5UDP

High resolution x-ray crystal structure of synthetic insulin lispro


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Scope and Limitations of Fmoc Chemistry SPPS-Based Approaches to the Total Synthesis of Insulin Lispro via Ester Insulin.

Dhayalan, B.Mandal, K.Rege, N.Weiss, M.A.Eitel, S.H.Meier, T.Schoenleber, R.O.Kent, S.B.

(2017) Chemistry 23: 1709-1716

  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201605578
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5UDP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have systematically explored three approaches based on 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) chemistry solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) for the total chemical synthesis of the key depsipeptide intermediate for the efficient total chemical synthesis of ...

    We have systematically explored three approaches based on 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) chemistry solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) for the total chemical synthesis of the key depsipeptide intermediate for the efficient total chemical synthesis of insulin. The approaches used were: stepwise Fmoc chemistry SPPS; the "hybrid method", in which maximally protected peptide segments made by Fmoc chemistry SPPS are condensed in solution; and, native chemical ligation using peptide-thioester segments generated by Fmoc chemistry SPPS. A key building block in all three approaches was a Glu[O-β-(Thr)] ester-linked dipeptide equipped with a set of orthogonal protecting groups compatible with Fmoc chemistry SPPS. The most effective method for the preparation of the 51 residue ester-linked polypeptide chain of ester insulin was the use of unprotected peptide-thioester segments, prepared from peptide-hydrazides synthesized by Fmoc chemistry SPPS, and condensed by native chemical ligation. High-resolution X-ray crystallography confirmed the disulfide pairings and three-dimensional structure of synthetic insulin lispro prepared from ester insulin lispro by this route. Further optimization of these pilot studies could yield an efficient total chemical synthesis of insulin lispro (Humalog) based on peptide synthesis by Fmoc chemistry SPPS.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Insulin Lispro A chain ACEGIK21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P01308
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Insulin Lispro B chain BDFHJL30Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P01308
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.644α = 90
b = 61.47β = 110.6
c = 59.148γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-01-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-01-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-02-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-27
    Changes: Data collection