5XGL

Co-crystal structure of Ac-AChBPP in complex with alpha-conotoxin LvIA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.439 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.239 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


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Literature

The crystal structure of Ac-AChBP in complex with alpha-conotoxin LvIA reveals the mechanism of its selectivity towards different nAChR subtypes

Xu, M.Zhu, X.Yu, J.Yu, J.Luo, S.Wang, X.

(2017) Protein Cell 8: 675-685

  • DOI: 10.1007/s13238-017-0426-2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The α3* nAChRs, which are considered to be promising drug targets for problems such as pain, addiction, cardiovascular function, cognitive disorders etc., are found throughout the central and peripheral nervous system. The α-conotoxin (α-CTx) LvIA ha ...

    The α3* nAChRs, which are considered to be promising drug targets for problems such as pain, addiction, cardiovascular function, cognitive disorders etc., are found throughout the central and peripheral nervous system. The α-conotoxin (α-CTx) LvIA has been identified as the most selective inhibitor of α3β2 nAChRs known to date, and it can distinguish the α3β2 nAChR subtype from the α6/α3β2β3 and α3β4 nAChR subtypes. However, the mechanism of its selectivity towards α3β2, α6/α3β2β3, and α3β4 nAChRs remains elusive. Here we report the co-crystal structure of LvIA in complex with Aplysia californica acetylcholine binding protein (Ac-AChBP) at a resolution of 3.4 Å. Based on the structure of this complex, together with homology modeling based on other nAChR subtypes and binding affinity assays, we conclude that Asp-11 of LvIA plays an important role in the selectivity of LvIA towards α3β2 and α3/α6β2β3 nAChRs by making a salt bridge with Lys-155 of the rat α3 subunit. Asn-9 lies within a hydrophobic pocket that is formed by Met-36, Thr-59, and Phe-119 of the rat β2 subunit in the α3β2 nAChR model, revealing the reason for its more potent selectivity towards the α3β2 nAChR subtype. These results provide molecular insights that can be used to design ligands that selectively target α3β2 nAChRs, with significant implications for the design of new therapeutic α-CTxs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.,KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology , Korea University , Seoul 136-701 , Korea.,MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Tumor Microenvironment and Resistance to Treatment Lab, Institut de Recherche en Cancrologie de Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France; Institut du Cancer Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France; Universit Montpellier, 34298 Montpellier, France.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101, Beijing, China.,Department of Medical Microbiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084.,Department of Computational and Data Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India. Electronic address: sekar@iisc.ac.in.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia. b.collins@imb.uq.edu.au.,Dept. Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology and Targeting, Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, A. Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Medicine and UCSD DXMS Proteomics Resource, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92023, USA.,University of Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Epigenetics and Cell Fate, UMR 7216 CNRS, 75013 Paris, France.,Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2, Canada.,School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address: mckenna@ufl.edu.,CNRS, Cachan, France.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China.,PamGene International, Den Bosch, the Netherlands.,Structural Plant Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. michael.hothorn@unige.ch.,Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Laboratory of Genetics and Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Graduate School of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki, 852-8521, Japan.,Department Microbial Natural Products, Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Campus E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,Department Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124, Braunschweig, Germany.,Pattern Recognition Receptor DPU, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA. joshi.m.ramanjulu@gsk.com.,Center for Infectious Disease Research, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Shandong University-Helmholtz Institute of Biotechnology, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, School of Life Sciences, Shandong University, Qingdao, Shandong, 266237, China.,Asahi Kasei Pharma Corporation, 632-1 Mifuku, Izunokuni, Shizuoka 410-2321, Japan.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.,St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, 199000, Russia.,Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Beijing, China. zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Programa de Computação Científica, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.,NYU-ECNU Center for Computational Chemistry at NYU Shanghai, Shanghai, China.,School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Division of Biological Sciences, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Pennsylvania State University, UNITED STATES.,START, Preclinical Research, San Antonio, Texas.,MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, 79409, USA.,Pennsylvania State University, Chemistry, UNITED STATES.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China; rgzhang@sibcb.ac.cn jinwei.zhu@sibcb.ac.cn.,School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel amirgo@tauex.tau.ac.il yxiang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,From the Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Translational Biology and Molecular Medicine.,Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Aurigene Discovery Technologies Ltd., Bangalore, Karnataka, India.,Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Chemical Cell Biology Group, Paris, France.,LumiSTAR Biotechnology Incorporation, Nangang District, Taipei City, 115, Taiwan.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Pharmazentrum Frankfurt, Goethe University of Frankfurt, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.,Institute of Biostatistics, Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, United States of America.,Program in Comparative Biochemistry, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, and.,Emory Vaccine Center and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, 1462 Clifton Road North-East, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Department of Antibody Engineering, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Group of Structural Biochemistry, IBMC - Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology; i3S - Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, FSRC "Crystallography and Photonics", Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119333, Russia.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.,Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA; Center for Membrane Protein Research, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA. Electronic address: roger.b.sutton@ttuhsc.edu.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan.,Group of Molecular Microbiology, IBMC - Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology; i3S - Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Department of Chemistry, University of Connecticut, 55 North Eagleville Rd, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA.,Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Program, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki, Finland. elina.roine@helsinki.fi.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084; Joint Graduate Program of Peking-Tsinghua-NIBS, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address: wuzhl@cib.ac.cn.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: wilson@scripps.edu.,Max von Pettenkofer-Institute, Department of Virology, Ludwig Maximilians University, 80336 Munich, Germany.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Center for Tumor Biology and Immunology, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany; Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address: wibke.diederich@staff.uni-marburg.de.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitination Unit, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee , Dow Street , Dundee DD1 5EH , Scotland , United Kingdom.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address: wangg@cib.ac.cn.,Institute of Medical Virology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.,Department of Medical Oncology , Dana-Farber Cancer Institute , Boston , Massachusetts 02215 , United States.,Laboratory of Protein Engineering , École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , CH-1015 Lausanne , Switzerland.,Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering Tohoku University 2-1 Seiryomachi, Aoba Sendai 980-8575 Japan.,Bio-AFM Frontier Research Center, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; WPI Nano Life Science Institute, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; JST, PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, United Kingdom.,Astellas Pharma., Tsukuba, Japan.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA; Department of Neuroscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia.,Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.,From the Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria and.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Sinai Health System, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada. pelletier@lunenfeld.ca.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,Research Center for Medical Glycosciences, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, 305-8568, Japan.,Institute of Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; EMBL Australia, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. Electronic address: Max.Cryle@monash.edu.,School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: jlkeck@wisc.edu.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Thermo Fisher Scientific, Achtseweg Noorg 5, 5651 GG, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 16 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117558, Singapore. Electronic address: dbsmokh@nus.edu.sg.,Zentrum für Arzneimittelforschung, -entwicklung, und -sicherheit, Goethe University of Frankfurt, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada; john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca kay@pound.med.utoronto.ca.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10032, USA.,Department Drug Design and Optimization, Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Campus E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 16 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117558, Singapore.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas, Edinburgh, TX, USA.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074, Wuhan, China. cong.ma@hust.edu.cn.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Japan.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Sinai Health System, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada.,Center for Integrated Protein Science, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, School of Physics and Material Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.,Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Hyogo, Japan.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi Yokohama 230-0045 Japan.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow, 123182, Russia.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.,Division of Structural and Synthetic Biology RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi Yokohama 230-0045 Japan.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Suehiro 1-7-29, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: jtame@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.,The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Avenida Zañartu 1482, 7780272, Ñuñoa, Santiago, Chile.,Institute of Medical Virology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: john.ziebuhr@viro.med.uni-giessen.de.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Medical Research Council - Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK.,Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada. pelletier@lunenfeld.ca.,Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.,Structural Plant Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.,California NanoSystems Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China. gaon@pku.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology and Powell Gene Therapy Center, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Eisai Inc., Andover, Massachusetts.,Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Program, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,H3 Biomedicine, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, P.O. Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2233, USA.,Institute of Biophysics, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.,Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, 38106, Braunschweig, Germany.,NDBio Therapeutics, Inc., 32 Songdogwahak-ro , Yeonsu-gu , Incheon 21984 , Republic of Korea.,Tokai Quantum Beam Science Center, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Tokai, Japan.,Department of Physiological Chemistry, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia.,Department of Neuroscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA.,Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory for Biology of Vegetable Diseases and Insect, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China; College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China. Electronic address: zhuchunyuan@sdau.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Genetics Osaka University 3-1 Yamadaoka, Suita Osaka 565-0871 Japan.,Genome Technology Center, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Korea.,Bioproduction Research Institute, Japan.,Immuno-Oncology & Combinations DPU, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,Structural Genomics Consortium and Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine , University of Oxford , Oxford , United Kingdom.,Department of Microchemistry, Proteomics, and Lipidomics, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,ChromoTek GmbH, Planegg, Germany.,Department of Life Science and Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, College of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.,Department of Cancer Biology , Dana-Farber Cancer Institute , Boston , Massachusetts 02215 , United States.,Structural Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India.,Biological Science Imaging Resource, Department of Biological Sciences, The Florida State University, 89 Chieftan Way, Rm 119, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA.,School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, 868A Robinson Research Building, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. martin.egli@vanderbilt.edu.,The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, 89 Convent Ave, New York, NY, 10027, USA.,Nurix Therapeutics, Inc., 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. sahaanjanabha@gmail.com.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia.,Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; JST, PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan. Electronic address: aritak@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.,Université de Lorraine, INRA, IAM, Nancy, France.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Hamburg, 22607, Germany.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia. Electronic address: adamleow@upm.edu.my.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: aktanaka@riken.jp.,Present address: Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, 4195, USA.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK.,College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory for Biology of Vegetable Diseases and Insect, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, via L. Giorgeri 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy.,International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.,Lille University, UMR8576, CNRS, 59000, Lille, France.,Laboratory of Genetics and Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. dlyumkis@salk.edu.,Biomolecular Characterization Unit, Technology Platform Division, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.,NiKang Therapeutics, Bldg. E500, 200 Powder Mill Road, Wilmington, DE, 19803, USA.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201203, Shanghai, China.,Program in Molecular Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.,Department of Computational and Data Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.,Electron Microscope Unit, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia.,Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California Irvine, McGaugh Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-3900, USA.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,the Department of Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720.,School of Life Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,SDV - UFR Sciences Du Vivant: Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, Paris 75013, France.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520; yong.xiong@yale.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Center for Structural Biology, The McKnight Brain Institute, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA. mckenna@ufl.edu.,School of Life Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Biomedical Research Institute, Japan.,ICBAS- Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Biosciences Building, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,OmicScouts GmbH, Freising, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutsky per., Dolgoprudnyi, Russian Federation.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074, Wuhan, China.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, 32827, USA. frastinejad@sbpdiscovery.org.,MARUWA Foods and Biosciences, Inc. 170-1 Tsutsui-cho, Yamatokoriyama, Nara 639-1123, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, Gene Therapy Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany. jbriggs@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Cellzome, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Heidelberg, Germany.,Medical Research Council - Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK. vanbreug@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Helsinki Institute of Life Science HiLIFE and Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Program, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki, Finland. juha.huiskonen@helsinki.fi.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, China.,The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. xinquanwang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Center for Tumor Biology and Immunology, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany; Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources, Ministry of Education, Key Lab for Marine Drugs of Haikou, Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, China. luosulan2003@163.com.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV-CSIC) and CIBER de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), 46010 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: amarina@ibv.csic.es.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, College of Arts & Science, Station B, Box 1822, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA. michael.p.stone@vanderbilt.edu.,Departments of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.,Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Bio-AFM Frontier Research Center, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; WPI Nano Life Science Institute, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan.,Roger Adams Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland teresa.olczak@uwr.edu.pl.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL, United States.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, FSRC "Crystallography and Photonics", Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119333, Russia. lera@crys.ras.ru.,INSERM, Paris, France.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia. ashley.buckle@monash.edu.,Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Avenida Zañartu 1482, 7780272, Ñuñoa, Santiago, Chile. ntischler@cienciavida.org.,Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.,Roger Adams Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University of llinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. djo30@cam.ac.uk.,CICbioGUNE, Derio, Spain.,Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119071, Russia.,Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA. xuehua.zhong@wisc.edu.,Malaysia Genome Institute, National Institute of Biotechnology Malaysia, Jalan Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.,Present address: Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, 20147, USA.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030 and timothyp@bcm.edu.,Pennsylvania State University, Chemistry, 220 Chemistry Building, Penn State University, 16802, University Park, UNITED STATES.,H3 Biomedicine, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts. Manav_Korpal@h3biomedicine.com Ping_Zhu@h3biomedicine.com.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Pisa, I-56126 Pisa, Italy.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address: sotomayor.8@osu.edu.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: hymowitz@gene.com.,Pattern Recognition Receptor DPU, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.,Helsinki Institute of Life Science HiLIFE, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 5, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. Feradical@utsa.edu.,Bioinformatics Institute, A(∗)STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore 138671, Singapore.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Center for Molecular Biology of RNA and Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA harry@nuvolari.ucsc.edu.,Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, 211800, China.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 5300 Chiron Way , Emeryville , California 94608 , United States.,Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR, CONICET-UNR) , Rosario , Argentina . Email: vila@ibr-conicet.gov.ar.,Nurix Therapeutics, Inc., 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. ksimonetta@nurix-inc.com.,Vossius & Partner, Munich, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2, Canada. rc4@ualberta.ca.,Amai Proteins, Prof. A. D. Bergman 2B, Suite 212, Rehovot, 7670504, Israel.,Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA. xuehua.zhong@wisc.edu.,Departamento de Química, Centro de Investigación en Síntesis Química, Universidad de La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.,Department of Radiation-Applied Biology, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Takasaki, Japan; and.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Área Biofísica , Departamento de Química Biológica , Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas , Universidad Nacional de Rosario , Rosario , Argentina.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi Yokohama 230-0045 Japan.,Institute of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Leipzig University, Deutscher Platz 5, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.,Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry , Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf im Forschungszentrum Jülich , 52426 Jülich , Germany . Email: j.pietruszka@fz-juelich.de.,University of Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Epigenetics and Cell Fate, UMR 7216 CNRS, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address: pierre-antoine.defossez@univ-paris-diderot.fr.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Cellular Memory Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.,Breast Cancer Now, Toby Robins Research Centre, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK.,The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; EMBL Australia, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Project Group Translational Medicine and Pharmacology, Frauenhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.,Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program, New York, NY, USA.,Center of Systems Biology and Human Health, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.,Diamond Light Source Limited, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK. dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Center for Structural Biology, The McKnight Brain Institute, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.,Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Centre for Misfolding Diseases, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, CB2 1EW Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Department Chemical Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124, Braunschweig, Germany.,Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: marcos.fontes@unesp.br.,Institut de Neurociències, Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Medicina , Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , E-08193 Barcelona , Spain.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Department of Cancer Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd Mail Stop #3030, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.,Department of Biology, Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.,5AM Ventures, 501 2nd Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA. sahaanjanabha@gmail.com.,Key Laboratory of Cognitive Science, Hubei Key Laboratory of Medical Information Analysis and Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment, Laboratory of Membrane Ion Channels and Medicine, College of Biomedical Engineering, South-Central University for Nationalities, 430074, Wuhan, China.,Center of Preclinical Translational Research, Almazov National Medical Research Center, St. Petersburg, 197371, Russia.,Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil; Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV-CSIC) and CIBER de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), 46010 Valencia, Spain.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,Diamond Light Source Limited, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK.,School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK. juha.huiskonen@helsinki.fi.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Departamento de Química Inorgánica , Analítica y Química Física-INQUIMAE , Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales , Universidad de Buenos Aires-CONICET , Buenos Aires , Argentina.,International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan; Daiichi University of Pharmacy, 22-1 Tamagawa, Minami, Fukuoka 815-8511, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030 and.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Suehiro 1-7-29, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. longs@mskcc.org.,Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.,Aurigene Discovery Technologies, Ltd., Bengaluru and Hyderabad, India.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources, Ministry of Education, Key Lab for Marine Drugs of Haikou, Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, China.,Faculty of Fisheries, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki, 852-8521, Japan.,Center for Molecular Biology of RNA and Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.,CNRS, Cachan, France. jacqueline.cherfils@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,Federal Research and Clinical Center of Physical-Chemical Medicine of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, 119435, Russia.,Department of Medical Microbiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia.,Group of Fish Immunology & Vaccinology, IBMC - Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology; i3S - Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, 101 College Street, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,CNRS, Cachan, France. mahel.zeghouf@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA; Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA; Natural Products Library Initiative at The Scripps Research Institute, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA. Electronic address: shenb@scripps.edu.,Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA; Center for Membrane Protein Research, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA.,Fundación Instituto Leloir , IIBBA-CONICET , Buenos Aires , Argentina.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, via L. Giorgeri 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy. Electronic address: sgeremia@units.it.,Laboratory of Computational Chemistry and Biochemistry , École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , CH-1015 Lausanne , Switzerland.,BioArdis, 7310 Miramar Road San Diego, San Diego, CA, 92126, USA.,Electron Microscopy Laboratory, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, 20147, USA.,School of Dentistry, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.,Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, UK.,the Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Technical University of Munich, D-85748 Munich, Germany.,The State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023 Jiangsu, China.,From the Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria and hans.brandstetter@sbg.ac.at.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520.,Université Aix-Marseille, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Epithelial Stem Cells and Cancer Team, Marseille, France.,Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Peking University-Tsinghua University-National Institute of Biological Sciences Joint Graduate Program, Beijing, China.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, U.K.,Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France. mahel.zeghouf@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,Institute of Bioinformatics, University Medicine Greifswald, 17475 Greifswald, Germany.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.,Platform Technology & Science, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,BioSciences at Rice and Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251, USA.,Chemical Kinomics Research Center , Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) , Seoul 02792 , Korea.,Chair of Molecular Biology, Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Plataforma Argentina de Biología Estructural y Metabolómica PLABEM. , Buenos Aires , Argentina.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA, USA. danesh@hms.harvard.edu.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, 32827, USA.,Institut für Physikalische Biologie , Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf , 40225 Düsseldorf , Germany.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Structural Plant Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.,Department of Physics, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea.,Structural Genomics Consortium, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 16 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117558, Singapore; Bioinformatics Institute, A(∗)STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore 138671, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637551, Singapore. Electronic address: chandra@bii.a-star.edu.sg.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK. dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.,Department of Physiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2H7, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA, USA jbames@ucdavis.edu jwhell@ucdavis.edu.,Graduate School of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki, 852-8521, Japan. unno@nagasaki-u.ac.jp.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084. Electronic address: hongweiwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Medicine , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. jbriggs@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Mitobridge, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Astellas Pharma.), 1030 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada; john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca kay@pound.med.utoronto.ca.,Department of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630003, India.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China. Electronic address: liu2008@nankai.edu.cn.,Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France. jacqueline.cherfils@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,Verna Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and.,Department of Pharmacy, Saarland University, Campus E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.,5AM Ventures, 501 2nd Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA.,Gene Therapy Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Division of Molecular Biological-Biochemical Processing Technology, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Leipzig University, Deutscher Platz 5, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.,Institute of Complex Systems , ICS-6: Structural Biochemistry , Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH , 52425 Jülich , Germany.,Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute , 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, United States.,School of Systems Biomedical Science, Soongsil University, Seoul 06978, Republic of Korea.,Center for Infectious Disease Research, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; amirgo@tauex.tau.ac.il yxiang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, 868A Robinson Research Building, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, 59717, USA.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China; and.,CNRS, Paris, France.,Morgridge Institute for Research, Madison, WI, USA.,Institute of Medical Virology, University Hospital Frankfurt, 60596 Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA.,Department of Life Science and Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, College of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan yjsun@life.nthu.edu.tw.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, College of Arts & Science, Station B, Box 1822, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA.,Université de Lorraine, CNRS, CRM2, Nancy, France.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA jbames@ucdavis.edu jwhell@ucdavis.edu.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia. colin.jackson@anu.edu.au.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. danesh@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520.,Institute of Bio- and Geosciences , IBG-1: Biotechnology , Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH , 52425 Jülich , Germany.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Developmental Biology, University of Helsinki, Haartmaninkatu 8, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,Nurix Therapeutics, Inc., 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Lille University, UMR8576, CNRS, 59000, Lille, France. isabelle.landrieu@univ-lille1.fr.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Soluble acetylcholine receptor
A, B, D, G, I
224Aplysia californicaMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q8WSF8 (Aplysia californica)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8WSF8
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha-conotoxin LvIA
F, C, E, H, J
17Conus lividusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for L8BU87 (Conus lividus)
Go to UniProtKB:  L8BU87
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
C, E, F, H, J
NON-POLYMERH2 N

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.439 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.239 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 77.389α = 90.00
b = 83.991β = 90.00
c = 209.679γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaChina31470751, 81420108028 and U1405228

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-06-13
    Type: Initial release