5W4Q

Structure of the R18A/E28A mutant of the HIV-1 capsid protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.285 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Novel Intersubunit Interaction Critical for HIV-1 Core Assembly Defines a Potentially Targetable Inhibitor Binding Pocket.

Craveur, P.Gres, A.T.Kirby, K.A.Liu, D.Hammond, J.A.Deng, Y.Forli, S.Goodsell, D.S.Williamson, J.R.Sarafianos, S.G.Olson, A.J.

(2019) MBio 10: --

  • DOI: 10.1128/mBio.02858-18
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • HIV-1 capsid protein (CA) plays critical roles in both early and late stages of the viral replication cycle. Mutagenesis and structural experiments have revealed that capsid core stability significantly affects uncoating and initiation of reverse tra ...

    HIV-1 capsid protein (CA) plays critical roles in both early and late stages of the viral replication cycle. Mutagenesis and structural experiments have revealed that capsid core stability significantly affects uncoating and initiation of reverse transcription in host cells. This has led to efforts in developing antivirals targeting CA and its assembly, although none of the currently identified compounds are used in the clinic for treatment of HIV infection. A specific interaction that is primarily present in pentameric interfaces in the HIV-1 capsid core was identified and is reported to be important for CA assembly. This is shown by multidisciplinary characterization of CA site-directed mutants using biochemical analysis of virus-like particle formation, transmission electron microscopy of in vitro assembly, crystallographic studies, and molecular dynamic simulations. The data are consistent with a model where a hydrogen bond between CA residues E28 and K30' from neighboring N-terminal domains (CA NTD s) is important for CA pentamer interactions during core assembly. This pentamer-preferred interaction forms part of an N -terminal d omain i nterface (NDI) pocket that is amenable to antiviral targeting. IMPORTANCE Precise assembly and disassembly of the HIV-1 capsid core are key to the success of viral replication. The forces that govern capsid core formation and dissociation involve intricate interactions between pentamers and hexamers formed by HIV-1 CA. We identified one particular interaction between E28 of one CA and K30' of the adjacent CA that appears more frequently in pentamers than in hexamers and that is important for capsid assembly. Targeting the corresponding site could lead to the development of antivirals which disrupt this interaction and affect capsid assembly.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Molecular Partners AG, Wagistrasse 14, 8952, Schlieren, Switzerland. info@molecularpartners.com.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, England.,Medicinal Chemistry & Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacology , University of Oxford , Mansfield Road , Oxford OX1 3QT , U.K.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: knacro@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy; Department of Mechanistic Cell Biology, Max-Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Str. 11, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,Ipsen Bioinnovation, 102 Park Drive, Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4RY, UK.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 450 Vojvode Stepe, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark. Electronic address: jp@neuprozyme.com.,SARomics Biostructures, 223 63 Lund, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore. Electronic address: cbkang@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan. yshiro@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp sawai@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacy, Epigenetic Med Chem Lab, University of Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084, Fisciano, SA, Italy.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509; Rajendra.Agrawal@health.ny.gov.,Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology , University of Bath , Claverton Down , Bath BA2 7AY , U.K.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: f.kozielski@ucl.ac.uk.,US Army Research Laboratory - South, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, l.m.sollid@medisin.uio.no.,Worldwide Influenza Centre, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), Westville, Durban, 4001, South Africa.,National Research Center for Veterinary Medicine, Luoyang, Henan, China.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand; School of Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology (VISTEC), Rayong, 21210, Thailand.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Neuroscience Therapeutic Area, Neurodegeneration Research, Sanofi R&D, Chilly-Mazarin, France.,Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India.,Center for Integrative Proteomics Research, Rutgers State University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand. Electronic address: danaya.pak@mahidol.ac.th.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miklukho-Maklaya Street 16/10, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation.,Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO), CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: stephen_blacklow@hms.harvard.edu.,the Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, and.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, France.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K. dmfvanaalten@dundee.ac.uk.,The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: rochel@igbmc.fr.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 33 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02115, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,Department of Molecular Oncology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Jenner Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble, France.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India. Electronic address: madhu@ccmb.res.in.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. robert.gustafsson@dbb.su.se.,Humabs BioMed SA, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,the Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, Wales, United Kingdom.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: antonello.mai@uniroma1.it.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. shin.sato@riken.jp.,Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, 31077, Toulouse, France.,Institut du Thorax, Inserm UMR 1087/CNRS UMR 6291, LabEx "Ion Channels, Science and Therapeutics", Nantes, France.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. scheres@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. joonyoon@ewha.ac.kr.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. anthony.purcell@monash.edu nathan.croft@monash.edu.,Institute for Glycomics , Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus , Queensland 4222 , Australia.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France. Electronic address: brice.korkmaz@inserm.fr.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, Illkirch, France.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences , Academia Sinica , Taipei 11529 , Taiwan.,Smartox Biotechnology, Saint-Egrève, France.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: nandhanu@gmail.com.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. matz@cc.kogakuin.ac.jp.,Fisheries and Oceans Hakodate, Hakodate, Japan.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Planegg, Germany.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235; james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu jens.meiler@vanderbilt.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Laboratoire de Chimie des Processus Biologiques, Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR8229, 75005 Paris, France.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. sicai.zhang@childrens.harvard.edu.,Integrated Drug Discovery-High Content Biology, Sanofi R&D, Vitry-sur-Seine, France.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland Ltd., Espoo, Finland.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, Suita, Japan.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States.,Vanderbilt Mass Spectrometry Research Center and Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA; Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, 38044 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: poignard@scripps.edu.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland. kurt.ballmer-hofer@unibas.ch.,School of Biosystem and Biomedical Science, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Ipsen Innovation, 5 Avenue du Canada, 91940 Les Ulis, France.,the K. G. Jebsen Centre for Coeliac Disease Research, University of Oslo, 0424 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, P.R. China.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany; baumeist@biochem.mpg.de.,Alchemical Dynamics s.r.l., 00125, Rome, Italy.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, The University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Biomolecular Resources, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. stenmark@dbb.su.se.,Chemistry and Chemical Biology Graduate Program , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: andrea.mattevi@unipv.it.,Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210009, China.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: guy.tran-van-nhieu@college-de-france.fr.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India.,Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612, AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 81377 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.,Institut des Neurosciences Paris-Saclay (Neuro-PSI), UMR CNRS/Université Paris-Sud 9197, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.,Department of Systems and Computational Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology,ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093, Switzerland.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering , University of Colorado , Boulder , Colorado 80309 , United States.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: kieffer@igbmc.fr.,Integrated Drug Discovery-Synthetic Molecular Design, Sanofi R&D, Frankfurt, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.,Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen, 9747AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, France.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine,Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA.,Seed Compounds Exploratory Unit for Drug Discovery Platform, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. takashi.umehara@riken.jp.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platform, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,National University of Singapore (Suzhou) Research Institute, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.,Department of Microbiology, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, Netherlands.,Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Pharmacy, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti/Pescara, Via Dei Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.,Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.,Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. hashimoto@kanagawa-iri.jp.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Vaccine Research Center, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Integrative Omics, Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan. mr0505@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Marbacher Weg 6, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences and Centre for Bioimaging Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, 80-308 Gdansk, Poland.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.,Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan. negoro@eng.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,Department of Pathology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. chajung@ewha.ac.kr.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,MedImmune LLC, Gaithersburg, MD 20878.,Monogram Biosciences Inc., San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. sylviegtsodikova@uky.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: jiang@scripps.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. oleg.tsodikov@uky.edu.,Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Monash Centre for Data Science, Faculty of Information Technology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States. Electronic address: sobhana.babu.boga@merck.com.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. hannoush.rami@gene.com.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Clayton Foundation Laboratories of Peptide Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Zymeworks Inc, 540-1385 West 8th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V9, Canada.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica (Secció de Química Orgànica) and Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTC), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. werner.kuehlbrandt@biophys.mpg.de t.meier@imperial.ac.uk.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. hideaki.niwa@riken.jp.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan.,National Institute of Health, Centre for the Control and Evaluation of Medicines, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.,Chemical Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 34134, Republic of Korea.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: gunaunom@gmail.com.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China; Health Science Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China; School of Medicine, Nankai University, Nankai District, Tianjin 300071, China. Electronic address: yshao@bjmu.edu.cn.,School of Biological Sciences , University of East Anglia , Norwich Research Park , Norwich NR4 7TJ , U.K.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. wyatt.yue@sgc.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstrasse 7, 45117, Essen, Germany.,Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse 4, 35043, Marburg, Germany.,Division of Biological Sciences, Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. min.dong@childrens.harvard.edu.,Synsight, Évry, France.,School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland Joensuu Campus, Joensuu, Finland.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA. gouauxe@ohsu.edu.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: sergio.valente@uniroma1.it.,Faculty of Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Straße 4, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, Federal Scientific Research Centre `Crystallography and Photonics' of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 59, Moscow 119333, Russian Federation.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. geoffrey.masuyer@dbb.su.se.,National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Plant and Microbiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.,Macromolecular X-ray Crystallography Core, Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Research , Amgen Inc. , 1120 Veterans Blvd , South San Francisco , California 94080 , United States.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.,Department of Biophysics, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Vaccine and Infectious Disease Research Centre, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad, Haryana 121001, India.,Division of Structural Studies, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: mlbulyk@genetics.med.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, KS, USA.,leadXpro AG, PARK INNOVAARE, 5234, Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , Bronx , New York 10461 , United States.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural & Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and.,Centro Nazionale per il Controllo e la Valutazione dei Farmaci, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, I-00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Mathematics, University of Leipzig, 04109 Leipzig, Germany.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U964, Illkirch, France.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. h.w.liu@mail.utexas.edu.,Computational and Systems Biology, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Drug Chemistry and Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Institute of Organic Chemistry, Justus-Liebig University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 17, 35392, Giessen, Germany.,College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.,Institut de Química Computacional i Catalisi and Departament de Química, Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. ben.davis@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, CO, 80210, USA.,Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. mg@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Pisa, Via G. Moruzzi 13, 56124 Pisa, Italy. chiara.gabbiani@unipi.it.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan.,Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Center for Life Nano Science@Sapienza, Italian Institute of Technology, Via Regina Elena 291, 00161, Rome, Italy.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and bbiswal@nii.ac.in.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, 49503, USA.,Centre for Innate Immunity and Infectious Diseases, Hudson Institute of Medical Research and Department of Molecular and Translational Science, School of Clinical Science, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein p24
A
231Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5)Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: gag
Find proteins for P12493 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5))
Go to UniProtKB:  P12493
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IOD
Query on IOD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.285 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • Space Group: P 6
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 92.055α = 90.00
b = 92.055β = 90.00
c = 58.253γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesGM103368
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United StatesAI120860

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-27
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-12-11
    Type: Author supporting evidence