5V5P

Structure of NLS2R of influenza A virus nucleoprotein bound to importin alpha


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.181 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Synergy of two low-affinity NLSs determines the high avidity of influenza A virus nucleoprotein NP for human importin alpha isoforms.

Wu, W.Sankhala, R.S.Florio, T.J.Zhou, L.Nguyen, N.L.T.Lokareddy, R.K.Cingolani, G.Pante, N.

(2017) Sci Rep 7: 11381-11381

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-11018-1
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5V5O, 5V5P

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The influenza A virus nucleoprotein (NP) is an essential multifunctional protein that encapsidates the viral genome and functions as an adapter between the virus and the host cell machinery. NPs from all strains of influenza A viruses contain two nuc ...

    The influenza A virus nucleoprotein (NP) is an essential multifunctional protein that encapsidates the viral genome and functions as an adapter between the virus and the host cell machinery. NPs from all strains of influenza A viruses contain two nuclear localization signals (NLSs): a well-studied monopartite NLS1 and a less-characterized NLS2, thought to be bipartite. Through site-directed mutagenesis and functional analysis, we found that NLS2 is also monopartite and is indispensable for viral infection. Atomic structures of importin α bound to two variants of NLS2 revealed NLS2 primarily binds the major-NLS binding site of importin α, unlike NLS1 that associates with the minor NLS-pocket. Though peptides corresponding to NLS1 and NLS2 bind weakly to importin α, the two NLSs synergize in the context of the full length NP to confer high avidity for importin α7, explaining why the virus efficiently replicates in the respiratory tract that exhibits high levels of this isoform. This study, the first to functionally characterize NLS2, demonstrates NLS2 plays an important and unexpected role in influenza A virus infection. We propose NLS1 and NLS2 form a bipartite NLS in trans, which ensures high avidity for importin α7 while preventing non-specific binding to viral RNA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    University of British Columbia, Department of Zoology, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T1Z4, Canada. pante@zoology.ubc.ca.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Importin subunit alpha-1C528Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Kpna2Rch1
Find proteins for P52293 (Mus musculus)
Explore P52293 
Go to UniProtKB:  P52293
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
IMPC  MGI:103561
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NucleoproteinAB19Influenza A virus (A/swine/Bakum/5/95(H1N1))Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NP
Find proteins for Q45VS8 (Influenza A virus)
Explore Q45VS8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q45VS8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.181 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.646α = 90
b = 91.322β = 90
c = 97.771γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesR01GM100888

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-03-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-09-25
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-01-01
    Changes: Author supporting evidence