Human apo-SRP72 and SRP68/72 complex structures reveal the molecular basis of protein translocationGao, Y., Zhang, Q., Lang, Y., Liu, Y., Dong, X., Chen, Z., Tian, W., Tang, J., Wu, W., Tong, Y., Chen, Z.
(2017) J Mol Cell Biol 9: 220-230
- PubMed: 28369529
- DOI: 10.1093/jmcb/mjx010
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The co-translational targeting or insertion of secretory and membrane proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a key biological process mediated by the signal recognition particle (SRP). In eukaryotes, the SRP68-SRP72 (SRP68/72) heterodimer pl ...
The co-translational targeting or insertion of secretory and membrane proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a key biological process mediated by the signal recognition particle (SRP). In eukaryotes, the SRP68-SRP72 (SRP68/72) heterodimer plays an essential role in protein translocation. However, structural information on the two largest SRP proteins, SRP68 and SRP72, is limited, especially regarding their interaction. Herein, we report the first crystal structures of human apo-SRP72 and the SRP68/72 complex at 2.91Å and 1.7Å resolution, respectively. The SRP68-binding domain of SRP72 contains four atypical tetratricopeptide repeats (TPR) and a flexible C-terminal cap. Apo-SRP72 exists mainly as dimers in solution. To bind to SRP68, the SRP72 homodimer disassociates, and the indispensable C-terminal cap undergoes a pronounced conformational change to assist formation of the SRP68/72 heterodimer. A 23-residue polypeptide of SRP68 is sufficient for tight binding to SRP72 through its unusually hydrophobic and extended surface. Structural, biophysical, and mutagenesis analyses revealed that cancer-associated mutations disrupt the SRP68-SRP72 interaction and their co-localization with ER in mammalian cells. The results highlight the essential role of the SRP68-SRP72 interaction in SRP-mediated protein translocation and provide a structural basis for disease diagnosis, pathophysiology, and drug design.
College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.,Institute of Apicultural Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100093, China.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.