Roles of Leu28 side chain intercalation in the interaction between Cren7 and DNAZhang, Z., Zhao, M., Wang, L., Chen, Y., Dong, Y., Gong, Y., Huang, L.
(2017) Biochem. J. 474: 1727-1739
- PubMed: 28377493
- DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20170036
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  5WVY, 5WVZ, 5WWC
- PubMed Abstract:
Crenarchaeal chromatin protein Cren7 binds double-stranded DNA in the minor groove, introducing a sharp single-step DNA kink. The side chain of Leu28, a residue conserved among all Cren7 homologs, intercalates into the kinked DNA step. In the present ...
Crenarchaeal chromatin protein Cren7 binds double-stranded DNA in the minor groove, introducing a sharp single-step DNA kink. The side chain of Leu28, a residue conserved among all Cren7 homologs, intercalates into the kinked DNA step. In the present study, we replaced Leu28 with a residue containing a hydrophobic side chain of different sizes (i.e. L28A, L28V, L28I, L28M and L28F). Both the stability of the Cren7-DNA complex and the ability of Cren7 to constrain DNA supercoils correlated well with the size of the intercalated side chain. Structural analysis shows that L28A induces a kink (∼43°), nearly as sharp as that produced by wild-type Cren7 (∼48°), in the bound DNA fragment despite the lack of side chain intercalation. In another duplex DNA fragment, L28F inserts a large hydrophobic side chain deep into the DNA step, but introduces a smaller kink (∼39°) than that formed by the wild-type protein (∼50°). Mutation of Leu28 into methionine yields two protein conformers differing in loop β3-β4 orientation, DNA-binding surface and DNA geometry in the protein-DNA structure. Our results indicate that side chain intercalation is not directly responsible for DNA kinking or bending by Cren7, but plays a critical role in the stabilization of the Cren7-DNA complex. In addition, the flexibility of loop β3-β4 in Cren7, as revealed in the crystal structure of L28M-DNA, may serve a role in the modulation of chromosomal organization and function in the cell.
State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1 West Beichen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China.