5YIL

Hoisting-loop in bacterial multidrug exporter AcrB is a highly flexible hinge that enables the large motion of the subdomains


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 

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Literature

Hoisting-Loop in Bacterial Multidrug Exporter AcrB Is a Highly Flexible Hinge That Enables the Large Motion of the Subdomains.

Zwama, M.Hayashi, K.Sakurai, K.Nakashima, R.Kitagawa, K.Nishino, K.Yamaguchi, A.

(2017) Front Microbiol 8: 2095-2095

  • DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02095
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5YIL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The overexpression of RND-type exporters is one of the main causes of multidrug resistance (MDR) in Gram-negative pathogens. In RND transporters, such as Escherichia coli 's main efflux pump AcrB, drug efflux occurs in the porter domain, while protons flow through the transmembrane domain: remote conformational coupling ...

    The overexpression of RND-type exporters is one of the main causes of multidrug resistance (MDR) in Gram-negative pathogens. In RND transporters, such as Escherichia coli 's main efflux pump AcrB, drug efflux occurs in the porter domain, while protons flow through the transmembrane domain: remote conformational coupling. At the border of a transmembrane helix (TM8) and subdomain PC2, there is a loop which makes a hoisting movement by a random-coil-to-α-helix change, and opens and closes a drug channel entrance. This loop is supposed to play a key role in the allosteric conformational coupling between the transmembrane and porter domain. Here we show the results of a series of flexibility loop-mutants of AcrB. We determined the crystal structure of a three amino acid truncated loop mutant, which is still a functional transporter, and show that the short α-helix between Cβ15 and the loop unwinds to a random coil in the access and binding monomers and in the extrusion monomer it makes a partially stretched coil-to-helix change. The loop has undergone compensatory conformational changes and still facilitates the opening and closing of the channel. In addition, more flexible mutated loops (proline mutated and significantly elongated) can still function during export. The flexibility in this region is however limited, as an even more truncated mutant (six amino acid deletion) becomes mostly inactive. We found that the hoisting-loop is a highly flexible hinge that enables the conformational energy transmission passively.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Cell Membrane Structural Biology, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Multidrug efflux pump subunit AcrBA, B, C1050Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: acrBacrEb0462JW0451
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for P31224 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P31224 
Go to UniProtKB:  P31224
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 135.98α = 90
b = 139.81β = 90
c = 285.45γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-11-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-29
    Changes: Database references