5VUT

Structure of rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase heme domain in complex with 4-(2-(((2-Amino-4-methylquinolin-7-yl)methyl)amino)ethyl)benzonitrile


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Hydrophilic, Potent, and Selective 7-Substituted 2-Aminoquinolines as Improved Human Neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitors.

Pensa, A.V.Cinelli, M.A.Li, H.Chreifi, G.Mukherjee, P.Roman, L.J.Martasek, P.Poulos, T.L.Silverman, R.B.

(2017) J Med Chem 60: 7146-7165

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00835
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5VUM, 5VUL, 5VUO, 5VV0, 5VUN, 5VUQ, 5VV2, 5VUP, 5VV1, 5VUS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is a target for development of antineurodegenerative agents. Most nNOS inhibitors mimic l-arginine and have poor bioavailability. 2-Aminoquinolines showed promise as bioavailable nNOS inhibitors but suffered from ...

    Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is a target for development of antineurodegenerative agents. Most nNOS inhibitors mimic l-arginine and have poor bioavailability. 2-Aminoquinolines showed promise as bioavailable nNOS inhibitors but suffered from low human nNOS inhibition, low selectivity versus human eNOS, and significant binding to other CNS targets. We aimed to improve human nNOS potency and selectivity and reduce off-target binding by (a) truncating the original scaffold or (b) introducing a hydrophilic group to interrupt the lipophilic, promiscuous pharmacophore and promote interaction with human nNOS-specific His342. We synthesized both truncated and polar 2-aminoquinoline derivatives and assayed them against recombinant NOS enzymes. Although aniline and pyridine derivatives interact with His342, benzonitriles conferred the best rat and human nNOS inhibition. Both introduction of a hydrophobic substituent next to the cyano group and aminoquinoline methylation considerably improved isoform selectivity. Most importantly, these modifications preserved Caco-2 permeability and reduced off-target CNS binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biosciences, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Center for Molecular Innovation and Drug Discovery, Northwestern University , Evanston, Illinois 60208-3113, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nitric oxide synthase, brainAB422Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nos1Bnos
EC: 1.14.13.39
Find proteins for P29476 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P29476 
Go to UniProtKB:  P29476
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download CCD File 
A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
9OG
Query on 9OG

Download CCD File 
A, B
4-(2-{[(2-amino-4-methylquinolin-7-yl)methyl]amino}ethyl)benzonitrile
C20 H20 N4
CNMLPDIDKJDXOA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
H4B
Query on H4B

Download CCD File 
A, B
5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROBIOPTERIN
C9 H15 N5 O3
FNKQXYHWGSIFBK-RPDRRWSUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download CCD File 
A, B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
9OGKi:  19   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 52.171α = 90
b = 111.037β = 90
c = 165.02γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2017-05-19 
  • Released Date: 2017-08-16 
  • Deposition Author(s): Li, H., Poulos, T.L.

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesGM57353

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-08-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-06
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence