6AK9

Pre-catalytic Ternary Complex of Human DNA Polymerase Mu with Templating Cytosine and Incoming Ca-8oxodGTP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.91 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.204 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Human DNA Polymerase mu Can Use a Noncanonical Mechanism for Multiple Mn2+-Mediated Functions.

Chang, Y.K.Huang, Y.P.Liu, X.X.Ko, T.P.Bessho, Y.Kawano, Y.Maestre-Reyna, M.Wu, W.J.Tsai, M.D.

(2019) J Am Chem Soc 141: 8489-8502

  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b01741
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5ZLC, 6IPN, 6IPM, 6IPF, 6IPE, 6IPH, 6IPG, 6IPJ, 6IPI, 6IPL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Recent research on the structure and mechanism of DNA polymerases has continued to generate fundamentally important features, including a noncanonical pathway involving "prebinding" of metal-bound dNTP (MdNTP) in the absence of DNA. While this noncan ...

    Recent research on the structure and mechanism of DNA polymerases has continued to generate fundamentally important features, including a noncanonical pathway involving "prebinding" of metal-bound dNTP (MdNTP) in the absence of DNA. While this noncanonical mechanism was shown to be a possible subset for African swine fever DNA polymerase X (Pol X) and human Pol λ, it remains unknown whether it could be the primary pathway for a DNA polymerase. Pol μ is a unique member of the X-family with multiple functions and with unusual Mn 2+ preference. Here we report that Pol μ not only prebinds MdNTP in a catalytically active conformation but also exerts a Mn 2+ over Mg 2+ preference at this early stage of catalysis, for various functions: incorporation of dNTP into a single nucleotide gapped DNA, incorporation of rNTP in the nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) repair, incorporation of dNTP to an ssDNA, and incorporation of an 8-oxo-dGTP opposite template dA (mismatched) or dC (matched). The structural basis of this noncanonical mechanism and Mn 2+ over Mg 2+ preference in these functions was analyzed by solving 19 structures of prebinding binary complexes, precatalytic ternary complexes, and product complexes. The results suggest that the noncanonical pathway is functionally relevant for the multiple functions of Pol μ. Overall, this work provides the structural and mechanistic basis for the long-standing puzzle in the Mn 2+ preference of Pol μ and expands the landscape of the possible mechanisms of DNA polymerases to include both mechanistic pathways.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemical Sciences , National Taiwan University , Taipei 106 , Taiwan.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed DNA/RNA polymerase muA356Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: POLMpolmu
EC: 2.7.7.7
Find proteins for Q9NP87 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9NP87 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9NP87
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9NP87
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 2
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(*CP*GP*GP*CP*CP*TP*AP*CP*G)-3')T9synthetic construct
    • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
    • Entity ID: 3
      MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
      DNA (5'-D(*CP*GP*TP*A)-3')P4synthetic construct
      • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
      • Entity ID: 4
        MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
        DNA (5'-D(P*GP*CP*CP*G)-3')D4synthetic construct
        Small Molecules
        Ligands 5 Unique
        IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
        8DG
        Query on 8DG

        Download CCD File 
        A
        8-OXO-2'-DEOXYGUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
        C10 H16 N5 O14 P3
        BUZOGVVQWCXXDP-VPENINKCSA-N
         Ligand Interaction
        EPE
        Query on EPE

        Download CCD File 
        A
        4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID
        C8 H18 N2 O4 S
        JKMHFZQWWAIEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
         Ligand Interaction
        EDO
        Query on EDO

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        A
        1,2-ETHANEDIOL
        C2 H6 O2
        LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
         Ligand Interaction
        CA
        Query on CA

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        A
        CALCIUM ION
        Ca
        BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
         Ligand Interaction
        NA
        Query on NA

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        A
        SODIUM ION
        Na
        FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
         Ligand Interaction
        Experimental Data & Validation

        Experimental Data

        • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
        • Resolution: 1.91 Å
        • R-Value Free: 0.204 
        • R-Value Work: 0.165 
        • R-Value Observed: 0.167 
        • Space Group: P 21 21 21
        Unit Cell:
        Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
        a = 59.907α = 90
        b = 68.742β = 90
        c = 110.211γ = 90
        Software Package:
        Software NamePurpose
        REFMACrefinement
        HKL-2000data reduction
        HKL-2000data scaling
        PHASERphasing

        Structure Validation

        View Full Validation Report



        Entry History 

        Deposition Data

        Revision History 

        • Version 1.0: 2019-05-29
          Type: Initial release
        • Version 1.1: 2019-06-12
          Changes: Data collection, Database references