5E2W

Anti-TAU AT8 FAB with triply phosphorylated TAU peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Epitope mapping and structural basis for the recognition of phosphorylated tau by the anti-tau antibody AT8.

Malia, T.J.Teplyakov, A.Ernst, R.Wu, S.J.Lacy, E.R.Liu, X.Vandermeeren, M.Mercken, M.Luo, J.Sweet, R.W.Gilliland, G.L.

(2016) Proteins 84: 427-434

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.24988
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5E2T, 5E2U, 5E2V, 5E2W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Microtubule-associated protein tau becomes abnormally phosphorylated in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies and forms aggregates of paired helical filaments (PHF-tau). AT8 is a PHF-tau-specific monoclonal antibody that is a commonly used marker of neuropathology because of its recognition of abnormally phosphorylated tau ...

    Microtubule-associated protein tau becomes abnormally phosphorylated in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies and forms aggregates of paired helical filaments (PHF-tau). AT8 is a PHF-tau-specific monoclonal antibody that is a commonly used marker of neuropathology because of its recognition of abnormally phosphorylated tau. Previous reports described the AT8 epitope to include pS202/pT205. Our studies support and extend previous findings by also identifying pS208 as part of the binding epitope. We characterized the phosphoepitope of AT8 through both peptide binding studies and costructures with phosphopeptides. From the cocrystal structure of AT8 Fab with the diphosphorylated (pS202/pT205) peptide, it appeared that an additional phosphorylation at S208 would also be accommodated by AT8. Phosphopeptide binding studies showed that AT8 bound to the triply phosphorylated tau peptide (pS202/pT205/pS208) 30-fold stronger than to the pS202/pT205 peptide, supporting the role of pS208 in AT8 recognition. We also show that the binding kinetics of the triply phosphorylated peptide pS202/pT205/pS208 was remarkably similar to that of PHF-tau. The costructure of AT8 Fab with a pS202/pT205/pS208 peptide shows that the interaction interface involves all six CDRs and tau residues 202-209. All three phosphorylation sites are recognized by AT8, with pT205 acting as the anchor. Crystallization of the Fab/peptide complex under acidic conditions shows that CDR-L2 is prone to unfolding and precludes peptide binding, and may suggest a general instability in the antibody.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Janssen Research & Development, LLC, 1400 McKean Road, Spring House, Pennsylvania, 19477.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AT8 LIGHT CHAINA [auth L]219Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
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Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AT8 HEAVY CHAINB [auth H]222Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TAU-PHOSPHOPEPTIDEC [auth P]18Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MAPTMAPTLMTBT1TAU
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P10636 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P10636 
Go to UniProtKB:  P10636
PHAROS:  P10636
GTEx:  ENSG00000186868 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP10636
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
C [auth P]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
TPO
Query on TPO
C [auth P]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 115.62α = 90
b = 61.02β = 133.11
c = 84.12γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-02-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-03-30
    Changes: Database references