The structure and polymerase-recognition mechanism of the crucial adaptor protein AND-1 in the human replisomeGuan, C., Li, J., Sun, D., Liu, Y., Liang, H.
(2017) J. Biol. Chem. 292: 9627-9636
- PubMed: 28381552
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M116.758524
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
DNA replication in eukaryotic cells is performed by a multiprotein complex called the replisome, which consists of helicases, polymerases, and adaptor molecules. Human acidic nucleoplasmic DNA-binding protein 1 (AND-1), also known as WD repeat and hi ...
DNA replication in eukaryotic cells is performed by a multiprotein complex called the replisome, which consists of helicases, polymerases, and adaptor molecules. Human acidic nucleoplasmic DNA-binding protein 1 (AND-1), also known as WD repeat and high mobility group (HMG)-box DNA-binding protein 1 (WDHD1), is an adaptor molecule crucial for DNA replication. Although structural information for the AND-1 yeast ortholog is available, the mechanistic details for how human AND-1 protein anchors the lagging-strand DNA polymerase α (pol α) to the DNA helicase complex (Cdc45-MCM2-7-GINS, CMG) await elucidation. Here, we report the structures of the N-terminal WD40 and SepB domains of human AND-1, as well as a biochemical analysis of the C-terminal HMG domain. We show that AND-1 exists as a homotrimer mediated by the SepB domain. Mutant study results suggested that a positively charged groove within the SepB domain provides binding sites for pol α. Different from its ortholog protein in budding yeast, human AND-1 is recruited to the CMG complex, mediated by unknown participants other than Go Ichi Ni San. In addition, we show that AND-1 binds to DNA in vitro, using its C-terminal HMG domain. In conclusion, our findings provide important insights into the mechanistic details of human AND-1 function, advancing our understanding of replisome formation during eukaryotic replication.
From the National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101 and.