Characterization and structure determination of prolyl-tRNA synthetase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and development as a screening platform.Pena, N., Dranow, D.M., Hu, Y., Escamilla, Y., Bullard, J.M.
(2019) Protein Sci. --: --
- PubMed: 30666738
- DOI: 10.1002/pro.3579
- PubMed Abstract:
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic multi-drug resistant pathogen implicated as a causative agent in nosocomial and community acquired bacterial infections. The gene encoding prolyl-tRNA synthetase (ProRS) from P. aeruginosa was overexpressed ...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic multi-drug resistant pathogen implicated as a causative agent in nosocomial and community acquired bacterial infections. The gene encoding prolyl-tRNA synthetase (ProRS) from P. aeruginosa was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and the resulting protein was characterized. ProRS was kinetically evaluated and the K M values for interactions with ATP, proline, and tRNA were 154, 122, and 5.5 μM, respectively. The turn-over numbers, k cat obs , for interactions with these substrates were calculated to be 5.5, 6.3, and 0.2 s -1 , respectively. The crystal structure of the α 2 form of P. aeruginosa ProRS was solved to 2.60 Å resolution. The amino acid sequence and X-ray crystal structure of P. aeruginosa ProRS was analyzed and compared with homologs in which the crystal structures have been solved. The amino acids that interact with ATP and proline are well conserved in the active site region and overlay of the crystal structure with ProRS homologs conforms to a similar overall three-dimensional structure. ProRS was developed into a screening platform using scintillation proximity assay (SPA) technology and used to screen 890 chemical compounds, resulting in the identification of two inhibitory compounds, BT06A02 and BT07H05. This work confirms the utility of a screening system based on the functionality of ProRS from P. aeruginosa.
The University of Texas - RGV, Edinburg, Texas 78541.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, Seattle, WA 98109.,Beryllium Discovery Corp, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110.