chemistry and ckim7@utep.edu.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, South Kensington, SW7 2AZ, UK. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Moscow, Russia.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20 Praha 4, Czech Republic.,Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Qingdao 266071, China.,Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Bridge Institute,USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Institute of Cell and Molecular Biosciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK.,Section of Electron Microscopy, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Einthovenweg 20, 2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.,Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences , Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510530 , China.,College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.,Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts.,Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan. Electronic address: amaejima@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Purdue Center for Cancer Research, Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Center for Cancer Research, Institute for Drug Discovery , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438 Shanghai, Peoples' Republic of China; youqiang.su@njmu.edu.cn majb@fudan.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106.,National Facility for Protein Science in Shanghai, Zhangjiang Laboratory, Shanghai, 201210, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA.,From the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea.,INRA, Virus Insect Plant Laboratory, Joint Research Unit UMR 385 BGPI, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier, France.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China. sjchen@stn.sh.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.,Department of Biology, Centre of Excellence for Bacterial Stress Response and Persistence (BASP), University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: yong.zhang@bio.ku.dk.,Imevax GmbH, Munich, Germany.,Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, SE-75232, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: martin.malmsten@farmaci.uu.se.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Sem Sælands vei 26, 0371, Oslo, Norway. michele.cascella@kjemi.uio.no.,Department of Applied and Ecological Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany.,Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160 Derio, Spain.,Molecular and Computational Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA.,Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 106, Taiwan. andyhsu@ntu.edu.tw.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA. mglee@mdanderson.org.,Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China.,Protein Crystal Analysis Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Hyogo, Japan.,Structural Biology/Biochemistry, Department of Biology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,CELLS-ALBA Synchrotron Light Source, 08290, Barcelona, Spain.,Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, Michelson Center for Convergent Bioscience, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. stevens@usc.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology , Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai 200240 , China.,Life Science Center and School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, China, and.,Department of Biochemistry , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Institute of Biophysics and Physical Biochemistry, University of Regensburg, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.,Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California,San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: mh256@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.,INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Groupe de Recherche en Ingénierie des Peptides et en Pharmacothérapie (GRIPP) , Université du Québec , 531 Boulevard des Prairies , Ville de Laval , Québec H7V 1B7 , Canada.,Program in Chemical Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Section of Structural Biology, Dept. Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK.,Department of Physiology and Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Human-Environment Interface Biology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.,Division of Microbiology, Department of Biology, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.,Department of Bioengineering Sciences, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.,the College of Biomedical Sciences, Larkin University, Miami, Florida 33169.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,The Center for RNA Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.,WuXi AppTec Co., Ltd., 288 Fute Zhong Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Shanghai 200131, China.,Department of Energy Institute of Genomics and Proteomics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States.,Translational Medicine, Sidra Medicine, 26999, Doha, Qatar.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China; suisf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Sem Sælands vei 26, 0371, Oslo, Norway.,National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.,Linac Coherent Light Source, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Structural and Molecular Microbiology, Structural Biology Research Center, VIB, Brussels, Belgium han.remaut@vub.be.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Institute of Molecular Systems Biology and Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zürich, Otto-Stern-Weg 3, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, United States of America.,SAXS/WAXS, Australian Synchrotron/ANSTO, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia.,Aix Marseille Univ IRD, APHM, MEPHI, IHU Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.,State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, 211166 Nanjing, Peoples' Republic of China; youqiang.su@njmu.edu.cn majb@fudan.edu.cn.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA. kcorbett@ucsd.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , University of California San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94158 , United States.,Center of scientific excellence, Helwan Structural Biology Research, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Ain helwan, 11792 Helwan, Cairo, Egypt.,Moores Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Strasse 11, 44227 Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,CryoEM Shared Resource, Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA. yuz@janelia.hhmi.org.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201602 Shanghai, China; jacobsen@ucla.edu jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,IGBMC , 1 Rue Laurent Fries , 67404 Illkirch , France.,the Molecular Biology Consortium, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720.,Chemical Biology Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute-Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy-Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy. stefano.mangani@unisi.it.,State Key Lab for Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan. nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, LRMA, Equipe 12, Université Sorbone-Paris, Paris, France.,Department of Chemistry and Center for Nucleic Acids & Technology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.,Copenhagen Center for Glycomics, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 1165, Denmark.,Crystalgenomics, Inc., 5F, Tower A, Korea Bio Park 700, Daewangpangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13524, South Korea.,School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA. cmiller@brandeis.edu.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.,Institute of Oceanography, Minjiang University, 350108 Fuzhou, China.,Experimental Facility Division , National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center , Hsinchu 30076 , Taiwan.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University , Wellington Road, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,State Key laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China, clyang@ynu.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10016, and.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada. jia@queensu.ca.,Norwegian Center for Molecular Medicine, Nordic EMBL Partnership University of Oslo, Gaustadalléen 21, 0349, Oslo, Norway. premo@dtu.dk.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. andrew_kruse@hms.harvard.edu.,The Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: patel.snahel@gene.com.,Photon Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg 22607, Germany.,Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.,RNA Therapeutics Institute and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, United States.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.,Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. radu@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002 Fuzhou, China.,Institute of Fundamental Sciences and the Riddet Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , No. 19 Yuquan Road , Beijing 100049 , China.,Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA. kcorbett@ucsd.edu.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of The Chinese Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Institute of Neuropathology, University of Zurich, Switzerland.,University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Key Lab of Chemical Biology for Protein Research & Institute of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology , Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Utilization and Conservation of Bio-Resources in Yunnan and.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , The University of Melbourne , Melbourne 3000 , Australia.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 1819 East 101st Street, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom f.kozielski@ucl.ac.uk s.talapatra@ucl.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.,Faculty of Bioscience, Hosei University, 3-7-2 Kajino-cho, Koganei-shi, Tokyo, 184-8584, Japan.,Synthetic Biology for Clinical and Technological Innovation, Life Sciences Institute, National University of Singapore, 117456 Singapore, Singapore.,Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China. guoyumeng@shsmu.edu.cn.,the Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, United Kingdom, and.,Dexa Laboratories of Biomolecular Sciences, Jl. Industri Selatan V Blok PP No. 7, Kawasan Industri Jababeka II, Cikarang 17550, Indonesia.,Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China. shaofeng@nibs.ac.cn.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043, Japan.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.,Mutabilis , 102 Avenue Gaston Roussel , 93230 Romainville , France.,Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo, 315100, PR China.,Department of Microbiology, Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sina, New York, NY, 10029, USA.,5 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.,Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Duesbergweg 10-14, 55128, Mainz, Germany.,Centre de Biochimie Structurale (CBS), INSERM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, 29 rue de Navacelles, 34090 Montpellier, France. Electronic address: patrick.bron@cbs.cnrs.fr.,National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.,Institute of Systems Biomedicine, Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Department of Pharmacology , Menarini Ricerche , via Rismondo 12/A , Florence 50131 , Italy.,ISIS Neutron and Muon Spallation Source and Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.,the Department of Structural Cell Biology, Molecular Mechanisms of DNA Repair, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,State Key Laboratory for Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Hematology, Collaborative Innovation Center of System Biology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. ren@brandeis.edu qiang_chen@scu.edu.cn xmdeng@xmu.edu.cn.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032; wah2@cumc.columbia.edu yuhang.chen@genetics.ac.cn.,Nano Medical Engineering Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster of Pioneering Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, P.O. Box 4000, Princeton, New Jersey 08543, United States.,Dr. K. Masuya, Present address: Peptidream Inc., Menguro, Tokyo, Japan, SWITZERLAND.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Global Health, Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, North Grafton, Massachusetts, USA.,Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12800 East 19th Ave, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Graduate Program in Molecular Biophysics and Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Fudan University, 200433 Shanghai, Peoples' Republic of China.,Genome and Systems Biology Degree Program, National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica, Taipei, 106, Taiwan. andyhsu@ntu.edu.tw.,Department of Biology, Southern University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen, 518055 Guangdong, China.,Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Microbial Physiological and Metabolic Engineering, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Chemistry , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas 77843 , United States.,Genmab, Yalelaan 60, 3584 CM Utrecht, Netherlands.,Molecular Bacteriology , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research , D-38124 Braunschweig , Germany.,Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, 430074, Hubei, China.,Hauptman-Woodward Institute, Department of Structural Biology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.,UCL MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany. manfred.jung@pharmazie.uni-freiburg.de.,Division of Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.,Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Chemistry Department , U.S. Naval Academy , Annapolis , Maryland 21402 , United States.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China wanggg@cib.ac.cn.,Department of Biophysics, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 700054, India. Electronic address: bhunia@jcbose.ac.in.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Hofackerstrasse 30, CH-4132, Muttenz, Switzerland.,Department of Biotechnology, IIT Madras, Chennai, 600036, India.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, United States.,Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kwmiller@mgh.harvard.edu.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand emily.parker@vuw.ac.nz g.b.jameson@massey.ac.nz.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,the Centre for Structural Biology, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom.,Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,the Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore.,Joint Experimental Teaching Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.,Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, UK. Electronic address: a.ciulli@dundee.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Division of Biology and Chemistry , Paul Scherrer Institute , 5232 Villigen , Switzerland.,Department of Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.,Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; jacobsen@ucla.edu jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,School of Molecular Sciences and Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA. w.liu@asu.edu.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center and School of Basic Medical Sciences, and Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology of MOE/MOH, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Section of Electron Microscopy, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Einthovenweg 20, 2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands. t.sharp@lumc.nl p.w.h.i.parren@lumc.nl p.gros@uu.nl.,X-Ray Crystallography Core Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Institutional Research Cores, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, United States.,Department of Chemistry and Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.,Translational Research Office, UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,AbbVie Inc. , 1 North Waukegan Road, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, United States.,Institute of Biotechnology, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany. alokta.chakrabarti@gmail.com.,Department of Biochemistry , Brandeis University , Waltham , Massachusetts 02453 , United States.,Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , Pennsylvania 16802 , United States.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, United States.,Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology , Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Japan. t-2438@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Laboratory for GPCR Biology, Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. eric.xu@vai.org mwwang@simm.ac.cn jpv@pitt.edu zhang_yan@zju.edu.cn.,Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, Stanford University, Menlo Park, California, USA csmith@slac.stanford.edu svakulen@nd.edu.,Department of Integrative Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine , University of Cape Town , Observatory , 7925 Cape Town , Republic of South Africa.,Developmental Therapeutics Branch and Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.,Center for Biological Systems Analysis (ZBSA), University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan. t-2438@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Institute of Human Virology, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, and Program in Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States.,Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: caflisch@bioc.uzh.ch.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115, Taiwan. bmchinp@ibms.sinica.edu.tw.,Lindsley F. Kimball Research Institute, New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63104, USA.,Department of Translational Research in Psychiatry , Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry , 80804 Munich , Germany.,Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University , Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, P.R. China.,From the Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain. manuel.palacin@irbbarcelona.org.,Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science , NMBU-Norwegian University of Life Sciences , P.O. Box 5003, N-1432 Ås , Norway.,Department of Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.,School of Chemistry, National University of Ireland, University Road, Galway, Ireland.,Institute of Surgical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Breisacher Straße 115A, 79106 Freiburg, Germany; Spemann Graduate School of Biology and Medicine (SGBM), Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Albertstraße 19A, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada.,Graduate Program in Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.,Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA terence.dermody@chp.edu thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.,School of Biological Sciences & Maurice Wilkins Centre , University of Auckland , Auckland 1010 , New Zealand.,Department of Pharmacy , University of Naples "Federico II" , via D. Montesano 49 , Naples 80131 , Italy.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Department of Bioinformatics and Structural Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,The CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.,Center for Drug Design, Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, PR China.,Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, 5322 Endo, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252-0882, Japan.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 and.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, United States.,Instituto de Química Médica, IQM-CSIC, 28006 Madrid, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L3G1, Canada.,Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.,Fundación ARAID, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Physical and Chemical Sciences , University of Canterbury , Christchurch 8041 , New Zealand.,The Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (InStem), GKVK Post, Bangalore, 560065, Karnataka, India.,Barcelona Molecular Biology Institut (IBMB-CSIC) and Unit of Excellence María de Maeztu, 08028, Barcelona, Spain. ifrcri@ibmb.csic.es.,Departments of Neurology and Physiology, University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, United States of America.,CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, IBS, Grenoble, France. jacques.neyton@ibs.fr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany. dina.robaa@pharmazie.uni-halle.de.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; yinsheng.wang@ucr.edu wei.yang@nih.gov.,Department of Analytical Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, CAS, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China.,Elizabeth B. Lamb Center for Pediatric Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Electronic address: hongtao.yu@utsouthwestern.edu.,Ipsen Bioinnovation Limited, Abingdon, United Kingdom.,Astex Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, United Kingdom. George.ward@astx.com.,Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China.,Department of Medicine, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201602 Shanghai, China.,Pasteur Institute, Viral Pathogenesis Unit, Paris, France.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.,Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A8, Canada. jr.min@utoronto.ca.,Department of Biosciences, University of Milan, Milan, 20133, Italy.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China; National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: rzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, 90095, CA, USA.,Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1019-UMR 8204-CIIL-Centre d'Infection et d'Immunité de Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Universite de Lille, F-59000 Lille, France. julien.lancelot@pasteur-lille.fr.,From the National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics and.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China. xuanzbin@ustc.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany. jelena.melesina@pharmazie.uni-halle.de.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 E. 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA; Faculté de Médecine, Département de Microbiologie, infectiologie et immunologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada.,School of Pharmacy, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968.,From the Institute of Microbiology & Infection, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom G.Besra@bham.ac.uk.,Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai, 200032, China. ccao@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China.,Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Okayama University, 700-8530 Okayama, Japan.,FRC Fundamentals of Biotechnology RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.,Department of Life Sciences , National Central University , Taoyuan 32001 , Taiwan.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.,Ferrier Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand.,Structural Biology Program, Centenary Institute, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2042, Australia.,Center for Nano Science and Technology @Polimi, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via G. Pascoli 70/3, 20133, Milano, Italy. emilio.parisini@iit.it.,From the Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Virology and Immunology, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, United States.,Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biosciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. h.bode@bio.uni-frankfurt.de.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, United States.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK. cgt@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Functional Genes, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou, China. xuanlong@bucm.edu.cn.,Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 84102, Utah, United States.,Department of Life Science and Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , Pennsylvania 16802 , United States.,Chemistry Department, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.,School of Life Science, Anhui University, Hefei, China.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, 8041, New Zealand.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China.,Department of computational biology and medical sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan.,IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013 Bilbao, Spain.,Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.,the Centre for Immune Regulation and Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, N-0372 Oslo, Norway.,Institut für Toxikologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L7, Canada.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 637551, Singapore.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA bgraham@nih.gov.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.,Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology , Jiangnan University , Wuxi , 214122 Jiangsu , China.,Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics, Center for Synchrotron Biosciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106.,CEA, Institut des Sciences du Vivant Frédéric Joliot, Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO) , Université Paris-Saclay , Gif-sur-Yvette 91190 , France.,Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904, Japan.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China ming.tan@cchmc.org chenyutao@moon.ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Life Science and Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan. Electronic address: yjsun@life.nthu.edu.tw.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China. guoyumeng@shsmu.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Centre of Excellence for Bacterial Stress Response and Persistence (BASP), Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address: deb@mbg.au.dk.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy-Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy. giusy.tassone@unisi.it.,The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Health and Rehabilitation Science, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115, Taiwan.,Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology , University of Lübeck , 23562 Lübeck , Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA csmith@slac.stanford.edu svakulen@nd.edu.,NE-CAT and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.,Astex Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.,Xiamen Amoytop Biotech, Xiamen, China.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany.,Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, P.O. Box 5100, 5 Research Parkway, Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, United States.,INSERM, U1108, Paris, France.,Institute for Quantum Life Science , National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology , Tokai, Ibaraki , 319-1106 , Japan.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, Institute for Clinical Medicine , University of Oslo , P.O. Box 4950, Nydalen, N-0424 Oslo , Norway.,Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Passeig Lluís Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain.,Departments of Biological Sciences and of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. jtesmer@purdue.edu.,Gene Center and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, 81377 Munich, Germany.,Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Research Complex at Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0FA, UK. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,Département de Biologie Structurale Intégrative, Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, INSERM, B.P. 10142, 67404 Illkirch CEDEX, France. martin.marek@recetox.muni.cz.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: ishitani@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Novartis Pharma AG, CBT/NIBR, Fabrikstrasse 2, 4056, Basel, SWITZERLAND.,Array BioPharma, Inc., 3200 Walnut Street, Boulder, Colorado 80301, United States.,Confluence Discovery Technologies , 4320 Forest Park Avenue , St. Louis , Missouri 63108 , United States.,the Bioinformatics Institute, Singapore 138671, Singapore.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States.,Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan.,School of Nanoscience and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India. Electronic address: anupam.midya@iitkgp.ac.in.,Division of Infectious Diseases.,Department of Microbiology, Clinic for Laboratory Medicine , Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet , P.O. Box 4950, Nydalen, N-0424 Oslo , Norway.,Department of Applied and Ecological Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany torsten.schubert@uni-jena.de.,State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, 211166 Nanjing, Peoples' Republic of China.,Department of Chemistry, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO, 63130, USA.,Departments of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, Bridge Institute, Michelson Center for Convergent Bioscience, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy-Department of Excellence 2018-2020, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy. pozzi4@unisi.it.,D3-PharmaChemistry, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Morego 30, 16163, Genova, Italy.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA; NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100093 Beijing, China.,From the Molecular Medicine-Structural Parasitology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi 110067, India.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. tham@wehi.edu.au.,Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, 50411 Tartu, Estonia.,Graduate Program in Molecular Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.,Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, 3-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,School of Chemistry, Monash University , Wellington Road, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, Building 801A, 48170 Derio, Spain.,Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jalan Ganesa No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia.,College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, 06974, Republic of Korea.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India surolia@iisc.ac.in mv@iisc.ac.in.,ORIC Pharmaceuticals , 240 East Grand Avenue, Fl2 , South San Francisco , California 94080 , United States.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: fh111@cam.ac.uk.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Jilin University , No. 1266 Fujin Road , Chaoyang District, Changchun , Jilin 130021 , China.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China. xuanlong@bucm.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0403.,Department of Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.,Biochemistry and Biophysics Center, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA. adrian.ferre@nih.gov.,Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico , Universidade de Lisboa , Av. Rovisco Pais 1 , 1049-001 Lisboa , Portugal.,Université de Lorraine, CNRS, LPCT, Nancy, France.,Unité Microbiologie, Bioorganique et Macromoléculaire (CP206/04), département R3D, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: Wintjens@ulb.ac.be.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada brian.mark@umanitoba.ca.,From the Center for Nanobiology and Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Zamek 136, 373 33 Nove Hrady, Czech Republic, ettrich@nh.cas.cz.,Molecular Biology Institute, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States.,Structural Biology and NMR Laboratory and the Linderstrøm-Lang Centre for Protein Science, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.,C2RT-Plateforme de cristallographie, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR 3528, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.,Department of Clinical Sciences, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. radu@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, IBS, Grenoble, France. hugues.nury@ibs.fr.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.,Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Guangzhou 510530 , China.,Quantum Beam Science Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata-Shirane, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan.,McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom.,Beijing Mingde Zhengkang Technologies Co., Ltd., Beijing, China.,Department of Internal Medicine, and.,Division of Structural Biology, Life Science Research Center and Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan.,Theoretical Biology and Bioinformatics, Biology, Science Faculty, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, Netherlands.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, 1050, Belgium.,National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Jules Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan tanaka.hiroshi@chugai-pharm.co.jp.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Republic of Korea.,Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CAS, Dalian 116023, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. Electronic address: tannerjj@missouri.edu.,Mirati Therapeutics, Inc., 9393 Towne Centre Drive, Suite 200, San Diego, California 92121, United States.,Structural Biology and NMR Laboratory and the Linderstrøm-Lang Centre for Protein Science, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark; Structural Studies Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. Electronic address: serlends@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kahne@chemistry.harvard.edu.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS, Shanghai 200031, China.,Chemical Biology of Carbohydrates , Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS) , D-66123 Saarbrücken , Germany . Email: alexander.titz@helmholtz-hzi.de ; http://www.helmholtz-hzi.de/cbch.,Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory , Stanford University , Menlo Park , California 94025 , United States.,Department of Herbal Skin Care, College of Herbal Bio-industry, Deagu Haany University, Gyeongsan 712-715, Korea arkwon@dhu.ac.kr lbj@nmr.snu.ac.kr.,Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital, 0424, Oslo, Norway. premo@dtu.dk.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. tom_rapoport@hms.harvard.edu.,Molecular Enzymology Group, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Unité de Microbiologie Structurale, Institut Pasteur, CNRS UMR 3528, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.,Department of Veterans Affairs, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom; Department of Chemistry, Organic & Bioorganic Chemistry, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A-8010 Graz, Austria.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; wah2@cumc.columbia.edu yuhang.chen@genetics.ac.cn.,Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1019-UMR 8204-CIIL-Centre d'Infection et d'Immunité de Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Universite de Lille, F-59000 Lille, France. Raymond.Pierce@pasteur-lille.fr.,School of Life Science , Huizhou University , Huizhou 516007 , China.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands.,Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.,Molecular Biology and Structural Biology Programs, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia.,Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Systems Biology, Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5, Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14850, USA.,the Centre for Immune Regulation and Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, N-0372 Oslo, Norway l.m.sollid@medisin.uio.no.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka 560 012, India.,H3 Biomedicine, Cambridge, Massachusetts. anand_selvaraj@h3biomedicine.com peter_smith@h3biomedicine.com.,Instituto de Bionanotecnología del NOA, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero, G4206XCP Santiago del Estero, Argentina.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143.,Department of Neurobiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.,GPCR Consortium, San Marcos, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.,Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.,Biochemistry and Biophysics Center, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.,Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Edward Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,German Center for Infection Research, Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China.,Cancer Research UK Cancer Therapeutics Unit and Division of Structural Biology, The Institute of Cancer Research, London SW7 3RP, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, 30 Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia.,Division of Bioconvergence Analysis, Korea Basic Science Institute, 162 Yeongudangiro Ochang, Cheongwongu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28119, South Korea.,Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (AMED-CREST), Tokyo, 100-0004, Japan.,Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, San Diego Branch, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,Synthorx Inc., 11099 North Torrey Pines Road, Suite 290, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Pathology of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Department of Biophysics, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China. eric.xu@vai.org mwwang@simm.ac.cn jpv@pitt.edu zhang_yan@zju.edu.cn.,Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, 41125 Modena, Italy. sferrari591@gmail.com.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438 Shanghai, Peoples' Republic of China.,Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Tokyo 102-0075, Japan.,Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, 41125 Modena, Italy. mariapaola.costi@unimore.it.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Product Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai, 200032, China.,H3 Biomedicine, Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Department of Pharmaceutical Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Straße 19, 79104 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: claudia.jessen-trefzer@pharmazie.uni-freiburg.de.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn ghli@dicp.ac.cn wujian@shsmu.edu.cn.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 1819 East 101st Street, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. kxp65@case.edu.,Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biosciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Department of Pharmaceutical Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Straße 19, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Pharmaceutical Sciences (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.,NHC Key Laboratory of Cancer Proteomics & Laboratory of Structural Biology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China. yonghenc@163.com.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.,Dipartimento di Farmacia , Università di Pisa , Via Bonanno 6 , 56126 Pisa , Italy.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany terence.dermody@chp.edu thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States.,Centre de Recherche sur les Macromolécules Végétales (CERMAV-UPR5301) , CNRS and Université Grenoble Alpes , BP53 , F-38041 Grenoble cedex 9 , France.,The Rockefeller University, New York, United States.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis , Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai 200032 , China.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 E. 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.,Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.,Institute of Biochemical Plant Physiology and Bioeconomy Science Center (BioSC), Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.,Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts.,IMED Oncology, AstraZeneca, Waltham, Massachusetts 02451, USA. neil.grimster@astrazeneca.com.,Synchrotron SOLEIL , L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette , France.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto , 101 College Street, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Department of Refractory Viral Infections, National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.,Computational Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics Unit, National Institute on Drug Abuse - Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MA 21224, USA. Electronic address: lei.shi2@nih.gov.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. kxp65@case.edu.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2022, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53100, Siena, SI, Italy. stefano.mangani@unisi.it.,Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. ruiz.82@osu.edu.,BIFI, University of Zaragoza, BIFI-IQFR (CSIC) Joint Unit, Mariano Esquillor s/n, Campus Rio Ebro, Edificio I+D, Zaragoza 50018, Spain.,Institute of Surgical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Breisacher Straße 115A, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.,Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences (BMLS), Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. h.bode@bio.uni-frankfurt.de.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, California, USA. r.jin@uci.edu.,Eisai, Andover, Massachusetts.,Virus Ecology Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, USA.,Oncode Institute, Hubrecht Institute-KNAW (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences), Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Guangzhou Regenerative Medicine and Health Guangdong Laboratory (GRMH-GDL) , Guangzhou 510530 , China.,Hylleraas Centre for Quantum Molecular Sciences, University of Oslo, Sem Saelands vei 26, 0371, Oslo, Norway. michele.cascella@kjemi.uio.no.,Departments of Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Medicine; Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vanderbilt Diabetes Research and Training Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. ray.blind@vanderbilt.edu.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,From the Center for Women's Infectious Diseases Research.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Enzymology, Institute of Biochemistry of the Romanian Academy, Spl. Independentei 296, Bucharest 060031, Romania. Electronic address: stefan.szedlacsek@biochim.ro.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Centre for Blood Research, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.,UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Nova de Lisboa, Caparica 2825-149, Portugal.,Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic.,Norwegian Center for Molecular Medicine, Nordic EMBL Partnership University of Oslo, Gaustadalléen 21, 0349, Oslo, Norway.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. ren@brandeis.edu qiang_chen@scu.edu.cn xmdeng@xmu.edu.cn.,Domain Therapeutics NA Inc., Montreal, Canada.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics, The Rockefeller University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. mackinn@rockefeller.edu.,From the Center for Nanobiology and Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Zamek 136, 373 33 Nove Hrady, Czech Republic.,Deutsches Zentrum für Infektionsforschung (DZIF) , Standort Hannover , Braunschweig , Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Product Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai, 200032, China. ccao@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Otto-Stern-Weg 5, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.,Département de Biologie Structurale Intégrative, Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, INSERM, B.P. 10142, 67404 Illkirch CEDEX, France. romier@igbmc.fr.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Centre of Excellence for Bacterial Stress Response and Persistence (BASP), Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China; Lab of Protein Structure and Function, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China. Electronic address: ywlin@usc.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,1 Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.,CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Beijing 100101, China.,Centre de Biochimie Structurale (CBS), INSERM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, 29 rue de Navacelles, 34090 Montpellier, France. Electronic address: Stefano.trapani@cbs.cnrs.fr.,NeCEN, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden University, 2333 CC Leiden, Netherlands.,Markey Center for Structural Biology, Department of Biological Sciences and the Purdue Institute of Inflammation, Immunology and Infectious Disease , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, United States.,Department of Pharmacology & Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA. bryan.mackenzie@uc.edu.,Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China. sjchen@stn.sh.cn.,Protein Expression Purification Crystallization and Molecular Biophysics Core, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106.,State Key Laboratory for Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Hematology, Collaborative Innovation Center of System Biology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Genome and Systems Biology Degree Program, National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.,Key Laboratory of Model Animal Research, Nanjing Medical University, 211166 Nanjing, Peoples' Republic of China.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.,CryoEM Shared Resource, Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.,Division of Biomedical Sciences, University of California-Riverside School of Medicine, 900 University Avenue, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Lab of Protein Structure and Function, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.,Department of Biophysics, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 700054, India.,Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106; tsx@case.edu.,School of Pharmacy , Jinan University , 601 Huangpu Avenue West , Guangzhou 510632 , China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra , Università di Pisa , via Santa Maria 53 , 56126 Pisa , Italy.,Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Hamburg, Germany.,School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.,Ferrier Research Institute , Victoria University of Wellington , Wellington 6012 , New Zealand.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. s.s.virdee@dundee.ac.uk.,Institute of Biotechnology , RWTH Aachen University , Worringerweg 3 , 52074 Aachen , Germany.,Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.,State Key Laboratory for Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Hematology, Collaborative Innovation Center of System Biology, Ruijin Hospital, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology and School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou 510006 , China.,Institut de Biologie Intégrative de la Cellule (I2BC), IBITECS, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100093 Beijing, China; suisf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China.,Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, England; Division of Biochemistry, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FIN-00014, Finland.,Institute of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Universität Regensburg, 95053, Regensburg, Germany.,Institute for Genetics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.,University of Tennessee-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Graduate School of Genome Science and Technology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,Tsinghua Institute of Multidisciplinary Biomedical Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. shaofeng@nibs.ac.cn.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19(A) Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100049, China. ccao@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,College of Pharmacy, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, 310014, PR China.,Key Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610041, China.,Theranyx, Marseille, France.,Section of Structural Biology, Dept. Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK. xiaodong.zhang@imperial.ac.uk.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, California, USA.,Perlmutter Cancer Center, New York University Langone Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,University of Lübeck , 23562 Lübeck , Germany.,Univ. Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1019-UMR 8204-CIIL- Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.,Lehrstuhl Biopolymere und Forschungszentrum für Bio-Makromoleküle, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.,Department of Life Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan thisabor@res.titech.ac.jp.,School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China. zangjy@ustc.edu.cn.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, Auguste-Piccard-Hof 1, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: yesheng@ibp.ac.cn.,College of Medicine, Florida State University, 1115 West Call Street, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4300, USA.,Institute of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.,Department of Physics, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India.,Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS, Shanghai, 201204, China.,Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine , Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai 200127 , China.,Center for Cancer and Cell Biology, Innovation and Integration Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA.,Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, 2-4 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106, Japan.,From the Medical Research Council Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510006, China.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Guangzhou Medical University , Guangzhou , China.,Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. bchen@crystal.harvard.edu.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany; daniel.wilson@chemie.uni-hamburg.de.,Laboratory for Chemistry and Life Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta 4259-R1-8, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan.,Channel Receptors Unit, CNRS UMR 3571, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.,Division of Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. bchen@crystal.harvard.edu.,Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo, 315100, PR China. Electronic address: meilh@zju.edu.cn.,New York Consortium on Membrane Protein Structure, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, NY 10027, USA.,Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 300, Taiwan.,Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.,Wellcome Centre for Cell Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Max Born Crescent, Edinburgh, EH9 3BF, UK.,College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China. jimin_z@bnu.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Rosmarie.Friemann@gu.se.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany. veranso.conrad@gmail.com.,Department of Structural Biology, School of Medicine Stanford University, 299 Campus Drive West Stanford, Stanford, CA, 94305-5126, USA. Rosmarie.Friemann@gu.se.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea. Electronic address: chahong@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: tpsingh.aiims@gmail.com.,Department of Pathology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, 90095, CA, USA.,School of Biological Sciences , Nanyang Technological University , 639798 Singapore.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.,Departments of Chemistry and Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Daiichi Sankyo Deutschland GmbH, Zielstattstr. 48, 81379 München, Germany.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany. wolfgang.sippl@pharmazie.uni-halle.de.,State Key Lab for Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China Lsswsp@mail.sysu.edu.cn Lsszqf@mail.sysu.edu.cn.,Institute of Medical Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 138648, Singapore.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106.,State Key laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Life Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115; andrew_kruse@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,Codex BioSolutions, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.,Center for Nano Science and Technology @Polimi, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via G. Pascoli 70/3, 20133, Milano, Italy.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 637551, Singapore. pnordlund@ntu.edu.sg zbozdech@ntu.edu.sg.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.,MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis & Instrumentation, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Systems Biology & Physiology Program, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China syf@mail.hzau.edu.cn.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea.,Department of Biology and Biochemistry , University of Bath , Claverton Down , Bath BA2 7AY , United Kingdom.,Molecular Biology and Structural Biology Programs, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065 s-shuman@ski.mskcc.org.,Department of Biology, Molecular Basis of Disease Program, Department of Computer Science, and Department of Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States.,Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland stewart.cole@epfl.ch.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany. raghavk@bii.a-star.edu.sg.,Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Rosmarie.Friemann@gu.se.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai 200031, China.,the Faculty of Sciences, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Branišovská 1760, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.,Moscow Institute of Physics & Technology, Dolgoprudn, Russia.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Stanford University, Department of Structural Biology, Stanford, CA, USA.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance (BMRZ), Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,UCLA-DOE Institute of Genomics and Proteomics and.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L7, Canada. jr.min@utoronto.ca.,Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany goerlich@mpibpc.mpg.de.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431-0991, USA; Marine Biochemical Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Hollings Marine Laboratory, 331 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC 29412, USA. Electronic address: frank.mari@nist.gov.,Northern Institute for Cancer Research, School of Chemistry, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA nicolas_fawzi@brown.edu.,CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, IBS, Grenoble, France.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.,Institute of Immunology, Friedrich-Loeffler Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany g.hansman@dkfz.de.,the Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8902.,Department of Discovery Chemistry, Biocon Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development Center, Biocon Park, Jigani Link Road, Bommasandra IV, Bangalore 560099, India.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: srheesnu@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, China.,EnzyPep B.V., Brightlands Campus, Urmonderbaan 22, 6167 RD Geleen, The Netherlands. timo@enzypep.com.,Crystalgenomics, Inc., 5F, Tower A, Korea Bio Park 700, Daewangpangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13524, South Korea; Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.,Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Joint BSC-CRG-IRB Research Program in Computational Biology, Life Sciences Department, 08034, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. tom_rapoport@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany.,Computational Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics Unit, National Institute on Drug Abuse - Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MA 21224, USA.,College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, 06974, Republic of Korea. xrayleox@cau.ac.kr.,the Institute of Biochemistry, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Lübeck, Germany, and.,Division of Molecular Medicine, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 700054, India.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; houk@chem.ucla.edu robin.teufel@zbsa.uni-freiburg.de.,Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63104, USA. sergey.korolev@health.slu.edu.,Pelago Bioscience , Banvaktsvägen 20 , 17148 Solna , Sweden.,Chemical Biology and Molecular Biophysics, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Academia Sinica., Taipei, 115, Taiwan.,Center for Biological Systems Analysis (ZBSA), University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany; houk@chem.ucla.edu robin.teufel@zbsa.uni-freiburg.de.,Microbiology and Immunology Department, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065.,Bristol-Myers Squibb Company , P.O. Box 5400 , Princeton , New Jersey 08543-5400 , USA . Email: Franck.Duclos@Bms.com.,4 School of Pharmacy, Key Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Evaluation (Yantai University), Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Drug Delivery System and Biotech Drugs in Universities of Shandong, Yantai University, Yantai, China.,Structural and Molecular Microbiology, Structural Biology Research Center, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,The Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussels, Belgium.,Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 700-8530 Okayama, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Therapeutics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: matthew.dunne@hest.ethz.ch.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.,Department of Pathology of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Department of Biophysics, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China.,Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Münster, Hüfferstrasse 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Center for Drug Design, Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States. Electronic address: wangx472@umn.edu.,Wellcome Centre for Cell Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Max Born Crescent, Edinburgh, EH9 3BF, UK. adele.marston@ed.ac.uk.,Departments of Biochemistry, Pediatrics and Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States.,Experimental Retrovilogy Section, HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Big Data Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Information and Discovery, Oxford, United Kingdom.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,Department of Chemistry , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , Pennsylvania 16802 , United States.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Jilin University , No.1266 Fujin Road , Chaoyang District, Changchun , Jilin 130021 , China.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,the Japan Science and Technology Agency, PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, and.,Univ. Lille, Inserm, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1177 - Drugs and Molecules for living Systems, F-59000 Lille, France.,Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, 1050, Belgium.,Schools of Medicine and.,Chemical Sciences Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8391, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8391, USA.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Yale Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. Electronic address: titus.boggon@yale.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, 41125 Modena, Italy. rosaria.luciani@gmail.com.,Department of Biological Chemistry, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States.,Technische Universität Braunschweig , 38106 Braunschweig , Germany.,Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 17177, Sweden.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute for Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Research Complex at Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0FA, UK.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, South Kensington, SW7 2AZ, UK.,Department of Internal Medicine, and tbrett@wustl.edu.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China.,Plant Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany.,Centre de Biochimie Structurale (CBS), INSERM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, 29 rue de Navacelles, 34090 Montpellier, France.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4
A, B, C, D
427Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KCNN4 (IK1, IKCA1, KCA4, SK4)
Find proteins for O15554 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: KCNN4
Go to UniProtKB:  O15554
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Calmodulin-1
E, F, G, H
149Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CALM1 (CALM, CAM, CAM1)
Find proteins for P0DP23 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CALM1
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DP23
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
E, F, G, H
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.7 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute (NIH/NHGRI)United StatesGM43949
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)United States--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-05-23
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-11-20
    Type: Author supporting evidence