5YYR

Structure K106A thaumatin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.07 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.140 
  • R-Value Work: 0.121 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.126 

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Literature

Positive Charges on the Surface of Thaumatin Are Crucial for the Multi-Point Interaction with the Sweet Receptor.

Masuda, T.Kigo, S.Mitsumoto, M.Ohta, K.Suzuki, M.Mikami, B.Kitabatake, N.Tani, F.

(2018) Front Mol Biosci 5: 10-10

  • DOI: 10.3389/fmolb.2018.00010
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5YYP, 5YYR, 5YYQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thaumatin, an intensely sweet-tasting protein, elicits sweet taste with a threshold of only 50 nM. Previous studies from our laboratory suggested that the complex model between the T1R2-T1R3 sweet receptor and thaumatin depends critically on the complementarity of electrostatic potentials ...

    Thaumatin, an intensely sweet-tasting protein, elicits sweet taste with a threshold of only 50 nM. Previous studies from our laboratory suggested that the complex model between the T1R2-T1R3 sweet receptor and thaumatin depends critically on the complementarity of electrostatic potentials. In order to further validate this model, we focused on three lysine residues (Lys78, Lys106, and Lys137), which were expected to be part of the interaction sites. Three thaumatin mutants (K78A, K106A, and K137A) were prepared and their threshold values of sweetness were examined. The results showed that the sweetness of K106A was reduced by about three times and those of K78A and K137A were reduced by about five times when compared to wild-type thaumatin. The three-dimensional structures of these mutants were also determined by X-ray crystallographic analyses at atomic resolutions. The overall structures of mutant proteins were similar to that of wild-type but the electrostatic potentials around the mutated sites became more negative. Since the three lysine residues are located in 20-40 Å apart each other on the surface of thaumatin molecule, these results suggest the positive charges on the surface of thaumatin play a crucial role in the interaction with the sweet receptor, and are consistent with a large surface is required for interaction with the sweet receptor, as proposed by the multipoint interaction model named wedge model.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Preprothaumatin IA207Thaumatococcus danielliiMutation(s): 1 
UniProt
Find proteins for P02883 (Thaumatococcus daniellii)
Explore P02883 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02883
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.07 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.140 
  • R-Value Work: 0.121 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.126 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 57.639α = 90
b = 57.639β = 90
c = 149.939γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXL-97refinement
SHELXphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-03-21
    Type: Initial release