High-resolution crystal structures of the glycoside hydrolase family 45 endoglucanase EG27II from the snail Ampullaria crossean.Nomura, T., Iwase, H., Saka, N., Takahashi, N., Mikami, B., Mizutani, K.
(2019) Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol 75: 426-436
- PubMed: 30988259
- DOI: 10.1107/S2059798319003000
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Although endogenous animal cellulases have great potential for industrial applications such as bioethanol production, few investigations have focused on these enzymes. In this study, the glycoside hydrolase family 45 (GH45) subfamily B endoglucanase ...
Although endogenous animal cellulases have great potential for industrial applications such as bioethanol production, few investigations have focused on these enzymes. In this study, the glycoside hydrolase family 45 (GH45) subfamily B endoglucanase EG27II from the snail Ampullaria crossean was expressed using a Pichia pastoris expression system and the crystal structure of the apo form was determined at 1.00 Å resolution; this is the highest resolution structure of an animal endoglucanase. The results showed that EG27II has a double-ψ six-stranded β-barrel and that the structure of EG27II more closely resembles those of subfamily C enzymes than those of subfamily A enzymes. The structure of EG27II complexed with cellobiose was also determined under cryoconditions and at room temperature at three pH values, pH 4.0, 5.5 and 8.0, and no structural changes were found to be associated with the change in pH. The structural comparison and catalytic activity measurements showed that Asp137 and Asn112 function as the catalytic acid and base, respectively, and that Asp27 is also an important residue for catalysis. These high-resolution structures of EG27II provide a large amount of information for structure-based enzyme modification and cell-surface engineering, which will advance biofuel production using animal-derived cellulases.
Laboratory of Applied Structural Biology, Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.