6B8F

Contracted Human Heavy-Chain Ferritin Crystal-Hydrogel Hybrid


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.06 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.103 
  • R-Value Work: 0.091 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Hyperexpandable, self-healing macromolecular crystals with integrated polymer networks.

Zhang, L.Bailey, J.B.Subramanian, R.H.Tezcan, F.A.

(2018) Nature 557: 86-91

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0057-7
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The formation of condensed matter typically involves a trade-off between structural order and flexibility. As the extent and directionality of interactions between atomic or molecular components increase, materials generally become more ordered but l ...

    The formation of condensed matter typically involves a trade-off between structural order and flexibility. As the extent and directionality of interactions between atomic or molecular components increase, materials generally become more ordered but less compliant, and vice versa. Nevertheless, high levels of structural order and flexibility are not necessarily mutually exclusive; there are many biological (such as microtubules 1,2 , flagella 3 , viruses 4,5 ) and synthetic assemblies (for example, dynamic molecular crystals 6-9 and frameworks 10-13 ) that can undergo considerable structural transformations without losing their crystalline order and that have remarkable mechanical properties 8,14,15 that are useful in diverse applications, such as selective sorption 16 , separation 17 , sensing 18 and mechanoactuation 19 . However, the extent of structural changes and the elasticity of such flexible crystals are constrained by the necessity to maintain a continuous network of bonding interactions between the constituents of the lattice. Consequently, even the most dynamic porous materials tend to be brittle and isolated as microcrystalline powders 14 , whereas flexible organic or inorganic molecular crystals cannot expand without fracturing. Owing to their rigidity, crystalline materials rarely display self-healing behaviour 20 . Here we report that macromolecular ferritin crystals with integrated hydrogel polymers can isotropically expand to 180 per cent of their original dimensions and more than 500 per cent of their original volume while retaining periodic order and faceted Wulff morphologies. Even after the separation of neighbouring ferritin molecules by 50 ångströms upon lattice expansion, specific molecular contacts between them can be reformed upon lattice contraction, resulting in the recovery of atomic-level periodicity and the highest-resolution ferritin structure reported so far. Dynamic bonding interactions between the hydrogel network and the ferritin molecules endow the crystals with the ability to resist fragmentation and self-heal efficiently, whereas the chemical tailorability of the ferritin molecules enables the creation of chemically and mechanically differentiated domains within single crystals.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. tezcan@ucsd.edu.,Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. tezcan@ucsd.edu.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ferritin heavy chain
A
182Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FTH1 (FTH, FTHL6)
EC: 1.16.3.1
Find proteins for P02794 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FTH1
Go to UniProtKB:  P02794
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE
Query on FE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FE (III) ION
Fe
VTLYFUHAOXGGBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.06 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.103 
  • R-Value Work: 0.091 
  • Space Group: F 4 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 180.040α = 90.00
b = 180.040β = 90.00
c = 180.040γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PHASERphasing
iMOSFLMdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-05-16
    Type: Data collection, Database references