6BNK

Crystal structure of TCR-MHC-like molecule


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Dual Modifications of alpha-Galactosylceramide Synergize to Promote Activation of Human Invariant Natural Killer T Cells and Stimulate Anti-tumor Immunity.

Chennamadhavuni, D.Saavedra-Avila, N.A.Carreno, L.J.Guberman-Pfeffer, M.J.Arora, P.Yongqing, T.Koay, H.F.Godfrey, D.I.Keshipeddy, S.Richardson, S.K.Sundararaj, S.Lo, J.H.Wen, X.Gascon, J.A.Yuan, W.Rossjohn, J.Le Nours, J.Porcelli, S.A.Howell, A.R.

(2018) Cell Chem Biol 25: 571

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2018.02.009
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycosylceramides that activate CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells have potential therapeutic applications for augmenting immune responses against cancer and infections. Previous studies using mouse models identified sphinganine ...

    Glycosylceramides that activate CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells have potential therapeutic applications for augmenting immune responses against cancer and infections. Previous studies using mouse models identified sphinganine variants of α-galactosylceramide as promising iNKT cell activators that stimulate cytokine responses with a strongly proinflammatory bias. However, the activities of sphinganine variants in mice have generally not translated well to studies of human iNKT cell responses. Here, we show that strongly proinflammatory and anti-tumor iNKT cell responses were achieved in mice by a variant of α-galactosylceramide that combines a sphinganine base with a hydrocinnamoyl ester on C6″ of the sugar. Importantly, the activities observed with this variant were largely preserved for human iNKT cell responses. Structural and in silico modeling studies provided a mechanistic basis for these findings and suggested basic principles for capturing useful properties of sphinganine analogs of synthetic iNKT cell activators in the design of immunotherapeutic agents.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address: steven.porcelli@einstein.yu.edu.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3060, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3060, USA. Electronic address: amy.howell@uconn.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Millennium Institute on Immunology and Immunotherapy, Programa de Inmunologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.,Infection and Immunity Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.,Infection and Immunity Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: jerome.lenours@monash.edu.,Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging at the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.,Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Antigen-presenting glycoprotein CD1d1
A, E
302Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Cd1d1 (Cd1.1)
Find proteins for P11609 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P11609
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-2-microglobulin
B, F
99Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2m
Find proteins for P01887 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01887
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Human nkt tcr alpha chain
C, G
207N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Human nkt tcr beta chain
D, H
242N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AGH
Query on AGH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, E
N-{(1S,2R,3S)-1-[(ALPHA-D-GALACTOPYRANOSYLOXY)METHYL]-2,3-DIHYDROXYHEPTADECYL}HEXACOSANAMIDE
C50 H99 N O9
VQFKFAKEUMHBLV-BYSUZVQFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, E
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.970α = 90.00
b = 150.570β = 95.23
c = 101.200γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
iMOSFLMdata reduction
BUSTERrefinement
PHASERphasing
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-04-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-04-11
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-05-30
    Type: Data collection, Database references