6BC1

A Complex between PH Domain of p190RhoGEF and Activated Rac1 Bound to a GTP Analog


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.323 
  • R-Value Work: 0.278 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.280 

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This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Direct regulation of p190RhoGEF by activated Rho and Rac GTPases.

Dada, O.Gutowski, S.Brautigam, C.A.Chen, Z.Sternweis, P.C.

(2018) J Struct Biol 202: 13-24

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2017.11.014
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6BC0, 6BC1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Rho family GTPases regulate a wide range of cellular processes. This includes cellular dynamics where three subfamilies, Rho, Rac, and Cdc42, are known to regulate cell shape and migration though coordinate action. Activation of Rho proteins largely depends on Rho Guanine nucleotide Exchange Factors (RhoGEFs) through a catalytic Dbl homology (DH) domain linked to a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain that subserves various functions ...

    Rho family GTPases regulate a wide range of cellular processes. This includes cellular dynamics where three subfamilies, Rho, Rac, and Cdc42, are known to regulate cell shape and migration though coordinate action. Activation of Rho proteins largely depends on Rho Guanine nucleotide Exchange Factors (RhoGEFs) through a catalytic Dbl homology (DH) domain linked to a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain that subserves various functions. The PH domains from Lbc RhoGEFs, which specifically activate RhoA, have been shown to bind to activated RhoA. Here, p190RhoGEF is shown to also bind Rac1·GTP. Crystal structures reveal that activated Rac1 and RhoA use their effector-binding surfaces to associate with the same hydrophobic surface on the PH domain. Both activated RhoA and Rac1 can stimulate exchange of nucleotide on RhoA by localization of p190RhoGEF to its substrate, RhoA·GDP, in vitro. The binding of activated RhoA provides a mechanism for positive feedback regulation as previously proposed for the family of Lbc RhoGEFs. In contrast, the novel interaction between activated Rac1 and p190RhoGEF reveals a potential mechanism for cross-talk regulation where Rac can directly effect stimulation of RhoA. The greater capacity of Rac1 to stimulate p190RhoGEF among the Lbc RhoGEFs suggests functional specialization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: paul.sternweis@utsouthwestern.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1A,
C [auth B]
183Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RAC1TC25MIG5
EC: 3.6.5.2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P63000 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P63000 
Go to UniProtKB:  P63000
PHAROS:  P63000
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP63000
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 28B [auth C],
D
150Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ARHGEF28KIAA1998RGNEF
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q8N1W1 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q8N1W1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8N1W1
PHAROS:  Q8N1W1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ8N1W1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GSP
Query on GSP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
G [auth B]
5'-GUANOSINE-DIPHOSPHATE-MONOTHIOPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3 S
XOFLBQFBSOEHOG-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A],
H [auth B]
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.323 
  • R-Value Work: 0.278 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.280 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 45.332α = 90
b = 96.333β = 90
c = 189.361γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesNIH-5R01GM031954

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-12-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-12-20
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-17
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.3: 2018-03-14
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2020-01-01
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.5: 2020-01-29
    Changes: Derived calculations