The unique trimeric assembly of the virulence factor HtrA fromHelicobacter pylorioccurs via N-terminal domain swapping.Zhang, Z., Huang, Q., Tao, X., Song, G., Zheng, P., Li, H., Sun, H., Xia, W.
(2019) J Biol Chem 294: 7990-8000
- PubMed: 30936204
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.007387
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of specific bacterial virulence factors can significantly contribute to antibacterial drug discovery. Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative microaerophilic bacterium that infects almost half of the worl ...
Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of specific bacterial virulence factors can significantly contribute to antibacterial drug discovery. Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative microaerophilic bacterium that infects almost half of the world's population, leading to gastric disorders and even gastric cancer. H. pylori expresses a series of virulence factors in the host, among which high-temperature requirement A ( Hp HtrA) is a newly identified serine protease secreted by H. pylori. Hp HtrA cleaves the extracellular domain of the epithelial cell surface adhesion protein E-cadherin and disrupts gastric epithelial cell junctions, allowing H. pylori to access the intercellular space. Here we report the first crystal structure of Hp HtrA at 3.0 Å resolution. The structure revealed a new type of HtrA protease trimer stabilized by unique N-terminal domain swapping distinct from other known HtrA homologs. We further observed that truncation of the N terminus completely abrogates Hp HtrA trimer formation as well as protease activity. In the presence of unfolded substrate, Hp HtrA assembled into cage-like 12-mers or 24-mers. Combining crystallographic, biochemical, and mutagenic data, we propose a mechanistic model of how Hp HtrA recognizes and cleaves the well-folded E-cadherin substrate. Our study provides a fundamental basis for the development of anti- H. pylori agents by using a previously uncharacterized HtrA protease as a target.
From the MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China, firstname.lastname@example.org.