6CE9

Insulin Receptor ectodomain in complex with two insulin molecules


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.3 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of the insulin receptor-insulin complex by single-particle cryo-EM analysis.

Scapin, G.Dandey, V.P.Zhang, Z.Prosise, W.Hruza, A.Kelly, T.Mayhood, T.Strickland, C.Potter, C.S.Carragher, B.

(2018) Nature 556: 122-125

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature26153
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The insulin receptor is a dimeric protein that has a crucial role in controlling glucose homeostasis, regulating lipid, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, and modulating brain neurotransmitter levels. Insulin receptor dysfunction has been associate ...

    The insulin receptor is a dimeric protein that has a crucial role in controlling glucose homeostasis, regulating lipid, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, and modulating brain neurotransmitter levels. Insulin receptor dysfunction has been associated with many diseases, including diabetes, cancer and Alzheimer's disease. The primary sequence of the receptor has been known since the 1980s, and is composed of an extracellular portion (the ectodomain, ECD), a single transmembrane helix and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. Binding of insulin to the dimeric ECD triggers auto-phosphorylation of the tyrosine kinase domain and subsequent activation of downstream signalling molecules. Biochemical and mutagenesis data have identified two putative insulin-binding sites, S1 and S2. The structures of insulin bound to an ECD fragment containing S1 and of the apo ectodomain have previously been reported, but details of insulin binding to the full receptor and the signal propagation mechanism are still not understood. Here we report single-particle cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of the 1:2 (4.3 Å) and 1:1 (7.4 Å) complexes of the insulin receptor ECD dimer with insulin. The symmetrical 4.3 Å structure shows two insulin molecules per dimer, each bound between the leucine-rich subdomain L1 of one monomer and the first fibronectin-like domain (FnIII-1) of the other monomer, and making extensive interactions with the α-subunit C-terminal helix (α-CT helix). The 7.4 Å structure has only one similarly bound insulin per receptor dimer. The structures confirm the binding interactions at S1 and define the full S2 binding site. These insulin receptor states suggest that recruitment of the α-CT helix upon binding of the first insulin changes the relative subdomain orientations and triggers downstream signal propagation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Merck & Co., Department of Biochemical Engineering & Structure, 2000 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Insulin receptor
A, B
917Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INSR
EC: 2.7.10.1
Find proteins for P06213 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: INSR
Go to UniProtKB:  P06213
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Insulin receptor
M, P
30Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INSR
EC: 2.7.10.1
Find proteins for P06213 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: INSR
Go to UniProtKB:  P06213
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Insulin A chain
K, N
21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: INS
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Insulin B chain
L, O
30Ovis ariesMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01318 (Ovis aries)
Go to Gene View: INS
Go to UniProtKB:  P01318
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FUC
Query on FUC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ALPHA-L-FUCOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-SXUWKVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.3 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesGM103310
National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication DisordersUnited StatesOD019994
Simons FoundationUnited States349247

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-03-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-03-21
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-04-18
    Type: Data collection, Database references