5UUJ

Streptomyces sahachiroi DNA glycosylase AlkZ

  • Classification: HYDROLASE
  • Organism(s): Streptomyces sahachiroi
  • Expression System: Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)

  • Deposited: 2017-02-16 Released: 2017-04-12 
  • Deposition Author(s): Mullins, E.A., Eichman, B.F.
  • Funding Organization(s): National Science Foundation (United States); National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences; National Institutes of Health/National Center for Research Resources 

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.299 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of a DNA glycosylase that unhooks interstrand cross-links.

Mullins, E.A.Warren, G.M.Bradley, N.P.Eichman, B.F.

(2017) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114: 4400-4405

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1703066114

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • DNA glycosylases are important editing enzymes that protect genomic stability by excising chemically modified nucleobases that alter normal DNA metabolism. These enzymes have been known only to initiate base excision repair of small adducts by extrus ...

    DNA glycosylases are important editing enzymes that protect genomic stability by excising chemically modified nucleobases that alter normal DNA metabolism. These enzymes have been known only to initiate base excision repair of small adducts by extrusion from the DNA helix. However, recent reports have described both vertebrate and microbial DNA glycosylases capable of unhooking highly toxic interstrand cross-links (ICLs) and bulky minor groove adducts normally recognized by Fanconi anemia and nucleotide excision repair machinery, although the mechanisms of these activities are unknown. Here we report the crystal structure of Streptomyces sahachiroi AlkZ (previously Orf1), a bacterial DNA glycosylase that protects its host by excising ICLs derived from azinomycin B (AZB), a potent antimicrobial and antitumor genotoxin. AlkZ adopts a unique fold in which three tandem winged helix-turn-helix motifs scaffold a positively charged concave surface perfectly shaped for duplex DNA. Through mutational analysis, we identified two glutamine residues and a β-hairpin within this putative DNA-binding cleft that are essential for catalytic activity. Additionally, we present a molecular docking model for how this active site can unhook either or both sides of an AZB ICL, providing a basis for understanding the mechanisms of base excision repair of ICLs. Given the prevalence of this protein fold in pathogenic bacteria, this work also lays the foundation for an emerging role of DNA repair in bacteria-host pathogenesis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Integrative Biology, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS, INSERM, UdS, 1 rue Laurent Fries, 67404, Illkirch CEDEX, France.,Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717.,Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.,Department of Immunology & Center for Immunotherapy, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100005, China.,College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea.,Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0192, Japan.,From the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bengaluru 560065, India rana@ncbs.res.in.,Center for Electron Microscopy Research, Korea Basic Science Institute, Ochang, Chungbuk, 28119, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. yiorgo@stanford.edu.,Interdisciplinary Biotechnology Unit, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.,Department of Molecular Biology, Centre for Molecular Biology Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM), University Autonomous from Madrid, C/ Nicolás Cabrera, 1, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain. mfernandez@cbm.csic.es.,Laboratoire d'Innovation Moléculaire et Applications, Université de Strasbourg|, Université de Haute-Alsace|, CNRS|, LIMA (UMR 7042), Equipe de Synthèse Organique et Molécules Bioactives (SYBIO), ECPM, 25 rue Becquerel, 67000, Strasbourg, France.,From the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, GKVK Post, Bangalore 560065, India, ramas@instem.res.in.,Infection and Immunity Research Laboratory, Metabolic Regulation Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, 34141, South Korea.,Department of Chemistry , The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology , Clear Water Bay , Kowloon , Hong Kong SAR , China.,Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Integrative Biology of Marine Models (LBI2M), Station Biologique de Roscoff (SBR), 29680 Roscoff, France czjzek@sb-roscoff.fr genicot@sb-roscoff.fr.,Department of Systems Biology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. hscho8@yonsei.ac.kr.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Institute of Biophysical Chemistry and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232.,Genome Institute of Singapore, Agency for Science & Technology Research (A*STAR) , 60 Biopolis Street , Singapore 138672.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Center for Inflammation Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Zhijian.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Molecular Biology and Structural Biology Programs, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY, 10065, USA. s-shuman@ski.mskcc.org.,Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Zhangjiang Lab, Pudong District, Shanghai, China.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence on Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200031, Shanghai, China.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S1A8, Canada.,Amyloidosis Research and Treatment Center, Foundation Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Policlinico San Matteo, 27100 Pavia, Italy.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China.,Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Centre for Molecular Protein Science, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, Box 124, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden. derek.logan@biochemistry.lu.se.,Department of Biology , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Ontario , Canada N2L 3G1.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, The University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S1A8, Canada.,School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, 70211 Kuopio, Finland.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Department of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, Dorris Neuroscience Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China; Shanghai Universities Collaborative Innovation Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai, PR China.,Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg 199034, Russian Federation.,Department of Molecular Bioscience, School of Biomedical Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea.,Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. gabelli@jhmi.edu.,Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.,Program in Molecular Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G1X8, Canada.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Laurentian University , Sudbury , Ontario , Canada P3E 2C6.,Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; The Asia-Pacific Ocean Research Center, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Doctoral Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address: hychang@mail.nsysu.edu.tw.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, 78457, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, 78457, Germany. joerg.hartig@uni-konstanz.de.,Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Busan, 48513, Republic of Korea.,Department of Chemistry G. Ciamician, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Istituto di Biofisica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Milano, Italy; Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. Electronic address: matteo.derosa@cnr.it.,Department of Bioengineering and James H. Clark Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Biosciences Division, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA.,the Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China, lixueming@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Purdue University Center for Cancer Research, Purdue Institute for Drug Discovery, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA. yangdz@purdue.edu.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. scheres@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. tezcan@ucsd.edu.,Porto Reports , Brasília , DF 70790160 , Brazil.,Microbiology and Immunology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242.,Division of Basic Science, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,Graduate Program in Quantitative and Computational Biosciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,From the Early Discovery Biochemistry Department and dueber.erin@gene.com.,State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, 100083 Beijing, People's Republic of China.,From the Early Discovery Biochemistry Department and fairbrother.wayne@gene.com.,Department of Pharmacy, University of Patras, GR-26504 Patras, Greece.,Department of Dermatology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia. glenn.king@imb.uq.edu.au.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruhr-University of Bochum, D-44780, Germany. Electronic address: raphael.stoll@ruhr-uni-bochum.de.,National Research Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Toxicology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea. choish@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. anleung@jhsph.edu.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7, Canada Jurgen.Sygusch@umontreal.ca.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan. sanway@gate.sinica.edu.tw.,Division of Oncology, Center for Childhood Cancer Research, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, United States.,Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Monash University , Clayton , Victoria 3800 , Australia.,Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology-FaBiT, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy; francesca.sparla@unibo.it simona.fermani@unibo.it.,School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia.,Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan k-ito@bio.sc.niigata-u.ac.jp kasano@ksu.edu.,Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. cowman@wehi.edu.au.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK. mjw11@cam.ac.uk.,MOE Key Laboratory of Marine Genetics and Breeding, College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266235, China.,Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Life Sciences, Department of Microbiology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.,Division of Oral Biology and Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: zhang.birong@gene.com.,Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, UMR8226, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 75005 Paris, France.,Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy.,School of Biological Sciences , Nanyang Technological University , 60 Nanyang Drive , Singapore 637551.,School of Pharmacy , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Ontario , Canada N2L 3G1.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, King's College London, Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom.,Center for RNA Research, Institute for Basic Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,Biophysics Program, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics and cpetit@uab.edu.,Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland.,Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Saitama 350-0495, Japan.,Department of Pathogen Biology, Key Laboratory of Pathogen Biology of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu, PR China.,Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases , Duke-NUS Medical School , 8 College Road , Singapore 169857.,Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xiaochen.Bai@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232; brandt.eichman@vanderbilt.edu.,Center for Advanced Medical Innovation, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.,Department of Drug Discovery and Biomedical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Carolina, 715 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,CNRS, CEA, IBS, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.,Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. Electronic address: ltong@columbia.edu.,School of Life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, 61005, Republic of Korea; Steitz Center for Structural Biology, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, 61005, Republic of Korea.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Applied Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Fukui, Fukui-shi, Japan.,Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich at the Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany. Electronic address: michael.groll@tum.de.,CBS, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, INSERM, 34090 Montpellier, France.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.,BIFI, University of Zaragoza, BIFI-IQFR (CSIC) Joint Unit, Mariano Esquillor s/n, Campus Rio Ebro, Edificio I+D, Zaragoza, 50018, Spain.,Applied Biotechnology Group, Biomedical Science School, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Urbanización El Bosque, Calle Tajo, s/n, 28670, Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain.,Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation , Queensland University of Technology , Brisbane QLD 4059 , Australia.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Center for Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China. chaijj@tsinghua.edu.cn jmzhou@genetics.ac.cn hongweiwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain. Electronic address: Guillem.Prats.Ejarque@uab.cat.,Department of Pharmacy, University of Patras, GR-26504 Patras, Greece. Electronic address: G.A.Spyroulias@upatras.gr.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany.,Centre for Advanced Imaging, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.,Department of Physiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. droberto@pennmedicine.upenn.edu.,School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK. j.angulo@uea.ac.uk.,Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry, CSIC, C/ Marie Curie, 2, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.,MOE Key Laboratory of Marine Genetics and Breeding, College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266235, China. Electronic address: liuweizhi@ouc.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain. Electronic address: Mohammed.Moussaoui@uab.cat.,Department of Biology and Chemistry , City University of Hong Kong , 83 Tat Chee Avenue , Kowloon Tong , Hong Kong SAR , China.,Foundation for Applied Molecular Evolution, 13709 Progress Boulevard, No. 7, Alachua, FL 32615, USA.,Konstanz Research School Chemical Biology (KoRS-CB), Konstanz, 78457, Germany. joerg.hartig@uni-konstanz.de.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 9, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.,Department of Physics, Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick V94 T9PX, Ireland.,Dipartimento di Scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione e l'Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.,Northwestern University Synchrotron Research Center, Life Sciences Collaborative Access Team, Northwestern University, Argonne, Illinois 60439.,Centre for Advanced Imaging, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia. e.undheim@uq.edu.au.,the Center for Microbial Interface Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, and.,the Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Shandong Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jining, China.,Division of Biomedical Convergence, College of Biomedical Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea. sungil@kangwon.ac.kr.,Department of Chemistry, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA, United States of America.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.,School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK.,Firebird Biomolecular Sciences LLC, 13709 Progress Boulevard, No. 17, Alachua, FL 32615, USA. manuscripts@ffame.org.,Structural Biology Program , Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center , New York , NY , USA . Email: v.kuryavyi@gmail.com.,Department of Mechanistic Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Dermatology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA christopher.bunick@yale.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, 100083 Beijing, People's Republic of China; jliu@cau.edu.cn thomas.kroj@inra.fr.,Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology-FaBiT, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. yiorgo@stanford.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biology "A. Zambelli", University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084, Fisciano, Salerno, Italy.,Marine College, Shandong University, Shandong, PR China.,WuXi AppTec, 288 Fute Zhong Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Shanghai 200131, China.,From the Interdisciplinary Research Center on Biology and Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China, liulab@sioc.ac.cn.,Institute of Biochemistry, University of Cologne, Zuelpicher Str. 47, 50674 Cologne, Germany.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29, Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-0045, Japan.,Division of Life Science , The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology , Clear Water Bay , Kowloon , Hong Kong SAR , China . Email: gzhu@ust.hk.,Department of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Naples, Italy.,Department of Physiology and Systems Bioscience, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.,Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.,Section of Structural Biology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK. Electronic address: d.wigley@imperial.ac.uk.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA rclubb@mbi.ucla.edu htonthat@dentistry.ucla.edu.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China; Shanghai Universities Collaborative Innovation Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai, PR China. Electronic address: liangzhang2014@sjtu.edu.cn.,2School of Life Sciences (KNU Creative BioResearch Group), KNU Institute for Microorganisms, Kyungpook National University, Daehak-ro 80, Buk-gu, Daegu, 41566 Republic of Korea.,Instituto de Física de Líquidos y Sistemas Biológicos, CONICET, UNLP, Calle 59 No. 789, La Plata, Argentina.,2National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, 102206 China.,b College of Life Sciences , University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing , China.,School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience , The University of Queensland , Brisbane QLD 4072 , Australia.,Department of Molecular Biology, Centre for Molecular Biology Severo Ochoa (CSIC-UAM), University Autonomous from Madrid, C/ Nicolás Cabrera, 1, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea; Department of Polar Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: junhyucklee@kopri.re.kr.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China; Shanghai Universities Collaborative Innovation Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai, PR China. Electronic address: zhanglin777@sjtu.edu.cn.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy, Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruhr-University of Bochum, D-44780, Germany.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. gerd.prehna@umanitoba.ca.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. dodochinchin@gmail.com.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China; CAS Key Laboratory of Microbial Physiological and Metabolic Engineering, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Istituto di Biofisica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Milano, Italy; Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States.,Centro di Ingegneria Gentica e Biotecnologie Avanzate, 80145 Naples, Italy.,Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,a National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing , China.,CryoEM Shared Resources, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xuewu.Zhang@UTSouthwestern.edu.,MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China. cesmzw@mail.sysu.edu.cn.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China; CAS Key Laboratory of Microbial Physiological and Metabolic Engineering, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Shanxi Academy of Advanced Research and Innovation, Taiyuan 030032, China.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America.,Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Program, Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. Electronic address: wilkenss@upstate.edu.,ERATO Itami Molecular Nanocarbon Project, JST, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.,Structural Biology Department, Genentech, South San Francisco, California 94080.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA. gabelli@jhmi.edu.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, USA.,Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.,Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, D-50829 Cologne, Germany.,Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.,Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.,Molecular Neurobiochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruhr-University of Bochum, D-44780, Germany.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458.,Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Department of Biochemistry, University of Munich, Munich, Germany. becker@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.,IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Institute of Physiology II, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Institute of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. roshan.satange@gmail.com.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: tjiang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Centre for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada. Electronic address: ncjs@mail.ubc.ca.,Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Center for Drug Discovery, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Research and Development, GlaxoSmithKline, No. 3 Building, 898 Halei Road, Pudong, Shanghai 201203, China.,Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave. N., Seattle, WA 98109, USA.,School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, 826 Zhangheng Road, Pudong, Shanghai 201203, China.,Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania. Electronic address: siksnys@ibt.lt.,Sosei Heptares, Steinmetz Building, Granta Park, Great Abington, Cambridge CB21 6GT, UK.,Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717.,Institut Pasteur, Génétique des Interactions Macromoléculaires, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche, Paris, France.,Centre for Structural Systems Biology (CSSB), German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, 78457, Germany.,Metabolomics Australia, School of Biosciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, 52828, Republic of Korea.,Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle, INSERM, Montpellier, France.,Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. kobilka@stanford.edu.,Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, England.,Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, OE4350, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain. Electronic address: Ester.Boix@uab.cat.,Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia. Electronic address: matej.butala@bf.uni-lj.si.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037; gjmorgan@bu.edu jkelly@scripps.edu.,School of Biomedical Sciences , Charles Sturt University , Wagga Wagga , New South Wales 2650 , Australia.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing 102206, China.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,Department of Biochemistry , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , New York 10461 , New York , United States.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xuewu.Zhang@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain. Electronic address: Victoria.Nogues@uab.cat.,Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 200011, Shanghai, China.,Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.,Department of Physiology and Advanced Research Center for Medical Science, Toho University School of Medicine, Tokyo 143-8540, Japan.,Institute of Immunology, School of Life Sciences and Medical Center, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China.,S-inova Biotech, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia , Universidade Católica Dom Bosco Avenida Tamandaré 6000 , Campo Grande , MS 79117900 , Brazil.,BIFI, University of Zaragoza, BIFI-IQFR (CSIC) Joint Unit, Mariano Esquillor s/n, Campus Rio Ebro, Edificio I+D, Zaragoza, 50018, Spain. rhurtado@bifi.es.,Fraunhofer IME-TMP, Max-von-Laue-Straße 9, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.,Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080, and.,Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan.,IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA. anleung@jhsph.edu.,Present address: School of Chemistry, University College Dublin, Stillorgan Road, Belfield, Dublin, 4, Ireland.,Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.,Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg 199034, Russian Federation. Electronic address: m.krasavin@spbu.ru.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Institute of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. jane871057@gmail.com.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Institute for Advanced Study and State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience , The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology , Clear Water Bay , Kowloon , Hong Kong SAR , China.,Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: baiyaw@mail.nih.gov.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Barcelona, Spain.,Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. glander@scripps.edu a.martin@berkeley.edu.,Ferrier Research Institute , Victoria University of Wellington , Wellington 5040 , New Zealand.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.,Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Department of Biochemistry, University of Munich, Munich, Germany. beckmann@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China.,Department of Biology Education, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, South Korea; Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. Electronic address: jhcbio@knu.ac.kr.,Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, USA.,GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Medicines Research Centre , Gunnels Wood Road , SG1 2NY Stevenage , U.K.,EpiCypher Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,New England Biolabs, Inc., 240 County Road, Ipswich, MA 01938, USA.,School of Cellular & Molecular Medicine , University of Bristol , Bristol BS8 1TD , U.K.,Ph.D. Program in Medical Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. roshan.satange@gmail.com.,Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Research and Development, GlaxoSmithKline, 200 Technology Square, Suite 602, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States.,Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Division of Agronomy and Horticultural Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Uji-shi, Japan.,ExpreS2ion Biotechnologies, Horsholm, Denmark.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Hangzhou, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA.,Department of Genetic, University of Sevilla, Avenida Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012, Seville, Spain.,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Key Laboratory of Pest Monitoring and Green Management, China Agricultural University, 100083 Beijing, People's Republic of China.,Institute of Biophysical Chemistry and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany; vdoetsch@em.uni-frankfurt.de missero@ceinge.unina.it.,MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China.,National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agriculture University, 430072, Wuhan, China.,Department of Pathophysiology, the Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, China.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, MacKay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address: hjtsai@ntu.edu.tw.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India tpsingh.aiims@gmail.com.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics and.,Department of Chemistry, College of Science , University of Hail , Saudi Arabia.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, 200125, Shanghai, China. huangchh@shsmu.edu.cn.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Center for Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies, Moscow Technological University, Moscow 117571, Russian Federation.,Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Program, Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA k-ito@bio.sc.niigata-u.ac.jp kasano@ksu.edu.,From the Interdisciplinary Research Center on Biology and Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona 85721 , United States.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China.,Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.,Department of Stem Cell Biology and Medicine/Cancer Stem Cell Research, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.,BGPI, Université de Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, F-34398 Montpellier, France; jliu@cau.edu.cn thomas.kroj@inra.fr.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China.,Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Integrative Biology of Marine Models (LBI2M), Station Biologique de Roscoff (SBR), 29680 Roscoff, France.,Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zürich, Otto-Stern-Weg 5, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland. locher@mol.biol.ethz.ch.,Advanced Plant Biotechnology Center, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. liching@dragon.nchu.edu.tw.,BGPI, Université de Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, F-34398 Montpellier, France.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , National and Kapodistrian University of Athens , 15771 Athens , Greece.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310024, Zhejiang Province, China.,Nanobody Lab, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.,Centro di Ingegneria Gentica e Biotecnologie Avanzate, 80145 Naples, Italy; vdoetsch@em.uni-frankfurt.de missero@ceinge.unina.it.,South African Medical Research Council Drug Discovery and Development Research Unit, Department of Chemistry and Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.,Centro de Análises Proteômicas e Bioquímicas, Pós-Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia , Universidade Católica de Brasília , SGAN 916 Módulo B, Asa Norte , Brasília , DF 70790160 , Brazil.,Department of Chemistry, Molecular Sciences Research Hub, Imperial College London, Wood Lane, London W12 0BZ, England.,Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, 10016, USA.,Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310024, Zhejiang Province, China.,From the Center of Cancer and Cell Biology, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, karsten.melcher@vai.org.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London, South Kensington, UK.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: tienpo@im.ac.cn.,Department of Life Sciences, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. mhho@nchu.edu.tw.,College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.,From the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bengaluru 560065, India.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India.,UVE: Aix-Marseille Univ-IRD 190-Inserm 27-IHU Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France. Electronic address: Bruno.Coutard@univ-amu.fr.,Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, National Centre for Mass Spectrometry in Beijing, CAS Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Living Biosystems, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.,Department of Computational and Systems Biology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 3501 Fifth Avenue, Suite 3064 BST3, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.,Van Andel Research Institute-Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica (VARI-SIMM) Center, Center for Structure and Function of Drug Targets, The CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai 201203, China.,Laboratory of Structural Biophysics, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21701, USA.,Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany; lawrence@montana.edu.,Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717.,Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea. sungil@kangwon.ac.kr.,Department of Chemistry, York Structural Laboratory, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,the Departments of Biochemistry and.,Neurobiology Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,Ph.D. Program in Medical Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. mhho@nchu.edu.tw.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou 510006 , China.,Department of Life Sciences, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. f810409@gmail.com.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: c.mattos@northeastern.edu.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea; Department of Polar Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea.,UK Dementia Research Institute at King's College London, UK.,From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7, Canada.,Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo, 678-1297, Japan.,National Research Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Toxicology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,Institute for Advanced Study , The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology , Clear Water Bay , Kowloon , Hong Kong SAR , China.,Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, 03760, South Korea.,Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Microbiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. jsshin6203@yuhs.ac.,Future Medicine Co., Ltd, Seoul, 06665, South Korea.,the University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU), Bengaluru, Karnataka 560064, India.,Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 7, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.,CAS Key Laboratory of Bio-medical Diagnostics, Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215163, China.,King's College London, UK.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Zhijian.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Division of Biomedical Convergence, College of Biomedical Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea.,Department of Integrative Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa.,Physics Department, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland.,Department of Plant Pathology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. krchung@nchu.edu.tw.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xiaochen.Bai@UTSouthwestern.edu.,National Research Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.,Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, China.,John Harvard Distinguished Science Fellowship Program, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Aashish.Manglik@ucsf.edu.,Department of Computer Science, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States.,ImmuFuCell Biotechnology, Beijing 100102, China.,Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294.,Department of Immunology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6000 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Sauletekio al. 7, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: liang.jun@gene.com.,Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,CAS Key Laboratory of Bio-medical Diagnostics, Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215163, China; Shanxi Academy of Advanced Research and Innovation, Taiyuan 030032, China. Electronic address: gaos@sibet.ac.cn.,Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Research Institute for Veterinary Science, and BK21 PLUS Program for Creative Veterinary Science Research, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, 47 Leninsky Prospect, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation.,PRESTO, JST, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics and Life Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14203.,Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience , The University of Queensland , 306 Carmody Road , Brisbane , QLD 4072 , Australia.,FORMA Therapeutics, 500 Arsenal Street, Suite 100, Watertown, MA 02472, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Aashish.Manglik@ucsf.edu.,Programa de Pós-Graduação em Patologia Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Brasília , Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte , Brasília , DF 70910900 , Brazil.,Department of Molecular Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, 20156 Milan, Italy.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy.,Department of Molecular Genetics, The University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S1A8, Canada.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology , National University of Singapore , 5 Science Drive 2 , Singapore 117545.,Institut Pasteur, Génétique des Interactions Macromoléculaires, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche, Paris, France. alain.jacquier@pasteur.fr.,Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, United Kingdom.,Severance Biomedical Science Institute and Institute for Immunology and Immunological Diseases, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea. jsshin6203@yuhs.ac.,Division of Life Sciences, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 21990, Republic of Korea.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA.,College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak, Seoul, 06974, Republic of Korea.,New Drug Development Center, Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation, Daegu 41061, South Korea.,Selvita S.A., Bobrzyńskiego, 14, 30-338 Kraków, Poland.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,Dept. of Bioinformatics, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Pawinskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.,State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China. chaijj@tsinghua.edu.cn jmzhou@genetics.ac.cn hongweiwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) Istituto di Ricerca Diagnostica e Nucleare (SDN), 80143 Naples, Italy.,Department of Biology Education, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, South Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of New Drug Design, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China.,Merck Biopharma, Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Straβe 250, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany.,Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. cowman@wehi.edu.au.,Department of Chemistry, University of Rome Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease (SSGCID), Seattle, Washington, USA.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Scripps Florida, Jupiter, Florida 33458.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China; Shanxi Academy of Advanced Research and Innovation, Taiyuan 030032, China; National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing 102206, China. Electronic address: gaof@im.ac.cn.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics, ETH Zürich, Otto-Stern-Weg 5, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. gabelli@jhmi.edu.,School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.,From the Early Discovery Biochemistry Department and.,UVE: Aix-Marseille Univ-IRD 190-Inserm 27-IHU Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.,From the Center of Cancer and Cell Biology, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. glander@scripps.edu a.martin@berkeley.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.,Cambridge Institute for Medical Research and Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, England.,Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, MacKay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan.,Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Hangzhou, China.,Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Department of Biochemistry, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.,Institute of Biochemistry, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 9, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.,FORMA Therapeutics, 500 Arsenal Street, Suite 100, Watertown, MA 02472, USA. Electronic address: mmartin@formatherapeutics.com.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Trojdena 4, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland.,Key laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 200025, Shanghai, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,The Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 66045.,Molecular Biology and Structural Biology Programs, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, 61005, Republic of Korea.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Neurobiology Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. Electronic address: ig@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , University of California , San Francisco , California 94158 , United States.,Crown Bioscience, Taicang, China.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Centre for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Department of Biology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Immunity, Shenzhen Third People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518112, China; National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing 102206, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address: sotomayor.8@osu.edu.,Applied Biotechnology Group, Biomedical Science School, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Urbanización El Bosque, Calle Tajo, s/n, 28670, Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain; Grupo de Investigación en Desarrollo Agroindustrial Sostenible, Universidad de la Costa, CUC, Calle 58 # 55 - 66, Barranquilla, Colombia. Electronic address: jesus.fernandez2@universidadeuropea.es.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78703, USA.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Physiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.,Department of Pathogen Biology, Key Laboratory of Pathogen Biology of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu, PR China. Electronic address: hkbi@njmu.edu.cn.,Firebird Biomolecular Sciences LLC, 13709 Progress Boulevard, No. 17, Alachua, FL 32615, USA.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F.Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, Switzerland.,School of Life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, 61005, Republic of Korea; Steitz Center for Structural Biology, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, 61005, Republic of Korea; Department of Chemistry, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, 61005, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: eom@gist.ac.kr.,Ingénierie-Biologie-Santé Lorraine (IBSLor), UMS 2008, CNRS, INSERM, Université de Lorraine, Biopôle, Campus Biologie Santé, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France. marc.quinternet@univ-lorraine.fr.,Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Campinas UNICAMP, Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz s/n, P.O. Box 6154, 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brazil.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139; cdrennan@mit.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan.,Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.,Department of Chemistry G. Ciamician, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy; francesca.sparla@unibo.it simona.fermani@unibo.it.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Biochemistry, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.,Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. mhho@nchu.edu.tw.,College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA.,Selvita S.A., Bobrzyńskiego, 14, 30-338 Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: mateusz.nowak@selvita.com.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,School of Life Science and Engineering, Foshan University, Guangdong, China.,Toxicology and Pharmacology, University of Leuven, Leuven, 3000, Belgium.,MOE Key Laboratory of Marine Genetics and Breeding, College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China.,The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, 36849.,EMBL Grenoble, 71 avenue des Martyrs, CS 90181, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.,Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan.,Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States.,Konstanz Research School Chemical Biology (KoRS-CB), Konstanz, 78457, Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and the UCLA-DOE Institute of Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, China.,From the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, GKVK Post, Bangalore 560065, India.,Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste, Italy.,Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan, and RIKEN Center for Computational Science, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.,AFMB, UMR7257 CNRS/Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, CEDEX 9, France.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, United States.,Institute of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. mhho@nchu.edu.tw.,Department of Microbiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. eunyong_park@berkeley.edu.,Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC) Department, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.,Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Division for Structural Biochemistry, OE8830, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.,Laboratory of Molecular Physiology, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, United States.,Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.,Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Koto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.,FORMA Therapeutics, 35 Northeast Industrial Road, Branford, CT 06405, USA.,Department of Translational Science and Molecular Medicine and Integrated Mass Spectrometry Unit, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.,University of Pavia, Italy.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. anleung@jhsph.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States.,Fundación ARAID, 50018, Zaragoza, Spain. rhurtado@bifi.es.,Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland. Tewfik.Soulimane@ul.ie.,Department of Bioengineering and James H. Clark Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Biosciences Division, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA; Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: wahc@stanford.edu.,CIRAD, UMR BGPI, F-34398 Montpellier, France.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. Electronic address: rmcginty@email.unc.edu.,Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology, Institute of Physical Chemistry Rocasolano (CSIC), C/ Serrano, 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain.,Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Computational and Systems Biology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 3501 Fifth Avenue, Suite 3064 BST3, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. Electronic address: bahar@pitt.edu.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan. chungke@ibms.sinica.edu.tw.,Section of Structural Biology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK.,Department of Integrated Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; Structural Biophysics, Section for Neutron and X-ray Science, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341, Republic of Korea.,1School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, UNIST, 50 UNIST-gil, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, 44919 Republic of Korea.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Zhijian.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and the UCLA-DOE Institute of Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA rclubb@mbi.ucla.edu htonthat@dentistry.ucla.edu.,Ingénierie Moléculaire et Physiopathologie Articulaire (IMoPA), UMR 7365 CNRS Université de Lorraine, Biopôle, Campus Biologie Santé, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.,DNA Software Inc., Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Houston Medical School, The University of Texas, Houston, United States.,the Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Ministry of Education, Bio-X Institutes, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China, and.,Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.,Institute of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. liching@dragon.nchu.edu.tw.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Center for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.,Istituto di Biofisica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Milano, Italy; Department of Molecular Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, 20156 Milan, Italy.,Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas , Universidade Federal do ABC , Santo André , SP 09210170 , Brazil.,1MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. tezcan@ucsd.edu.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. cgt@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Ontario , Canada N2L 3G1.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. mg@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland. Tewfik.Soulimane@ul.ie.,Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 200011, Shanghai, China. huangchh@shsmu.edu.cn.,Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232.,Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China. cesmzw@mail.sysu.edu.cn.,Synthetic Biology Group, MIT Synthetic Biology Center; The Center for Microbiome Informatics and Therapeutics; Research Laboratory of Electronics, Department of Biological Engineering, and Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science , Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich at the Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, 200125, Shanghai, China.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,Chemistry Department, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A0B8, Canada.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, 200125, Shanghai, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn.,Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8602, Japan.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.,Department of Technical Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, Stuttgart, Germany.,Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 200011, Shanghai, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AlkZ
A
375Streptomyces sahachiroiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: azi36
Find proteins for B4XYC8 (Streptomyces sahachiroi)
Go to UniProtKB:  B4XYC8
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.299 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • Space Group: P 65
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.921α = 90.00
b = 78.921β = 90.00
c = 139.401γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data collection
PHENIXphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesMCB-1517695
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health SciencesUnited StatesR01 ES019625
National Institutes of Health/National Center for Research ResourcesUnited StatesS10RR026915
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health SciencesUnited StatesT32 ES07028

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-04-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-13
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Refinement description
  • Version 1.2: 2018-04-04
    Type: Data collection, Database references