The Antitumor Drug LB-100 Is a Catalytic Inhibitor of Protein Phosphatase 2A (PPP2CA) and 5 (PPP5C) Coordinating with the Active-Site Catalytic Metals in PPP5C.D'Arcy, B.M., Swingle, M.R., Papke, C.M., Abney, K.A., Bouska, E.S., Prakash, A., Honkanen, R.E.
(2019) Mol. Cancer Ther. 18: 556-566
- PubMed: 30679389
- DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-1143
- PubMed Abstract:
LB-100 is an experimental cancer therapeutic with cytotoxic activity against cancer cells in culture and antitumor activity in animals. The first phase I trial (NCT01837667) evaluating LB-100 recently concluded that safety and efficacy parameters are ...
LB-100 is an experimental cancer therapeutic with cytotoxic activity against cancer cells in culture and antitumor activity in animals. The first phase I trial (NCT01837667) evaluating LB-100 recently concluded that safety and efficacy parameters are favorable for further clinical testing. Although LB-100 is widely reported as a specific inhibitor of serine/threonine phosphatase 2A (PP2AC/ PPP2CA:PPP2CB ), we could find no experimental evidence in the published literature demonstrating the specific engagement of LB-100 with PP2A in vitro , in cultured cells, or in animals. Rather, the premise for LB-100 targeting PP2AC is derived from studies that measure phosphate released from a phosphopeptide (K-R-pT-I-R-R) or inferred from the ability of LB-100 to mimic activity previously reported to result from the inhibition of PP2AC by other means. PP2AC and PPP5C share a common catalytic mechanism. Here, we demonstrate that the phosphopeptide used to ascribe LB-100 specificity for PP2A is also a substrate for PPP5C. Inhibition assays using purified enzymes demonstrate that LB-100 is a catalytic inhibitor of both PP2AC and PPP5C. The structure of PPP5C cocrystallized with LB-100 was solved to a resolution of 1.65Å, revealing that the 7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3-dicarbonyl moiety coordinates with the metal ions and key residues that are conserved in both PP2AC and PPP5C. Cell-based studies revealed some known actions of LB-100 are mimicked by the genetic disruption of PPP5C These data demonstrate that LB-100 is a catalytic inhibitor of both PP2AC and PPP5C and suggest that the observed antitumor activity might be due to an additive effect achieved by suppressing both PP2A and PPP5C.
USA Mitchell Cancer Institute, Mobile, Alabama.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.,USA Mitchell Cancer Institute, Mobile, Alabama. email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org.,Department of Pharmacology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.