5EAJ

Crystal structure of DHFR in 0% Isopropanol


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Modulating Enzyme Activity by Altering Protein Dynamics with Solvent.

Duff Jr., M.R.Borreguero, J.M.Cuneo, M.J.Ramanathan, A.He, J.Kamath, G.Chennubhotla, S.C.Meilleur, F.Howell, E.E.Herwig, K.W.Myles, D.A.A.Agarwal, P.K.

(2018) Biochemistry 57: 4263-4275

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00424
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5EAJ, 5UJX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Optimal enzyme activity depends on a number of factors, including structure and dynamics. The role of enzyme structure is well recognized; however, the linkage between protein dynamics and enzyme activity has given rise to a contentious debate. We have developed an approach that uses an aqueous mixture of organic solvent to control the functionally relevant enzyme dynamics (without changing the structure), which in turn modulates the enzyme activity ...

    Optimal enzyme activity depends on a number of factors, including structure and dynamics. The role of enzyme structure is well recognized; however, the linkage between protein dynamics and enzyme activity has given rise to a contentious debate. We have developed an approach that uses an aqueous mixture of organic solvent to control the functionally relevant enzyme dynamics (without changing the structure), which in turn modulates the enzyme activity. Using this approach, we predicted that the hydride transfer reaction catalyzed by the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) from Escherichia coli in aqueous mixtures of isopropanol (IPA) with water will decrease by ∼3 fold at 20% (v/v) IPA concentration. Stopped-flow kinetic measurements find that the pH-independent k hydride rate decreases by 2.2 fold. X-ray crystallographic enzyme structures show no noticeable differences, while computational studies indicate that the transition state and electrostatic effects were identical for water and mixed solvent conditions; quasi-elastic neutron scattering studies show that the dynamical enzyme motions are suppressed. Our approach provides a unique avenue to modulating enzyme activity through changes in enzyme dynamics. Further it provides vital insights that show the altered motions of DHFR cause significant changes in the enzyme's ability to access its functionally relevant conformational substates, explaining the decreased k hydride rate. This approach has important implications for obtaining fundamental insights into the role of rate-limiting dynamics in catalysis and as well as for enzyme engineering.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Computer Science and Engineering Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge , Tennessee , United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Dihydrofolate reductaseB [auth A],
A [auth B]
159Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
EC: 1.5.1.3
UniProt
Find proteins for P0ABQ4 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0ABQ4 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0ABQ4
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0ABQ4
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 91.947α = 90
b = 91.947β = 90
c = 73.097γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-09-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-09-12
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations