6B7O

Crystal structure of Legionella effector sdeD (lpg2509) H67A in complex with ADP-ribosylated Ubiquitin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Mechanism of phosphoribosyl-ubiquitination mediated by a single Legionella effector.

Akturk, A.Wasilko, D.J.Wu, X.Liu, Y.Zhang, Y.Qiu, J.Luo, Z.Q.Reiter, K.H.Brzovic, P.S.Klevit, R.E.Mao, Y.

(2018) Nature 557: 729-733

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0147-6
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification that regulates many cellular processes in eukaryotes <sup>1-4 </sup>. The conventional ubiquitination cascade culminates in a covalent linkage between the C terminus of ubiquitin (Ub) and a target p ...

    Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification that regulates many cellular processes in eukaryotes 1-4 . The conventional ubiquitination cascade culminates in a covalent linkage between the C terminus of ubiquitin (Ub) and a target protein, usually on a lysine side chain 1,5 . Recent studies of the Legionella pneumophila SidE family of effector proteins revealed a ubiquitination method in which a phosphoribosyl ubiquitin (PR-Ub) is conjugated to a serine residue on substrates via a phosphodiester bond 6-8 . Here we present the crystal structure of a fragment of the SidE family member SdeA that retains ubiquitination activity, and determine the mechanism of this unique post-translational modification. The structure reveals that the catalytic module contains two distinct functional units: a phosphodiesterase domain and a mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase domain. Biochemical analysis shows that the mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase domain-mediated conversion of Ub to ADP-ribosylated Ub (ADPR-Ub) and the phosphodiesterase domain-mediated ligation of PR-Ub to substrates are two independent activities of SdeA. Furthermore, we present two crystal structures of a homologous phosphodiesterase domain from the SidE family member SdeD 9 in complexes with Ub and ADPR-Ub. The structures suggest a mechanism for how SdeA processes ADPR-Ub to PR-Ub and AMP, and conjugates PR-Ub to a serine residue in substrates. Our study establishes the molecular mechanism of phosphoribosyl-linked ubiquitination and will enable future studies of this unusual type of ubiquitination in eukaryotes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Lilly Biotechnology Center San Diego, 10290 Campus Point Drive, San Diego, CA, 92121, USA.,Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada. james.carlyle@utoronto.ca.,Quantum Beam Science Drectorate , National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology , Tokai , Ibaraki 319-1106 , Japan.,PhD Program in Chemistry, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, United States.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. philip_kranzusch@dfci.harvard.edu.,Rega Institute for Medical Research and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, 3000, Belgium.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40536-0596, USA. sylviegtsodikova@uky.edu.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS UMR 5075, 38044, Grenoble, France. andre.zapun@ibs.fr.,Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Structural Studies Division, MRC-LMB, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0971, Japan; Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-Ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan. Electronic address: kojima@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,Experimental Retrovirology Section, HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Departamento de Biología Celular y del Desarrollo, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico.,The Therapeutic Antibody Research Center of SEU-Alphamab, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.,the University Lyon, ENS de Lyon, University Claude Bernard, CNRS UMR 5239, INSERM U1210, LBMC, 46 Allée d'Italie Site Jacques Monod, F-69007, Lyon, France, stephane.rety@ens-lyon.fr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.,National Cancer Institute-RAS Initiative, Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Leidos Biomedical Research, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Research Laboratories, FUJIFILM Corporation, Kanagawa, Japan.,Microbial Pathogenesis Group, Infection Medicine, Edinburgh Medical School (Biomedical Sciences) and The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, UK.,David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles and Greater West Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA. kyle.l.brown@vanderbilt.edu.,Laboratoire de Chimie Biophysique, ISIS, Universite de Strasbourg, 67000, Strasbourg, France.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China.,Chemistry Department, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.,Gene Center Munich and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany; Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. Electronic address: silvija.bilokapic@stjude.org.,Biocruces-Bizkaia Health Research Institute , Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science , Bilbao 48011 , Spain.,Department of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, 599-8531, Japan.,Achaogen, 7000 Shoreline Ct. No. 371, San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu glander@scripps.edu.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea. sangryu@snu.ac.kr.,Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.,Veterans Affairs Hospital, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Zukerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, 45 Chancellor's Circle, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada.,Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, Institute of Nanostructure and Solid State Physics, Universität Hamburg, CFEL, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761, Hamburg, Germany. arwen.pearson@cfel.de.,Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester M1 7DN, U.K.,School of Biological Sciences , Nanyang Technological University , 50 Nanyang Drive , Singapore 637551.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA. peter.zhou@uky.edu.,JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.,IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and Collaboration of AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec Research Center, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, G1V 4G2, Canada.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology , Harvard University , 12 Oxford Street , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02138 , United States.,RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Yokohama, Japan.,Committee on Immunology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,James Cook University, Cairns, Australia.,Molecular Discovery Research, Screening and Compound Profiling, GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: timothy.cardozo@nyumc.org.,1Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297 Japan.,Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea. sangryu@snu.ac.kr.,Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, Aix-Marseille Université, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288, Marseille Cedex 09, France.,Department of Biological Sciences , National University of Singapore , 14 Science Drive 4 , Singapore 117543.,Department of Chemistry & Pharmaceutical Sciences, VU University Amsterdam , De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195.,Oncology Research, Signal Transduction DPU Medicinal Chemistry.,Department of Physiology, Human and Molecular Genetics Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.,Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, CNRS UPR 2301, Université Paris-Saclay, LabEx LERMIT , 1 avenue de la Terrasse, Bât. 27 , 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette , France.,Microbial Pathogenesis Group, Infection Medicine, Edinburgh Medical School (Biomedical Sciences) and The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, UK. Electronic address: v.boland@ed.ac.uk.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,the Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China, and.,Department of Pathology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy and.,Medizinische Biochemie und Molekularbiologie, Universität des Saarlandes, Kirrberger Str., Geb. 44, D-66421 Homburg, Germany. michaelweyrich@gmx.de.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CNRS CEA Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France solange.morera@i2bc.paris-saclay.fr.,Structural Biology Center, Department of Biosciences, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA.,MOH key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.,Department of Molecular and Biomedical Pharmacology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA.,Laboratory of Systems Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Constellation Pharmaceuticals, Inc. , 215 First Street, Suite 200, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, United States.,Harvard PhD Program in Virology, Division of Medical Sciences, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.,Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.,EA7361 "Structure, dynamic, function and expression of broad spectrum β-lactamases" , Université Paris Sud, Université Paris Saclay, LabEx LERMIT, Faculty of Medicine , 78 rue du Général Leclerc , 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre , France.,Laboratory of Systems Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,RQx Pharmaceuticals, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. philip_kranzusch@dfci.harvard.edu.,Institute of Biochemistry, Center for Structural and Cell Biology in Medicine, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562 Lübeck, Germany; German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Hamburg - Lübeck - Borstel - Riems Site, University of Lübeck, Germany. Electronic address: hilgenfeld@biochem.uni-luebeck.de.,4Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.,Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. liguozhang@sun5.ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry & Nano Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, 03760, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: chajung@ewha.ac.kr.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia. Electronic address: kluck@wehi.edu.au.,Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510060, China.,Department of Translational Immunology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Research and Development , Carna Biosciences, Inc. , 3rd Floor, BMA, 1-5-5 Minatojima-Minamimachi , Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047 , Japan.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. heise.christopher@gene.com.,1Department of Cellular Biology and Pharmacology, Florida International University, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Miami, FL 33199 USA.,Microbial Protein Structure, Max-Planck-Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, 35043 Marburg, Germany and.,Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, 14260.,the Department of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Michigan State University , East Lansing , Michigan 48824 , United States.,Department of Chemistry, Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CIPSM), Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstraße 4, 85747, Garching, Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address: nkoropat@umich.edu.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Interdisciplinary Research Center, Justus Liebig University, 35392 Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: katja.becker@uni-giessen.de.,Department of Pharmacological Sciences , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York , New York 10029 , United States.,Comprehensive AIDS Research Center, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Center for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: zhanglinqi@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University. Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada.,Department of Molecular Engineering, Amgen Inc., Cambridge, MA, United States of America.,Cell and Molecular Science, James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, UK.,The National Center for Drug Screening and CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.,RNA BioScience Initiative, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Retrovirox, San Diego, CA, USA.,2National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070 China.,4Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Neuroscience, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of Ministry of Health of China, and Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Mental Disorder's Management, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province 310027 China.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: nathanael_gray@dfci.harvard.edu.,Department of Protein Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.,Chemistry Department, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD 21402, United States.,3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049 China.,Instituto de Biologia Molecular de Barcelona (CSIC), Parc Científic de Barcelona, Baldiri i Reixac 10-12, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.,Institut for Advanced Biosciences, UMR InsermU1209/CNRS5309/UGA, University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia. Richard.berry@monash.edu.,Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, 99352.,Department of Biochemistry, Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.,Laboratory of Structure and Function of Biomolecules, Institute of Biotechnology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Biocev, Vestec, Czech Republic.,Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9ST, UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Committee on Cancer Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. jmm@sund.ku.dk.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133, Milano, Italy. stefano.ricagno@unimi.it.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: gnemerow@scripps.edu.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK.,Department of Chemistry, Sejong University, Seoul, South Korea.,Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie, PharmaCampus, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 48, D-48149 Münster, Germany. wuensch@uni-muenster.de.,Department of Protein Technologies, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, CA, United States of America.,Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology, RAS, Branch of Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor Vitkevich St., Pushchino, 142290, Russian Federation. tania.petrova.ru@gmail.com.,National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg 2131, South Africa; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa; Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa. Electronic address: lynnm@nicd.ac.za.,DuPont Nutrition and Health, 3329 Agriculture Dr, Madison, WI, 53716, USA.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Wolfson Drug Discovery Unit, Centre for Amyloidosis and Acute Phase Proteins, University College London, London, NW3 2PF, UK.,Department of Dermatology and Harvard Skin Disease Research Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-Ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, Yokohama, Japan.,Dynamique des Interactions Membranaires Normales et Pathologiques, UMR 5235, CNRS, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.,Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College, Guy's Campus, London Bridge, London SE1 1UL, UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Center for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.,PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Japan.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA.,Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.,ConfometRx, Santa Clara, CA, USA.,CNRS, INSERM, IBSLOR, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, F-54000, France.,National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg 2131, South Africa.,Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697.,National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg 2131, South Africa; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.,Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, 4002 Basel, Switzerland; nina.ripin@mol.biol.ethz.ch nicole.meisner-kober@sbg.ac.at frederic.allain@mol.biol.ethz.ch.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, MC 210-41, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.,the Institute of Hygiene, Microbiology, and Environmental Medicine, Medical University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria.,Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, 355 East Merrill Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA.,Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, N-9, W-9, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan. Electronic address: hmori@chem.agr.hokudai.ac.jp.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40536-0596, USA.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Interdisciplinary Research Center, Justus Liebig University, 35392 Giessen, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,From the Molecular Biology and.,Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Acton, ACT 2601, Australia.,Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98165.,Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Max-von-Laue-Str. 3, D-60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: ulrich.ermler@biophys.mpg.de.,Departamento de Medicina Molecular y Bioprocesos, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. Electronic address: rudino@ibt.unam.mx.,Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology and Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Carrer de Baldiri Reixac 10, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,Institute of Microbiology & Infection and School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham , B15 2TT, UK.,Molecular and Cell Biology Graduate Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Dynamique des Interactions Membranaires Normales et Pathologiques, UMR 5235, CNRS, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France. rachel.cerdan@umontpellier.fr.,Lilly Research Laboratories Collaborative Access Team, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Building 438A, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL, 60439, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, christopher.schofield@chem.ox.ac.uk.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Max von Lauestr. 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Buchmann Institute for Life Sciences (BMLS) and Structural Genomics Consortium Goethe-University Frankfurt, Max von Lauestr. 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; German Cancer Network (DKTK), Frankfurt Site, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia. Electronic address: pcolman@wehi.edu.au.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Research Complex at Harwell (RCaH), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxford, OX11 OFA, UK.,Department of Diabetes, Faculty of Lifesciences and Medicine , King's College London , Great Maze Pond , London SE1 1UL , U.K.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. kobilka@stanford.edu.,Institut de Biologie Structurale, CNRS, CEA, UGA, 30044, Grenoble, France.,From the Division of Immune Regulation, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI), La Jolla, California 92037.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland; nina.ripin@mol.biol.ethz.ch nicole.meisner-kober@sbg.ac.at frederic.allain@mol.biol.ethz.ch.,Département de biochimie, de microbiologie, et de bioinformatique, Faculté des sciences et de génie, Groupe de recherche en écologie buccale, Faculté de médecine dentaire, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada. sylvain.moineau@bcm.ulaval.ca.,Department of Microbiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390.,Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.,Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie, PharmaCampus, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 48, D-48149 Münster, Germany. joachim.jose@uni-muenster.de.,The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390.,Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Dalian, Liaoning, China.,National Magnetic Resonance Facility at Madison , University of Wisconsin-Madison , 433 Babcock Drive , Madison , Wisconsin 53706 , United States.,4Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, 8127 Regents Drive, College Park, MD 20742 USA.,Gene Expression & Regulation Program, Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.,Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Max-von-Laue-Str. 3, D-60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany.,Division of Plant Science, School of Life Science, University of Dundee (at JHI), Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, UK.,From the Departments of Molecular Biosciences and lamb@ku.edu.,Systems Immunity Research Institute, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.,UCLA Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.,School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom.,Bruker France, 34 rue de l'Industrie, BP 10002, 67166, Wissembourg Cedex, France.,Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Department of Microbiology-Immunology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. k-satchell@northwestern.edu.,Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5HE, UK.,HRMEM facility, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z3, BC, Canada.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, 80 Jigokro-127-beongil, Nam-Gu, Pohang, Kyungbuk, 37673, Korea.,Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016.,Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. sawaya@mbi.ucla.edu.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea.,Mitchell Cancer Institute, The University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA.,Department of Medical Sciences, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.,Department of Biotechnology , The University of Tokyo , 1-1-1 Yayoi , Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657 , Japan.,Macromolecular Crystallography Group, Structural Biology and Biocomputing Program, Spanish National Cancer Research Center (CNIO), c/Melchor Fernández Almagro 3, 28029, Madrid, Spain.,Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), Vienna BioCenter (VBC), Vienna, Austria. tim.clausen@imp.ac.at.,Protein-Nucleic Acid Interaction Section, Structural Biophysics Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, USA.,Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, 10029, USA.,Austrian Competence Center for Feed and Food Quality, Safety and Innovation, Wels, Austria.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva 4, Switzerland.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: wfeng@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Clinical Science, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble Outstation, University of Grenoble Alpes-EMBL-CNRS, Grenoble, France.,Institute of Microbiology and Infection, School of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.,German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF) , Site Hannover Braunschweig , Braunschweig 38124 , Germany.,Biosciences Division, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Wuxi Apptec Co., Ltd. , 288 Fute Zhong Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Shanghai 200131, People's Republic of China.,Structural Biology Research Center, Institute of Materials Structure Science , KEK/High Energy Accelerator Research Organization , 1-1 Oho , Tsukuba , Ibaraki , 305-0801 , Japan.,Institut für Biochemie, Department für Chemie, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Straße 47, D-50674 Köln, Germany. Alexander.Schnitzler@posteo.de.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Ave. 33, Bld. 2, Moscow, 119071, Russian Federation.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Center for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Integrative Biomedical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa Edward.Sturrock@uct.ac.za.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-Ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan. Electronic address: z47616a@cc.nagoya-u.ac.jp.,CryoEM Shared Resources, Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, 20147, VA, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. sawaya@mbi.ucla.edu.,UCLA Molecular Biology Institute, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. yeates@mbi.ucla.edu.,Genentech, Inc. , 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, United States.,University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, 7925, South Africa.,Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada. bennet@sfu.ca.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), C/ Baldiri Reixac, 10, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.,Structural Molecular Biology Group, Novo Nordisk Foundation Centre for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark. guillermo.montoya@cpr.ku.dk.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Westlake University, Shilongshan Road No. 18, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310064, Zhejiang Province, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, UK.,The University of New South Wales, Faculty of Medicine, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 2010, Australia.,California NanoSystems Institute, University California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Division of Molecular Biotherapy, Cancer Chemotherapy Center , Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research , 3-8-31 Ariake , Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8850 , Japan.,The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK.,From the Departments of Molecular Biosciences and.,State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae , Associated French National Reference Center for Antibiotic Resistance , 78 rue du Général Leclerc , 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre , France.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,From the State Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Fujian 361005, China yongli@xmu.edu.cn.,INSERM UMR-S 1193, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 92296 Châtenay-Malabry, France; christian.pous@u-psud.fr benoit.gigant@i2bc.paris-saclay.fr.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Arrhenius Laboratories for Natural Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.,Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9ST, UK. tmg@st-andrews.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.,Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Sapporo, 062-8517, Japan. y-yasutake@aist.go.jp.,Department of Pathology , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, Discovery Sciences, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340, Beerse, Belgium.,Center for Environmental Health Sciences MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Center for Matrix Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA. kyle.l.brown@vanderbilt.edu.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, 565-0871, Japan.,the LBPA, Ecole Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay, CNRS, Université Paris Saclay, 61 Avenue du Président Wilson, F-94235 Cachan, France.,Department of Molecular Enzymology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Germany.,Division of Computational Biology, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5HE, UK; School of Physics and Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5HE, UK.,Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biology, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address: patrick.cramer@mpibpc.mpg.de.,Epizyme, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. adrew@epizyme.com.,Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Science (IMBA), Vienna BioCenter (VBC), Vienna, Austria.,UCIBIO, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 Japan.,Immunology Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria Road, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 2010, Australia. d.langley@garvan.org.au.,Graduate School of Life Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea. hyungholee@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Chemistry, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine 04011, United States.,Structural Biology and Bioinformatics Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research - Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Centre for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z3, BC, Canada.,the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Light Source, Menlo Park, California 94025.,Department of Chemistry , Boston University , Boston , Massachusetts 02215 , United States.,Institute of Biochemistry, Center for Structural and Cell Biology in Medicine, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562 Lübeck, Germany.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK. arwen.pearson@cfel.de.,Freie Universität Berlin, Laboratory of Structural Biochemistry, Takustraβe 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany; Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Macromolecular Crystallography, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, 12489 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: markus.wahl@fu-berlin.de.,Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Center for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: yxiang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, P.O. Box 5400, Princeton, New Jersey 08534, United States.,Protein Production and Characterization Platform, Novo Nordisk Foundation Centre for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia.,Division of Structural Biology, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX37BN, United Kingdom.,Division of Endocrinology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.,Department of Embryology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Baltimore, MD, USA.,Department for Computational Biology and Applied Algorithmics , Max Planck Institute for Informatics , Saarbrücken D-66123 , Germany.,the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev (NIBN), Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.,Institute for Protein Innovation, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115.,Graduate School of Life Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan komoda.k@gmail.com yao@castor.sci.hokudai.ac.jp.,The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; thierry.izore@monash.edu max.cryle@monash.edu.,5Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Centre for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 Canada.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Nashville, TN, United States of America.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Group, Research Centre for Natural Sciences , Hungarian Academy of Sciences , 2 Magyar tudósok körútja , Budapest H-1117 , Hungary.,Department de Química Física i Analítica, Universitat Jaume I, 12071, Castellón, Spain.,Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. karsten.niefind@uni-koeln.de.,Bethune Institute of Epigenetic Medicine, The First Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, 130021, China.,the Faculty of Advanced Life Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 011-0021, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Umeå Centre for Microbial Research, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden.,Faculty of science and engineering, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, 577-8502, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States of America.,Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,T. C. Jenkins Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, United States. Electronic address: lecomte_jtj@jhu.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, TU Dortmund University , Otto-Hahn-Str. 6, 44227 Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Peter Doherty Institute, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.,From the Avram and Stella Goldstein-Goren Department of Biotechnology Engineering and the National Institute of Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.,Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China.,Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CNRS CEA Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Henry Wellcome Building for Biocatalysis, Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK.,School of Chemistry, University of Manchester, Chemistry Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, U.K.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona 85259, USA.,Innovation/Biodomain, Shell International Exploration and Production, Westhollow Technology Center, 3333 Highway 6 South, Houston, Texas 77082-3101, United States.,Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute-Frederick, Frederick, MD, 21702, USA.,GSK, Siena, Italy matthew.j.bottomley@gsk.com.,Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, 355 East Merrill Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA. hamdouchi_chafiq@lilly.com.,Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310064, Zhejiang Province, China.,Central Laser Facility, Research Complex at Harwell, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0FA, U.K.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133, Milano, Italy.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, United States.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,High Magnet Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Science, 50 Shushanhu Road, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China.,Laboratory of Systems Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: peter_sorger@hms.harvard.edu.,Aspirnaut Summer research program, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA.,Medizinische Physik und Biophysik, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: christian.spahn@charite.de.,Department of Pathology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China. jianshi@smu.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.,Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, 10029, USA. ming-ming.zhou@mssm.edu.,Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States of America.,Department of Cell Biology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Infectious Diseases, King's College London, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, London SE1 9RT, UK.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Arrhenius Laboratories for Natural Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. hogbom@dbb.su.se.,Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (HZAU), Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Potato Biology and Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430070, China.,Bioinformatics Institute , ASTAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research) , 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix , Singapore 138671 . Email: chandra@bii.a-star.edu.sg ; Tel: +65 6478 8273.,Quantum Beam Science Center , Japan Atomic Energy Agency , Tokai , Ibaraki 319-1195 , Japan.,Institute of Biophysics, Czech Academy of Sciences, 612 65 Brno, Czech Republic.,California NanoSystems Institute, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. yeates@mbi.ucla.edu.,ConfometRx, Santa Clara, CA, USA. kobilka@stanford.edu.,Department of Biophysics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390.,Department of Chemistry, Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CIPSM), Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany. stephan.sieber@tum.de.,Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College, Guy's Campus, London Bridge, London SE1 1UL, UK mark.sanderson@kcl.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.,Departments of Biochemistry and Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. laub@mit.edu.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Diseases, Seattle, Washington.,5Division of Hazardous Chemicals, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, NARO, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8604 Japan.,CEA, LETI, CLINATEC, MINATEC Campus, University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.,Life Sciences Institute and Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.,p53 Laboratory , ASTAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research) , 8A Biomedical Grove, #06-04/05, Neuros/Immunos , Singapore 138648 . Email: cjbrown@p53lab.a-star.edu.sg ; Tel: +65 6478 8273.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,ESRF - The European Synchrotron, 38043, Grenoble, France.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sojo University, Kumamoto, 860-0082, Japan.,Protein Structure-Function Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.,CNRS UMR5048, Centre de Biochimie Structurale, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.,PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo 102-0076, Japan.,J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Dolejškova 3, CZ-182 23 Prague, Czech Republic.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan.,Department of Medical Biochemistry, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.,Institute of Virology , Hannover Medical School , Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1 , D-30625 Hannover , Germany.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu glander@scripps.edu.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,From the Molecular Biology and s-shuman@ski.mskcc.org.,School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 201210 Shanghai, China; quanjiangji@shanghaitech.edu.cn.,Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, James Black Centre , University of Dundee , Dow Street , DD1 5EH Dundee , Scotland, U.K.,Ipsen Bioscience , 650 East Kendall Street , Cambridge , MA 02142 , USA.,Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066, Blindern, NO-, 0316, Oslo, Norway. p.e.kristiansen@ibv.uio.no.,Faculty of Bioscience, Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology, 1266 Tamura-Cho, Nagahama, Shiga 526-0829, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 1725 State Street, La Crosse, WI 54601, United States. Electronic address: jmay@uwlax.edu.,Janssen Neuroscience Discovery, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340, Beerse, Belgium.,Workgroup Structural Biology of Biosynthetic Enzymes, Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Saarland University , Campus Geb. E8.1 , Saarbrücken 66123 , Germany.,T. C. Jenkins Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, United States.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and Synthetic Metabolism and.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA. hoelz@caltech.edu.,Evolution and Ecology of Resistance to Antibiotics Unit , Institut Pasteur, APHP, Université Paris Sud , 25-28 Rue du Dr Roux , 75015 Paris , France.,Division of Plant Biology, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, FIN-00014, Helsinki, Finland.,University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria, Wels, Austria.,NDBio Therapeutics Inc., Incheon 21984, Republic of Korea.,Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, Michigan.,RNA BioScience Initiative, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. Jeffrey.Kieft@ucdenver.edu.,2Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5S 1A8 ON Canada.,Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,6Present Address: Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, School of Chemistry, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, M1 7DN UK.,PhD Program in Biochemistry, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, United States.,Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, United States.,Present address, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, CB2 0QH, Cambridge, UK.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK. ivan.campeotto@leicester.ac.uk.,HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama; jprokop54@gmail.com jlazar@hudsonalpha.org.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, H3G0B1, Canada.,From the Avram and Stella Goldstein-Goren Department of Biotechnology Engineering and the National Institute of Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel, papo@bgu.ac.il.,Department of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Key Laboratory of Biochip Technology, Biotech and Health Centre, Shenzhen Research Institute of City University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518057, China.,Medizinische Biochemie und Molekularbiologie, Universität des Saarlandes, Kirrberger Str., Geb. 44, D-66421 Homburg, Germany. claudia.goetz@uks.eu.,Institut for Advanced Biosciences, UMR InsermU1209/CNRS5309/UGA, University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France andre.verdel@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr.,Janssen Prevention Center, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, Archimedesweg 6, 2333, Leiden, CN, the Netherlands.,HRMEM Facility, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Interdisciplinary Research Center, Justus Liebig University, 35392 Giessen, Germany.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. yancy05@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,the Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.,Boehringer Ingelheim RCV GmbH & Co KG , 1221 Vienna , Austria.,Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697.,Diamond Light Source Limited , Harwell Science & Innovation Campus , Didcot OX11 0DE , U.K.,Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, 71 avenue des Martyrs, 38000, Grenoble, France.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. sawaya@mbi.ucla.edu.,Amgen Postdoctoral Fellow Program, Amgen Inc., Cambridge, MA, United States of America.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,School of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.,Unit for Virus Host-Cell Interactions, University of Grenoble Alpes-EMBL-CNRS, Grenoble, France.,Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, Boston, MA, USA.,Faculty of Advanced Life Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia. Richard.berry@monash.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. yiorgo@stanford.edu.,FEI, 5651 GG Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, King's College London, London SE1 1DB, UK.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. ann_hochschild@hms.harvard.edu.,Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045.,The David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. smith.peter@gene.com.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.,From the Departments of Biological Chemistry and Chemistry and Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA-DOE Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 and.,Pharmacy & Pharmacology, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, 10029, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720; zhangrui@wustl.edu enogales@lbl.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Chemical Genomics Centre of the Max Planck Society , Otto-Hahn-Str. 15, 44227 Dortmund, Germany.,Biochimie, APHP, Hôpitaux Universitaires de l'Est Parisien, 75571 Paris Cedex 12, France.,From the State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China, xxi01@ens-cachan.fr.,HALOmem, Membrane Protein Biochemistry , Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg , Kurt-Mothes-Street 3 , 06120 Halle (Saale) , Germany.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Complex Molecular Systems, Eindhoven University of Technology , Den Dolech 2, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Structural Molecular Biology Group, Novo Nordisk Foundation Centre for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Medizinische Physik und Biophysik, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany.,Leadership Alliance, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA.,Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.,Molecular Sciences Institute, School of Chemistry, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.,Gene Center Munich and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany; Department of Physical Chemistry, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.,Division of Preclinical Innovation, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences , National Institutes of Health , Bethesda , Maryland 20892 , United States.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40536-0596, USA. oleg.tsodikov@uky.edu.,National NMR Center, Department of Structural Biology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. valente.anap@gmail.com.,Molecular Discovery Research, Computational and Structural Chemistry.,Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Kobe Gakuin University , Kobe 650-8586 , Japan.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea.,Structural Biology Programs, Sloan Kettering Institute, New York, New York 10065.,Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA. peter.zhou@uky.edu.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China.,Laboratory of Peptide Sciences , Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology , Nagahama 526-0829 , Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology , University of New Mexico , Albuquerque , New Mexico 87131 , United States.,Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, Riga, Latvia.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,CNRS, IMoPA, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, F-54000, France.,Université Paris Descartes, Laboratoire de Chimie et Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques UMR 8601 CNRS, Sorbonne Paris Cité (USPC), Paris, 75006, France.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and Collaboration of AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: andrew@scripps.edu.,INSERM U1054, Montpellier, France.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , Colorado State University , Fort Collins , Colorado 80523 , United States.,DuPont Nutrition and Health, BP 10, 86220, Dangé-Saint-Romain, France.,Institute of Enzymology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.,Department of Basic Biology, School of Life Science, SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), Okazaki, Aichi, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CIPSM), Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany.,Medical University of Vienna, Vienna BioCenter (VBC), Vienna, Austria. tim.clausen@imp.ac.at.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. heise.christopher@gene.com.,Département de biochimie, de microbiologie, et de bioinformatique, Faculté des sciences et de génie, Groupe de recherche en écologie buccale, Faculté de médecine dentaire, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada.,PhD Program in Biology, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, United States.,Latvian Biomedical Research and Study Centre, Riga, Latvia.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Arrhenius Laboratories for Natural Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. peterb@dbb.su.se.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA.,1Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, M5G 1L7 ON Canada.,Infection and Immunity Research Laboratory, Metabolic Regulation Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, South Korea.,Division of Computational Biology, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5HE, UK.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics , Oregon State University , Corvallis , Oregon 97333 , United States.,Biochemistry Department, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 1HY, UK. ivan.campeotto@leicester.ac.uk.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and Collaboration of AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Biomolecular NMR Facility, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, CNRS, École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay , Cachan 94235 , France.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA 20147, USA.,WM Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine , University of Padua , Padua 35121 , Italy.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.,Program in Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA.,From the Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, City College of New York, New York, United States.,Department of Biomedical Informatics and Health Education, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195.,RIKEN Program for Drug Discovery and Medical Technology Platforms , 2-1 Hirosawa , Wako , Saitama 351-0198 , Japan.,Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College, Guy's Campus, London Bridge, London SE1 1UL, UK Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.,Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), CEA, CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK. ivan.campeotto@leicester.ac.uk.,CryoEM Shared Resources, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Research Campus, Ashburn, VA, USA. yuz@janelia.hhmi.org.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Max von Lauestr. 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Buchmann Institute for Life Sciences (BMLS) and Structural Genomics Consortium Goethe-University Frankfurt, Max von Lauestr. 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Mass Spectrometry for Quantitative Proteomics, Novo Nordisk Foundation Centre for Protein Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Environmental Genomics and Systems Biology and Molecular Biophysics and Integrative Bioimaging Divisions , Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory , Berkeley , California 94720 , United States.,Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama.,Randall Centre for Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, UK.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, United States.,Lillehei Heart Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: kyba@umn.edu.,Structure and Dynamics of Biomolecular Machines, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Architecture & Réactivité de l'ARN, UPR 9002, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IBMC), 15 rue René Descartes, F-67000, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: i.lebars@ibmc-cnrs.unistra.fr.,Laboratory for Mass Spectrometry and Gaseous Ion Chemistry, The Rockefeller University, New York, United States.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. philip_kranzusch@dfci.harvard.edu.,National Research Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Toxicology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, and Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.,From the Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan, saio@sci.hokudai.ac.jp.,Biochemistry Department, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 1HY, UK.,Department of Infection and Immunity, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at the Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China.,Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada.,Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5HE, UK. Electronic address: dmfvanaalten@dundee.ac.uk.,the Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.,Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Center for Synthetic and Systems Biology, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK lfisher@sgul.ac.uk.,Department of Pathology, Amsterdam Neuroscience, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081, HV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.,From the Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan, koichiro@sci.hokudai.ac.jp.,College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China; LBPA, ENS de Cachan, Université Paris-Saclay, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 61 Avenue du Président Wilson, 94235, Cachan, France. Electronic address: xxi01@ens-cachan.fr.,the Institute of Molecular Modeling and Simulation, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1190 Vienna, Austria.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.,4Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5G 1L7 ON Canada.,UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. sawaya@mbi.ucla.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,1CAS Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance in Biological Systems, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic Molecular Physics, National Center for Magnetic Resonance at Wuhan, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430071 China.,Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, 100081, China.,Epizyme, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.,RIKEN Systems and Structural Biology Center, Yokohama, Japan.,Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS), Department of Microbial Natural Products , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, and Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Saarland University , Campus E8.1 , Saarbrücken 66123 , Germany.,Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, N-9, W-9, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan.,University of Bath, Building 4 South, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrative Bio-Imaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, United States.,Infection and Immunity Research Laboratory, Metabolic Regulation Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, South Korea mhk8n@kribb.re.kr choish@snu.ac.kr.,Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, 08854.,Department of Chemical and Physical Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.,Department of Embryology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Baltimore, MD, USA zzhang@carnegiescience.edu huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,EMBL Australia, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.,Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biology, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. yiorgo@stanford.edu.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,CNRS, IMoPA, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, F-54000, France. Electronic address: xavier.manival@univ-lorraine.fr.,Department of Chemical Biology , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, and Institute of Systems Biotechnology, Saarland University , Saarbrücken 66123 , Germany.,Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea. sangryu@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240 Shanghai, China.,Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL, 60439, USA.,School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, 99164.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China.,Northeastern Collaborative Access Team, Cornell University, Advanced Photon Source, Lemont, IL 60439, USA.,Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences (Tsinghua University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China.,Félix d'Hérelle Reference Center for Bacterial Viruses, Faculté de médecine dentaire, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada. sylvain.moineau@bcm.ulaval.ca.,Structural Biology and Bioinformatics Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research - Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India jayati@iicb.res.in.,National Synchrotron Light Source II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA.,From the Departments of Biological Chemistry and Chemistry and Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA-DOE Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 and david@mbi.ucla.edu.,Doctoral School of Multidisciplinary Medical Science, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China zzhang@carnegiescience.edu huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,NBICS Center, National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute", Akad. Kurchatova sqr, 1, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation.,Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,the Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.,Epigenetics Discovery Performance Unit, Oncology R&D, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, Pennsylvania, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Center for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. ncjs@mail.ubc.ca.,Global Pharmaceutical Research and Development , AbbVie , North Chicago , Illinois 60064 , United States.,The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Woking, United Kingdom.,Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,The Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK.,Structural Biology Initiative, CUNY Advanced Science Research Center, New York, United States.,Bacteriology-Hygiene Unit , Assistance Publique/Hôpitaux de Paris, Bicêtre Hospital , 78 rue du Général Leclerc , 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre , France.,Pharmaron Beijing Company, Ltd. , Taihe Road , BDA, Beijing 100176 , PR China.,Department of Pathology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China.,Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS UMR 5075, 38044, Grenoble, France.,Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288, Marseille Cedex 09, France.,Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.,Centro di Ricerca Pediatrica Romeo ed Enrica Invernizzi, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133, Milano, Italy.,Harvard PhD Program in Virology, Division of Medical Sciences, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA. philip_kranzusch@dfci.harvard.edu.,VIB/UGent, Ghent, Belgium.,the Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92037, and.,Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, 18-1 Sakuradai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara, 252-0392, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 1725 State Street, La Crosse, WI 54601, United States.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan. kmaeda@ri.ncgm.go.jp.,Early Product Development , Pharmaceutical Sciences, IMED Biotech Unit, AstraZeneca , Gothenburg , SE-43183 Mölndal , Sweden.,School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.,Proteros Biostructures GmbH, Bunsenstraße 7a, 82152, Planegg, Germany.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Czech Republic.,MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory , Michigan State University , East Lansing , Michigan 48824 , United States.,Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Ansan 426-744, Republic of Korea.,School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 201210 Shanghai, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA.,UMR Ecologie Microbienne, CNRS, INRA, VetAgro Sup, UCBL, Université de Lyon, F-69622 Villeurbanne, Lyon, France.,Molecular Discovery Research, Analytical Chemistry.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen , Universitätstr. 7, 45141 Essen, Germany.,Organismic Interactions Department, Interfaculty Institute for Microbiology and Infection Medicine, Tübingen University, 72076 Tübingen, Germany; khaled.selim@uni-tuebingen.de karl.forchhammer@uni-tuebingen.de.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA.,UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.,Medizinische Physik und Biophysik, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany; Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Genetik, Microscopy and Cryo-Electron Microscopy Group, Ihnestraße 63-73, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Program in Chemical Biology , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48109 , United States.,From the State Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Fujian 361005, China.,Plant Physiology Department, Institute of Biological Sciences, Rostock University, 18059 Rostock, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada. rbritton@sfu.ca.,Center for Matrix Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA.,Univ. Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Univ. Claude Bernard, CNRS UMR 5239, INSERM U1210, LBMC, 46 allée d'Italie Site Jacques Monod, F-69007, Lyon, France.,Department of Nephrology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.,School of Sports Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA. dveesler@uw.edu.,Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.,UCLA Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. yeates@mbi.ucla.edu.,FLX Bio, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. Jeffrey.Kieft@ucdenver.edu.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. dk@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology-Immunology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.,the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan, and.,Lillehei Heart Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Faculty of Medical Sciences, Goce Delcev University-Stip, Krste Misirkov b.b., 2000 Stip, Republic of Macedonia.,Centre de RMN à Très Hauts Champs, Institut des Sciences Analytiques (UMR 5280 CNRS/UCB Lyon 1/ENS Lyon), Université de Lyon, 69100, Villeurbanne, France.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio , San Antonio, Texas 78249, United States.,From the State Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Fujian 361005, China weilizheng1116@gmail.com.,Immunology Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria Road, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 2010, Australia.,Faculty of Advanced Life Science, Hokkaido University, N-10, W-8, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.,Gene Center Munich and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany; Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. Electronic address: mario.halic@stjude.org.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, United States.,Aduro Biotech, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, Louisiana 70125, United States.,Cátedras CONACyT, Departamento de Bionanotecnología, Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ensenada, B. C., Mexico.,Department of Infectious Diseases, King's College London, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, London SE1 9RT, UK. Electronic address: juan.martin_serrano@kcl.ac.uk.,Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie, PharmaCampus, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 48, D-48149 Münster, Germany. gratz.andreas@gmail.com.,College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China. Electronic address: weifei_c@nwsuaf.edu.cn.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. laub@mit.edu.,3Alberta Glycomics Centre and Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2G2 AB Canada.,GSK, Siena, Italy.,Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), Vienna BioCenter (VBC), Vienna, Austria.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan. Electronic address: kimada@chem.sci.osaka-u.ac.jp.,College of Pharmacy, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.,Molecular Biology Consortium, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Microchem Proteomics, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, China.,the Department of Neuroscience, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida 32224.,Heptares Therapeutics Ltd. , BioPark , Welwyn Garden City , Hertfordshire AL7 3AX , U.K.,Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066, Blindern, NO-, 0316, Oslo, Norway.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, The New York Structural Biology Center, New York, United States.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry , Kyoto Pharmaceutical University , Kyoto 607-8412 , Japan.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and Synthetic Metabolism and toerb@mpi-marburg.mpg.de.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA. jianshi@smu.edu.cn.,Structural Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY 10065, USA.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,National Research Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Toxicology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, and Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea mhk8n@kribb.re.kr choish@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology , Harvard University , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02138 , United States.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133, Milano, Italy. carlo.camilloni@unimi.it.,Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences (Tsinghua University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China. lixueming@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Centre for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z3, BC, Canada. ncjs@mail.ubc.ca.,Department of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, 599-8531, Japan. inuit@bioinfo.osakafu-u.ac.jp.,WM Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA. Electronic address: furukawa@cshl.edu.,the Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, and.,Koch Institute for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Genetik, Microscopy and Cryo-Electron Microscopy Group, Ihnestraße 63-73, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,Department of Chemistry , University of Nevada, Reno , 1664 North Virginia Street , Reno , Nevada 89557 , United States.,CryoEM Shared Resources, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Research Campus, Ashburn, VA, USA.,Lilly Biotechnology Center San Diego, 10290 Campus Point Drive, San Diego, CA, 92121, USA. ho_joseph_d@lilly.com.,Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Utrecht, 3584, The Netherlands.,Centre de RMN à Très Hauts Champs, Institut des Sciences Analytiques (UMR 5280 CNRS/UCB Lyon 1/ENS Lyon), Université de Lyon, 69100, Villeurbanne, France. guido.pintacuda@ens-lyon.fr.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center, Nagoya, Japan.,N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry (ZIOC RAS), Leninsky Prospekt, 47, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation.,Departamento de Química, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, 2829-516, Portugal.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,i3S - Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, H3G0B1, Canada; bhushan.nagar@mcgill.ca.,Boehringer Ingelheim RCV GmbH & Co KG, Vienna, Austria.,Vertex, San Diego, CA, USA.,Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Palacky University Olomouc, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic.,Dahlem Centre of Plant Sciences, Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise-Straße 12-16, 14195, Berlin, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China; Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China. Electronic address: qma@qdio.ac.cn.,Chemical Kinomics Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), 5 Hwarangro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea; KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Republic of Korea.,Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology and Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. ym253@cornell.edu.,Department of Computer and Information Science, Faculty of Science and Technology , University of Macau , E11, Macau 999078 , China.,Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, Aix-Marseille Universite, CNRS, Campus de Luminy, Case 932, 13288, Marseille, Cedex 09, France.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Laboratory of Cell Responses, National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan.,Hongqiao International Institute of Medicine, Shanghai Tongren Hospital/Faculty of Basic Medicine, Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of The Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Department of Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH, Utrecht, The Netherlands.,National NMR Center, Department of Structural Biology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA. jianshi@smu.edu.cn.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Pathology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China. jianshi@smu.edu.cn.,Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. lixueming@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Division of Structural Biology , University of Oxford , The Henry Wellcome Building for Genomic Medicine , Headington, Oxford OX3 7BN , U.K.,Dipartimento di Scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione e l'Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133, Milano, Italy.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Korea.,Department of Agrifood Production and Environmental Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.,Center for Infectious Disease Research, Seattle, Washington, 98109.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637; ejadams@uchicago.edu.,MRC Biomedical NMR Centre, The Francis Crick Institute, London NW1 1AT, UK.,Infection and Immunity Program, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.,Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Department of Physical Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Wuxi AppTec, Shanghai, China.,Ipsen Innovation , 5, Avenue du Canada , Les Ulis , France 91940 . Email: sergeauvin@gmail.com ; Tel: +33 160 922481.,Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Biochemistry of Membranes, University of Utrecht, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH, Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Department of Biological Chemistry, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK.,Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Sapporo, 062-8517, Japan.,the Department of Cancer Biology, Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, radisky.evette@mayo.edu.,School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, China.,the Department of Cancer Biology, Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center, Jacksonville, Florida 32224.,Department of Animal Resource Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A8, Canada. james.carlyle@utoronto.ca.,Department of International Health , Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences , Kobe 654-0142 , Japan.,Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Technická 5, CZ-166 28 Prague, Czech Republic.,Janssen Prevention Center, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA, 92121, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.,National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. xiangxi@ibp.ac.cn.,Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Biochimie-Hormonologie, APHP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Sud, 92141 Clamart, France.,School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Coleraine BT52 1SA, UK.,UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,5Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430074 China.,National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg 2131, South Africa; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa; Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa.,INSERM UMR-S 1193, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 92296 Châtenay-Malabry, France.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: aihar001@umn.edu.,Institute of Physics, Biophysics , Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg , Betty-Heimann Street 7 , 06120 Halle , Germany.,Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA.,Comprehensive AIDS Research Center, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Center for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.,the School of Life Science and Engineering, Henan University of Urban Construction, Pingdingshan, Henan, 467044, China.,3Department of Biochemistry, Shimane University School of Medicine, 89-1 Enya, Izumo, Shimane 693-8501 Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, United States.,Present address: Department of Oncology-Pathology, Science for Life Laboratory, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 23A, 171 65, Solna, Sweden.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Bioscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, United Kingdom.,College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China.,Faculty of Basic Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.,Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.,UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. yeates@mbi.ucla.edu.,IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.,ICBAS - Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Porto, Portugal.,Department of Hematology and Oncology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan; and.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France; christian.pous@u-psud.fr benoit.gigant@i2bc.paris-saclay.fr.,School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences , Nanyang Technological University , Singapore 637371 , Singapore.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca.,Department of Inflammation and Oncology, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, CA, United States of America.,TIMC-IMAG, University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Gene Center Munich and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany.,Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Present address: Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Physiologie, Compound Management and Screening Center (COMAS), Otto-Hahn-Straße 11, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,From the Institutes of Chemistry and klaus.zangger@uni-graz.at.,State Key Laboratory of Chemical Oncogenomics, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology, the Graduate School at Shenzen, Tsinghua University, Shenzen, Guangdong, 518055, China.,the Institute of Molecular Biosciences, BioTechMed-Graz, University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria.,the Materials Sciences Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan.,National Center for Protein Science, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.,Graduate Program in Biophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.,Merck & Co., Department of Biochemical Engineering and Structure, 2000 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, NJ, 07033, USA.,Department of Protein Technologies, Amgen Inc., Cambridge, MA, United States of America.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Center for Structural Biology, Nashville, TN, United States of America.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,From the State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing, China. lixueming@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, 1432, Norway.,Department of Microbiology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,3SER-CAT and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 USA.,CNRS, TIMC-IMAG, UMR CNRS 5525, Grenoble, France.,Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.,University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.,Department of Biomolecular Science, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan.,Purdue Institute of Immunology, Inflammation and Infectious Disease and Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.,School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; qhao@hku.hk.,Department of Chemistry , University of Oxford , Mansfield Road , Oxford OX1 3TA , U.K.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: reddyv@scripps.edu.,Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer in Shanghai, Department of Breast Surgery, Cancer Institute, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, 200032, China. suling@fudan.edu.cn.,Department of Oncological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Sinai, New York, NY, USA.,Janssen Prevention Center, Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, Archimedesweg 6, 2333, Leiden, CN, the Netherlands. AApetri@its.jnj.com.,UCLA Molecular Biology Institute, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.,Institut für Biochemie, Department für Chemie, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Straße 47, D-50674 Köln, Germany. kucklaen@uni-duesseldorf.de.,Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, China. jianshi@smu.edu.cn.,Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Max-von-Laue-Str. 3, D-60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Biochemie I, Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Universitätsstraße 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory Heidelberg, Genome Biology Unit, Meyerhofstraße 1, 69117, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Blais Proteomics Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Laboratoire National de Santé, Dudelange, Luxembourg.,Lillehei Heart Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0971, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology, & Molecular Genetics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. sawaya@mbi.ucla.edu.,Division of Cancer Studies, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, UK.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, 7945, South Africa.,Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: cwolberg@jhmi.edu.,Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, 40506, USA.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and Collaboration of AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary.,Freie Universität Berlin, Laboratory of Structural Biochemistry, Takustraβe 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. lixueming@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, 37232-2372, USA. kyle.l.brown@vanderbilt.edu.,CNRS, University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS), 38000 Grenoble, France.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry , Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences , Tokyo 192-0392 , Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-9806, USA.,Drug Discovery Biology and Department of Pharmacology, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville 3052, Victoria, Australia.,2Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos (PROIMI-CONICET), Tucumán, T4001MVB Argentina.,From the Institutes of Chemistry and.,Department of Discovery Chemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Section on Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina; and.,Centre for Biomolecular Spectroscopy, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, UK.,Institut für Pharmazeutische und Medizinische Chemie, PharmaCampus, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 48, D-48149 Münster, Germany. andre.bo@web.de.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
SdeD (lpg2509) H67A
A
383Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila (strain Philadelphia 1 / ATCC 33152 / DSM 7513)Mutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for Q5ZSK8 (Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila (strain Philadelphia 1 / ATCC 33152 / DSM 7513))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5ZSK8
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Polyubiquitin-C
B, C
76Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UBC
Find proteins for P0CG48 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: UBC
Go to UniProtKB:  P0CG48
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AR6
Query on AR6

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-AMINOPURIN-9-YL)-3,4-DIHYDROXY-OXOLAN-2-YL]METHYL [HYDROXY-[[(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3,4,5-TRIHYDROXYOXOLAN-2-YL]METHOXY]PHOSPHORYL] HYDROGEN PHOSPHATE
Adenosine-5-Diphosphoribose
C15 H23 N5 O14 P2
SRNWOUGRCWSEMX-ZQSHOCFMSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 64.677α = 90.00
b = 58.768β = 114.42
c = 75.111γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesR01-GM094347

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-04-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-06-06
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-06-13
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-02-20
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Data collection