A pan-coronavirus fusion inhibitor targeting the HR1 domain of human coronavirus spike.Xia, S., Yan, L., Xu, W., Agrawal, A.S., Algaissi, A., Tseng, C.K., Wang, Q., Du, L., Tan, W., Wilson, I.A., Jiang, S., Yang, B., Lu, L.
(2019) Sci Adv 5: eaav4580-eaav4580
- PubMed: 30989115
- DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav4580
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Continuously emerging highly pathogenic human coronaviruses (HCoVs) remain a major threat to human health, as illustrated in past SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV outbreaks. The development of a drug with broad-spectrum HCoV inhibitory activity would address th ...
Continuously emerging highly pathogenic human coronaviruses (HCoVs) remain a major threat to human health, as illustrated in past SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV outbreaks. The development of a drug with broad-spectrum HCoV inhibitory activity would address this urgent unmet medical need. Although previous studies have suggested that the HR1 of HCoV spike (S) protein is an important target site for inhibition against specific HCoVs, whether this conserved region could serve as a target for the development of broad-spectrum pan-CoV inhibitor remains controversial. Here, we found that peptide OC43-HR2P, derived from the HR2 domain of HCoV-OC43, exhibited broad fusion inhibitory activity against multiple HCoVs. EK1, the optimized form of OC43-HR2P, showed substantially improved pan-CoV fusion inhibitory activity and pharmaceutical properties. Crystal structures indicated that EK1 can form a stable six-helix bundle structure with both short α-HCoV and long β-HCoV HR1s, further supporting the role of HR1 region as a viable pan-CoV target site.
Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, BCC206, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.,Lindsley F. Kimball Research Institute, New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,MOH Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center and School of Basic Medical Sciences, and Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology of MOE/MOH, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.,Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.