The bacterialmeta-cleavage hydrolase LigY belongs to the amidohydrolase superfamily, not to the alpha / beta-hydrolase superfamily.Kuatsjah, E., Chan, A.C.K., Kobylarz, M.J., Murphy, M.E.P., Eltis, L.D.
(2017) J Biol Chem 292: 18290-18302
- PubMed: 28935670
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.797696
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Strain SYK-6 of the bacterium Sphingobium sp. catabolizes lignin-derived biphenyl via a meta -cleavage pathway. In this pathway, LigY is proposed to catalyze the hydrolysis of the meta -cleavage product (MCP) 4,11-dicarboxy-8-hydroxy-9-methoxy-2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenyl-hexa-2,4-dienoate ...
Strain SYK-6 of the bacterium Sphingobium sp. catabolizes lignin-derived biphenyl via a meta -cleavage pathway. In this pathway, LigY is proposed to catalyze the hydrolysis of the meta -cleavage product (MCP) 4,11-dicarboxy-8-hydroxy-9-methoxy-2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenyl-hexa-2,4-dienoate. Here, we validated this reaction by identifying 5-carboxyvanillate and 4-carboxy-2-hydroxypenta-2,4-dienoate as the products and determined the k cat and k cat / K m values as 9.3 ± 0.6 s -1 and 2.5 ± 0.2 × 10 7 m -1 s -1 , respectively. Sequence analyses and a 1.9 Å resolution crystal structure established that LigY belongs to the amidohydrolase superfamily, unlike previously characterized MCP hydrolases, which are serine-dependent enzymes of the α/β-hydrolase superfamily. The active-site architecture of LigY resembled that of α-amino-β-carboxymuconic-ϵ-semialdehyde decarboxylase, a class III amidohydrolase, with a single zinc ion coordinated by His-6, His-8, His-179, and Glu-282. Interestingly, we found that LigY lacks the acidic residue proposed to activate water for hydrolysis in other class III amidohydrolases. Moreover, substitution of His-223, a conserved residue proposed to activate water in other amidohydrolases, reduced the k cat to a much lesser extent than what has been reported for other amidohydrolases, suggesting that His-223 has a different role in LigY. Substitution of Arg-72, Tyr-190, Arg-234, or Glu-282 reduced LigY activity over 100-fold. On the basis of these results, we propose a catalytic mechanism involving substrate tautomerization, substrate-assisted activation of water for hydrolysis, and formation of a gem -diol intermediate. This last step diverges from what occurs in serine-dependent MCP hydrolases. This study provides insight into C-C-hydrolyzing enzymes and expands the known range of reactions catalyzed by the amidohydrolase superfamily.
the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada.