5UNU

Structure of rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase heme domain in complex with 3-[(2-amino-4-methylquinolin-7-yl)methoxy]-5-((methylamino)methyl)benzonitrile


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Nitrile in the Hole: Discovery of a Small Auxiliary Pocket in Neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase Leading to the Development of Potent and Selective 2-Aminoquinoline Inhibitors.

Cinelli, M.A.Li, H.Chreifi, G.Poulos, T.L.Silverman, R.B.

(2017) J. Med. Chem. 60: 3958-3978

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00259
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibition is a promising strategy to treat neurodegenerative disorders, but the development of nNOS inhibitors is often hindered by poor pharmacokinetics. We previously developed a class of membrane-permeable 2- ...

    Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibition is a promising strategy to treat neurodegenerative disorders, but the development of nNOS inhibitors is often hindered by poor pharmacokinetics. We previously developed a class of membrane-permeable 2-aminoquinoline inhibitors and later rearranged the scaffold to decrease off-target binding. However, the resulting compounds had decreased permeability, low human nNOS activity, and low selectivity versus human eNOS. In this study, 5-substituted phenyl ether-linked aminoquinolines and derivatives were synthesized and assayed against purified NOS isoforms. 5-Cyano compounds are especially potent and selective rat and human nNOS inhibitors. Activity and selectivity are mediated by the binding of the cyano group to a new auxiliary pocket in nNOS. Potency was enhanced by methylation of the quinoline and by introduction of simple chiral moieties, resulting in a combination of hydrophobic and auxiliary pocket effects that yielded high (∼500-fold) n/e selectivity. Importantly, the Caco-2 assay also revealed improved membrane permeability over previous compounds.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Chemistry, University of California, Irvine , Irvine, California 92697-3900, United States.,Department of Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biosciences, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Center for Molecular Innovation and Drug Discovery, Northwestern University , 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3113, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Nitric oxide synthase, brain
A, B
422Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nos1 (Bnos)
EC: 1.14.13.39
Find proteins for P29476 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P29476
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
8EY
Query on 8EY

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Download CCD File 
A, B
3-[(2-amino-4-methylquinolin-7-yl)methoxy]-5-[(methylamino)methyl]benzonitrile
C20 H20 N4 O
NLOWGCVMDAJXMN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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Download CCD File 
A, B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

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Download CCD File 
A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
H4B
Query on H4B

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Download CCD File 
A, B
5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROBIOPTERIN
C9 H15 N5 O3
FNKQXYHWGSIFBK-RPDRRWSUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
8EYKi: 33 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 51.880α = 90.00
b = 111.540β = 90.00
c = 164.299γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Aimlessdata scaling
REFMACphasing
PHENIXrefinement
iMOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2017-01-31 
  • Released Date: 2017-05-03 
  • Deposition Author(s): Li, H., Poulos, T.L.

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesGM57353

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-05-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-05-24
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-13
    Type: Author supporting evidence