Structural basis for antibody cross-neutralization of respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus.Wen, X., Mousa, J.J., Bates, J.T., Lamb, R.A., Crowe, J.E., Jardetzky, T.S.
(2017) Nat Microbiol 2: 16272-16272
- PubMed: 28134915
- DOI: 10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.272
- PubMed Abstract:
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) are two closely related viruses that cause bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants and the elderly <sup>1 </sup>, with a significant health burden <sup>2-6 </sup>. There are no license ...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) are two closely related viruses that cause bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants and the elderly 1 , with a significant health burden 2-6 . There are no licensed vaccines or small-molecule antiviral treatments specific to these two viruses at present. A humanized murine monoclonal antibody (palivizumab) is approved to treat high-risk infants for RSV infection 7,8 , but other treatments, as well as vaccines, for both viruses are still in development. Recent epidemiological modelling suggests that cross-immunity between RSV, HMPV and human parainfluenzaviruses may contribute to their periodic outbreaks 9 , suggesting that a deeper understanding of host immunity to these viruses may lead to enhanced strategies for their control. Cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies to the RSV and HMPV fusion (F) proteins have been identified 10,11 . Here, we examine the structural basis for cross-reactive antibody binding to RSV and HMPV F protein by two related, independently isolated antibodies, MPE8 and 25P13. We solved the structure of the MPE8 antibody bound to RSV F protein and identified the 25P13 antibody from an independent blood donor. Our results indicate that both antibodies use germline residues to interact with a conserved surface on F protein that could guide the emergence of cross-reactivity. The induction of similar cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies using structural vaccinology approaches could enhance intrinsic cross-immunity to these paramyxoviruses and approaches to controlling recurring outbreaks.
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3500, USA.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3500, USA.