6B19

Architecture of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase initiation complex core


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.5 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Architecture of an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase initiation complex.

Larsen, K.P.Mathiharan, Y.K.Kappel, K.Coey, A.T.Chen, D.H.Barrero, D.Madigan, L.Puglisi, J.D.Skiniotis, G.Puglisi, E.V.

(2018) Nature 557: 118-122

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0055-9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Reverse transcription of the HIV-1 RNA genome into double-stranded DNA is a central step in viral infection <sup>1 </sup> and a common target of antiretroviral drugs <sup>2 </sup> . The reaction is catalysed by viral reverse transcriptase (RT) <sup ...

    Reverse transcription of the HIV-1 RNA genome into double-stranded DNA is a central step in viral infection 1 and a common target of antiretroviral drugs 2 . The reaction is catalysed by viral reverse transcriptase (RT) 3,4 that is packaged in an infectious virion with two copies of viral genomic RNA 5 each bound to host lysine 3 transfer RNA (tRNA Lys 3 ), which acts as a primer for initiation of reverse transcription 6,7 . Upon viral entry into cells, initiation is slow and non-processive compared to elongation 8,9 . Despite extensive efforts, the structural basis of RT function during initiation has remained a mystery. Here we use cryo-electron microscopy to determine a three-dimensional structure of an HIV-1 RT initiation complex. In our structure, RT is in an inactive polymerase conformation with open fingers and thumb and with the nucleic acid primer-template complex shifted away from the active site. The primer binding site (PBS) helix formed between tRNA Lys 3 and HIV-1 RNA lies in the cleft of RT and is extended by additional pairing interactions. The 5' end of the tRNA refolds and stacks on the PBS to create a long helical structure, while the remaining viral RNA forms two helical stems positioned above the RT active site, with a linker that connects these helices to the RNase H region of the PBS. Our results illustrate how RNA structure in the initiation complex alters RT conformation to decrease activity, highlighting a potential target for drug action.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.,Molecular Partners AG, Wagistrasse 14, 8952, Schlieren, Switzerland. info@molecularpartners.com.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, England.,Medicinal Chemistry & Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacology , University of Oxford , Mansfield Road , Oxford OX1 3QT , U.K.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 450 Vojvode Stepe, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore. Electronic address: cbkang@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan. yshiro@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp sawai@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacy, Epigenetic Med Chem Lab, University of Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084, Fisciano, SA, Italy.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway.,Worldwide Influenza Centre, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand. Electronic address: danaya.pak@mahidol.ac.th.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miklukho-Maklaya Street 16/10, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation.,Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: stephen_blacklow@hms.harvard.edu.,Program in Biophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, France.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. robert.gustafsson@dbb.su.se.,the Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, Wales, United Kingdom.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, 31077, Toulouse, France.,Institut du Thorax, Inserm UMR 1087/CNRS UMR 6291, LabEx "Ion Channels, Science and Therapeutics", Nantes, France.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139; michael.romanowski@novartis.com john.trauger@novartis.com.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. scheres@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. anthony.purcell@monash.edu nathan.croft@monash.edu.,Institute for Glycomics , Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus , Queensland 4222 , Australia.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France. Electronic address: brice.korkmaz@inserm.fr.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Fisheries and Oceans Hakodate, Hakodate, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Laboratoire de Chimie des Processus Biologiques, Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR8229, 75005 Paris, France.,Molecular Stethoscope , 10835 Road to the Cure #100 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China, No. 1266 Fujin Road, Chaoyang District, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States.,Vanderbilt Mass Spectrometry Research Center and Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA; Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, 38044 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: poignard@scripps.edu.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland. kurt.ballmer-hofer@unibas.ch.,Molecular & Materials Modelling group Data61, CSIRO, Docklands, Melbourne, 8012, VIC, Australia.,the K. G. Jebsen Centre for Coeliac Disease Research, University of Oslo, 0424 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany; baumeist@biochem.mpg.de.,Laboratory of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry, Showa Pharmaceutical University , 3-3165 Higashi-Tamagawagakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, The University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Biomolecular Resources, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. epuglisi@stanford.edu.,Chemistry and Chemical Biology Graduate Program , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: andrea.mattevi@unipv.it.,Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210009, China.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: guy.tran-van-nhieu@college-de-france.fr.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.,Department of Systems and Computational Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology,ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093, Switzerland.,Integrated Drug Discovery-Synthetic Molecular Design, Sanofi R&D, Frankfurt, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, France.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine,Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA.,Seed Compounds Exploratory Unit for Drug Discovery Platform, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. takashi.umehara@riken.jp.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platform, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,National University of Singapore (Suzhou) Research Institute, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.,Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, China.,Department of Pharmacy, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti/Pescara, Via Dei Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.,Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. hashimoto@kanagawa-iri.jp.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: xu_yong@gibh.ac.cn.,Vaccine Research Center, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan. mr0505@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Marbacher Weg 6, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences and Centre for Bioimaging Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.,Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan. negoro@eng.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Monogram Biosciences Inc., San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. sylviegtsodikova@uky.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: jiang@scripps.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. oleg.tsodikov@uky.edu.,Monash Centre for Data Science, Faculty of Information Technology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States. Electronic address: sobhana.babu.boga@merck.com.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. hannoush.rami@gene.com.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Molcentrics, Inc. , 11835 Carmel Mountain Road #1304-110 , San Diego , California 92128 , United States.,Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Zymeworks Inc, 540-1385 West 8th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V9, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, VIC, Australia. b.heras@latrobe.edu.au.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan.,Abide Therapeutics , 10835 Road to the Cure, Suite 250 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan.,Chemical Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstrasse 7, 45117, Essen, Germany.,High Throughput Analysis Laboratory and Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, 60208, IL, USA.,Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse 4, 35043, Marburg, Germany.,School of Pharmacy, Jinan University, 601 Huangpu Avenue West, Guangzhou 510632, China.,Division of Biological Sciences, Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.,Synsight, Évry, France.,Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry , University of Pennsylvania , 231 South 34th Street , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania 19104 , United States.,Institute of Immunology, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China. wei.liu.2005@gmail.com.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, 2234, NSW, Australia.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Straße 4, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. geoffrey.masuyer@dbb.su.se.,Macromolecular X-ray Crystallography Core, Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Division of Structural Studies, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, KS, USA.,leadXpro AG, PARK INNOVAARE, 5234, Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea.,eFFECTOR Therapeutics , 11180 Roselle Street , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural & Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and.,Centro Nazionale per il Controllo e la Valutazione dei Farmaci, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, I-00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Mathematics, University of Leipzig, 04109 Leipzig, Germany.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. h.w.liu@mail.utexas.edu.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Drug Chemistry and Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Institute of Organic Chemistry, Justus-Liebig University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 17, 35392, Giessen, Germany.,Institut de Química Computacional i Catalisi and Departament de Química, Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. ben.davis@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Pisa, Via G. Moruzzi 13, 56124 Pisa, Italy. chiara.gabbiani@unipi.it.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan.,Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Monash University, Melbourne, 3800, VIC, Australia.,Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Center for Life Nano Science@Sapienza, Italian Institute of Technology, Via Regina Elena 291, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: knacro@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy; Department of Mechanistic Cell Biology, Max-Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Str. 11, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.,Ipsen Bioinnovation, 102 Park Drive, Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4RY, UK.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark. Electronic address: jp@neuprozyme.com.,SARomics Biostructures, 223 63 Lund, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509; Rajendra.Agrawal@health.ny.gov.,Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology , University of Bath , Claverton Down , Bath BA2 7AY , U.K.,School of Stomatology and Medicine, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong, 528000, China.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: f.kozielski@ucl.ac.uk.,US Army Research Laboratory - South, Austin, TX, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, l.m.sollid@medisin.uio.no.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,School of Medical Science, and Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, 4222, QLD, Australia.,Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), Westville, Durban, 4001, South Africa.,National Research Center for Veterinary Medicine, Luoyang, Henan, China.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand; School of Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology (VISTEC), Rayong, 21210, Thailand.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Neuroscience Therapeutic Area, Neurodegeneration Research, Sanofi R&D, Chilly-Mazarin, France.,Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India.,Center for Integrative Proteomics Research, Rutgers State University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K.,Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO), CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,the Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, and.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K. dmfvanaalten@dundee.ac.uk.,The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: rochel@igbmc.fr.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 33 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02115, United States.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. dcwang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Molecular Oncology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Jenner Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India. Electronic address: madhu@ccmb.res.in.,Humabs BioMed SA, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: antonello.mai@uniroma1.it.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia. m.schembri@uq.edu.au.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. shin.sato@riken.jp.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. joonyoon@ewha.ac.kr.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, Illkirch, France.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences , Academia Sinica , Taipei 11529 , Taiwan.,Smartox Biotechnology, Saint-Egrève, France.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: nandhanu@gmail.com.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. matz@cc.kogakuin.ac.jp.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Planegg, Germany.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235; james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu jens.meiler@vanderbilt.edu.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. sicai.zhang@childrens.harvard.edu.,Integrated Drug Discovery-High Content Biology, Sanofi R&D, Vitry-sur-Seine, France.,Structure-Based Design, Inc. , 6048 Cornerstone Court West #D , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland Ltd., Espoo, Finland.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, Suita, Japan.,School of Biosystem and Biomedical Science, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Ipsen Innovation, 5 Avenue du Canada, 91940 Les Ulis, France.,Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, P.R. China.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland.,Alchemical Dynamics s.r.l., 00125, Rome, Italy.,Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. stenmark@dbb.su.se.,Primmune Therapeutics, Inc. , 3210 Merryfield Row , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612, AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 81377 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.,Institut des Neurosciences Paris-Saclay (Neuro-PSI), UMR CNRS/Université Paris-Sud 9197, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering , University of Colorado , Boulder , Colorado 80309 , United States.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: kieffer@igbmc.fr.,Macromolecular Crystallography, Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, 3168, VIC, Australia.,Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen, 9747AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China, No. 1266 Fujin Road, Chaoyang District, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Biotherapeutic and Analytical Technologies, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, New York, NY, USA.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Integrative Omics, Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, 80-308 Gdansk, Poland.,School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Department of Pathology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. chajung@ewha.ac.kr.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,MedImmune LLC, Gaithersburg, MD 20878.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Clayton Foundation Laboratories of Peptide Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica (Secció de Química Orgànica) and Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTC), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. werner.kuehlbrandt@biophys.mpg.de t.meier@imperial.ac.uk.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. hideaki.niwa@riken.jp.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,National Institute of Health, Centre for the Control and Evaluation of Medicines, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 34134, Republic of Korea.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: gunaunom@gmail.com.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China; Health Science Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China; School of Medicine, Nankai University, Nankai District, Tianjin 300071, China. Electronic address: yshao@bjmu.edu.cn.,School of Biological Sciences , University of East Anglia , Norwich Research Park , Norwich NR4 7TJ , U.K.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. wyatt.yue@sgc.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, VIC, Australia.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. min.dong@childrens.harvard.edu.,School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland Joensuu Campus, Joensuu, Finland.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA. gouauxe@ohsu.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: sergio.valente@uniroma1.it.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, Federal Scientific Research Centre `Crystallography and Photonics' of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 59, Moscow 119333, Russian Federation.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Plant and Microbiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.,Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Research , Amgen Inc. , 1120 Veterans Blvd , South San Francisco , California 94080 , United States.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biophysics, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139; michael.romanowski@novartis.com john.trauger@novartis.com.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Vaccine and Infectious Disease Research Centre, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad, Haryana 121001, India.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: mlbulyk@genetics.med.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Oncternal Therapeutics , 3525 Del Mar Heights Road #821 , San Diego , California 92130 , United States.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , Bronx , New York 10461 , United States.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Polaris Pharmaceuticals , 9373 Towne Centre Drive #150 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,University of Auckland, Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U964, Illkirch, France.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Computational and Systems Biology, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, CO, 80210, USA.,Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. mg@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and bbiswal@nii.ac.in.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, 49503, USA.,Centre for Innate Immunity and Infectious Diseases, Hudson Institute of Medical Research and Department of Molecular and Translational Science, School of Clinical Science, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
reverse transcriptase p66 subunit
A
570Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10)Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
reverse transcriptase p51 subunit
B
442Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA genome fragmentC101Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
tRNA lysine3D77Homo sapiens
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.5 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesGM082545

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-04-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-05-09
    Type: Data collection, Database references